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2
votes
1answer
156 views

QBF of exponential length?

We consider a slightly extended version of a nondeterministic finite automaton, call it a "propositional nondeterministic finite automaton". It is defined as follows. Consider a fixed propositional ...
4
votes
1answer
674 views

Did Nash prove that every game or every symmetric game has a symmetric equilibrium?

Most references seem to state that Nash showed every symmetric game has a symmetric equilibrium point, but as far as I can tell from Nash's paper, he actually showed the much more general statement ...
-3
votes
1answer
70 views

Simple equation to distribute points in a game [closed]

I need to create a equation to distribute points for users in the following game: There are x users that play a game. If only one of them hit he gets max points. If all of them hit each gets min ...
42
votes
5answers
11k views

Why was John Nash's 1950 Game Theory paper such a big deal?

I'm trying to understand why John Nash's 1950 2-page paper that was published in PNAS was such a big deal. Unless I'm mistaken, the 1928 paper by John von Neumann demonstrated that all n-player ...
0
votes
0answers
208 views

Game Theory - need references on analysis of particular game

My hobby AI research have led me to a thorethical game of particular design. As design is pretty simple, I was sure that such game has well-known name. But my question on math.stackexchange, where I ...
17
votes
2answers
933 views

Determine or estimate the number of maximal triangle-free graphs on $n$ vertices

Among the collections of the open problems of Paul Erdős on the website of Professor Fan Chung, there is one called "number of triangle-free graphs". ...
4
votes
1answer
379 views

Nash Equilibrium in general graphical game

Any one has any ideas about how to compute the Nash Equilibrium in general graphical game? Especially, when the graph structure is not a tree.
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Is a fair lottery possible?

I'm trying to come up with a scheme for a lottery where each individual has roughly the same chance of becoming the winner, regardless of the number of tickets one holds. So no individual should have ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Optimum control of a probabilistic automaton

Suppose we have a probabilistic automaton and we assign a weight to each state. An "interaction strategy" would be a fixed map from states to inputs. Any interaction strategy could be used to ...
4
votes
0answers
551 views

Coin Toss Probabilities like Penney's Game

Generate a binary number, using coin toss. Until you receive a predefined sequence. What is the probability that the number is a multiple of some k. For example, the terminating sequence could be ...
17
votes
1answer
666 views

A Ramsey avoidance game

Consider the following game: Given $K_n$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices, two players take turns coloring its edges. Initially no edges are colored. At his turn a player can color a prevoiusly not ...
6
votes
0answers
250 views

Identification of a curious function

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, but there were no replies. During computation of some Shapley values (details below), I encountered the following function: $$ f\left(\sum_{k ...
2
votes
3answers
261 views

Simulating Mixed Nash Equilibria

I have a $N$ person game where each person has a set of $M$ discrete strategies. I know from the theory that at least one mixed strategy Nash Equilibrium exists. Can someone please tell me how do I ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

How many different states of Nash equilibrium?

So there is this quite well known Prisoner's dilemma where two parties can both defect and cooperate (and get points based on their decisions). In my presently used example I take it that cooperating ...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Optimal auction for risk-averse seller

Consider an auction of a single unit of indivisible good. There are $n$ buyers whose values of the object is drawn independently from the uniform distribution on $[0,1]$. The buyers have interim ...
12
votes
2answers
773 views

Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways: Superposed initial states, Quantum ...
5
votes
1answer
566 views

What can be done with computability logic that previous logic systems can't?

I've been reading a lot about computability logic lately and I'm superficially aware that it unifies classical, intuitionistic and linear logics. What I'm seeking to know is: Can computability logic ...
-1
votes
1answer
165 views

To what equal constant in the Gibbs lemma

The Gibbs lemma is broadly used in games theory and in mathematical economics (optimal distributions of resourses, Cournot competition e.t.c.). Here it is: Lemma (Gibbs). $f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Non-Constant-Sum Blotto Game for Only 2 Players and 2 Battlefields

In the simplest asymmetric Colonel Blotto game with 2 players, dividing their given Ni soldiers (i=1,2) over 2 battlefields, what are their expected utilities, Ui (i.e., expected number of battlefield ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia: In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...
9
votes
1answer
545 views

M-matrix plus S-matrix is P-matrix?

I am trying to prove that a mapping has a unique fixed-point by showing that its Jacobian is a P-matrix. In this particular case the Jacobian can be decomposed as the sum of two matrices and I would ...
19
votes
5answers
608 views

$n$-in-a-row game on $\mathbb{R}^2$

For integers $n$ such that $\:3< n\:$,$\:$ what is known about the following 2-player game: Player_1 and Player_2 take turn choosing points on $\mathbb{R}^2$ that were not previously chosen, with ...
4
votes
0answers
163 views

Examples of functions from matrices to real numbers with certain properties

Let $M(\mathbb{R})$ be the set of all matrices (of any size) over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $v : M(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function which satisfies the following 5 properties: If ...
12
votes
2answers
779 views

An unfair game involving an odd number of pieces of chocolate

Two greedy chocolate eaters play the following game involving $n$ pieces of chocolate and an additional parameter $\alpha$ with initial value $1$: Each player eats either $\alpha$ pieces of chocolate ...
15
votes
1answer
571 views

The Chow & Robbins game ≈ 0.79295350640: improvements could come from simple statistics, or from a continuous version of the game

This question seeks help with improving a numerical estimate of the value of the Chow and Robbins game. Much about this game is unknown, such as whether its value is rational, but there are two routes ...
0
votes
2answers
600 views

Generalized Sprague-Grundy Theorem

Hey, I know what is Sprague-Grundy theorem, but I want to know about generalized Sprague-Grundy (GSG) theorem ( which is used for games with cycles ). Apparently there seems to be very less ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

Algorithm to solve Sokoban-like game on graphs - move chips from one set of vertices to another

The question is close to the Sokoban game (thanks to Dima Pasechnik !), but a little different in details. Consider a directed graph (multi-graph). Consider some set of marked chips (chip1, ...
15
votes
2answers
5k views

Simple proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games?

