The galois-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### splitting property of etale covering

Theorem (Global Splitting): Let $X$ be an integral separated normal scheme flat and of finite type over $\mathbb Z$. Let $\phi: Y\rightarrow X$ be a connected etale covering which splits completely ...

**57**

votes

**0**answers

4k views

### Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture

(1) In "Esquisse d'un programme", Grothendieck conjectures
Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture: the morphism
$$
G_{\mathbb{Q}} \longrightarrow Aut(\widehat{T})
$$
is an isomorphism.
Here ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Question on Inverse Galois Theory

Let $G$ be a finite group, $n=|G|$. Let $\rho:G\rightarrow GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ be the regular representation. Let $G \le H \le S_n$ be another group.
Then we have
$\mathbb{Q}[x_1,\cdots,x_n]^H \le ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a notion of Galois extension for Z / p^2?

The above title is in fact a special case of what I want to ask.
Certainly we have a well defined notion of Galois extension for $ \mathbb{Q}_p $. The intersections of these extensions to the ring ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Is this system always solvable in radicals by quartics, octics, $12$-ics, etc?

While considering this post, it made me wonder about its generalization in another direction and from the perspective of Galois theory.
Question: Is it true that, given four constants ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there an alternative formula for solving cubic equations?

It is known that Cardano's formula for solving cubic equations is not good in the case of positive discriminants. In this case it expresses the solution through cubic roots of complex numbers. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Points $\alpha_n$ of $A$ over the $m_n$-th layer in a $\mathbb{Z}_p$-ext. of $K$, where $A$ is an Ab. var. and $m_n$ is strictly increasing

I have the following setting:
1.) A Galois extension of number fields $K\hookrightarrow L$, with $\operatorname{Gal}(L/K)=\mathbb{Z}_{p}$. In my terminology, number field does not imply finiteness ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Is there $t\in\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{K}/K)$ s.t. $\operatorname{rank}_{\mathbf{Z}_p}((t-1)E_{p^\infty}(\overline{K}))=1$?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, let $$K:=\varinjlim_{k\in\mathbb{Q}[\mu_{p^\infty}]} \mathbb{Q}\left[\mu_{p^\infty},k^{1/p^\infty}\right]$$
and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Unramified extensions of quadratic fields

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be quadratic and let $L/K$ be an (everywhere) unramified Galois extension. If $L/K$ is abelian, then one can show that $L/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois (eg see here). Is $L/\mathbb{Q}$ ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

641 views

### What's so special about these $17$th deg equations?

While browsing the Database of Number Fields, I came across 17T8. It only had four equations, one of which is,
$$\small{x^{17} - 5x^{16} + 40x^{15} - 140x^{14} + 610x^{13} - 1622x^{12} + 4870x^{11} - ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Parametric Solvable Septics?

Known parametric solvable septics are,
$$x^7+7ax^5+14a^2x^3+7a^3x+b=0\tag{1}$$
$$x^7 + 21x^5 + 35x^3 + 7x + a(7x^6 + 35x^4 + 21x^2 + 1)=0\tag{2}$$
$$x^7 - 2x^6 + x^5 - x^4 - 5x^2 - 6x - 4 + n(x - ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Applications of the Galois embedding problem

Given a finite Galois extension of number fields $L/K$ with Galois group $G$ and a surjection $E\twoheadrightarrow G$ of finite groups, the Galois embedding problem is the question of whether there ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Exceptional specializations of Galois groups in the Hilbert Irreducibility Theorem

Suppose $f(x,t)\in\mathbb{Q}(t)[x]$ is an irreducible polynomial with Galois group G. For any rational number $a$ we may consider the polynomial $f(x,a)\in\mathbb Q[x]$ and its corresponding Galois ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

254 views

### Is it always possible to “separate” the eigenvalues of an integer matrix?

Call a square matrix Galois-irreducible if all its eigenvalues are Galois conjugates of each other.
Let $M$ be an integer $n\times n$ matrix which is not Galois-irreducible. Is it always ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Hopf-Galois Structure Maps

A Hopf-Galois extension of commutative rings, as defined by Montgomery here, is a morphism of commutative rings $\phi:A\to B$ with a Hopf-algebra $H$ coacting on $B$ by a ring map $c:B\to B\otimes H$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### What do we know about these subgroups of $S_n$?

