The gauge-theory tag has no wiki summary.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Uhlenbeck's theorem novelty

This link provides a short introduction to the contributions of Uhlenbeck about regular gauge fixing. However, I feel quite puzzled about it and I do not understand the real novelty apported by this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

199 views

### On the Hitchin fibration

I will refer to Simpson's "Higgs bundles and local systems".
Proposition 1.4:
When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can build up the moduli space $\mathcal{M}(X,r)$ of rank $r$ Higgs ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

274 views

### What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?
Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair?
Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### computation with Hilbert scheme of $n$ points on $\mathbb C^2$ [closed]

How can we show that
$$\sum_{n = 0}^\infty q^n \operatorname{char}_T S^n(\mathbb C[x,y])=
\prod_{p_1,p_2\geq 0}\frac{1}{1-t_1^{p_1}t_2^{p_2}q}$$
where $\operatorname{char}_T V$ denotes the character ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### A fibration of classifying spaces

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $N$ a closed connected normal subgroup. Let $BG$, $BN$, $B(G/N)$ be the classifying spaces of $G,N$ and $G/N$. Is there a fibration $BN\to BG\to B(G/N)$ ?
It seems that such a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Factors of automorphy from Chern connection

This question is inspired by a recent question about holomorphic bundles and factors of automorphy. Suppose $X$ is a compact, complex manifold whose universal cover $\widetilde{X}$ is Stein (the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Riemann curvature of $S^1$-principal bundle

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\pi:P \to M$ be $S^1$- principal fiber bundle endowed with a connection $\Gamma$. For every $p\in P$ we have,
$$T_pP \simeq T_pV\oplus\Gamma_p$$
Where $V$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle?
In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Differentiable structure on the Gauge group of a principal bundle?

I am currently reading this paper in which we have a map $g:I\rightarrow Gauge(P)$ for some principal bundle $P$ which is differentiated. I am looking for a reference or explanation what the "most ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### Is there a specific geometric meaning why fractional charges are allowed in SU(N) gauge theories?

So in the standard model of particle physics, there exist particles with fractional charge. What this means geometrically is as follows: We are given a smooth manifold with a principal $U(1)$ bundle ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

321 views

### Existence of diagonalizing coordinates for the metric tensor

Solving for metrics that are Einstein, i.e that satisfy $R_{\mu \nu} = \Lambda g_{\mu \nu}$ is highly non-trivial as soon as $g_{\alpha \beta}$ is allowed to have off-diagonal components. However, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### How can gauge theory techniques be useful to study when topological manifolds can be triangulated?

I was reading a review article arXiv:1310.7644 and it was explained there that in the last few years it was proven that there are topological manifolds of dimension greater than four that cannot be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

366 views

### Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

330 views

### Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy

Let $P \to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle, assume as much regularity as you want (compact $G$ or compact base manifold, ect). Via parallel transport, a connection $A$ on $P$ gives rise to the holonomy ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Vector bundle connection over complex manifold vs. over underlying real manifold

Let $(X,g)$ be an Hermitian manifold, and $(E,h)$ be an Hermitian vector bundle over $X$ of rank $r$. Denote by $(X^{\mathbb{R}},g^{\mathbb{R}})$ the underlying Riemannian manifold of $(X,g)$.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### On Corlette's paper Flat G-bundles with canonical metrics

I am now reading Kevin Corlette's paper:
Flat G-bundles with canonical metrics, JDG, 1988
http://projecteuclid.org/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&handle=euclid.jdg/1214442469
I ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation?
What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

299 views

### A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory?
2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories?
(i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

127 views

### Obstruction to this gauge choice of the connection of a vector bundle

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with a nowhere-vanishing vector field $R$. Consider principal $G$-bundle $P$ over $M$, and $\mathcal{A}$ being the space of irreducible connections.
Let me denote a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge
$$
X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau
$$
$$
p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +}
$$
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Why does closed string theory have only one dilaton field instead of $22$? [closed]

Looking at $5D$ Kaluza-Klein theory, the Kaluza-Klein metric is given by
$$
g_{mn} = \left(
\begin{array}{cc}
g_{\mu\nu} & g_{\mu 5} \\
g_{5\nu} & g_{55} \\
\end{array}
\right)
$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me:
Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Representation variety vs. space of flat connections

The holonomy provides a bijection from
the space of flat G-connections (modulo gauge equivalence) on a trivial G-bundle over M
to
a connected component of the representation variety ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

595 views

### Representing SU(3) with 3 ropes in 3 dimensions

The short question is: how exactly is SU(3) realized with ropes?
The long question: There is this idea that deformations of a configuration of three infinitely long, flexible ropes that cross each ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics

In a 1989 paper Peter Kronheimer showed that each simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifold possesses an ALE metric. What do we know about the non-simply connected cases?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### How many principal bundles are there over a given base?

