# Tagged Questions

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### Bases of surface groups with length restrictions

This question asks for a generalization of Bases of surface groups following the notation and definitions given therein.
Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, $B$ a surface basis of ...

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**2**answers

303 views

### Minimal number of generators for $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$

$\DeclareMathOperator{\gl}{GL}\DeclareMathOperator{\sl}{SL}$From de la Harpe's book "Topics in Geometric Group Theory" I learnt that $\gl(n,\mathbb{Z})$ is generated by the matrices $$s_1 = ...

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189 views

### A Karrass-Solitar theorem for surface groups

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$. That is, there is a presentation $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1, y_1, \dots, x_g, y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^{g}[x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$
Is there a ...

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**1**answer

174 views

### Bases of surface groups

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$. A $2g$-tuple $(x_1,y_1, \dots,x_g,y_g) \in \Gamma_g^{2g}$ will be called a Surface Basis if we have the presentation $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1, ...

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126 views

### Accessible subgroups of free groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free finitely generated group, and $F = G_0 \rhd G_1 \rhd G_2 \dots$ a strictly descending subnormal chain of subgroups ($G_n \lhd G_{n-1}$ for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$) each ...

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**1**answer

277 views

### What are smallest finite images of triangle groups?

Given integers $a, b, c$ all at least 2, I would like to identify the smallest group with an element $x$ of order $a$, element $y$ of order $b$ such that the product $yx$ has order $c$. For example, ...

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**1**answer

160 views

### Torsion-free group that is not of type F but is virtually of type F

Recall that a group $G$ is of type F if there exists a compact $K(G,1)$.
There are many examples of groups which are not of type F but which are virtually of type F, that is, they have finite-index ...

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120 views

### Reference on calculation of 2nd cohomology group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite, countable discrete nonamenable group with zero first Betti number, I.e., $H^1(G, \ell^2(G))=0$, e.g., $G=F_2\times F_2$, the product of free groups of two ...

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104 views

### Finitely generated groups non-embeddable into $L_1(0,1)$

I am interested in finitely generated groups which, endowed with their word metrics, do not admit bilipschitz embeddings into $L_1(0,1)$. I know two classes of such groups:
(1) Heisenberg group ...

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97 views

### Stabiliser of the lamination of a free group - Invariant subgraphs

I am studying the paper "Laminations, trees, and irreducible automorphisms of free groups" of Bestvina, Feighn and Handel. But I found a note in the paper "Stabilisers of $\mathbb{R}$-trees with ...

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198 views

### Embeddings of finitely generated groups into uniformly convex Banach spaces

de Cornulier, Tessera, and Valette (Geom. Funct. Anal. 17 (2007), 770-792) conjectured that a finitely generated group $G$ with its word metric admits a bilipschitz embedding into a Hilbert space if ...

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117 views

### Homology groups of Noetherian groups

Let $G$ be a Noetherian group. Is $H_n(G,\mathbb{Z})$ finitely generated? Do we know the above for the special cases $n=2,3$ even?

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189 views

### Kaplansky Idempotent conjecture and Extension theory

We consider the Idempotent Kaplansky conjecture with $\mathbb{C}$- coefficients, that is the problem of nontrivial idempotents for group algebra $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free ...

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**1**answer

262 views

### Is there a finitely presented group with infinite homology over $\mathbb{Q}$?

Suppose $G$ is a discrete group given by finitely many generators with finitely many relations. Can the homology groups $H_i(G, \mathbb{Q})$, or equivalently $H_i(BG, \mathbb{Q})$ (topological ...

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230 views

### Can a closure make the index finite?

Let $F$ be a free finitely generated group, $H \leq F$ of infinite index. Let $c : F \rightarrow \hat{F}$ be the embedding in the profinite completion. Denote by $\tilde{F}, \tilde{H}$ the closure of ...

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78 views

### Bases and transversals

Let $F$ be a free finitely generated group, $L \leq H \leq F$ subgroups of finite index.
Given bases $B$ of $F$ and $C$ of $H$, must there be a Schreier transversal $T$ for $H$ in $F$ such that the ...

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**1**answer

159 views

### Orbit spaces of crystallographic groups

In their paper "On Three-Dimensional Space Groups", Conway et al. write
Although this paper was inspired by the orbifold concept, we did not need to consider the 219 orbifolds of space groups ...

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**1**answer

128 views

### Products of subgroups that generate a finite group

Consider the following general problem. There is a finite group $G$ and $H_1,H_2 < G$. Suppose we know that $\langle H_1, H_2 \rangle = G$, i.e. $G$ is generated by $H_1$ and $H_2$. Denote by $n_0$ ...

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185 views

### Making a profinite group free

Let $F$ be a free profinite group, $G$ a profinite group. Suppose that the free profinite product $F \amalg G$ is a free profinite group. Must $G$ be a free profinite group?
For abstract groups the ...

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**3**answers

269 views

### Stallings' Theorem for free products of groups

There is a well known theorem which states that:
Theorem(Stallings):
For any immersion $f$ from a finite graph $D$ to $G$ there is a finite-sheeted covering space $D '$ of $G$ that extends $f$. ...

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**1**answer

609 views

### solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where:
1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known.
2) The word problem is known to be ...

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148 views

### “Twisted” Lyndon equation in a free group

In 1959, Lyndon showed that in a free group, the equation $u^2v^2=w^2$ has only commuting solutions: $uv=vu=w$. Is there in the litterature any information about the following "twisted" version of the ...

