The galois-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Primitive Elements for $S_n$ Galois Extensions?

This is an offshoot of my other question two days ago.
How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem?
But it is of independent interest.
Solutions of Inverse Galois Problem for a finite group $...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem?

I do not know how to correctly interpret Hilbert's Irreducibility theorem
with Galois group as my aim.
Here $K$ is a number field (or simply $\mathbf{Q}$).
Scenario 1: Take a field $L$ that is a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Algorithm for determining whether two polynomials have the same splitting field

This question asks how to tell whether two cubic polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}$ have the same splitting field. There are several answers to the question, but they don't include proofs. ...

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**2**answers

942 views

### Profinite groups as étale fundamental groups

Does every profinite group arise as the étale fundamental group of a connected scheme?
Equivalently, does every Galois category arise as the category of finite étale covers of a connected scheme?
...

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votes

**2**answers

682 views

### Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...

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votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### On a theorem of Galois

I am currently teaching Galois theory and this week, I mentioned the following theorem of Galois :
Let $P(x) \in \mathbf{Q}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of prime degree. Then $P$ is solvable by ...

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**2**answers

169 views

### power sums are enough for rationality? [closed]

If I have k algebraic integers like a_1, ..., a_k such that the sum of their n-power are integer for n=1, ...m
can we deduce that a_1, ..., a_k are integers? how large m should be? (how many power ...

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votes

**1**answer

615 views

### When does a polynomial split over Q?

If P(x) is a polynomial in Q[X], is there any iff theorem that states all the roots of P(x) are rational based on the coefficients?!
In another words, what could you impose on the coefficients to ...

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votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Does this isomorphism between Galois groups hold for transcendental extensions?

Suppose $L/K$ and $M/K$ are algebraic extensions of a field $K$, such that $L\cap M=K$, and $L/K$ is a normal extension. It is well-known that, with these conditions, we have:
$$\text{Gal}(L/K)\cong ...

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votes

**1**answer

356 views

### is there any bound on the absolute number of algebraic integer in terms of its degree?

If Z is a sum of t distinct roots of unity and |Z| is a rational integer, can someone find a bound on |Z| in terms of k=deg(Q(Z):Q))?
Clearly we need to have distinct roots of unity otherwise this ...

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769 views

### Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Solving z^n=a+ib using only radicals of positive real numbers

Let $a+bi\in\mathbf{C}$ be a complex number with $a,b\in\mathbf{R}$. Then
it is easy to find exact solutions of $z^2=a+ib$. For example let $z=u+iv$. Then
$$
u^2+v^2=z\overline{z}=\sqrt{a^2+b^2}
$$
...

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votes

**2**answers

437 views

### Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...

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votes

**1**answer

310 views

### A cubic polynomial which contains a linear factor with irreducible residual quadratic form

Let $f(x)\in\mathbb{Z}[x_{1},\dots,x_{n}]$ be a cubic homogeneous polynomial, which factors as $f(x)=g(x)h(x)$ over $\mathbb{C}$ with $\mathrm{deg}(g)=1$ and $h$ irreducible over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume ...

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776 views

### A polynomial whose galois group is D_8 [closed]

I need to construct such a polynomial, and more generally: given a group G, how can it be realized as a galois group?

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94 views

### Explicit defining equations for the Leopoldt locus

Let $F$ be a number field, which we assume for simplicity to be Galois and totally real. Set $\mathcal{O}_p=\mathcal{O}_F\otimes_{\mathbf{Z}}\mathbf{Z}_p$. The norm map on $\mathcal{O}_F$ extends ...

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votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Is there a subfield $F$ of $\mathbb{R}$ such that $\mathbb{R}$ is a finite algebraic extension of $F$. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Examples of algebraic closures of finite index
The question is in the title.
I can prove that if such field $F$ exist then the extension $\mathbb{R}/F$ cannot be of degree $...

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votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Forcing as a new chapter of Galois Theory

There is a (very) long essay by Grothendieck with the ominous title La Longue Marche à travers la théorie de Galois (The Long March through Galois Theory). As usual, Grothendieck knew what he was ...

