The gamma-function tag has no wiki summary.

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### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} ...

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### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) ...

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239 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...

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204 views

### A relation between the Gamma function and the Mobius function?

It is well known how altering the integral for the Gamma function:
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s) = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1} e^{-t}\,dt$$
through substituting $t=nx$,
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s)\frac{1}{n^s} ...

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**1**answer

316 views

### Algorithm to produce random number with a gamma distribution

I'd like to produce pseudo-random numbers with different distributions for a Monte Carlo simulation.
I've got the poisson distribution working nicely with an algorithm from Knuth. I'm having trouble ...

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69 views

### How naturally can functions defined by parametric integrals be interpolated from $\mathbb N$ to $\mathbb R^+$?

It is well known that several definite integrals $I_n$ containing a parameter $n\in\mathbb N$ can be expressed recursively (e.g. doing integration by parts) in terms of $I_{n-1} $ or $I_{n-2} $, and ...

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469 views

### Inequality for a gamma function

Let $s=\sigma+it$ and $\Gamma(s)$ be the Euler gamma function.
Does the inequality hold?
$$
\left|\frac{\Gamma(s)}{\Gamma(2-s)}\right|\leq |s|^{2(\sigma-1)},\, 1<\sigma<2,\, t>t_0>0.
$$
...

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89 views

### Recurrence formula for digamma function with rational number

It is well known that $\psi\left( x+N\right) =\psi\left( x\right) +\sum_{k=0}^{N-1}\frac{1}{x+k}$.
Is there a recurrence formula for $\psi\left( x+\frac{p}{q}\right) $ where $\frac{p}{q}$ is ...

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209 views

### Sum of binomial coefficients weighted by a lower incomplete regularized gamma function

The following summation turned up in the course of my research:
$$S_n=\sum_{k=0}^n {n \choose k}\lambda^k P(k,t)$$
where $P(k,t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(k)}\int_{0}^t e^{-x}x^{k-1}dx$ is the lower ...

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207 views

### Convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$

Related to an open problem about another series.
Set
$$A= \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$$
where $\psi^{(n)}(k)$ is the polygamma function.
Does $A$ converge?
The related ...

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637 views

### Are the twin primes the only positive double zeros of this real function?

Agno's answer
was extremely helpful.
For $x \in \mathbb{R}, x \ge 1$ define
$$ f(x) = \sin\frac{\pi(\Gamma(x)+1)}{\lfloor x \rfloor}$$
By Wilson's theorem the positive integer zeros of $f(x)$ are ...

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222 views

### Conjectured bound on Kummer's function (confluent hypergeometric function)

I believe the following bound to be correct:
${}_1F_1(-a;1+a;-z) a z^{-a} \gamma(a,z) \leq 1$
for real-valued a > 0 and z $\geq 0$. $\gamma(a,z)$ is the lower incomplete gamma function.
Apart from ...

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262 views

### Inequality for the modulus of Riemann zeta on horizontal lines and alleged partial result of Maple

According to a conjecture p.4
$|\zeta(\frac12 -\Delta + it))| > |\zeta(\frac12 + \Delta + i t|$
for $0 < \Delta < \frac12$ and $|t| > 2 \pi +1$.
Since $\zeta(\overline{s}) = ...

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316 views

### The Riemann Zeta Function summing over the Gamma Function

Has anyone studied a function of the form
$$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(n)^{s}} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{k!^s}$$
This series is appearing in my research on the volumetric ...

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**3**answers

639 views

### Is this combination of generalized polygamma and dilogarithm actually zero? $\Im\;\psi^{(-2)}(1+i)+\frac1{4\pi}\text{Li}_2(e^{-2\pi})-\log\sqrt{2\pi}+\frac{5\pi}{24}+\frac12$

I encountered this quantity in my calculations and tried to simplify it. Approximate numeric calculations suggested it could be zero (more precisely, it is certainly less than $10^{-4\times10^3}$ in ...

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**1**answer

279 views

### Can a harmonic number be a rational number for non-integer rational argument?

Define harmonic numbers for a complex argument $z$ as $H_z=\frac{\Gamma'(z+1)}{\Gamma(z+1)}-\Gamma'(1)$.
For $n\in\mathbb{N}$, $H_n$ are usual harmonic numbers $\sum^n_{k=1} k^{-1}$ . They are ...

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155 views

### Growth of the reciprocal gamma function in the critical strip

I was wondering if there are any results that studied the growth of $\left|\frac{1}{\Gamma(s)}\right|$ where $0 < \Re(s) < 1$ and as $\Im(s) \to \infty$? Any pointers to any results, papers, ...

