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**11**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### A seemingly simple combinatorial object that must have an easy generating function

One more question related to my earlier "Special" meanders.
I am trying to isolate simplest problems related to it. Here is one.
For a composition (i. e. a tuple of natural numbers) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Inverses of probability generating functions: positivity of derivatives

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of probability generating functions of random variables taking positive integer values, considered as functions on $[0,1]$.
So $G\in\mathcal{G}$ can be written ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Direct proof that a certain generating function is D-finite

Consider the set $T^{2,3}_n$ of all non-planar rooted trees with $n$ leaves labelled by $1,2,\ldots,n$ where each internal vertex can have two or three children. If we think of the binary / ternary ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### Closed formula for the generating function of the sequence of powers

Does anyone know of a closed formula for the function
$f_k(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n^k x^n}$ ? That is, the generating function of the sequence $1^k,2^k,3^k...$.
It is not hard to see that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Calculation of one constant similar to MZV

The series arose in the calculation of Mean value of a function associated with continued fractions:
$$C=\sum_{1\le b\le d<\infty}\frac{1}{b(b+d)d^2}.$$
Obviously
$C=C_1-C_2,$
where
...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Generating functions for objects with irrational sizes

A problem I'm investigating concerns a combinatorial class in which the 'atoms' have irrational sizes. It seems likely that this is something that has been considered before, but I haven't been able ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

231 views

### Asymptotic growth rate of coefficients of generating function

how to calculate the asymptotic growth rate of coefficients generating function $T(z)$ satisfied this identity
$T(z)=z+\frac{T(z)^3}{6}+\frac{T(z^2)T(z)}{2}+\frac{T(z^3)}{3}$

**4**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Generating function for number of different tessellation checkered rectangle

Let $R_n$ be checkered rectangle sized $n \times 4, n \ge 1$.
Let $a_n$ be number of different $R_n$ tiling with rectangles sized $1 \times 3$.
$\ \ \ $ $\ \ \ $ $\ \ \ $ $\ \ \ $ $\ \ \ $ $\ \ \ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Puzzling behaviour of a recursively defined sequence of functions

This question arose in connection with another problem that I described earlier in Constructing a generating function using a series with all negative and positive powers of a variable. I had certain ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Is there a nice generating function proof of the following identity?

Consider the Jordan function $J_2(n)$ defined by
$$
J_2(n) = \#\{x \in (\mathbb{Z}/n)^2 \mid ord(x) = n\}
$$
(this is OEIS A007434). One can prove the following identity pretty easily:
$$
\sum_{d \mid ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Constructing a generating function using a series with all negative and positive powers of a variable

Trying to count certain combinatorial structures, I arrived at a construction of their generating function through a very inconvenient procedure.
I realize that anybody who will read this has right ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### Generating function of the Thue-Morse sequence

Let $T$ be the generating function of the Thue-Morse sequence; thus,
$T(x)=x+x^2+x^4+x^7+\dotsb$. It is known that $T$ satisfies the nice
congruence
$$ (1+x)^3 T^2(x) + (1+x)^2 T(x) + x \equiv 0 ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Another formula for Bell numbers

Here is an observation (thanks to OEIS):
$$\sum_{i=0}^\infty \frac{i^k}{i!}= B_k e,$$ where $B_k$ is the $k$-th Bell number. I might be having reading comprehension issues, but I don't see this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Generating function of a sequence involving reciprocals of binomial coefficients

Question: Is there a closed-form expression for the following sum
$$
F(z,k,r)=\sum_{n=0}^{r} \frac{z^n}{{n+k} \choose {k}}\label{sum}\tag{1}
$$
where $z\in\mathbb{C}$, and $r$, $k$ are non-negative ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Is there a nice way to invert this expression?

Let us first define the Euler polynomials to be the polynomials $P_n(q)$ that satisfy
$$
\frac{qP_n(q)}{(1 - q)^{n+1}} = \Big(q\frac{d}{dq}\Big)^n\frac{q}{1 - q}.
$$
For example, $P_0(q) = P_1(q) = ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### Determining the Lambert series for $xq+x^2q^4+x^3q^9+…+x^nq^{n^2}+…$

I am trying to determine the polynomials $P_n(x)$ from
$$
xq+x^2q^4+x^3q^9+...+\ x^nq^{n^2}+...=\sum_{n\geqslant1}\frac{P_n(x)q^n}{1-xq^n};
$$
that is,
$$
\sum_{d|n}x^{\frac ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Involutions on $[0,1]$ given by power series (related to probability generating functions)

