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1
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2answers
195 views

A fibration of classifying spaces

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $N$ a closed connected normal subgroup. Let $BG$, $BN$, $B(G/N)$ be the classifying spaces of $G,N$ and $G/N$. Is there a fibration $BN\to BG\to B(G/N)$ ? It seems that such a ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Factors of automorphy from Chern connection

This question is inspired by a recent question about holomorphic bundles and factors of automorphy. Suppose $X$ is a compact, complex manifold whose universal cover $\widetilde{X}$ is Stein (the ...
1
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0answers
82 views

Riemann curvature of $S^1$-principal bundle

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\pi:P \to M$ be $S^1$- principal fiber bundle endowed with a connection $\Gamma$. For every $p\in P$ we have, $$T_pP \simeq T_pV\oplus\Gamma_p$$ Where $V$ ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle? In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Differentiable structure on the Gauge group of a principal bundle?

I am currently reading this paper in which we have a map $g:I\rightarrow Gauge(P)$ for some principal bundle $P$ which is differentiated. I am looking for a reference or explanation what the "most ...
5
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1answer
298 views

Is there a specific geometric meaning why fractional charges are allowed in SU(N) gauge theories?

So in the standard model of particle physics, there exist particles with fractional charge. What this means geometrically is as follows: We are given a smooth manifold with a principal $U(1)$ bundle ...
3
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0answers
256 views

Existence of diagonalizing coordinates for the metric tensor

Solving for metrics that are Einstein, i.e that satisfy $R_{\mu \nu} = \Lambda g_{\mu \nu}$ is highly non-trivial as soon as $g_{\alpha \beta}$ is allowed to have off-diagonal components. However, ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...
6
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1answer
569 views

How can gauge theory techniques be useful to study when topological manifolds can be triangulated?

I was reading a review article arXiv:1310.7644 and it was explained there that in the last few years it was proven that there are topological manifolds of dimension greater than four that cannot be ...
2
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2answers
323 views

Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...
7
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0answers
283 views

Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy

Let $P \to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle, assume as much regularity as you want (compact $G$ or compact base manifold, ect). Via parallel transport, a connection $A$ on $P$ gives rise to the holonomy ...
3
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0answers
159 views

Vector bundle connection over complex manifold vs. over underlying real manifold

Let $(X,g)$ be an Hermitian manifold, and $(E,h)$ be an Hermitian vector bundle over $X$ of rank $r$. Denote by $(X^{\mathbb{R}},g^{\mathbb{R}})$ the underlying Riemannian manifold of $(X,g)$. ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

On Corlette's paper Flat G-bundles with canonical metrics

I am now reading Kevin Corlette's paper: Flat G-bundles with canonical metrics, JDG, 1988 http://projecteuclid.org/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&handle=euclid.jdg/1214442469 I ...
7
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2answers
261 views

What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation? What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?
3
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0answers
294 views

A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory? 2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories? (i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...
1
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0answers
125 views

Obstruction to this gauge choice of the connection of a vector bundle

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with a nowhere-vanishing vector field $R$. Consider principal $G$-bundle $P$ over $M$, and $\mathcal{A}$ being the space of irreducible connections. Let me denote a ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge $$ X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau $$ $$ p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +} $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
403 views

Why does closed string theory have only one dilaton field instead of $22$? [closed]

Looking at $5D$ Kaluza-Klein theory, the Kaluza-Klein metric is given by $$ g_{mn} = \left( \begin{array}{cc} g_{\mu\nu} & g_{\mu 5} \\ g_{5\nu} & g_{55} \\ \end{array} \right) $$ ...
0
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1answer
159 views

Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me: Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...
3
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0answers
261 views

Representation variety vs. space of flat connections

The holonomy provides a bijection from the space of flat G-connections (modulo gauge equivalence) on a trivial G-bundle over M to a connected component of the representation variety ...
12
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3answers
593 views

Representing SU(3) with 3 ropes in 3 dimensions

The short question is: how exactly is SU(3) realized with ropes? The long question: There is this idea that deformations of a configuration of three infinitely long, flexible ropes that cross each ...
0
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2answers
303 views

Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics

In a 1989 paper Peter Kronheimer showed that each simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifold possesses an ALE metric. What do we know about the non-simply connected cases?
3
votes
2answers
391 views

How many principal bundles are there over a given base?