For each positive integer $n$, write $S_n$ for the symmetric on $n$-letters. Suppose that $m | n$ is a proper divisor of $n$, and write $n = km$. Consider the element
$$\displaystyle u(m,n) = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Fields whose algebraic closure is a finite extension [duplicate]

It is well-known that the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$ is a degree two extension of $\mathbb{R}$, where one possible minimal polynomial is $x^2 + 1$. Further, $\mathbb{C}$ is algebraically closed.
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Precise relationship between “finite” Fourier analysis and Galois theory in solving the cubic?

Suppose we want to solve$$x^3 - ax^2 + bx - c = 0.$$We know a priori that this can be factored as $(x - r_0)(x - r_1)(x - r_2)$; by Vieta's formulas, we know$$a = r_0 + r_1 + r_2,\quad b = r_0r_1 + ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact?
Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is Lehmer's polynomial solvable?

The degree 10 polynomial
$$\displaystyle x^{10} + x^9 - x^7 - x^6 - x^5 - x^4 - x^3 + x + 1$$
given by D.H. Lehmer in 1933 has the property that its largest real root, $\beta = 1.176280 \cdots$ is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Characterizing regular Galois extensions by the set of their specializations

Let $E$ and $F$ be two regular Galois extensions of $\mathbb{Q}(t)$ with group $G$, and let $E_{t_0}$ resp. $F_{t_0}$ be the residue fields corresponding to specializing $t\mapsto t_0\in \mathbb{Q}$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$?
Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

292 views

### Galois groups of enumerative problems

Consider Harris's 1979 paper, Galois Groups of Enumerative Problems (see here for the paper itself).
Given a problem in enumerative geometry, there is in addition to the obvious question of finding ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### abelian and nonabelian parts of Aut($\widehat{F_2}$)

Let $F$ be the free profinite group on two generators. Let $\text{IA}(F) := \ker\left(\text{Aut}(F)\rightarrow GL_2(\widehat{\mathbb{Z}})\right)$, the group of "IA automorphisms" of $F$. (I'm also ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Polynomials of even degree with solvable Galois group

Let $f(x) = a_{2n} x^{2n} + a_{2n-1} x^{2n-1} + \cdots + a_0$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients and irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$. For $n \geq 3$, $f$ is generically unsolvable by radicals. ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### $A_5$-extension of number fields unramified everywhere

So I was having tea with a colleague immensely more talented than myself and we were discussing his teaching algebraic number theory. He told me that he had given a few examples of abelian and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$.
Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that
$G/K$ is free of ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Grothendieck's “La longue Marche à travers la théorie de Galois”

It seems that Grothendieck's familly has given permission for the distribution of his unpublished works, so I hope it is ok to ask this.
Is there any way to obtain a copy (online or not) of "La ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

141 views

### Generic polynomial for alternating group ${A}_{4}$ is not correct

I was validating the percentage of cases where the generic two parameter polynomial for Galois group ${A}_{4}$ is valid. We have
\begin{equation*}
{f}^{{A}_{4}} \left({x, \alpha, \beta}\right) = ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class?
I know how ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Solving z^n=a+ib using only radicals of positive real numbers

Let $a+bi\in\mathbf{C}$ be a complex number with $a,b\in\mathbf{R}$. Then
it is easy to find exact solutions of $z^2=a+ib$. For example let $z=u+iv$. Then
$$
u^2+v^2=z\overline{z}=\sqrt{a^2+b^2}
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Bibliography suggestion for Kummer theory

I already posted a question about a sum involving the degree of a Kummer extension.
Now I'm interested in a more specific fact about Kummer extensions.
From Hooley's paper "On Artin's conjecture", we ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

540 views

### Are there irreducible polynomials with all zeros on two concentric circles?

This is somewhat similar to this recent question, but extending in a different direction.
Let $f(x)$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$ with integer coefficients. Call such $f$ a bicycle ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### Inverse Galois problem for simple Lie type groups

Progress towards the Inverse Galois problem over $\mathbb{Q}$ is very well documented for sporadic groups ($M_{23}$ is the only case open) and for $PSL_n(q)$ (a lot of cases known, but wide open in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### Galois group - unknown word

I found in some articles a definition of the Galois group of a differential module. In the definition appeared the expression
$(Repr(Gal(M,\nabla),Forget)$. According to the the articles, this pair ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

544 views

### Is there a $\mathbb{Q}$-linear map $T$ over $\mathbb{Q}[x]$ such that for all polynomials $Gal(T(f))$ $\simeq$ The commutator subgroup of $Gal(f)$?