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355 views

### Galois groups and braid groups [closed]

Braid group can be viewed as a symmetry group with a "one more dimension to pass through". Is there any "Galois theory", where the braid groups plays analoguos role as a symmetry groups in a native ...

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845 views

### $2$-categorical structure in Grothendieck's Galois Theory

Grothendieck's Galois Theory, as developed in SGA I, V.4, or very gently in Lenstra's notes, establishes an equivalence between profinite groups and Galois categories. We can put this into the ...

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votes

**2**answers

1k views

### non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$.
Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that
$G/K$ is free of ...

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**1**answer

163 views

### Rationality conditions for determining Galois groups

Let $F$ be a field and $h \in F[x]$ be an irreducible, degree $n$ monic polynomial. Let $G$ denote the Galois group of $h$.
It is well known that $G \subset A_n $ if and only if the discriminant of $...

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votes

**1**answer

768 views

### The Galois group and relations among the roots of a polynomial

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial of degree $n$, and let $\alpha_1, \alpha_2, ... , \alpha_n \in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the $n$ distinct roots of $f(x)$.
Following ...

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votes

**1**answer

787 views

### Solving polynomial equations in radicals provided all roots are rational

This question is related to this question of Joseph O'Rourke and this question of mine.
Question. Let $f$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients. Suppose that all roots of $f$ are rational. ...

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votes

**1**answer

378 views

### Proof of a Simple Converse in Algebraic Number Theory

If $L/K$ is a Galois extension, then any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $K$ splits into a product ${\mathfrak P}_1^e\cdots {\mathfrak P}_g^e$ of primes in $L$, and the exponents on the primes are equal since ...

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votes

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547 views

### Octic family with Galois group of order 1344?

Does the octic,
$\tag{1} x^8+3x^7-15x^6-29x^5+79x^4+61x^3+29x+16 = nx^2$
for any constant n have Galois group of order 1344? Its discriminant D is a perfect square,
$D = (1728n^4-341901n^3-...

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1k views

### Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra and cosmic Galois group

Hi,
I'm interested in the relation between the two following constructions motivated by renormalization:
Connes-Kreimer gives an interpretation of the renormalization procedure in the framework of ...

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votes

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2k views

### Solubility of the quintic?

Over the p-adics, every Galois group is solvable. Does this imply that the quintic (and higher-order polynomials for that matter) can be solved by radicals over $\mathbb{Q}_p$?
EDIT: The original ...

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votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...

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2k views

### Automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}$

Is it true that $G_{\mathbb{Q}}$, the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$, is a subgroup of $Aut(\mathbb{C})$ ?
Or a simpler question: can any automorphism of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be extended to ...

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vote

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194 views

### $f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)$ Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of inputs?

$\alpha _n=e^{2 \pi i/n}$
$$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)=(x_1+\alpha _n x_2+ \alpha _n ^2 x_3+\cdots+\alpha _n ^{n-1} x_n)^n$$
Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of inputs?...

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2k views

### Example of an algebraic number of degree 4 that is not constructible

The number $b:=\frac{\sqrt{2a}+\sqrt{4\sqrt{a^2-3}-2a}}{2}$ with
$a:=\frac{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}{2}+\frac{2}{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}$ is a root of the irreducible polynomial $x^4-6x+...

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votes

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830 views

### For which fields is the inverse Galois problem known?

The inverse Galois problem is known for (or in Jarden's and Fried's terminology, the following fields are universally admissible) function fields over henselian fields (like $\mathbb{Q}_p(x)$); ...

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713 views

### Can roots of any polynomial be expressed using Eulerian function?

I encountered an interesting function which is called "Eulerian" by the Wolfram's MathWorld:
$$\phi(q)=\prod_{k=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{k})$$
It is interesting because it is claimed that roots of any ...

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**1**answer

389 views

### What is the relation of the absolute Galois group and classical profinite groups?

Consider the absolute Galois group $G = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}: \mathbb{Q})$ and $G_p = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}_p}: \mathbb{Q}_p)$.
Abelian class field theory gives us for the ...