I'm currently considering principal bundles and classifying spaces in the context of gauge theory and a crucial question came to my mind: Is there a way to say how many (isomorphism classes of) ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Conjecture on homotopy groups of moduli space of self-dual connections

In the paper Stability in Yang-Mills Theories (1983), Taubes puts a (topological) bound on the Hessian of the YM-action on $S^4$. He consequently conjectured: "The inclusion ...
9
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3answers
581 views

The classifying space of a gauge group

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle over a closed Riemann surface. The gauge group $\mathcal{G}$ is defined by $$\mathcal{G}=\lbrace f : P \to G \mid f(p \cdot g) = ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

On Dimension of Instanton Moduli Space

I am reading Charles Nash's book on differential topology and QFT. In particular, I have question on the part calculating dimension of instanton moduli space. The question split into conceptual part ...
14
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2answers
1k views

How to understand Chern-Simons action

Hi all. The question I have should be a rather simple one, but I just can't think it through. So the Chern-Simons action reads \begin{equation} S = \int_M {\rm tr} (A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3} A\wedge A ...
1
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1answer
199 views

Torsion-free $G$-Structures

I have the following question. Let $G \subset SO(n)$ be a Lie Group and $M$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $n$. Furthermore let $P$ be a $G$-structure on $M$ i.e. $P$ is a principal subbundle of ...
5
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0answers
119 views

Transversality for Chern-Simons functional on a rational homology sphere

When Floer defined instanton Floer homology for an integer homology sphere. He chose a finite set of loops in the manifold and consider the holonomy along these loops as a perturbation on Chern-Simons ...
5
votes
1answer
319 views

Qustions on R.Bryant's papaer “Calibrated embeddings in the special Lagrangian and coassociative cases”

I am reading the paper "Calibrated embeddings in the special Lagrangian and coassociative cases" by R.Bryant (here the link: http://arxiv.org/abs/math/9912246) and there are certain things that are ...
13
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2answers
450 views

Are there results from gauge theory known or conjectured to distinguish smooth from PL manifolds?

My question begins with a caveat: I sometimes spend time with topologists, but do not consider myself to be one. In particular, my apologies for any errors in what I say below — corrections are ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

Wedge Product of Lie Algebra Valued One-Form

I've been reading about the formal structure of gauge theories and am a little confused by the notation. Could someone clarify this for me? Suppose that $A$ is a Lie algebra valued 1-form ...
2
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1answer
188 views

Isometric embedding of a compact Lie Group in $M(n,\mathbb{C})$

Greetings, Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with a bi-invariant inner product $h$ on it. Can one embedd $G$ in $M(n,\mathbb{C})$ isometrically for some $n \in \mathbb{N}$. By isometrically I mean that ...
6
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1answer
253 views

Kähler form on complex Lie group

Hallo, Let $G$ be a semi-simple, compact Lie Group. Consider its complexification $G_{\mathbb{C}}$. Does there exist a Kähler structure on $G_{\mathbb{C}}$ which is $G$-invariant (maybe in a ...
4
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1answer
487 views

Relation of SW and Donaldson Invariant

My question is: I am request for the reference that Is there any relationship between the Seiberg-Witten Invariant and Donaldson's Invariant? Or the relationship between Seiberg-Witten Moduli Space ...
5
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0answers
202 views

Seiberg-Witten curve for product SU(2)^N gauge theories

In equation 2.10 of this article, the author gives the Seiberg-Witten curve for a $U(N)$ gauge theory with $L<2N$ massive flavours with masses given by $m_i$ as: $y^{2}=\left\langle ...
6
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2answers
730 views

Floer homology and Invariants for Einstein Field Equations?

