The generating-functions tag has no wiki summary.

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96 views

### Theorem Leads for tied-down random walk

scribd.com/doc/87930409/18/Leads-for-tied-down-random-walk [Theorem 3.7, page 38]
Could you explain me the last equality in the proof? I mean this:
$$\frac{2[\sqrt{1 - s^2t^2} - ...

**1**

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**0**answers

189 views

### Generalization of Lagrange inversion with “skewed” formal parameter

I am interested in obtaining an analog of the Lagrange inversion formula, starting from a generalization of the implicit equation. Ordinary Lagrange reversion, as I am familiar with it, starts with ...

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**0**answers

412 views

### Generalization of Cauchy's identity

Let $ s_{\lambda} $ be the schur function associated to the partition $ \lambda $.
Cauchy's identity (as in Macdonald) states that
$$
\sum_{\lambda} s_{\lambda}(X)s_{\lambda}(Y) = ...

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**2**answers

443 views

### Combinatorial meaning of the functional equation for logarithm

If we set $\exp(x)=\sum x^k/k!$, then $\exp(x+y)=\exp(x)\cdot \exp(y)$. In terms of coefficients it means that $(x+y)^n=\sum \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} x^ky^{n-k}$, i.e. just binomial expansion.
Now ...

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**1**answer

346 views

### Elephant populations (and Dyck words)

Hello,
I'm relatively new to this forum so apologies if I have tagged my
question incorrectly.
I have been in contact with a wildlife biologist recently concerning
counting elephant populations and ...

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**2**answers

285 views

### Alternating sum of binomial coefficients times logarithm

Trying to find a closed form expression for the following sum, or an asymptotic expression in terms of well known functions (like the Gamma function, for instance).
Let $m,n$ be positive integers ...

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**1**answer

767 views

### Generating function for Random Walk Hitting Time, taking the wrong root

In a calculation of the hitting time for a Bernoulli random walk we have to calculate the hitting time $\tau(1)=\inf\{n\ge 0:S_n=1\}$ to reach $+1$ and the generating function has the recursion ...

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**2**answers

347 views

### A diagonal operation on power series

Given a formal power series $f(x,y)=\sum_{n,m\ge 0}f(n,m)\: x^n y^m$ in two variables $x$ and $y$ over some field of characteristic zero, e.g. the field of complex numbers $\mathbb C$, we define a new ...

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**2**answers

257 views

### Ramanujan Divisor Function [closed]

Help me prove
$$
\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\sigma_a(n)\sigma_b(n)}{n^s} = \frac{\zeta(s) \zeta(s-a) \zeta(s-b) \zeta(s-a-b)}{\zeta(2s-a-b)} $$

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**1**answer

679 views

### Monomer-Dimer tatami tilings need better relationships with other math. Summary of results.

A monomer-dimer tiling of a rectangular grid with $r$ rows and $c$ columns satisfies the \emph{tatami} condition if no four tiles meet at any point. (or you can think of it as the removal of a ...

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**2**answers

766 views

### Proving generating functions equality

What do you use to prove the following equality (and possibly more general ones of the kind)?
\begin{align*}\sum_{r,s,t} \frac{q^{r^2+rs+s^2+st+t^2}}{(q)_r (q)_s (q)_t} z_1^{r+s} z_2^{s+t} = ...

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**0**answers

197 views

### An equation about generating functions and subfactorial

As I promised, I clone the problem from Math.SE to here, in order to find a solution.
Suppose $G_n(w)$ is a formal power series (really a probability generating function, see the following ...

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**2**answers

259 views

### Enumeration Result [closed]

Hi
I have a very soft question:
What exactly is the definition of an enumeration result?
Let say I want to enumerate some combinatorial structure and I came up with an equation for a generating ...

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votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Generating function for Dyck Words

Hello,
I'm trying to reinvent the wheel here by deriving the formula for Dyck Words of length p+q, that is, p left parens and q right parens. The answer of course is $\binom{p+q}{q} - ...

**3**

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**1**answer

258 views

### The relationship between Stirling number of the second kind and the polylogarithm

It is shown here on Mathworld's page on Stirling number of the second kind that
$$
\sum_{k=1}^n S(n,k) (k-1)! z^k = (-1)^n \text{Li}_{1-n}(1+\frac{1}{z})
$$
where $S(n,k)$ is Stirling number of the ...

**20**

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**1**answer

773 views

### A strange sum over bipartite graphs

While mucking around with some generating functions related to enumeration of regular bipartite graphs, I stumbled across the following cutie. I wonder if anyone has seen it before, and/or if anyone ...

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175 views

### probabilistic terminology for polynomials with positive coefficients

Given a polynomial $P(x) = p_0 + p_1 x + p_2 x^2 + ... + p_n x^n$ with non-negative coefficients, is there a standard name for (the function of $p_1,...,p_n$ equal to) the variance of an ...

