The game-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Is a fair lottery possible?

I'm trying to come up with a scheme for a lottery where each individual has roughly the same chance of becoming the winner, regardless of the number of tickets one holds. So no individual should have ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

142 views

### Optimum control of a probabilistic automaton

Suppose we have a probabilistic automaton and we assign a weight to each state. An "interaction strategy" would be a fixed map from states to inputs. Any interaction strategy could be used to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

530 views

### Coin Toss Probabilities like Penney's Game

Generate a binary number, using coin toss. Until you receive a predefined sequence. What is the probability that the number is a multiple of some k.
For example, the terminating sequence could be ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

655 views

### A Ramsey avoidance game

Consider the following game: Given $K_n$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices, two players take turns coloring its edges. Initially no edges are colored. At his turn a player can color a prevoiusly not ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

246 views

### Identification of a curious function

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, but there were no replies.
During computation of some Shapley values (details below), I encountered the following function:
$$
f\left(\sum_{k ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

248 views

### Simulating Mixed Nash Equilibria

I have a $N$ person game where each person has a set of $M$ discrete strategies. I know from the theory that at least one mixed strategy Nash Equilibrium exists.
Can someone please tell me how do I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### How many different states of Nash equilibrium?

So there is this quite well known Prisoner's dilemma where two parties can both defect and cooperate (and get points based on their decisions). In my presently used example I take it that cooperating ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Optimal auction for risk-averse seller

Consider an auction of a single unit of indivisible good. There are $n$ buyers whose values of the object is drawn independently from the uniform distribution on $[0,1]$. The buyers have interim ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

746 views

### Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways:
Superposed initial states,
Quantum ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

550 views

### What can be done with computability logic that previous logic systems can't?

I've been reading a lot about computability logic lately and I'm superficially aware that it unifies classical, intuitionistic and linear logics.
What I'm seeking to know is:
Can computability logic ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### To what equal constant in the Gibbs lemma

The Gibbs lemma is broadly used in games theory and in mathematical economics (optimal distributions of resourses, Cournot competition e.t.c.). Here it is:
Lemma (Gibbs). $f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n$ be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Non-Constant-Sum Blotto Game for Only 2 Players and 2 Battlefields

In the simplest asymmetric Colonel Blotto game with 2 players, dividing their given Ni soldiers (i=1,2) over 2 battlefields, what are their expected utilities, Ui (i.e., expected number of battlefield ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia:
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

524 views

### M-matrix plus S-matrix is P-matrix?

I am trying to prove that a mapping has a unique fixed-point by showing that its Jacobian is a P-matrix. In this particular case the Jacobian can be decomposed as the sum of two matrices and I would ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

601 views

### $n$-in-a-row game on $\mathbb{R}^2$

For integers $n$ such that $\:3< n\:$,$\:$ what is known about the following 2-player game:
Player_1 and Player_2 take turn choosing points on $\mathbb{R}^2$ that were not previously chosen, with ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Examples of functions from matrices to real numbers with certain properties

Let $M(\mathbb{R})$ be the set of all matrices (of any size) over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $v : M(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function which satisfies the following 5 properties:
If ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

772 views

### An unfair game involving an odd number of pieces of chocolate

Two greedy chocolate eaters play the following game involving $n$ pieces of chocolate
and an additional parameter $\alpha$ with initial value $1$: Each player eats either $\alpha$
pieces of chocolate ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

557 views

### The Chow & Robbins game ≈ 0.79295350640: improvements could come from simple statistics, or from a continuous version of the game

This question seeks help with improving a numerical estimate of the value of the Chow and Robbins game. Much about this game is unknown, such as whether its value is rational, but there are two routes ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

537 views

### Generalized Sprague-Grundy Theorem

Hey,
I know what is Sprague-Grundy theorem, but I want to know about generalized Sprague-Grundy (GSG) theorem ( which is used for games with cycles ). Apparently there seems to be very less ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Algorithm to solve Sokoban-like game on graphs - move chips from one set of vertices to another

The question is close to the Sokoban game (thanks to Dima Pasechnik !), but a little different in details.
Consider a directed graph (multi-graph). Consider some set of marked chips (chip1, ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### Simple proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games?

Is there a nice elementary proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games?
Here's the theorem I have in mind. Suppose $A$ and $B$ are $m \times n$ matrices of real numbers. Say a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Equilibrium of random zero-sum game,

Hi,
How to find, or at least express, the equilibrium of a zero-sum game with an $n*n$ payoff matrix (each player has $n$ strategies) and the payoff of the entry $(i,j)$ is $u(i,j)$. $u$ a random ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

647 views

### game theory - coin flipping question

Lets say 2 players A and B try to have the most money at the end after playing a casino game in which they have a $49\%$ chance to double a wager.
Here are the rules to the bet between A and B:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

704 views

### Determinantal formula for the nullspace of a singular matrix

In June 2012, Bill Press and Freeman Dyson published a remarkable paper on the iterated prisoner's dilemma. A key step in their derivation is a simple fact from linear algebra that I feel I should ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### I know that you know…

A bit unsure if the following vague question has enough mathematical content to be suitable upon here. In the case, please feel free to close it.
In several circumstances of competition, a particular ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

300 views

### Can we efficiently compute a third Nash Equilibrium, given two?

A finite, two-player, nondegenerate, symmetric game is defined by a nondegenerate $n \times n$ payoff matrix $A$. If player 1 plays strategy $i$ and player 2 plays strategy $j$, then player 1's ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Nim game for odd number of stones

