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**17**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Need help proving that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$

Hello.
I have been trying very hard to show that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$ and could not quite get anywhere. This inequality has been verified by computer ...

**18**

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**4**answers

1k views

### Are the q-Catalan numbers q-holonomic?

The generating function $f(z)$ of the Catalan numbers which is characterized by $f(z)=1+zf(z)^2$ is D-finite, or holonomic, i.e. it satisfies a linear differential equation with polynomial ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

811 views

### What information do the roots of the generating function of the nontrivial zeroes of the Riemann zeta function encode.

Let $a_{m}$ be the imaginary part of the nontrivial roots of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$. Suppose we have their generating function $u(x)=\sum_{m=1}^{\infty} ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

721 views

### beyond differentially algebraic power series

In a recent question, we learned about the existence of functions that do not satisfy any algebraic differential equation.
One nice property of such equations is that there is a good way to ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

821 views

### An example of a series that is not differentially algebraic?

Motivated by this question, I remembered a question I was curious about sometime which I am sure has some easy and nice example for it as well, which I just can't think of for some reason. I want an ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Solving recurrence equation with indexes from negative infinity to positive infinity

In many cases, the recurrence equations that people are solving involves index of only non-negative values. Here I have a recurrence equation which arises from transport of light in an infinite 1D ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

861 views

### How many pairs (M, N) of sets of size n have M + N = {0, 1, …, n^2-1}?

How many pairs (M, N) of sets of size n have M + N = {0, 1, ..., n^2-1}?
Manfred Schroeder, in Number Theory in Science and Communication, 4th edition, asks (p. 27): find all pairs of sets $(M,N)$, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How to compute the rook polynomial of a Ferrers board?

Given a Ferrers board of shape $(b_1,\ldots,b_m)$, we define $r_k$ as number of ways to place $k$ non-attacking rooks (as in Chess). In section 2.4 of Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics (vol. 1) it's ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

530 views

### Where do I turn for help with generating functions?

Please forgive me if this is inappropriate for MathOverflow. I've been working/playing with generating functions for a little while and may have stumbled upon a new technique or methodology.
The ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

432 views

### Euler characteristics and operator indices as exponents for Laurent polynomials

This question is rather vague. Are there any natural situations which involve Laurent polynomials of the form
$$\sum q^{a_i}\in\mathbb{Z}[q,q^{-1}]$$
where the $a_i$'s are either Euler characteristics ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

847 views

### Can you find linear recurrence relation for dimensions of invariant tensors?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional highest weight representation of a (semi)-simple Lie algebra. For each $n\ge 0$ take $a_n$ to be the dimension of the space of invariant tensors in $\otimes^n V$.
In ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

811 views

### Which Hadamard Products of Generating Functions Are Known?

The Hadamard product, Schur product, or entrywise product of two generating functions is computed as follows:
The Hadamard Product, H(x), given two generating functions f(x) and g(x) where
$$ f(x) = ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

761 views

### What classes am I missing in the Picard lattice of a Kummer K3 surface?

Constructing the Kummer K3 of an Abelian surface $A$, we have an obvious 22-dimensional collection of classes in $H^2(K3, \mathbb{Z})$ given by the 16 (-2)-curves (which by construction do not ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

580 views

### Generating-functions: is there a relationship between a generating function and the corresponding squared generating function

Let's say we have a sequence $T(n)$ with the corresponding generating function
$$A(t) = \sum_{n = 0}^\infty T(n) t^n$$
Is there some relationship between the two functions $A(t)$ and $A(t^2)$? And ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Asymptotics of a hypergeometric series/Taylor series coefficient.

I was planning on figuring this problem out for myself, but I also wanted to try out mathoverflow. Here goes:
I wanted to know the asymptotics of the sum of the absolute values of the Fourier-Walsh ...