The gamma-function tag has no usage guidance.

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### Proving injectivity of a multivariable function

Let $I$ denote the interval $(0,\infty)$, we define the function $f:I^2\to I^2$ by,
$$f(x,y)=\left({\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(y)\over {\Gamma(2x+y)}^2},{\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(2x+y)\over ...

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144 views

### What is the $q$-analog of $\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)=\frac\pi{\sin(\pi z)}$?

I would expect the $q$-Gamma function to have the property which would be the $q$-analog of the Euler reflection formula from my question title.
More concretely: $\Gamma(z)$ has simple poles at ...

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101 views

### Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...

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87 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\Psi^{(s)}(1) \pm \Psi^{(1-s)}(1)$ on the critical line?

veThe balanced polygamma function $\Psi^{(s)}(x)$ for $x=1$ can be expressed as:
$$\Psi^{(s)}(1)=\dfrac{\big(\Psi(-s)+\gamma\big)\,\zeta(s+1)+\zeta'(s+1)}{\Gamma(-s)}$$
Note $\Psi(s)$ is the digamma ...

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57 views

### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} ...

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**1**answer

105 views

### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) ...

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276 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...

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219 views

### A relation between the Gamma function and the Mobius function?

It is well known how altering the integral for the Gamma function:
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s) = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1} e^{-t}\,dt$$
through substituting $t=nx$,
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s)\frac{1}{n^s} ...

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**1**answer

473 views

### Algorithm to produce random number with a gamma distribution

I'd like to produce pseudo-random numbers with different distributions for a Monte Carlo simulation.
I've got the poisson distribution working nicely with an algorithm from Knuth. I'm having trouble ...

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79 views

### How naturally can functions defined by parametric integrals be interpolated from $\mathbb N$ to $\mathbb R^+$?

It is well known that several definite integrals $I_n$ containing a parameter $n\in\mathbb N$ can be expressed recursively (e.g. doing integration by parts) in terms of $I_{n-1} $ or $I_{n-2} $, and ...

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**2**answers

545 views

### Inequality for a gamma function

Let $s=\sigma+it$ and $\Gamma(s)$ be the Euler gamma function.
Does the inequality hold?
$$
\left|\frac{\Gamma(s)}{\Gamma(2-s)}\right|\leq |s|^{2(\sigma-1)},\, 1<\sigma<2,\, t\in \mathbb{R}.
...

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108 views

### Recurrence formula for digamma function with rational number

It is well known that $\psi\left( x+N\right) =\psi\left( x\right) +\sum_{k=0}^{N-1}\frac{1}{x+k}$.
Is there a recurrence formula for $\psi\left( x+\frac{p}{q}\right) $ where $\frac{p}{q}$ is ...

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231 views

### Sum of binomial coefficients weighted by a lower incomplete regularized gamma function

The following summation turned up in the course of my research:
$$S_n=\sum_{k=0}^n {n \choose k}\lambda^k P(k,t)$$
where $P(k,t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(k)}\int_{0}^t e^{-x}x^{k-1}dx$ is the lower ...

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218 views

### Convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$

Related to an open problem about another series.
Set
$$A= \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$$
where $\psi^{(n)}(k)$ is the polygamma function.
Does $A$ converge?
The related ...

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679 views

### Are the twin primes the only positive double zeros of this real function?

Agno's answer
was extremely helpful.
For $x \in \mathbb{R}, x \ge 1$ define
$$ f(x) = \sin\frac{\pi(\Gamma(x)+1)}{\lfloor x \rfloor}$$
By Wilson's theorem the positive integer zeros of $f(x)$ are ...

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**1**answer

245 views

### Conjectured bound on Kummer's function (confluent hypergeometric function)

I believe the following bound to be correct:
${}_1F_1(-a;1+a;-z) a z^{-a} \gamma(a,z) \leq 1$
for real-valued a > 0 and z $\geq 0$. $\gamma(a,z)$ is the lower incomplete gamma function.
Apart from ...

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**3**answers

266 views

### Inequality for the modulus of Riemann zeta on horizontal lines and alleged partial result of Maple

According to a conjecture p.4
$|\zeta(\frac12 -\Delta + it))| > |\zeta(\frac12 + \Delta + i t|$
for $0 < \Delta < \frac12$ and $|t| > 2 \pi +1$.
Since $\zeta(\overline{s}) = ...

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324 views

### The Riemann Zeta Function summing over the Gamma Function

Has anyone studied a function of the form
$$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(n)^{s}} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{k!^s}$$
This series is appearing in my research on the volumetric ...

