The game-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**74**

votes

**53**answers

24k views

### Which popular games are the most mathematical?

I consider a game to be mathematical if there is interesting mathematics (to a mathematician) involved in
the game's structure,
optimal strategies,
practical strategies,
analysis of the game ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Pursuit-Evasion type game on graph (“Flyswatter game”)

An instance of the "flyswatter game" is defined by a graph $G$ and positive integer $k$. There are two players, A (the 'fly') and B (the 'swatter'). Essentially, the fly moves around $G$ and the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions:
For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

599 views

### Simple(?) game theory

3 players are playing a game where they get to pick independently without knowing the other players picks one of 2 prizes (A,B) and the payout is (a,b) for the two prizes, divided by how many people ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Is the game Hanabi NEXPTIME-complete?

The game Hanabi is a cooperative, hidden-information game. You can read the rules elsewhere, but broadly speaking the players are attempting to cooperatively build a fireworks display by playing cards ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Minimal Birthdays

In combinatorial game theory: The birthday of a game is defined recursively as 1 plus the maximal birthday of its options, with the zero game having birthday 0.
Suppose we define the quasi-birthday ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Fairest way to choose gifts

Suppose that a parent brings home from a trip $2n$ gifts of roughly
equal value for his/her two children. The children get to choose one
at a time which gifts they want. What is the fairest way to do ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Convergence to equilibrium via gradient descent

J. B. Rosen proved that in concave games of n players (which assumes that Cartesian product of strategy profiles is convex) if the game satisfies the condition of diagonally strictly concave then ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### Unique Nash equilibrium games

Multicast network design game is a special case of a general network design game (http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/focs04-game.pdf) in which there is a target vertex $t$ and $n$ rational ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

191 views

### Nimbers and Surreal Numbers [closed]

I have been researching Combinatorial Game Theory. One common theme is the assignment of values to games in order to classify the game as a win for a specific player. One such way is class of surreal ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Optimal strategy for game of 'online sorting' into a poset

Consider a single-player game played with an arbitrary finite poset, and a random number generator with a known distribution:
Each turn, the RNG produces a number, and the player must assign that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Generalization of Sprague-Grundy Theorem

In my research on Combinatorial Game Theory, I used a certain theorem that is essentially a generalization of the Sprague-Grundy theorem. Because the result hinges too much on the work of others to be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

175 views

### Is regularity closed under products?

Let $G \colon [0,1] \to [0,1]$ be a differentiable cumulative distribution function (monotonically non-decreasing function with $G(0) = 0$ and $G(1) = 1$). We say that $G$ is regular if $$ x - ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Maximizing Expected Utility

I am currently trying to solve a maximization problem given by
$\max_{f(x)} \int_0^1 \int_\mathbb{R} (c-y\cdot f(x)-d\cdot (x+f(x)-b)^2) \ h(x) \ dx \ dy$.
Or in other words, I have a utility ...

**191**

votes

**9**answers

17k views

### John Nash's Mathematical Legacy

It would seem that John Nash and his wife Alicia died tragically in a car accident on May 23, 2015 (reference). My condolences to his family and friends.
Maybe this is an appropriate time to ask a ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### How can we solve the TSP problem using game theory? [closed]

Is there a known way to model the traveling salesman problem (TSP) using non-cooperative game theory?
I only found in the internet cooperative game theory. Why there is no work that solves the TSP ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

554 views

### Fair cake-cutting between groups

The cake-cutting game is usually played between individuals. What if we try to play it between groups?
A certain land has to be divided between two states. There are $n$ citizens in each state. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

177 views

### Random graphs with boundary in a game (Tsuro)

Suppose we have an $n \times n$ board and we have $n^2 - 1$ square tiles. These tiles consist of a 8 vertices, two on each edge, and every vertex is connected to precisely one other vertex. These ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Analysis of Nim-Like Game? [closed]

There are a finite number of heaps, each with a finite number of counters. Two players take turns; on each move, they may remove exactly one counter from any heap, and also, if the heap is of size ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### Equilibrium of random zero-sum game,

Hi,
How to find, or at least express, the equilibrium of a zero-sum game with an $n*n$ payoff matrix (each player has $n$ strategies) and the payoff of the entry $(i,j)$ is $u(i,j)$. $u$ a random ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Anything known about the Grundy Ordinal of Sylver's Coinage

Sylver's coinage is an example of an unbounded finite (if slightly modified) combinatorial impartial game. Quoth wikipedia:
The two players take turns naming positive integers that are not the
...

**13**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Finding the largest integer describable with a string of symbols of predefined length

(This question is motivated by the reading of the article Large numbers and unprovable theorems by Joel Spencer, which can be found at ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

111 views

### Convergence proof for fictitious play!

In "Fictitious play property for games with identical interests" by D. Monderer and L.S. Shapley, the convergence of fictitious play to a Nash equilibrium is proved for a potential game with players ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Graph game minimum vertex degree

Consider the following graph game, given a graph $G=(V,E)$ on $n$ vertices with minimum degree $ \gg \log(n)$. Players are BR and MA (BR moves first):
BR claims an unclaimed edge from $E$, adds it ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### When does a “stable” assignment of buyers into goods exist?

Consider a setting of $n$ buyers and $m$ goods.
We have a value matrix $V\in[0,1]^{n\times m}$ specifying how much each buyer values each good (everything is open information here and there is no ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### On subset of Deterministic games

Denote strings $u,v$ from $\{0,1\}^n$.
Denote concatenated pair $[uv]$.
Denote
$$[uv]_{1}=\{[uv]\oplus e_i\}_{i=1}^{2n}$$
collection of pairs with Hamming distance $1$ from $[uv]$ string ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

80 views

### optimal strategies for 2-player zero-sum games of perfect information

I asked essentially this on math.SE slightly more than
3 days ago, and it hasn't received any answer there.
Do finite-state 2-player zero-sum games of perfect information with only win-draw-loss ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### What mathematical models can analyze and optimize systems based on gossip?