Is there a nice elementary proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games? Here's the theorem I have in mind. Suppose $A$ and $B$ are $m \times n$ matrices of real numbers. Say a ...
0
votes
1answer
246 views

Equilibrium of random zero-sum game,

Hi, How to find, or at least express, the equilibrium of a zero-sum game with an $n*n$ payoff matrix (each player has $n$ strategies) and the payoff of the entry $(i,j)$ is $u(i,j)$. $u$ a random ...
2
votes
1answer
681 views

game theory - coin flipping question

Lets say 2 players A and B try to have the most money at the end after playing a casino game in which they have a $49\%$ chance to double a wager. Here are the rules to the bet between A and B: ...
6
votes
1answer
748 views

Determinantal formula for the nullspace of a singular matrix

In June 2012, Bill Press and Freeman Dyson published a remarkable paper on the iterated prisoner's dilemma. A key step in their derivation is a simple fact from linear algebra that I feel I should ...
24
votes
6answers
3k views

I know that you know…

A bit unsure if the following vague question has enough mathematical content to be suitable upon here. In the case, please feel free to close it. In several circumstances of competition, a particular ...
8
votes
3answers
310 views

Can we efficiently compute a third Nash Equilibrium, given two?

A finite, two-player, nondegenerate, symmetric game is defined by a nondegenerate $n \times n$ payoff matrix $A$. If player 1 plays strategy $i$ and player 2 plays strategy $j$, then player 1's ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Nim game for odd number of stones

Consider the classical Nim game with total number of stones being odd. Then the first players wins, of course, what follows from the general description of winning positions. But is there some shorter ...
0
votes
2answers
219 views

Mysterious sentence in a paper: what's the ultimate distribution of pure strategies?

Does anybody know how to interpret the sentence: For any set $T$ of mixed strategies, let $D[T]$ denote the set of probability distributions over the elements of $T$, each expressed as vector, ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

Optimum Tournament Strategy

Consider a symmetric N-player game in which all players partition one total unit of energy among individual games. The probability of winning each game is simply proportional to the spent energy ...
0
votes
0answers
728 views

Calculating the Shapley value in a weighted voting game.

Given a special case of WVG (Weighted Voting Game) of $a$ 1s and $b$ 2s and a quota q, $ [q:1,1,1,1..1,2,2,..2] $. I need help with calculating the Shapley value of a player with a weight of $2$ and a ...
5
votes
2answers
548 views

Gandhi's quote formalized [closed]

Hello, I hope this question is appropriate for Mathoverflow. Gandhi said, "Be the change that you wish to see in the world". I don't understand anything in Game/optimization theory (I don't know ...
0
votes
5answers
1k views

Nash Equilibrium of simple betting game [closed]

I'm trying to find the Nash Equilibrium of a simple betting game, and have come up with a very surprising result which I'd like to solicit comment on. The game is simple: Two players each receive a ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Computing maximum point for minimal function of a family of linear functions

Let $x \in S^n $ where $S^n = ${$ [x_1,x_2,...,x_{n+1}]\in \mathbb{R}^{n+1} \mid x \ge 0 , \sum x_i = 1 $} and let $f_i : I^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a finite $m$-sized family of LINEAR functions such ...
1
vote
0answers
305 views

Allocation game optimal strategy

There are two players, Alice and Bob. There is an initial pool of 100 dollars. Alice proposes an allocation of the dollars (real numbers, not necessarily integers), and Bob can either accept or ...
5
votes
1answer
285 views

Indeterminacy of long games

Hello, all, Several months ago I sat in on a seminar on AD+, which was incredibly wonderful even though I could barely follow it at all. AD+ is a technical variant of AD, the axiom of determinacy, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding the Nash Equilibrium of $0-1$ poker with one betting round

While working on a hobby project I encountered a difficult math problem. Or at least, difficult for me. Here is the problem: Given an $a > 0$, find all pairs of a value $λ \in [0,1]$ and a ...
5
votes
1answer
403 views

Resources-Aware Combinatorial Game Theory

First of all, I preemptively apologize if my question happens to be naive, I am no expert of CGT (or general game theory, for that matter). Now the question: **is there such a thing as the study of ...
9
votes
3answers
452 views

Representing a real number as the value of a countably infinite game

Is it true that for any real number $p$ between 0 and 1, there exist finite or infinite sequences $x_m$ and $y_n$ of positive real numbers, and a finite or infinite matrix of numbers $\varphi_{mn}$ ...
14
votes
0answers
454 views

The multiplication game on the free group

Fix $W\subseteq\mathbb F_2$ and consider the following two-person game: Player 1 and Player 2 simultaneously choose $x$ and $y$ in $\mathbb F_2$. The first player wins, say one dollar, iff $xy\in W$. ...
7
votes
1answer
483 views

Cake-cutting and amenable groups

I recently heard Alan Taylor speak about envy-free fair division and started wondering if questions like these make sense if we replace finitely additive measures with invariant means on amenable ...
5
votes
2answers
592 views

Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan, "Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"), but I have not seen this version: ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Motivation for the Sprague-Grundy theorem

The Sprague-Grundy theorem states that every impartial combinatorial game under the normal play convention is equivalent to a (unique) nimber. What does the equivalence relation thus defined tell us ...
4
votes
0answers
247 views

References for this game

I would like to know how the following game is known in the literature and, possibly, to have references for related papers. Description of the game: Fix a space $X$ and two Borel probability ...