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190 views

### Bases of free groups

Let $F$ be a free group on a finite set $X$. Let $A \subseteq X$ be a subset of $X$ contained in some $H \leq F$, a subgroup of finite index in $F$. Must there be a basis (free generating set) for $H$ ...

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99 views

### Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...

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287 views

### Kropholler's Conjecture and 3-manifolds

Suppose that $G$ is a group and that $H$ is a subgroup, both finitely generated, and assume that there is a non-trivial H-almost invariant set $X$ with $HXH=X$. Kropholler's Conjecture asserts that $ ...

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110 views

### the lower bounded of metrics on a group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, S is a set of generators. If $\forall s\in S, n\in \mathbb{Z}$, $\exists C>0$ such that $|s^n|_S\ge C|n|$, does it imply $\forall$ infinite order element ...

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177 views

### Profinite groups, completions, and Schreier's formula

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, and $H \leq_o G$. We say that $H$ satisfies Schreier's formula in $G$ if $d(H) - 1 = (d(G)-1)[G:H]$. We say that $G$ satisfies Schreier's formula if ...

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101 views

### Regularity of polynomial growth of groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group of polynomial growth. This means that the size $B_n$ of the ball of radius $n$ satsifies:
$$
A n^d \leq B_n \leq Bn^d
$$
for some constants $A$, $B$.
My question ...

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99 views

### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...

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269 views

### Algorithms in hyperbolic groups

I'm stuck in some algorithms in hyperbolic groups, which may be rather simple.
Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group given by a finite presentation. It is known that the hyperbolicity constant $\delta$ can ...

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154 views

### Induced graphs of cayley graph

I have a Cayley graph $Cay(G,S)$, its group presentation $G=< S | R >$ and it is a metric graph by assigning a length equal to 1 to each edge. I also have an induced subgraph of that Cayley ...

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358 views

### Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture for Thompson's group F

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ be a torsion-free group. Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture states that the group ring $K[G]$ does not contain any non-trivial idempotent, i.e. if $x^2=x$ then $x=0$ or ...

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112 views

### How much do the classes of geodesic metrics and Green metrics on a Gromov hyperbolic group differ?

Background
Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group. If $G$ acts properly discontinuously and cocompactly on a proper geodesic metric space $X$, then any bijective identification of $G$ with its orbit ...

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72 views

### Groups and triangle-square complexes

I would like to know what kind of groups (and/or their group presentation) acting geometrically on CAT(0) curved piecewise Euclidean triangle-square complexes.
Thanks

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**1**answer

184 views

### JSJ-decompositions of hyperbolic groups and elementary vertices

My question is the following:
In Bowditch's JSJ-decomposition of hyperbolic groups, can elementary (virtually-cyclic) vertices have degree 1? If not, why not?
I had thought for a long time that ...

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**1**answer

262 views

### Candidates for non-sofic groups

What are the "simplest" examples of countable groups that are not known to be sofic?

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164 views

### Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...

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**1**answer

205 views

### Is there a finitely generated residually finite group with solvable word problem that does not embed in a finitely presented residually finite group?

The famous Higman embedding theorem says that every recursively presented group embeds in a finitely presented group. This is a convenient tool to construct finitely presented groups with bizarre ...

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125 views

### Topological interpretation for groups of type $FP_2$

A group $G$ is of type $FP_2$ if it admits a partial projective resolution of $\mathbb{Z}G$-modules $$ P_2 \rightarrow P_1 \rightarrow P_0 \rightarrow \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 0$$ with each $P_i$ being ...

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180 views

### Minimal normally generating subsets of minimal generating sets

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. The weight $w(G)$ of $G$ is defined to be the minimum number of elements of $G$ whose normal closure in $G$ is the whole of $G$ (this is sometimes also called ...

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166 views

### Commutator width of soluble Baumslag Solitar groups

Do the soluble Baumslag-Solitar groups have finite commutator width? A soluble Baumslag-Solitar group is given by a presentation of the from
BS(1,m) = $<a,b \mbox{ }| \mbox{ } a^{-1}ba = ...

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**1**answer

150 views

### Commutator Width of a direct limit of hyperbolic groups

Is it known if the direct limit of hyperbolic groups can have finite commutator width? Every hyperbolic group has infinite verbal width for any word $w$, so in particular for the commutator word ...

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**1**answer

333 views

### How to construct a group with specified growth function

Are there any procedures which given a nonnegative nondecreasing function on the integers will construct a finitely generated group with the same growth up to the usual equivalence of growth ...

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149 views

### quasiisomorphic groups and torsion [closed]

Are there two finitely generated quasiisomorphic groups $G$ and $H$ such that $G$ is torsionfree and $H$ has torsion elements of arbitrarily large order?

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### Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial.
If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...

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**1**answer

121 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

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125 views

### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used:
Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...

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**3**answers

231 views

### Domination of length functions of trees with equal covolume

(This is a reformulation of an earlier unanswered question. I would like to thank Ian Agol for pointing out to me Walter Parry's characterization of hyperbolic translation length functions.)
Let $G$ ...

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506 views

### Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...

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191 views

### Bounding the lengths of the conjugators in the word problem for finite group presentations

Let $G = \langle X \mid R \rangle$ be a group defined by a finite presentation, and let $F$ be the free group on $X$. If $w \in F$ represents the identity in $G$, then $w$ is equal in $F$ to (the free ...