Let $A$ be a function from $[0,1]$ to $[0,1]$. $A$ is an involution if $A(A(x))=x$ for all $x\in[0,1]$.
Which involutions $A$ exist such that $A(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k x^k$ with $a_0=1$ and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Restricted partitions with square terms only

Let $P(N,M,n)$ be the number of partitions of $n$ such that each term is $\le N$ and there are at most $M$ terms. So we know the generating function for $P(N,M,n)$ is $ \frac{(q)_{N+M}}{(q)_M ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Generating function of alternating even terms in the Vandermonde Convolution

I have
\begin{equation}
G(x) = \sum_{i = 0}^{\infty} \sum_{r = 0}^{\infty} (-1)^i \binom{k}{2i} \binom{n-k}{r} x^{2i} x^{r} = \frac{1}{2} \left( (1 + x{\iota})^{k} + (1 - x \iota)^{k} \right)(1 + ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Any interesting properties of the matrix $M:=(m_{ij})$ with $m_{ij}=min(i,j)$? [closed]

Do you know any interesting properties on the matrix $M(n):=(m_{ij})$ of size $n \times n,$ where $m_{ij}= \text{min}(i,j)$ ? The matrix $M$ enumerates certain combinatorial objects.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### A particularly “natural” algebraic structure with three commutative, pairwise-distributive operations

EDIT: As mentioned in my answer below, I was mistaken in thinking Dirichlet convolution distributes over ordinary convolution. I'm leaving this question here for reference.
I keep stumbling on the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Asymptotics of a Bivariate Generating Function

I have the following generating function,
$$G(x,y)=\sum_{n,k \geq 0}a(n,k)x^ny^k = \frac{(y^2-y)x+1}{(y-y^3)x^2-(y+1)x+1}$$
and I am interested in obtaining an asymptotic for the sequence $a(n,k)$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### How do powers affect asymptotics in generating functions?

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of non-negative real numbers, and $A(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n \frac{x^n}{n!}$ its exponential generating function. Also, suppose $B(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} b_n ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### types of generating functions (ordinary, exponential, ???) closed under substitution

A nice feature of ordinary and exponential generating functions is that they are closed under substitution: if $F(z)$ and $G(z)$ both have integer coefficients, then $F(G(z))$ also has integer ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Solving the difference equation $h(\vec x)\cdot A(\vec x)=\sum_{i=1}^m A(\vec x - \vec e_i)$

I am trying to solve the following difference equation:
$$h(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4) \cdot A(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4)=A(x_1-1,x_2,x_3,x_4)+A(x_1,x_2-1,x_3,x_4)+A(x_1,x_2,x_3-1,x_4)+A(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4-1)$$
with ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

360 views

### Asymptotics of coefficients of implicitely defined generating function

I have two integer sequences $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$ and $\{b_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$. Explicit formulas for the $a_n$ are known and their asymptotic growth is fully understood. My wish is to also understand ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Using Mellin transform for a certain function

In short, I want to use the Mellin transform to obtain the asymptotic behavior of the sequence $D_n = \frac{ [z^n] D(z)} {C_n}$ where
$$
D(z) = \frac 1{2z}\sum_{p \ge 1}C_p \left( ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Raising coefficients of a power series to some power

Suppose you are given a power series $P=\sum_{i=0}^\infty{a_nt^n}$. I am primarily concerned with those power series coming from rational functions of the form
$$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Number of trivializations of a trivial word in the free group

Let $M$ be the free monoid on $2n$ generators $x_1,X_1,...,x_n,X_n$ and consider the set $T$ of all those elements of $M$ which map to 1 of the free group on $x_1,...,x_n$ under the homomorphism $\pi$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

63 views

### Generating function for products of laguerre polynomials?

In a quantum physics context, I would like to evaluate $S=\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n\cos(\pi L_n(x))$ for $z<1$. I found generating functions for squares of Laguerre polynomials but not for any higher ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### How to calculate one Cauchy type determinant

As we know, a Cauchy determinant of size n admits the following explicit formula:
$$\det \left(\frac{1}{x _i+y _j}\right) _{1\le i,j \le n}=\frac{\prod _{1\le i < j\le n} (x _j-x _i)(y _j-y ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Generating function for reciprocals of Stirling numbers?