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275 views

### Poles of products of Gamma functions

I want to know if there can be a general statement about the poles (Laurent expansion) of such products of Gamma functions as a function of $p \in \mathbb{R}$ in the limit $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$,
...

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212 views

### Coutour Integral of Gamma Functions

How do I solve the Integral
$$ \frac{1}{2\pi j} \oint
\frac{b^{ - s} \Gamma[2 + i - s] \Gamma[s] \Gamma[-1 - i + s]}{
(2 + i - s) \Gamma[3 + i - s]} \:\mathrm{d}s$$
This integral is an inverse ...

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**1**answer

454 views

### Is there a closed form expression/series expansion for $\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$ ?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success:
$$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} ...

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749 views

### Derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function

Hello everyone!
I have a question about the derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function. Considering the gamma function and the incomplete gamma function
\begin{eqnarray}
...

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513 views

### Integral transform and $\frac{1}{n!}$.

Probably this is a trivial question, but I am unable to find an answer: is there a function $v(x)$ such that
$$
\int_{0}^\infty x^n e^{v(x)} dx =\frac{1}{n!}
$$
for all positiv integer n?

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772 views

### $\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$

I'm trying to solve the integral
$\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$,
where $s$, $r$ and $m$>1 are positive integers.
My question is whether a closed form ...

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220 views

### Does $e^{az}/\Gamma(z)dz$ have a nice indefinite integral? Definite integral?

Now obviously we can just expand $\frac{1}{\Gamma(z)}$ into a power series and then integrate with $e^{az}$. But the coefficients of $\frac{1}{\Gamma(z)}$ are way too ugly.
We can represent ...

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667 views

### q-Pochhammer Symbol Identity

Is this identity or an equivalent one already referenced in the litterature? In particular, is it even true?
${\frac{\left ( -1 ; e^{-4\pi} \right) ^2_{\infty}}{\left ( e^{-2\pi} ; e^{-2\pi} \right) ...

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260 views

### On the multidimensional generalisation of Gamma function

Gamma function is defined as
$$
\Gamma(z) = \int\limits_{0}^{+\infty} x^{z-1} e^{-x} \; dx
$$
I'm looking for multidimensional generalisation of this definition. I consider the class $Q$ of ...

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### Are all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ on a line with real part = $\frac12$ ?

The function $\Gamma(s)$ does not have zeros, but $\Gamma(s)\pm \Gamma(1-s)$ does.
Ignoring the real solutions for now and assuming $s \in \mathbb{C}$ then:
$\Gamma(s)-\Gamma(1-s)$ yields zeros at:
...

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222 views

### Alternating sums of powers of the lngamma ($\small f_p(x) = \sum \log(k!)^p x^k $ at $\small x=-1$)

I'm still fiddling with this recent question and come to a detail, whether I can find closed forms for the sums of the $\small lngamma() $ function. Precisely
$$ \small f_p(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} ...

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199 views

### Integrating gamma products and quotients over a vertical line

The Wolfram functions collection contains a small number of integrals of products and quotients of terms $\Gamma(a_i\pm t)$ over a vertical line, all of which can be evaluated in terms of only gamma ...

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**1**answer

505 views

### maximum likelihood of gamma distribution computer calculation

My problem is that given a dataset, I want to program fitting a gamma distribution on this data by estimating the two parameters(shape and the scale parameters) using Maximum Likelihood Estimation. I ...

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294 views

### Simplifying the expression involving instances of Gamma function

Is it possible to simplify the following expression involving instances of Gamma function:
$$E(p)=\frac{\frac{\Gamma(\frac{p+1}{2})}{\Gamma(\frac{p+2}{2})}}
...

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**1**answer

560 views

### Calculate conditional expectation of log(x) with gamma density

How to calculate the following expression:
$$\int_0^u{\ln(x)x^{k-1}e^{-x}}\;dx$$
As I know,
$$\int_0^\infty{\ln(x)x^{k-1}e^{-x}}dx = \Gamma(k)\Psi(k)$$
Are there any way to transfer the integral ...

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157 views

### Iterated Kumaraswamy distributions

The Kumaraswamy distribution has cdf $F(x;a,b) = 1-(1-x^a)^b$.
Does anyone know any formulas or properties relating to iterations of this on itself, meaning
$$ F_i(x;a,b) = 1-(1-F_{i-1}^a)^b$$
If ...

