The game-theory tag has no wiki summary.

**16**

votes

**2**answers

6k views

### Lowest Unique Bid

Each of n players simultaneously choose a positive integer, and one of the players who chose [the least number of [the numbers chosen the fewest times of [the numbers chosen at least once]]] is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

268 views

### Can we efficiently compute a third Nash Equilibrium, given two?

A finite, two-player, nondegenerate, symmetric game is defined by a nondegenerate $n \times n$ payoff matrix $A$. If player 1 plays strategy $i$ and player 2 plays strategy $j$, then player 1's ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

583 views

### $n$-in-a-row game on $\mathbb{R}^2$

For integers $n$ such that $\:3< n\:$,$\:$ what is known about the following 2-player game:
Player_1 and Player_2 take turn choosing points on $\mathbb{R}^2$ that were not previously chosen, with ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### I know that you know…

A bit unsure if the following vague question has enough mathematical content to be suitable upon here. In the case, please feel free to close it.
In several circumstances of competition, a particular ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

972 views

### Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia:
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...

**0**

votes

**5**answers

935 views

### Nash Equilibrium of simple betting game [closed]

I'm trying to find the Nash Equilibrium of a simple betting game, and have come up with a very surprising result which I'd like to solicit comment on.
The game is simple: Two players each receive a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Non-Constant-Sum Blotto Game for Only 2 Players and 2 Battlefields

In the simplest asymmetric Colonel Blotto game with 2 players, dividing their given Ni soldiers (i=1,2) over 2 battlefields, what are their expected utilities, Ui (i.e., expected number of battlefield ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Game Theory: Is there a Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibrium?

The game looks like this:
a b
A [(-12, 1) (8, 8)]
B [(15, 1), (8,-1)]
(15, 1) and (8,8) are Nash Equlibria. However, could you still mix ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

462 views

### M-matrix plus S-matrix is P-matrix?

I am trying to prove that a mapping has a unique fixed-point by showing that its Jacobian is a P-matrix. In this particular case the Jacobian can be decomposed as the sum of two matrices and I would ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

899 views

### Nim game for odd number of stones

Consider the classical Nim game with total number of stones being odd. Then the first players wins, of course, what follows from the general description of winning positions. But is there some shorter ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

717 views

### An unfair game involving an odd number of pieces of chocolate

Two greedy chocolate eaters play the following game involving $n$ pieces of chocolate
and an additional parameter $\alpha$ with initial value $1$: Each player eats either $\alpha$
pieces of chocolate ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Examples of functions from matrices to real numbers with certain properties

Let $M(\mathbb{R})$ be the set of all matrices (of any size) over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $v : M(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function which satisfies the following 5 properties:
If ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

506 views

### The Chow & Robbins game ≈ 0.79295350640: improvements could come from simple statistics, or from a continuous version of the game

This question seeks help with improving a numerical estimate of the value of the Chow and Robbins game. Much about this game is unknown, such as whether its value is rational, but there are two routes ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Simple proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games?

Is there a nice elementary proof of the existence of Nash equilibria for 2-person games?
Here's the theorem I have in mind. Suppose $A$ and $B$ are $m \times n$ matrices of real numbers. Say a ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Algorithm to solve Sokoban-like game on graphs - move chips from one set of vertices to another

The question is close to the Sokoban game (thanks to Dima Pasechnik !), but a little different in details.
Consider a directed graph (multi-graph). Consider some set of marked chips (chip1, ...

**10**

votes

**12**answers

4k views

### Are there any interesting connections between Game Theory and Algebraic Topology?

I've been learning game theory on my own and was just curious how it connected with previous things I've learned. So are there any interesting connections between Game Theory and Algebraic Topology? ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

519 views

### game theory - coin flipping question

Lets say 2 players A and B try to have the most money at the end after playing a casino game in which they have a $49\%$ chance to double a wager.
Here are the rules to the bet between A and B:
...

**49**

votes

**9**answers

8k views

### Does War have infinite expected length?

My question concerns the (completely deterministic) card game known as War, played by seven-year-olds everywhere, such as my son Horatio, and sometimes also by others, such as their fathers.
The ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

570 views

### Determinantal formula for the nullspace of a singular matrix

In June 2012, Bill Press and Freeman Dyson published a remarkable paper on the iterated prisoner's dilemma. A key step in their derivation is a simple fact from linear algebra that I feel I should ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### Mysterious sentence in a paper: what's the ultimate distribution of pure strategies?

Does anybody know how to interpret the sentence: For any set $T$ of mixed strategies, let $D[T]$ denote the set of probability distributions over the elements of $T$, each expressed as vector, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Optimum Tournament Strategy

Consider a symmetric N-player game in which all players partition one total unit of
energy among individual games. The probability of winning each game is simply proportional to the spent energy ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

514 views

### Calculating the Shapley value in a weighted voting game.

Given a special case of WVG (Weighted Voting Game) of $a$ 1s and $b$ 2s and a quota q, $ [q:1,1,1,1..1,2,2,..2] $. I need help with calculating the Shapley value of a player with a weight of $2$ and a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Gandhi's quote formalized [closed]

Hello,
I hope this question is appropriate for Mathoverflow. Gandhi said, "Be the change that you wish to see in the world". I don't understand anything in Game/optimization theory (I don't know ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Computing maximum point for minimal function of a family of linear functions

Let $x \in S^n $ where $S^n = ${$ [x_1,x_2,...,x_{n+1}]\in \mathbb{R}^{n+1} \mid x \ge 0 , \sum x_i = 1 $} and let $f_i : I^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a finite $m$-sized family of LINEAR functions such ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### Uniqueness of equilibrium from infinite strategies