I look for a mathematical model that can accommodate, analyze and suggest optimizations for a system that can be humanly described as people gossiping about stuff.
System description:
We have a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### References for this game

I would like to know how the following game is known in the literature and, possibly, to have references for related papers.
Description of the game: Fix a space $X$ and two Borel probability ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

287 views

### (linear algebra) - Can a symmetric equilibrium achive higher social-welfare than some equilibrium with the same support?

EDIT: rewritting the question to linear algebra to make it more accessible.
Denote by $\Delta([n])$ the set of all probability distributions over $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, that is:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

62 views

### Is there always a symmetric “subset equilibrium” for an equilibrium in a symmetric game?

Consider a 2-player symmetric game given by a payoff matrix $A\in [0,1]^{n,n}$ for the row player (i.e. the column player matrix is $A^t$).
Let $s=<s_1,s_2>$ be a (possibly mixed-strategies, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

570 views

### Did Nash prove that every game or every symmetric game has a symmetric equilibrium?

Most references seem to state that Nash showed every symmetric game has a symmetric equilibrium point, but as far as I can tell from Nash's paper, he actually showed the much more general statement ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

279 views

### What is known about multiplayer poker with flop?

I am interested in the following simplified version of poker.
Each player gets a card (for example, either A or B).
Then they bet knowing their own cards (for example, the pot initially has 1 euro, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### How to find equilibrium of the following game?

I'm looking at the following game:
2 symmetric players $\{A,B\}$, each choose a number $x_a,x_b\in [0,1]$.
The utility of player $A$ is:
$$U_A = \
\begin{cases} p\cdot x_a &\mbox{if } x_a> ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

777 views

### Removing pawns - the game

Here is a simple game I've invented (if the idea is not fresh, then please let me know):
The game is played on a board.
The board has some (finite) number of lines drawn on it.
A pawn is placed on ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

903 views

### Painting $n$ balls from $2n$ balls red, and guessing which ball is red, game

The game
Lucy has $2n$ distinct white colored balls numbered $1$ through $2n$. Lucy picks $n$ different balls in any way Lucy likes, and paint them red. Lucy then giftwrap all the balls so that it is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Game on the tree [closed]

There's a problem from programming competition which already finished:
http://codeforces.com/contest/458/problem/F
Two weeks already passed but still nobody solved it yet - in fact you can see here ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Are sums of 0-1 Pareto efficient vectors Pareto efficient?

Does there exist $m,n\ge1$, an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, and a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ such that:
The entries of $A$ are $\in \{0, 1\}$.
For all pairs of columns $u, v$ of $A$ the entries of $u - ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### Guessing the larger integer: A game-theoretic twist

The starting point for this question is the old chestnut, already discussed on MO, about a game show on which the host has chosen two distinct integers and the contestant gets to reveal one of them at ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### Explicit examples of undetermined games

Suppose we have a game between two players in which they take alternating turns. The game can have finite length, length $\omega$ or any transfinite number of steps (however, I'm not concerning games ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### What is the (mixed strategies) equilibrium of this game?

Given a weight vector $w\in [0,1]^d$ such that $\sum w_i=1$, the game goes as follows:
Two players, $X,Y$ choose strategies $x,y\in [0,1]^d$ such that $\sum x_i = \sum y_i = 1$.
The utility (profit) ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

292 views

### Limiting probabilities for two-player game drawing random uniform numbers

Consider this simple 2-person game I just made up:
Player A goes gets to draw a uniform U[0,1] number up to X times. At any time, he may either keep his number, or draw a brand new uniform number. ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### Stromquist's 3 knives procedure

(copied from math.SE)
BACKGROUND: A cake has to be divided among 3 people with possibly different tastes, such that each person receives a single connected piece, and no person prefers another ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

769 views

### Maximal score for the 2048 game [duplicate]

t's been weeks (months?) since the 2048 game--by Gabriele Cirulli--took Internet by storm. I have an explicit integer $X$ which is greater or equal than any score of this game. Possibly my $X$ is the ...

**44**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Escape the zombie apocalypse

Consider zombies placed uniformly at random over $\mathbb{R}^2$ with asymptotic density $\mu$ zombies/area. You are placed at a random point and can move with speed $1$. Zombies move with speed $v\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Mean Capture time for the Rabbit-Hunter paper by Peres et al [closed]

I am a non-math student. I am trying to read the paper "Hunter, Cauchy Rabbit, and Optimal Kakeya Sets" by Yuval Peres et al.
Link - http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.6389
In his video based on the paper - ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

650 views

### A Ramsey avoidance game

Consider the following game: Given $K_n$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices, two players take turns coloring its edges. Initially no edges are colored. At his turn a player can color a prevoiusly not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### QBF of exponential length?

We consider a slightly extended version of a nondeterministic finite automaton, call it a "propositional nondeterministic finite automaton". It is defined as follows. Consider a fixed propositional ...

**41**

votes

**5**answers

10k views

### Why was John Nash's 1950 Game Theory paper such a big deal?

I'm trying to understand why John Nash's 1950 2-page paper that was published in PNAS was such a big deal. Unless I'm mistaken, the 1928 paper by John von Neumann demonstrated that all n-player ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Game Theory - need references on analysis of particular game

My hobby AI research have led me to a thorethical game of particular design. As design is pretty simple, I was sure that such game has well-known name. But my question on math.stackexchange, where I ...