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511 views

### Undefined gamma function problem

Hello,
I'm trying to solve the following integral :
$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{t^{d/2}}(e^{-\gamma t} - e^{-\delta t})dt$.
I know it equals
...

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**5**answers

728 views

### Summation of an expression

Hi,
Does anyone have an idea about an exact or approximate formulae for the following summation?
$$
\sum_{j=1}^n \frac{j^k}{(j-1)!}
$$
where k is a positive integer (the denominator of the j^th term ...

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**1**answer

811 views

### Generalizations of a product formula for the gamma function

Hello and Happy holidays.
I am interested in generalizations of the following product formula for the gamma function
$\Gamma(z)= \int_{0}^{\infty} t^{z-1}e^{-t}dt$ when $n \geq 2$:
\begin{align}
...

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577 views

### What are conditions to make f(x) defined by f(x)=f(x-1)*x + 1/e unique(for instance convex)?

[Background:]
Looking at the powerseries for the gamma-function
$ \Gamma(1+x) = 1 + a_1 x + a_2 x^2 - a_3 * x^3 + ... $
then we can arrive at a decomposition
$ \Gamma(1+x) = r(x) + g(x) $
...

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**1**answer

573 views

### Connection between Bernoulli polynomials and polygamma function

There is an intricate connection between Hurwitz Zeta and the (traditional) polygamma function:
$$\psi_n(z)=(-1)^{n+1}n!\zeta(n+1,z)$$
If to use a generalization for Bernoulli numbers, this can be ...

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352 views

### Can any antidifference (indefinite sum) of a function be expressed in elementary functions and generalized polygamma function if its integral can be expressed in elementary functions?

If the integral or multiplicative integral of a function can be expressed with elementary functions, does it mean its indefinite sum (antidifference) or indefinite product respectively can be ...

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### Multiplicative integral of $\Gamma(x)$

A recent question on the notion and notation of multiplicative integrals
( What is the standard notation for a multiplicative integral? ) induced me to play with the Riemann products of the Gamma ...

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2k views

### Importance of Log Convexity of the Gamma Function

The Bohr-Mollerup theorem states that the Gamma function is the unique function that satisfies:
1) f(x+1) = x*f(x)
2) f(1) = 1
3) ln(f(x)) is convex
The Gamma function is meant to interpolate the ...

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9k views

### Why is the Gamma function shifted from the factorial by 1?

I've asked this question in every math class where the teacher has introduced the Gamma function, and never gotten a satisfactory answer. Not only does it seem more natural to extend the factorial ...

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1k views

### Errata for Emil Artin's 'The Gamma Function'?

In the English translation of The Gamma Function by Emil Artin (1964 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston) there appears to be a mistake in the formula given for the gamma function on page 24:
$$\Gamma(x) = ...

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479 views

### Reference request for a “well-known identity” in a paper of Shepp and Lloyd

I ran into a "well-known identity" on page 345 of Shepp and Lloyd's On ordered cycle lengths in a random permutation:
$$\int_x^{\infty} \frac{\exp(-y)}y dy = \int_0^x \frac{1-\exp(-y)}y dy - \log x - ...

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542 views

### Generalized binomial coefficients and Gaussian density

I ran into an expression calculating the expected value of $\exp(i t \sigma)$ where $\sigma$ is the total number of cycles in a uniformly chosen $S_n$ element. The expression is
$$E_n (\exp(i t ...

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865 views

### Hadamard's Gamma function

Hi, I'm looking for a link to a derivation of some of the basic properties of Hadamard's Gamma function. For instance that it satisfies $H(x+1)=xH(x)+\frac{1}{\Gamma(1-x)}$ I've been looking on the ...

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### Why does the Gamma function satisfy a functional equation?

In question #7656, Peter Arndt asked why the Gamma function completes the Riemann zeta function in the sense that it makes the functional equation easy to write down. Several of the answers were from ...

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623 views

### Gamma function versions of combinatorial identites?

We can extend the binomial coefficient $\binom{n}{k}$ to $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$ by defining $\binom{x}{y}=\frac{\Gamma(x+1)}{\Gamma(y+1)\Gamma(x-y+1)}$. Do any the standard binomial coefficient ...

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840 views

### No simple duplication formula for factorials?

Many special functions including the gamma function have a duplication formula of some sorts. In the case of the gamma function it reads:
Gamma(2z) = Gamma(z) Gamma(z+1/2) 22z-1/Gamma(1/2)
On ...