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656 views

### Is this combination of generalized polygamma and dilogarithm actually zero? $\Im\;\psi^{(-2)}(1+i)+\frac1{4\pi}\text{Li}_2(e^{-2\pi})-\log\sqrt{2\pi}+\frac{5\pi}{24}+\frac12$

I encountered this quantity in my calculations and tried to simplify it. Approximate numeric calculations suggested it could be zero (more precisely, it is certainly less than $10^{-4\times10^3}$ in ...

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**1**answer

298 views

### Can a harmonic number be a rational number for non-integer rational argument?

Define harmonic numbers for a complex argument $z$ as $H_z=\frac{\Gamma'(z+1)}{\Gamma(z+1)}-\Gamma'(1)$.
For $n\in\mathbb{N}$, $H_n$ are usual harmonic numbers $\sum^n_{k=1} k^{-1}$ . They are ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### Growth of the reciprocal gamma function in the critical strip

I was wondering if there are any results that studied the growth of $\left|\frac{1}{\Gamma(s)}\right|$ where $0 < \Re(s) < 1$ and as $\Im(s) \to \infty$? Any pointers to any results, papers, ...

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286 views

### Poles of products of Gamma functions

I want to know if there can be a general statement about the poles (Laurent expansion) of such products of Gamma functions as a function of $p \in \mathbb{R}$ in the limit $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$,
...

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220 views

### Coutour Integral of Gamma Functions

How do I solve the Integral
$$ \frac{1}{2\pi j} \oint
\frac{b^{ - s} \Gamma[2 + i - s] \Gamma[s] \Gamma[-1 - i + s]}{
(2 + i - s) \Gamma[3 + i - s]} \:\mathrm{d}s$$
This integral is an inverse ...

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**1**answer

479 views

### Is there a closed form expression/series expansion for $\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$ ?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success:
$$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} ...

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897 views

### Derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function

Hello everyone!
I have a question about the derivative of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function. Considering the gamma function and the incomplete gamma function
\begin{eqnarray}
...

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519 views

### Integral transform and $\frac{1}{n!}$.

Probably this is a trivial question, but I am unable to find an answer: is there a function $v(x)$ such that
$$
\int_{0}^\infty x^n e^{v(x)} dx =\frac{1}{n!}
$$
for all positiv integer n?

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**5**answers

798 views

### $\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$

I'm trying to solve the integral
$\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$,
where $s$, $r$ and $m$>1 are positive integers.
My question is whether a closed form ...

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**0**answers

235 views

### Does $e^{az}/\Gamma(z)dz$ have a nice indefinite integral? Definite integral?

Now obviously we can just expand $\frac{1}{\Gamma(z)}$ into a power series and then integrate with $e^{az}$. But the coefficients of $\frac{1}{\Gamma(z)}$ are way too ugly.
We can represent ...

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**1**answer

716 views

### q-Pochhammer Symbol Identity

Is this identity or an equivalent one already referenced in the litterature? In particular, is it even true?
${\frac{\left ( -1 ; e^{-4\pi} \right) ^2_{\infty}}{\left ( e^{-2\pi} ; e^{-2\pi} \right) ...

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**1**answer

278 views

### On the multidimensional generalisation of Gamma function

Gamma function is defined as
$$
\Gamma(z) = \int\limits_{0}^{+\infty} x^{z-1} e^{-x} \; dx
$$
I'm looking for multidimensional generalisation of this definition. I consider the class $Q$ of ...

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**6**answers

3k views

### Are all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ on a line with real part = $\frac12$ ?

The function $\Gamma(s)$ does not have zeros, but $\Gamma(s)\pm \Gamma(1-s)$ does.
Ignoring the real solutions for now and assuming $s \in \mathbb{C}$ then:
$\Gamma(s)-\Gamma(1-s)$ yields zeros at:
...

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**0**answers

230 views

### Alternating sums of powers of the lngamma ($\small f_p(x) = \sum \log(k!)^p x^k $ at $\small x=-1$)

I'm still fiddling with this recent question and come to a detail, whether I can find closed forms for the sums of the $\small lngamma() $ function. Precisely
$$ \small f_p(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} ...

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208 views

### Integrating gamma products and quotients over a vertical line

The Wolfram functions collection contains a small number of integrals of products and quotients of terms $\Gamma(a_i\pm t)$ over a vertical line, all of which can be evaluated in terms of only gamma ...

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**1**answer

527 views

### maximum likelihood of gamma distribution computer calculation

My problem is that given a dataset, I want to program fitting a gamma distribution on this data by estimating the two parameters(shape and the scale parameters) using Maximum Likelihood Estimation. I ...