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vote

**4**answers

926 views

### Explicit element in free group which is killed by every solvable quotient

The free group on two generators $F_2=\langle x,y|\rangle$ is the fundamental group of $\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)\setminus\{0,1,\infty\}$. Now, there are plenty of galois covers of this space whose ...

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votes

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952 views

### Is every finite group a quotient of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group?

The Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture asserts that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\mathbb{Q})$ is isomorphic to the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. I was wondering, would this conjecture imply the ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### minimal polynomials of trig functions of ($k \pi/p$) and divisibility of coefficients by p

Take an odd prime $p$ and put $x_0:=\sum\limits_{j=0}^{p-1}\left(a_{j}\sqrt{p}\cos\dfrac{j\pi}p+b_{j}\sin\dfrac{j\pi}p +c_{j}\tan\dfrac{j\pi}p\right)$, where the $a_{ij}$ are integers. If $f$ denotes ...

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783 views

### Cubic polynomials with “nice” roots, which can be expressed by trig functions of rational angles

Consider the cubic polynomial $x^3-ax+b$ for $a,b\in\mathbb N$.
It has three real roots which, by Cardano's formula, can of course be written in closed form using thirds of angles or cube roots of ...

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308 views

### Cutting and pasting in Galois theory

I want to ask who was the first to use cut-paste construction in Galois theory.
This question is motivated from the trend in contemporary Galois theory to use patching methods to construct Galois ...

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vote

**1**answer

212 views

### Is the other extreme of Hilbert Irreducibility true?

Let $K$ be a number field (or perhaps more generally a Hilbertian field). Let $X_K\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1_K$ be a regular (i.e. without extension of scalars) $G$-Galois branched cover. Hilbert's ...

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789 views

### Symplectic groups $Sp_{2m}(2)$ as $2$-transitive permutation (i.e. Galois) groups

I am looking for information about the symplectic groups $Sp_{2m}(2)$ as permutation group acting on quadratic forms.
Consider the block matrices
$$e=\begin{pmatrix}0&1\\0&0\end{pmatrix}, \...

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**1**answer

2k views

### “The Galois group of $\pi$ is $\mathbb{Z}$.”

Last year, in a talk of Michel Waldschmidt's, I remember hearing a statement along the lines of the title of this question, that is, "The Galois group of $\pi$ is $\mathbb{Z}$.". In what sense/...

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**1**answer

234 views

### The image of generator under an automorphism of a cyclic function field

I'm reading the proof of Lemma 4.1 [1] which says:
"Let $F = K(x,y), y^q = f(x)$, where $q$ is a prime different from characteristic of $K$.
Let $Z := Gal(F/K(x))$ and we have $Z < G < Aut(F/K)$...

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### A question related to Hilbert's Irreducibility Theorem

My question is whether for every extension of number fields $L\subset K$, and for every $f_0(x),...,f_n(x)$ in $K[x]$, there is some $\alpha\in L$ such that $$f_n(\alpha)T^n+...+f_1(\alpha)T+f_0(\...

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2k views

### Solving the cubic by “radicals” in characteristics 2 and 3

This question has no justification other than a bit of fun.
We all know that the cubic is solvable by "radicals" ($\root2\of{}$ and $\root3\of{}$) in characteristics $\neq2,3$. The formula was ...

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votes

**3**answers

997 views

### Can we always find such an irreducible polynomial of degree n where degree(p(x)-x^n)<= n/2?

Consider unitary polynomials of degree $n$ over $GF(2)$. That is, polynomials of the form $p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n a_i x^i$ where $a_i\in GF(2)$ and $a_n=1$.
Can we always find such an irreducible ...

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1k views

### Constructive proof of algebraic elements forming a subfield

Let $F \leqslant E$ be a field extension.
If $a, b \in E$ are algebraic over $F$ then $a+b$ and $ab$ are algebraic as well. There is an short proof of this using the extension $E(a,b)$:
$[E(a,b):E]$ ...

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2k views

### Galois theory for polynomials in several variables

I feel a bit ashamed to ask the following question here.
What is (actually, is there) Galois
theory for polynomials in
$n$-variables for $n\geq2$?
I am preparing a large audience talk on ...