Motivation: There have been the instanton (anti-self dual connection) solutions to the Yang-Mills equation $d_A^\ast F_A=0$ which extremize the YM energy $\int_M|F_A|^2$, leading to the Donaldson ...
3
votes
1answer
443 views

The number of simply connected 4-dimension manifold

For a simply connected four-dimension manifold, we know the Freedmen's work. My question is: For every integer N, Is the number of simply connected 4-manifolds which the second betti number is ...
7
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0answers
215 views

What is known about the Yang-Mills stratification over 3-manifolds?

Rade proved in his thesis (Crelle's Journal, 1992, available here: digizeitschriften.de/dms/toc/?PPN=PPN243919689) that if $E\rightarrow M$ is a $U(n)$-bundle over a 3-manifold, then the gradient flow ...
7
votes
5answers
689 views

Symplectic structures from Lagrangians?

In Witten's paper 'Quantization of Chern-Simons Gauge Theory with Complex Gauge Group,' he makes the statement (p. 35) that the symplectic form on the moduli space of flat $G_\mathbb{C}$ connections ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

How to compute the Monopole Floer Homology for Surface $\times S^1$ ?

We know that Monopole Floer homology of a 3-manifold $M$ depends on a spin-c structure. My question is that if $M$ is $F\times S^1$ ($F$ is a surface of genus larger than 1) then how can we compute ...
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5answers
1k views

Yang-Mills and Chern-Simons functionals as Morse functions

Can the Yang-Mills or Chern-Simons action functionals be considered as [possibly perfect] Morse functions? I assume we would be in an equivariant scenario due to considering the configuration spaces ...
0
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0answers
197 views

Variation of the Chern connection according to the variation of hermitian metric

Whats is the relation between the Chern connections of tow Hermitian metrics in a holomorphic vector bundle?
1
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1answer
321 views

Reference request: Seminal papers in gauge-theoretic mathematics [closed]

Following on from previous question I was also searching for seminal papers in gauge theory. Would be greatly appreciative of references to such.
4
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2answers
489 views

Reference request: Introductions to current mathematics derived from / related to gauge theories

I was searching for introductions to current mathematics related to gauge theories. Can someone suggest some good references? E.g. Topics in Physical Mathematics by K. Marathe
5
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0answers
378 views

Has anyone seen this Hitchin-like system?

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold and let $P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle with connection $A$. Let $\alpha \in \Omega^1(M;\mathrm{ad}P)$ be a one-form on $M$ with values in the adjoint bundle ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Is the Lie algebra-valued curvature two-form on a principal bundle P the curvature of a vector bundle over P?

I am an analyst struggling through some geometry used in physics. Some background: For some Lie group $G$, let $P$ be a principal $G$-bundle over the smooth manifold $M$. Let $\omega$ be a connection ...
7
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1answer
1k views

K.Uhlenbeck's preprint “A priori estimates for Yang-Mills fields”

Does anyone have a copy of the unpublished preprint of Karen Uhlenbeck A priori estimates for Yang-Mills fields from around 1986? It appears to have circulated for some time, and it is quoted in ...
3
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2answers
756 views

Why must a reducible flat SU(2)-connection over a homology sphere be trivial?

Let $M$ be a homology sphere. Suppose $P=M\times SU(2)$ is the trivial $SU(2)$ principal bundle. Let $R$ be all reducible connections on $P$. Here $A$ in $R$ is reducible if the gauge transformation ...
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0answers
232 views

Question in complex analysis arising from large $N$ gauge theory

This is a question in complex analysis that comes up in the treatment of large $N$ gauge theory with gauge group $SU(N)$ in the 't Hooft limit where $N$ is taken to infinity with $\lambda=g^2 N$ fixed ...