Consider the classical Nim game with total number of stones being odd. Then the first players wins, of course, what follows from the general description of winning positions. But is there some shorter ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

219 views

### Mysterious sentence in a paper: what's the ultimate distribution of pure strategies?

Does anybody know how to interpret the sentence: For any set $T$ of mixed strategies, let $D[T]$ denote the set of probability distributions over the elements of $T$, each expressed as vector, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Optimum Tournament Strategy

Consider a symmetric N-player game in which all players partition one total unit of
energy among individual games. The probability of winning each game is simply proportional to the spent energy ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

683 views

### Calculating the Shapley value in a weighted voting game.

Given a special case of WVG (Weighted Voting Game) of $a$ 1s and $b$ 2s and a quota q, $ [q:1,1,1,1..1,2,2,..2] $. I need help with calculating the Shapley value of a player with a weight of $2$ and a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

548 views

### Gandhi's quote formalized [closed]

Hello,
I hope this question is appropriate for Mathoverflow. Gandhi said, "Be the change that you wish to see in the world". I don't understand anything in Game/optimization theory (I don't know ...

**0**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Nash Equilibrium of simple betting game [closed]

I'm trying to find the Nash Equilibrium of a simple betting game, and have come up with a very surprising result which I'd like to solicit comment on.
The game is simple: Two players each receive a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Computing maximum point for minimal function of a family of linear functions

Let $x \in S^n $ where $S^n = ${$ [x_1,x_2,...,x_{n+1}]\in \mathbb{R}^{n+1} \mid x \ge 0 , \sum x_i = 1 $} and let $f_i : I^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a finite $m$-sized family of LINEAR functions such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

294 views

### Allocation game optimal strategy

There are two players, Alice and Bob. There is an initial pool of 100 dollars. Alice proposes an allocation of the dollars (real numbers, not necessarily integers), and Bob can either accept or ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Indeterminacy of long games

Hello, all,
Several months ago I sat in on a seminar on AD+, which was incredibly wonderful even though I could barely follow it at all. AD+ is a technical variant of AD, the axiom of determinacy, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Finding the Nash Equilibrium of $0-1$ poker with one betting round

While working on a hobby project I encountered a difficult math problem. Or at least, difficult for me. Here is the problem:
Given an $a > 0$, find all pairs of a value $λ \in [0,1]$ and a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Resources-Aware Combinatorial Game Theory

First of all, I preemptively apologize if my question happens to be naive, I am no expert of CGT (or general game theory, for that matter).
Now the question:
**is there such a thing as the study of ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

449 views

### Representing a real number as the value of a countably infinite game

Is it true that for any real number $p$ between 0 and 1, there exist finite or infinite sequences $x_m$ and $y_n$ of positive real numbers, and a finite or infinite matrix of numbers $\varphi_{mn}$ ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

450 views

### The multiplication game on the free group

Fix $W\subseteq\mathbb F_2$ and consider the following two-person game: Player 1 and Player 2 simultaneously choose $x$ and $y$ in $\mathbb F_2$. The first player wins, say one dollar, iff $xy\in W$. ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Cake-cutting and amenable groups

I recently heard Alan Taylor speak about envy-free fair division and started wondering if questions like these make sense if we replace finitely additive measures with invariant means on amenable ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

590 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Motivation for the Sprague-Grundy theorem

The Sprague-Grundy theorem states that every impartial combinatorial game under the normal play convention is equivalent to a (unique) nimber.
What does the equivalence relation thus defined tell us ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### References for this game

I would like to know how the following game is known in the literature and, possibly, to have references for related papers.
Description of the game: Fix a space $X$ and two Borel probability ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### Uniqueness of equilibrium from infinite strategies

I took the following game from the Peter Winkler collection (chapter "Games"):
Two numbers are chosen independently at random from the uniform distribution on [0,1]. Player A then looks at the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

894 views

### What would be nice open problem in evolutionary game theory ? [closed]

Hello,
i was trained as a biologist, but have taught myself mathematics to a level that is roughly equivalent to that of a masters degree in math. I decided to try do some phd-research in ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Game Theory: Is there a Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibrium?

The game looks like this:
a b
A [(-12, 1) (8, 8)]
B [(15, 1), (8,-1)]
(15, 1) and (8,8) are Nash Equlibria. However, could you still mix ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

429 views

### Why are Nash-Equilibria inside the Simplex S_n unique ?

Hello,
i came across a remark that states that nash equilibria inside the simplex S_n are unique. Or stated differently: If there is more then one such equilibrium, then they have to lie on the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

535 views

### Decay of Relative Growth in Conway's Game of Life

Intro
The question is about Game of Life.
Let us denote the set of points obtained from initial configuration $A$ after $m$ steps as $A(m)$ (we are only interested in finite initial configuration, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

606 views

### Set Cardinality Game - Can a player with numbers in R win over a player with numbers in N as each of them in one turn has to present a new number?

Let there be 2 players, p$\mathbb{N}$ and p$\mathbb{R}$. They are playing the Set Cardinality Game where p$\mathbb{N}$ has to present some number n that has not been used in the game so far by either ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Algorithm on winning strategy of Winner (Simplified card game)

Here's an introduction to the ordinary Winner (card game):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winner_(card_game)
I'm thinking about a simplification of the game.
** I've copied this problem to cstheory ...