Is there an (ordinary or exponential) generating function for the reciprocals $\frac{1}{s(n,k)}$ of the Stirling numbers of the first kind?
Also, is there some general way to find generating ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### Solving a doubly exponential generating function

I am analyzing the average time complexity of some algorithm on some probabilistic model, and I've come to a doubly exponential sequence for which I cannot find corresponding generating function. I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

194 views

### Proof of closed walk generating function identity

In 'Spectral Conditions for the Reconstructibility of a Graph' Godsil and McKay give a short proof of an identity (Lemma 2.1) that relates the generating function for the number of closed walks ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Higher moments of information and Renyi entropy

For a given discrete probability distribution, Shannon entropy can be though as an expectation value $\langle - \log p \rangle$ (see also: What is entropy, really?, What is the role of the logarithm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Help solving a recurrence relation

For solving a related probability problem, I need to solve the following recurrence relation:-
$q(r,b,L)=\frac{b}{r+b}q(r,b-1,L)+\sum_{k=1}^{L}\frac{r}{r+b}\times\cdots \times ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

203 views

### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Prove a complicated function (in epidemic spreading search) to be convex

When analyse epidemic spreading, I came across to prove that a complicated function $f(x)$ is convex when $0 \leq x \leq 1$.
\begin{equation}
f(x)=\frac{b_1g'(x) f_1(x)^{n-2}+g'(1) \gamma}{g'(1) ( ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

345 views

### An interesting calculation of derivative

I was trying to get the probability distribution $p(n)$ from a generating function $G(s)$ like this:
$G(s) = e^{a(s-1)^2}=\sum s^np(n)$
I need first to do Maclaurin expansion of the exponential and ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### What is the number of noncrossing acyclic digraphs?

A noncrossing graph on $n$ vertices is a graph drawn on $n$ points numbered from $1$ to $n$ in counter-clockwise order on a circle such that the edges lie entirely within the circle and do not cross ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Solving a recurrence (with the form of a convolution) involving binomial coefficients

While dealing with a problem related to intersection of hyperplanes I have come across the following recurrence to obtain the values of $K_{j}$
\begin{array}{cccccccccc}
1 & = & ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Ordinary Generating Function for Bell Numbers

In the OEIS entry for Bell numbers, there appears a generating function
$$\sum_{k=0}^\infty B_k t^k = \sum_{r=0}^\infty \prod_{i=1}^r \frac{t}{1-it}$$
However, I could not locate any proof of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Is there a nice way to write the generating function obtained by taking the quadratic coefficients of another one?

Suppose that you have a generating function
$$
f(q) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k q^k
$$
It's not too hard to obtain the generating function
$$
f_{n,m}(q) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty a_{nk + m}q^k
$$
by taking a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Examples of specializations of elementary symmetric polynomials

Let $\mathcal{S}_{x}=\{x_{1,},x_{2},\ldots x_{n}\}$ be a set of $n$
indeterminates. The $h^{th}$elementary symmetric polynomial is the
sum of all monomials with $h$ factors
\begin{eqnarray*}
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

215 views

### Matrix Generator for M/M/1 Queue Waiting Time Distribution

I "believe" that generator, $\bf W$, of the waiting time distribution for the M/M/1 queue is given by the following (I'm not sure if this is even correct):
${\bf W} =\left( \begin{array}{ccccc}
0 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### Approaches to implicitly defining generating function

First,every language in Chomsky hierarchy(or c.e.language) corresponds to a generating function,the set of the functions is GF,now,a question : is every generating function with integral coefficient ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Estimating when does a certain binomial sum exceed an upper bound

Given a fixed integer $n > 0$ and $0 \le m \le n$ let us define the numbers
$$f_{n,m} = \sum_{i=\lfloor m/2 \rfloor}^m {n-2i \choose n - m -i}{i+1 \choose m - i +1}.$$
For example $f_{n,0} = ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Laurent polynomials associated to partitions and a $Q$-deformation of $\sigma(d)$

Let $\alpha \vdash d$ be a partition of $d$, i.e. $\alpha = (\alpha_1 \geq \alpha_2 \geq …\geq \alpha_l)$, where $\sum_k \alpha_k = d$. Define a Laurent polynomial in $Q$ as follows:
$$
P_\alpha(Q) = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

141 views

### How to prove this identity? (Perhaps related to partition) [closed]

How to prove this identity?
$ \sum_{n\ge 0} \frac{x^{n^2}}{(1-x)(1-x^2)\cdots(1-x^n)}= \frac{1}{\prod_{k \ge 0}(1-x^{5k+1})(1-x^{5k+4})}$
I will appreciate it a lot if a solution using method ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Asymptotics and combinatorics

Wright's expansion of
$$
(1-z)^b\exp[A/(1-z)^c], \text{for } A > 0, 0<c<1\tag{1}
$$
is, in the words of the late, great Mark Kac "well known to those that know it well".
(See, for example, ...