**1**

vote

**0**answers

131 views

### divisible 2nd cohomolgy group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$

Recall that a (nontrivial) abelian group $A$ is called divisible if the multiplication by $n$ is surjection $A\to A$ for all $n\in\mathbb{Z}_{>1}$.
My question is the following.
Is there a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Poincare inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Is the family of probabilities generated by a random walk on a finitely generated amenable group asymptotically invariant?

Is the family of probabilities $\mu^n$ (convolution) generated by a random walk $\mu$ on a finitely generated amenable group $G$ asymptotically invariant ($\|g\mu^n-\mu\|_{L^1}\to 0$ for any $g\in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

187 views

### Products of elliptic isometries

A well-known property on groups acting on trees is:
Theorem: Let $T$ be a tree and $g,h \in \mathrm{Isom}(T)$ two elliptic isometries. If $\mathrm{Fix}(g) \cap \mathrm{Fix}(h) = \emptyset$ then ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Uniform sub-linearity of sub-additive functions on groups

Suppose $G$ is a finitely generated group and suppose $f: G \to \mathbb{R}$ is subadditive function, that is: $f(g_1\circ g_2) \leq f(g_1) + f(g_2)$. One example of such $f$ is the word length in some ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

496 views

### Your favorite papers on geometric group theory

I would like to improve my culture on geometric group theory, so I am interested in short and accessible papers on subjects related to this field but which are not always available in the classical ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Number of unitary representations of a Kazhdan group

It was proved by de la Harpe, Robertson, and Valette that for a discrete group $\Gamma$ with Kazhdan's property (T), there is a constant $c$ so that the number of irreducible unitary representations ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### On the number of ends of a countable simple group

At the beginning I thought that the following statement could be an easy exercise after Stallings' theorem, but I found myself incapable of proving it:
Any countable f.g. simple group has one end.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

183 views

### Abelianization of limit groups

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be limit groups, and let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be cyclic subgroups of $G_1$ and $G_2$, respectively.
Question:
If $G$ is the amalgamated product of $G_1$ and $G_2$ with amalgamated ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Hyperbolic manifold of dim 3 with finite volume.

The geometrization Theorem for 3-manifolds classifies all oriented compact (without boundary ) 3-manifolds. Is there a theorem which classifies all hyperbolic oriented 3-manifold (without boundary ) ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### A subgroup of corank 1 in a free group contains a primitive element?

Let $F$ be the free group on $\{x_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$, and let $H \leq F$ be a subgroup with $\langle H \cup \{x_1\} \rangle = F$. Must there be a free basis $B$ of $F$ for which $B \cap H \neq ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Primitive elements in a free group

Let $F$ be a free group of rank $\aleph_0$ and let $H$ be a subgroup for which there exists some $a \in F$ such that $\langle H \cup \{a\} \rangle = F$. Must there be some free basis $B$ for $F$ and a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Must a group of defficiency > 1 be nonabelian?

Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank $n > 2$, and let $S \subseteq F$ be a subset of cardinality at most $n-2$. Denote by $S^F$ the normal subgroup of $F$ generated by $S$. Must $F/S^F$ be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Generating free groups by small subgroups and an element

Let $F$ be a free group of countably infinite rank, and let $L \leq F$ be a finite index subgroup. For some prime $p$ and $k \in \mathbb{N}$, let $\sigma \colon L \to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### K-fellow traveler property and automatic structure

I have been reading several articles about automatic groups and metric spaces of negative curvature. However it is not clear for me the relationship between automatic groups, hyperbolcity and the ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### Group with finite outer automorphism group and large center

Does there exist a finitely generated group $G$ with outer automorphism group $\mathrm{Out}(G)$ finite, whose center contains infinitely many elements of order $p$ for some prime $p$?
A motivation is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### What is the corank of a proper char subgroup of a finite index subgroup of a free group?

Let $F$ be the free group of rank $\aleph_0$, let $L \leq F$ be a finite index subgroup, and let $M$ be a proper characteristic subgroup of $L$. Is it possible that there exists a finite subset $S ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Finite generation and profinite completion

Let $G$ be a (countable) residually finite group whose profinite completion is topologically finitely generated. Must $G$ be finitely generated?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Explicit examples of Dehn presentations of hyperbolic groups

It is well known fact that a (f.g.) group is hyperbolic if and only if it admits a (finite) Dehn presentation.
My question concerns something I'm struggling with since the first time I read the proof ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

235 views

### Limit Group decomposition

I would need a clarification about a statement in the article Limit groups and groups acting freely on $\mathbb{R}^n$-trees by Vincent Guirardel.
First recall that a limit group is a finitely ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

110 views

### “Relative cone types” for groups relative to some collection of subgroups

It is a well known fact that an infinite hyperbolic group contains an element of infinite order (see e.g. Bridson, Haefliger, Metric spaces of non-positive curvature, Prop. 2.22 on p. 458)
I am ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Reduction of self-intersections without reducing the geometric intersection

Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface. Given a closed curve $a$, let $\bar{a}$ denotes the free homotopy class of $a$. Let $i(\bar{a},\bar{b})$ denotes the geometric intersection number and $i(\bar{a})$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