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**2**answers

318 views

### Simplifying the expression involving instances of Gamma function

Is it possible to simplify the following expression involving instances of Gamma function:
$$E(p)=\frac{\frac{\Gamma(\frac{p+1}{2})}{\Gamma(\frac{p+2}{2})}}
...

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**1**answer

600 views

### Calculate conditional expectation of log(x) with gamma density

How to calculate the following expression:
$$\int_0^u{\ln(x)x^{k-1}e^{-x}}\;dx$$
As I know,
$$\int_0^\infty{\ln(x)x^{k-1}e^{-x}}dx = \Gamma(k)\Psi(k)$$
Are there any way to transfer the integral ...

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159 views

### Iterated Kumaraswamy distributions

The Kumaraswamy distribution has cdf $F(x;a,b) = 1-(1-x^a)^b$.
Does anyone know any formulas or properties relating to iterations of this on itself, meaning
$$ F_i(x;a,b) = 1-(1-F_{i-1}^a)^b$$
If ...

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538 views

### Undefined gamma function problem

Hello,
I'm trying to solve the following integral :
$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{t^{d/2}}(e^{-\gamma t} - e^{-\delta t})dt$.
I know it equals
...

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**5**answers

728 views

### Summation of an expression

Hi,
Does anyone have an idea about an exact or approximate formulae for the following summation?
$$
\sum_{j=1}^n \frac{j^k}{(j-1)!}
$$
where k is a positive integer (the denominator of the j^th term ...

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**1**answer

828 views

### Generalizations of a product formula for the gamma function

Hello and Happy holidays.
I am interested in generalizations of the following product formula for the gamma function
$\Gamma(z)= \int_{0}^{\infty} t^{z-1}e^{-t}dt$ when $n \geq 2$:
\begin{align}
...

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592 views

### What are conditions to make f(x) defined by f(x)=f(x-1)*x + 1/e unique(for instance convex)?

[Background:]
Looking at the powerseries for the gamma-function
$ \Gamma(1+x) = 1 + a_1 x + a_2 x^2 - a_3 * x^3 + ... $
then we can arrive at a decomposition
$ \Gamma(1+x) = r(x) + g(x) $
...

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**1**answer

605 views

### Connection between Bernoulli polynomials and polygamma function

There is an intricate connection between Hurwitz Zeta and the (traditional) polygamma function:
$$\psi_n(z)=(-1)^{n+1}n!\zeta(n+1,z)$$
If to use a generalization for Bernoulli numbers, this can be ...

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**0**answers

362 views

### Can any antidifference (indefinite sum) of a function be expressed in elementary functions and generalized polygamma function if its integral can be expressed in elementary functions?

If the integral or multiplicative integral of a function can be expressed with elementary functions, does it mean its indefinite sum (antidifference) or indefinite product respectively can be ...

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1k views

### Multiplicative integral of $\Gamma(x)$

A recent question on the notion and notation of multiplicative integrals
( What is the standard notation for a multiplicative integral? ) induced me to play with the Riemann products of the Gamma ...

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**2**answers

2k views

### Importance of Log Convexity of the Gamma Function

The Bohr-Mollerup theorem states that the Gamma function is the unique function that satisfies:
1) f(x+1) = x*f(x)
2) f(1) = 1
3) ln(f(x)) is convex
The Gamma function is meant to interpolate the ...

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**10**answers

10k views

### Why is the Gamma function shifted from the factorial by 1?

I've asked this question in every math class where the teacher has introduced the Gamma function, and never gotten a satisfactory answer. Not only does it seem more natural to extend the factorial ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Errata for Emil Artin's 'The Gamma Function'?

In the English translation of The Gamma Function by Emil Artin (1964 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston) there appears to be a mistake in the formula given for the gamma function on page 24:
$$\Gamma(x) = ...

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**3**answers

488 views

### Reference request for a “well-known identity” in a paper of Shepp and Lloyd

I ran into a "well-known identity" on page 345 of Shepp and Lloyd's On ordered cycle lengths in a random permutation:
$$\int_x^{\infty} \frac{\exp(-y)}y dy = \int_0^x \frac{1-\exp(-y)}y dy - \log x - ...

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**2**answers

543 views

### Generalized binomial coefficients and Gaussian density

I ran into an expression calculating the expected value of $\exp(i t \sigma)$ where $\sigma$ is the total number of cycles in a uniformly chosen $S_n$ element. The expression is
$$E_n (\exp(i t ...

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**2**answers

922 views

### Hadamard's Gamma function

Hi, I'm looking for a link to a derivation of some of the basic properties of Hadamard's Gamma function. For instance that it satisfies $H(x+1)=xH(x)+\frac{1}{\Gamma(1-x)}$ I've been looking on the ...