I'm currently considering principal bundles and classifying spaces in the context of gauge theory and a crucial question came to my mind:
Is there a way to say how many (isomorphism classes of) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Conjecture on homotopy groups of moduli space of self-dual connections

In the paper Stability in Yang-Mills Theories (1983), Taubes puts a (topological) bound on the Hessian of the YM-action on $S^4$. He consequently conjectured:
"The inclusion ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

589 views

### The classifying space of a gauge group

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle over a closed Riemann surface. The gauge group $\mathcal{G}$ is defined by
$$\mathcal{G}=\lbrace f : P \to G \mid f(p \cdot g) = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### On Dimension of Instanton Moduli Space

I am reading Charles Nash's book on differential topology and QFT. In particular, I have question on the part calculating dimension of instanton moduli space. The question split into conceptual part ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How to understand Chern-Simons action

Hi all. The question I have should be a rather simple one, but I just can't think it through.
So the Chern-Simons action reads
\begin{equation}
S = \int_M {\rm tr} (A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3} A\wedge A ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

216 views

### Torsion-free $G$-Structures

I have the following question. Let $G \subset SO(n)$ be a Lie Group and $M$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $n$. Furthermore let $P$ be a $G$-structure on $M$ i.e. $P$ is a principal subbundle of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Transversality for Chern-Simons functional on a rational homology sphere

When Floer defined instanton Floer homology for an integer homology sphere. He chose a finite set of loops in the manifold and consider the holonomy along these loops as a perturbation on Chern-Simons ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Qustions on R.Bryant's papaer “Calibrated embeddings in the special Lagrangian and coassociative cases”

I am reading the paper "Calibrated embeddings in the special Lagrangian and coassociative cases" by R.Bryant (here the link: http://arxiv.org/abs/math/9912246) and there are certain things that are ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Are there results from gauge theory known or conjectured to distinguish smooth from PL manifolds?

My question begins with a caveat: I sometimes spend time with topologists, but do not consider myself to be one. In particular, my apologies for any errors in what I say below — corrections are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

503 views

### Wedge Product of Lie Algebra Valued One-Form

I've been reading about the formal structure of gauge theories and am a little confused by the notation. Could someone clarify this for me?
Suppose that $A$ is a Lie algebra valued 1-form ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Isometric embedding of a compact Lie Group in $M(n,\mathbb{C})$

Greetings,
Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with a bi-invariant inner product $h$ on it. Can one embedd $G$ in $M(n,\mathbb{C})$ isometrically for some $n \in \mathbb{N}$. By isometrically I mean that ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Kähler form on complex Lie group

Hallo,
Let $G$ be a semi-simple, compact Lie Group. Consider its complexification $G_{\mathbb{C}}$. Does there exist a Kähler structure on $G_{\mathbb{C}}$ which is $G$-invariant (maybe in a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

493 views

### Relation of SW and Donaldson Invariant

My question is:
I am request for the reference that Is there any relationship between the Seiberg-Witten Invariant and Donaldson's Invariant? Or the relationship between Seiberg-Witten Moduli Space ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Seiberg-Witten curve for product SU(2)^N gauge theories

In equation 2.10 of this article, the author gives the Seiberg-Witten curve for a $U(N)$ gauge theory with $L<2N$ massive flavours with masses given by $m_i$ as:
$y^{2}=\left\langle ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

744 views

### Floer homology and Invariants for Einstein Field Equations?

Motivation: There have been the instanton (anti-self dual connection) solutions to the Yang-Mills equation $d_A^\ast F_A=0$ which extremize the YM energy $\int_M|F_A|^2$, leading to the Donaldson ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### The number of simply connected 4-dimension manifold

For a simply connected four-dimension manifold, we know the Freedmen's work.
My question is: For every integer N, Is the number of simply connected 4-manifolds which the second betti number is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

217 views

### What is known about the Yang-Mills stratification over 3-manifolds?

Rade proved in his thesis (Crelle's Journal, 1992, available here: digizeitschriften.de/dms/toc/?PPN=PPN243919689) that if $E\rightarrow M$ is a $U(n)$-bundle over a 3-manifold, then the gradient flow ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

702 views

### Symplectic structures from Lagrangians?

In Witten's paper 'Quantization of Chern-Simons Gauge Theory with Complex Gauge Group,' he makes the statement (p. 35) that the symplectic form on the moduli space of flat $G_\mathbb{C}$ connections ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### How to compute the Monopole Floer Homology for Surface $\times S^1$ ?

We know that Monopole Floer homology of a 3-manifold $M$ depends on a spin-c structure. My question is that if $M$ is $F\times S^1$ ($F$ is a surface of genus larger than 1) then how can we compute ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Yang-Mills and Chern-Simons functionals as Morse functions

Can the Yang-Mills or Chern-Simons action functionals be considered as [possibly perfect] Morse functions? I assume we would be in an equivariant scenario due to considering the configuration spaces ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Variation of the Chern connection according to the variation of hermitian metric

Whats is the relation between the Chern connections of tow Hermitian metrics in a holomorphic vector bundle?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

321 views

### Reference request: Seminal papers in gauge-theoretic mathematics [closed]

Following on from previous question I was also searching for seminal papers in gauge theory.
Would be greatly appreciative of references to such.

**4**

votes

**2**answers

492 views

### Reference request: Introductions to current mathematics derived from / related to gauge theories

I was searching for introductions to current mathematics related to gauge theories.
Can someone suggest some good references?
E.g.
Topics in Physical Mathematics by K. Marathe

**5**

votes

**0**answers

380 views

### Has anyone seen this Hitchin-like system?

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold and let $P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle with connection $A$. Let $\alpha \in \Omega^1(M;\mathrm{ad}P)$ be a one-form on $M$ with values in the adjoint bundle ...