341 views

### Must the powers of some element always grow linearly with respect to a word metric?

Suppose we have a group $G$ which is finitely generated , and let $|\cdot |$ denote some word metric on it. Must there be an element $a\in G$ such that $|a^n|\ge c\cdot n$ for some $c>0$?
My ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Products of subgroups of a free group

Let $F$ be a free group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be two subgroups such that $AB$ contains a nontrivial normal subgroup of $F$. Must either $A$ or $B$ contain a nontrivial normal subgroup of $F$?
What if ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Scotts Theorem for one ended Fuchsian groups

in Peter Scott's work "Subgroups of Surface groups are almost geometric" is proven that for a closed surface $S$ and any fin. gen. subgroup $U$ of $G:=\pi_1(S,x)$ there exists a finitely sheeted ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Double coset separability and the existence of vanishing sequences for surface group

Definition: Let $G$ be a group. $G$ is said to be double coset separable if given any finitely generated subgroups $H$ and $K$ in $G$, given any $g\in G$ and $h\not\in HgK$, there exists a finite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### One question about iteration on groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$ of index $n$, with $a_i$ a set of coset representatives and $$G=\displaystyle\bigcup_{i=1}^nH{a_i}.$$
Let $\phi:H\rightarrow G$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Isometries of some simple Cayley graphs

Consider a Cayley graph of a group $G$ with respect to a symmetric finite generating set $S$.
There are some obvious candidates to isometries of this graph - for example, translation by elements of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Can you decide whether the commutator subgroup of a f.p. group is f.g?

Is the following algorithmic problem known to be decidable/undecidable?
Input: a finite group presentation $P$.
Decide: is the commutator subgroup of the group presented by $P$ finitely generated?

**0**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Are there CAT(-1) spaces which are not trees whose Gromov boundary is disconnected?

Are there some examples of CAT(-1) spaces which are not trees which have disconnected Gromov boundary?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Suppose that $G$ is a subgroup of $GL_n(\mathbb C)$ with finite exponent. Then is $G$ a finite group? [closed]

As title. the exponent of $G$ is the least number $n$ (if exists) such that $g^n=e$ holds for all $g\in G$ or $+\infty$.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### every element with eigenvalue 1

Is there a "non-trivial" subgroup $G$ of $GL(n,\mathbb C)$ whose every element has an eigenvalue $1$?
"Non-trivial" here means that is no common eigenvector with eigenvalue $1$ for all elements of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Discontinuity of Radon-Nikodym derivative for Patterson-Sullivan measures for word metrics on Gromov hyperbolic groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group coming endowed with a word metric coming from some finite generating set. Let $\nu$ be an associated Patterson-Sullivan measure (quasi-conformal density).
I ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space.
Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators.
My question is:
Does there exist a ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Residual finiteness: why do we care?

Residually finite groups have been studied for a long time. However, I am struggling to work out why we care, or perhaps, why they continue to be of interest. Let me explain.
Magnus, in his 1968 ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Polynomial growth without Gromov's theorem

It is a consequence of the theorem of M. Gromov on groups with polynomial growth and a result of P. Pansu(*) that if a finitely generated group $\Gamma = \langle S\rangle,\, S=S^{-1}$ satisfies ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### Linear groups which don't contain products of free groups

Let $G \subset GL(n, \Bbb Z)$ be a f.g. linear group. The Tits alternative says that $G$ is either virtually solvable (i.e. has a solvable subgroup of finite index), or contains a free group $F_2$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

116 views

### Virtually abelian centralizers

This is a sort of a follow-up question to Limits of conjugated subgroups (though it might not seem at first glance to have much to do with it.)
Anyway, I'm wondering what sort of groups have the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Is the Cayley graph of Thompson's group isolated in the space of vertex-transitive graphs?

Consider Thompson's group (the one commonly referred to as $T$), which is finitely presentable. Consider the Cayley graph, but then forget the coloring and direction on edges. So now we just have an ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Geometric automorphism of free group respect to nonorientable suface

An outer automorphism $[ϕ]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism h:M→M, where M is a compact surface with nonempty boundary. I am wondering is it enough we only ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements.
What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### Limits of conjugated subgroups

I've recently encountered the following problem. Given a group $G$, a subgroup $H$ and a sequence $g_n\in G$, let $$ \liminf_{j\to\infty}H^{g_j} :=\bigcup_{n\ge 1} \bigcap_{j\ge n} H^{g_j}.$$ Here $$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

101 views

### Convex subcomplexes of CAT(0) cubical complexes

Is the following statement true? If so, can anyone provide a reference?
Let $X$ be a CAT(0) cubical complex, and let $Y$ be a connected
subcomplex of $X$. Then the following are equivalent:
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### Is there a faithful transitive locally finite action of the modular group?

Is there a faithful transitive action of $G = \mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that orbits under each $g \in G$ are finite?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Are lattices in the special real linear group subgroup seperable?

Let $G \leq SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a lattice, let $H \leq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of infinite index, and let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Must there be some $H \leq U \leq G$ such that $n \leq [G : ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### F.g group with infinite ends not Q.I to a free group

Is there any easy example of a finitely generated group with a Cantor set of ends that is not quasi-isometric to a finitely generated free group?
Thanks in advance.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### Can a profinite completion be free pro-p?

Is there a prime number $p$ and a finitely generated residually finite group whose profinite completion is a free pro-$p$ group on a nonempty finite set?
Thanks to YCor we see that we cannot take the ...