I took the following game from the Peter Winkler collection (chapter "Games"):
Two numbers are chosen independently at random from the uniform distribution on [0,1]. Player A then looks at the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

217 views

### Allocation game optimal strategy

There are two players, Alice and Bob. There is an initial pool of 100 dollars. Alice proposes an allocation of the dollars (real numbers, not necessarily integers), and Bob can either accept or ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### Resources-Aware Combinatorial Game Theory

First of all, I preemptively apologize if my question happens to be naive, I am no expert of CGT (or general game theory, for that matter).
Now the question:
**is there such a thing as the study of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Indeterminacy of long games

Hello, all,
Several months ago I sat in on a seminar on AD+, which was incredibly wonderful even though I could barely follow it at all. AD+ is a technical variant of AD, the axiom of determinacy, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Finding the Nash Equilibrium of $0-1$ poker with one betting round

While working on a hobby project I encountered a difficult math problem. Or at least, difficult for me. Here is the problem:
Given an $a > 0$, find all pairs of a value $λ \in [0,1]$ and a ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

442 views

### The multiplication game on the free group

Fix $W\subseteq\mathbb F_2$ and consider the following two-person game: Player 1 and Player 2 simultaneously choose $x$ and $y$ in $\mathbb F_2$. The first player wins, say one dollar, iff $xy\in W$. ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

441 views

### Representing a real number as the value of a countably infinite game

Is it true that for any real number $p$ between 0 and 1, there exist finite or infinite sequences $x_m$ and $y_n$ of positive real numbers, and a finite or infinite matrix of numbers $\varphi_{mn}$ ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

969 views

### Motivation for the Sprague-Grundy theorem

The Sprague-Grundy theorem states that every impartial combinatorial game under the normal play convention is equivalent to a (unique) nimber.
What does the equivalence relation thus defined tell us ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

574 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Cake-cutting and amenable groups

I recently heard Alan Taylor speak about envy-free fair division and started wondering if questions like these make sense if we replace finitely additive measures with invariant means on amenable ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

764 views

### Drawing lines and removing squares - an Alice and Bob game

Thought about the following while in a Complex Analysis lecture:
Let there be a $N \times N$ grid of squares and two players $A$ and $B$. First, $A$ needs to draw a line $l$ that needs to intersect ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

738 views

### What would be nice open problem in evolutionary game theory ? [closed]

Hello,
i was trained as a biologist, but have taught myself mathematics to a level that is roughly equivalent to that of a masters degree in math. I decided to try do some phd-research in ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

394 views

### Why are Nash-Equilibria inside the Simplex S_n unique ?

Hello,
i came across a remark that states that nash equilibria inside the simplex S_n are unique. Or stated differently: If there is more then one such equilibrium, then they have to lie on the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

520 views

### Decay of Relative Growth in Conway's Game of Life

Intro
The question is about Game of Life.
Let us denote the set of points obtained from initial configuration $A$ after $m$ steps as $A(m)$ (we are only interested in finite initial configuration, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

589 views

### Set Cardinality Game - Can a player with numbers in R win over a player with numbers in N as each of them in one turn has to present a new number?

Let there be 2 players, p$\mathbb{N}$ and p$\mathbb{R}$. They are playing the Set Cardinality Game where p$\mathbb{N}$ has to present some number n that has not been used in the game so far by either ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Group Theory, Game Theory, a bit of Philosophy and a post in Tao's blog

I've decided to write this post after reading the incredibly beautiful and highly recomended post by Terence Tao ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

744 views

### Conditioning on one term of a sum of random variables

Let $\theta$ be normally distributed with mean $\bar \theta$ and variance $s^2$. Let $Z$ be normally distributed with mean $0$ and variance $\sigma^2$, and chosen independently of $\theta$. Define ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

698 views

### Are there any interesting connections between game theory and engineering?

I am doing a senior project and it must be based off game theory, but I am having trouble finding any connections to engineering, possibly structural, or architectural, maybe even civil or mechanical. ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Irreversible chess

Suppose we play a chess-variant, where any finite number of pieces are allowed, and the board is as large as we wish, but only two kings in total. And there is no 50 move-rule, no castling and no ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

391 views

### A competitive root finding game

Inspired by a question about bisection I wondered about the following: The are two players X and Y and a moderator Z who knows two (random,independent, uniformly chosen) hidden reals $x$ and $y$ from ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The duel problem

The following duel problem is due to Ben Polak (maybe there's earlier origin, which I'll be glad to be informed about). The rule is as follows:
Two players 1 and 2 start a duel $N$ steps away from ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### Truel extended to n persons

n players numbered 1~n play a shooting game. Their accuracy rates p1~pn are strictly between 0 and 1, and strictly increases from p1 to pn. This is common knowledge.
Before the game starts, the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Zermelo's stone game in 3 dimensional space

Well, first let me make this clear: I'm actually not sure about the background of the game, whether it was really posed (and solved) by Zermelo. But I'll state the game anyway (perhaps someone can ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Infinite games: are they well defined?

It is just my curiosity about this question where we have an infinite game and (according to the answers) winning strategies for both players. I am familiar with terminating games only, and I am ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

541 views

### Non-measurable sets and Determinacy…

Assume AC. Suppose $X$ is a subset of the irrationals (Baire Space) for which neither player has a winning strategy (i.e. the game $G(\omega, X)$ is not determined). Is $X$ non-measurable in the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Approximating the maximin value of a zero-sum game

For square matrix $P$, define
$$V(P) = \sup_x \inf_y x^T P y^T$$
where $x$ and $y$ lie on the unit $n-1$-simplex.
($P$ is a payoff matrix for a symmetric game, $x$ and $y$ are mixed strategies, ...