**4**

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**0**answers

245 views

### Generating function related to 2-residues of partitions

Question
Express the following power series in two commuting variables $x,y$ as an infinite product, or a short sum of infinite products:
$$
...

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**1**answer

407 views

### What is the Generating Function for Skew Young Diagrams?

The Problem
This strikes me as a very natural problem which should have been asked (and solved?) already.
For each positive integer k, find a nice expression for the following generating function in ...

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**1**answer

321 views

### Limit of an infinite series, related to (generalised Newton's) binomial expansion

How to calculate the infinite sum of the following series, related to binomial expansion for rational number, $r$:
...

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**1**answer

272 views

### Difference equation $A(n,x)=p(x)A(n-1,x-1)+q(x)A(n-1,x)$

I asked this question on MSE, but didn't get enough information. If it is a violation of some norms, let me know, I'll delete it.
I'm having problem solving this difference equation. Initially I ...

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**2**answers

655 views

### An interesting, simple, sequence - surprised to find little material. [closed]

I've been considering this sequence:
$$1,2,3,6,12,24,48,96,192,...$$
I've generated the sequence from the rule
$$V_n=\sum_{0\leq i \lt n} V_i$$
$$V_0=1; V_1=2V_0=V_0+V_0$$
What interests me most, ...

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**1**answer

208 views

### A sequence of generating functions

I came on this sequence of generating functions on trying to count lambda terms (in lambda calculus)
$T^{\langle m+1\rangle} = \frac{T^{\langle m \rangle}(z)}{z} - (T^{\langle m\rangle}(z))^2$
with
...

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**2**answers

710 views

### Closed form or/and asymptotics of a hypergeometric sum

Dear mathematicians,
I am a computer scientist wandering in the deep sea of combinatorics and asymptotics to pursue a recent interest in average case analysis of algorithms. In doing so, I designed ...

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**2**answers

911 views

### What are the best known bounds on the number of partitions of $n$ into exactly $k$ distinct parts?

For example, if $n = 10$ and $k = 3$, then the legal partitions are
$$10 = 7 + 2 + 1 = 6 + 3 + 1 = 5 + 4 + 1 = 5 + 3 + 2$$
so the answer is $4$. By choosing $k$ random elements of $\{1,\ldots,2n/k\}$, ...

**2**

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**1**answer

471 views

### Combinatorial Identities : Possible Simplification?

Hi everybody,
This is my first question so I hope I will correctly be following the rules!
I am looking for a simplification of the expression
$$
m! \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k} \binom{\alpha k}{m} ...

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**0**answers

177 views

### closure properties of q-differential equations

I am interested in q-differential equations of the form
$p(f(z), f(qz),\dots,f(q^kz))=0$
where $p$ is a polynomial and $k$ an nonnegative integer. I wonder about the closure properties of the class ...

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**2**answers

525 views

### Determining a generating function (of a restricted form)

Inspired by a recent problem for linear recurrence relations I have the following question (which may be too much to hope for). The Catalan numbers (just to give a specific example) have generating ...

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**2**answers

384 views

### Adem-Wu relations from Bullett-Macdonald identities

Question. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $q$ be a power of $p$. Let $P^0$, $P^1$, $P^2$, ... be elements of some associative $\mathbb F_q$-algebra $A$. (Here, $P^i$ does not mean $P$ to the $i$-th power; ...

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**1**answer

534 views

### Which sets of lattice points have rational generating functions?

Let $P$ be a subset of $\mathbb N^d$ (or of some normal pointed affine semigroup), and suppose that $f:=\sum_{p\in P}\ t^p\in\mathbb Z[[t_1,\ldots,t_d]]$ is a rational function. What can be said ...

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**3**answers

569 views

### Identifying the generating function $ G(a,z) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a^n z^{(n+1)(n+2)/2}. $

I have computed a generating function for a problem involving a particular series, and would like to know if anyone has any references or a categorisation for it? It's
$$
G(a,z) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} ...

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634 views

### Any tips on finding generating functions from recurrence relations involving minimization and maximization?

Any general tips on or examples of finding interesting generating functions from recurrence relations involving minimization and maximization?
I'd imagine the case with one term of a minimization or ...

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**2**answers

4k views

### Hirzebruch's motivation of the Todd class

In Prospects in Mathematics (AM-70), Hirzebruch gives a nice discussion of why the formal power series $f(x) = 1 + b_1 x + b_2 x^2 + \dots$ defining the Todd class must be what it is. In particular, ...