I asked this question at MSE but I did not receive an answer. So I ask it at MO:
We denote the field of rational numbers by $\mathbb{Q}$. The Galois group of a polynomial $f$ is denoted by ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

532 views

### Elementary proof for Hilbert's irreducibility theorem

I have tried to find a complete proof for Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, but everything I found was way beyond my level of understanding.
I am only interested in the simple case where the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Endofunctors on the category of groups which are Galois- related to a linear map on $\mathbb{Q}[x]$

I thank J.C. and Arturo Magidin for interesting suggestions in the comments to this question
In this post the field of rational numbers is denoted by $\mathbb{Q}$. The space of polynomials with ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

394 views

### Families of quintics in $\mathbb{Q}[x]$ with Galois group $A_5$

Theorem. The Galois group of a quintic polynomial $f\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$ is $A_5$ if and only if its discriminant is a rational square and its Weber sextic resolvent has no rational root.
Question. What ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

293 views

### Aligned roots of irreducible polynomials

It is well known from this famous question that the roots of a random polynomial tend to be close to the unit circle. So I was wondering in a somewhat converse sense: for an irreducible polynomial, is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

799 views

### why are subextensions of Galois extensions also Galois?

Generally a Galois extension is defined to be an algebraic extension that is also normal & separable. It is then shown that in the sequence of field extensions $L|M|K$ if $L|K$ is Galois then ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

396 views

### Why are most coefficients of these minimal polynomials divisible by $p$?

For an odd prime $p$, let $\zeta:=e^{\frac{\pi i}p}$ and choose odd $1<n<p$. Further let $q(x)$ and $r(x)$ be integer polynomials such that $r(x)$ has no common factor with $x^n+1$, and $\xi$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Can a product of conjugates be a Pisot number again?

Let $p(X) \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be an irreducible polynomial, and let $\alpha_1 \dots, \alpha_n$ be its roots in $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $\alpha_1$ is a Pisot number, that is, $\alpha_1 \in ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

542 views

### Does the Galois group of a Pisot polynomial contain the alternating group?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $p(X) \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Suppose that exactly one complex root of $p$ is of modulus $> 1$, and that the remaining $n-1$ roots of ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Criteria for irreducibility using the location of complex roots

I would like to see criteria for the irreducibility of a polynomial over $\mathbb{Z}$ based (mainly) on the location of the roots of the polynomial in the complex plane. An example of such a criterion ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Gauss-Wantzel theorem, Fermat primes and solvability of S_n [closed]

Gauss-Wantzel theorem asserts that a polygon with $n$ sides is constructible if and only if $n$ is a product of a power of $2$ and distinct prime Fermat numbers, where the Fermat number of index $k$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

353 views

### Finding the inertia group

Set $h(x) = x^5+x^4+x^3+x^2+x-1$, let $L$ be the splitting field of $h$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, and let $p$ be a prime of $L$ lying over $2$.
What is the isomorphism class of the inertia group $I_p$, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### Inverse Galois problem for $GL_2$ of a compact local ring

Let $A$ be complete noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $m$ and residue field $A/m$ a finite field (in other words, $A$ is a noetherian compact local ring)
For which $A$ as above is there a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Expressing every algebraic number using roots of trinomials?

This question is a continuation of Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?
We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### On $a+b+c= abc = n$, elliptic curves, and solvable Galois groups

Solving $a+b+c = abc = 6$ in the rationals entails solving,
$$-24a+36a^2-12a^3+a^4=z^2\tag1$$
which is birationally equivalent to an elliptic curve. It can be shown that if $a$ is a solution, then ...