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7
votes
0answers
244 views

The construction of the 257gon

If $\zeta\in\mathbb C$ is a primitive $257$th root of unity, the Galois group $\operatorname{Gal}(\mathbb Q(\zeta)/\mathbb Q)$ is cyclic of order $256=2^8$, so we know that there is a sequence of $8$ ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Mid point with set square?

Is it possible to construct the midpoint of a segment in the hyperbolic plane using the set square only? With the set square one can draw the line through the given two points and drop the ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Algebraic characterization of points constructible by compass and straightedge

The typical characterization of points constructible by compass and straightedge is the following: Let $S\subseteq\mathbb{C}$ with $0,1\in S$, $K_0 = \mathbb{Q}(S\cup \bar{S})$ and $a\in\mathbb{C}$. ...
3
votes
2answers
820 views

How to draw Archimedean-Galileo spiral?

It is known that some plane curves can be drawn with a tool. For instance, I heard at a web site that Archimedes created his spiral in the third century B.C. by fooling around with a compass and ...
4
votes
4answers
708 views

What are the lengths that can be constructed with straightedge but without compass?

Most field theory textbooks will describe the field of constructible numbers, i.e. complex numbers corresponding to points in the Euclidean plane that can be constructed via straightedge and compass. ...
5
votes
2answers
436 views

Bolyai's construction

Here is Bolyai's construction (in Klein model), which I learned recently from answer of Will Jagy to this question. It is a Compass-and-straightedge construction of asymptotically parallel line in ...
6
votes
2answers
731 views

Is there a ruler and compass construction of the common perpendicular of two geodesics in H^3?

Assume we have two geodesics in the Poincaré ball model of $\mathbb{H}^3$, viewed as arcs intersecting the boundary of and contained in the Euclidean unit sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Is there a ruler ...
7
votes
2answers
971 views

Is there a compass and straight edge construction of parallel lines in hyperbolic geometry?

Is there a compass and straight edge construction of parallel lines in hyperbolic geometry? That is given a line and a point not on the line construct one of the line parallel to the given line.
21
votes
6answers
2k views

How fast are a ruler and compass?

This may be more of a recreational mathematics question than a research question, but I have wondered about it for a while. I hope it is not inappropriate for MO. Consider the standard assumptions ...
9
votes
3answers
680 views

Neusis constructions

Is there some simple description of which complex numbers are "constructible" with straightedge and compass and neusis? See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructible_number and ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Origami Constructions: Intersecting two Circles

It is well known that every construction that can be performed with compass and straightedge alone can also be performed using origami, see: R. Geretschlager. Euclidean Constructions and the Geometry ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

how to construct a spherical dodecahedron?

using only a spherical ruler (to construct great lines) and a pair of compasses, how can you construct a regular dodecahedron on the surface of the sphere? thank you very much.
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Approximate solutions for trisecting the angle or squaring the circle

Hello all, it is well-known by transcendence results or Galois theory that famous geometric problems such as trisecting an angle or "squaring the circle" (i.e. given a disk of radius 1 construct a ...
4
votes
1answer
784 views

On using field extensions to prove the impossiblity of a straightedge and compass construction

Let $z \in \mathbb{C}$. Consider the following statements: The point $z$ can be constructed with straightedge and compass starting from the points $\{ 0,1\}$. There is a field extension $K / ...