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863 views

### Partitions to different parts not exceeding $n$

Consider the polynomial $(1+x)(1+x^2)\dots (1+x^n)=1+x+\dots+x^{n(n+1)/2}$, which enumerates subj. How to prove that it's coefficients increase up to $x^{n(n+1)/4}$ (and hence decrease after this)? Or ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### Coin flipping and a recurrence relation

How can one solve the following recurrence relation?
$f(n) = 1 + \frac{1}{2^n} \sum_{k = 0}^n {{n}\choose{k}} f(k)$
$f(0) = 0$
As it happens, I can show $f(n) = \Theta(\log n)$ through other means ...

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**10**answers

6k views

### The functional equation $f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2$

I'd like to gather information and references on the following functional equation for power series $$f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2,$$$$f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty c_k x^k$$
(so $c_0=0$ is imposed).
First things that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

### When does a triangle of numbers have a zero row sum?

Suppose we have a triangle of numbers defined by the recurrence relation
$$\left| n \atop k \right| = f(n,k) \left| n-1 \atop k \right| +g(n,k) \left| n-1 \atop k-1 \right| + [n=k=0],$$
for some ...

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**0**answers

300 views

### Transfinite Sums Related to a Sequence

Hello,
Given a sequence $S$ indexed by the finite ordinals, a limit ordinal $\alpha$, and $k \in \mathbb{N}$, define $S_{\alpha+k}$(the extension of $S$ to $\alpha+k$) to be the sum over the products ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### Use of everywhere divergent generating functions

Generating functions are well-known to be much useful in combinatorics. But, maybe just since I am illiteral, all the applications coming in mind deal with power series, which are not just formal, but ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### Expressions involving Eulerian numbers of the second kind: trying to show $\sum_{m=0}^{n} (-1)^m(m)m!(2n-m-2)!\left\langle\left\langle n\atop m\right\rangle\right\rangle\neq0$ for even $n$.

Considering the success of a previous question involving Eulerian numbers, I thought I might throw this question into the mix. It comes from some localization computations in GW theory, but in this ...

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**3**answers

1k views

### Solving a general two-term combinatorial recurrence relation

What is known about explicit (not necessarily closed-form) solutions to the recurrence
$$R^n_k= (\alpha n) R^{n-1}_k + (\alpha' n + \beta' k) R^{n-1} _{k-1},$$
with initial condition $R_0^0 = 1$ and ...

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vote

**1**answer

655 views

### Infinite graphs as functional operators

Original Question
Consider an infinite tree of constant degree $k$. For such a tree we can consider the total number of nodes at depth $n$, $g(f)$, and the total number of paths from the root, ...

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**1**answer

443 views

### How to extract the diagonal from a bivariate generating function

Let $ F(s,t)= \sum_{i,j} f(i,j) s^i t^j$, which is a bivariate generating funcion of the number $f(i,j)$ for some enumeration problem. Sometimes we know about $F(s,t)$, but what we really need is the ...

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**1**answer

581 views

### Asymptotics of Hermite and hypergeometric function

I am looking for the asymptotics of the following integral
$\int_{\mathbb{R}} H_m^2(x) {\rm e}^{-2 \alpha^2 x^2} {\rm d} x = 2^{m-1/2} \alpha^{-2m -1} (1-2\alpha^2)^m \ \Gamma(m+1/2) ~ ...

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votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Solving partial difference equation

I am trying to solve the following partial difference equation:
$$A_k^{n+1}=(k+1)A_{k+1}^n+(n+2-k)A_{k-1}^n $$
with initial condition:
$$\begin{cases} A_0^0&=1\\ A_1^0&=1 \end{cases}$$
I ...

**2**

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**0**answers

223 views

### Algebraic Dirichlet series and beyond

I wonder what the "right" notion of "algebraic Dirichlet series" might be. Here I'm thinking of formal Dirichlet series $D(s)=\sum_{n\geq 1} a_n/n^s$, say with $a_n$ being rational numbers.
I'm ...

**44**

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**7**answers

6k views

### What is Lagrange Inversion good for?

I am planning an introductory combinatorics course (mixed grad-undergrad) and am trying to decide whether it is worth budgeting a day for Lagrange inversion. The reason I hesitate is that I know of ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

760 views

### Positivity of sequences via generating series

There are different ways of showing that a given sequence $a_0,a_1,a_2,\dots$
of integers, say, is nonnegative. For example, one can show that $a_n$ count
something, or express $a_n$ as a (multiple) ...

**9**

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**1**answer

1k views

### Finding recurrence relation for a sequence of polynomials

The sequence
A059710
starts 1,0,1,1,4,10,35,...
This satisfies the polynomial recurrence relation
$$ (n+5)(n+6)a(n)=2(n-1)(2n+5)a(n-1)+(n-1)(19n+18)a(n-2)+14(n-1)(n-2)a(n-3) $$
I have a $q$-analogue ...

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**3**answers

2k views

### Need help proving that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$

Hello.
I have been trying very hard to show that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$ and could not quite get anywhere. This inequality has been verified by computer ...