The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
291 views

Galois descent for semilinear endomorphisms

Let $K \subset L$ be a finite Galois extension, $\sigma$ an automorphism of $L$ (not necessarily fixing $K$) and let $E$ be a finite-dimensional vector space over $L$ together with an $\sigma$-linear ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

Hurwitz's construction of simple covers

What is commonly meant by Hurwitz's construction of simple covers?
0
votes
0answers
80 views

solvablity for some polynomial

We know that if F is a field which ch(F)=0,p(x) is a polynomial with coefficient of F,then p(x)root solvablity if and only if the Galois group of p(x) is solvablity .Here I want to know if the ...
3
votes
0answers
158 views

Correspondences of schemes induced by a finite Galois extension

I am trying to do the first exercises of the Mazza-Voevodsky-Weibel book Lecture Notes on Motivic Cohomology, which are some elementary results about correspondences between schemes. Recall that if ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Multiple eigenvalues over imperfect fields

Let $K$ be a field. For a matrix $A\in GL_n(K)$ we can find the Jordan normal form $A'$ in $GL_n(\overline{K})$, where $\overline{K}$ is the algebraic closure of $K$. We write $j_\alpha(A)$ for the ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

How does an irreducible polynomial of prime power order split over an extension of prime power degree

I asked this question in a similar form on math.se here, where it has been unanswered for a little over a week some work on it can be found there. The motivation for this question was another ...
5
votes
2answers
725 views

why are subextensions of Galois extensions also Galois?

Generally a Galois extension is defined to be an algebraic extension that is also normal & separable. It is then shown that in the sequence of field extensions $L|M|K$ if $L|K$ is Galois then ...
3
votes
0answers
281 views

Primitive Elements for $S_n$ Galois Extensions?

This is an offshoot of my other question two days ago. How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem? But it is of independent interest. Solutions of Inverse Galois Problem for a finite group ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem?

I do not know how to correctly interpret Hilbert's Irreducibility theorem with Galois group as my aim. Here $K$ is a number field (or simply $\mathbf{Q}$). Scenario 1: Take a field $L$ that is a ...
5
votes
1answer
452 views

Algorithm for determining whether two polynomials have the same splitting field

This question asks how to tell whether two cubic polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}$ have the same splitting field. There are several answers to the question, but they don't include proofs. ...
21
votes
2answers
766 views

Profinite groups as étale fundamental groups

Does every profinite group arise as the étale fundamental group of a connected scheme? Equivalently, does every Galois category arise as the category of finite étale covers of a connected scheme? ...
6
votes
2answers
577 views

Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

On a theorem of Galois

I am currently teaching Galois theory and this week, I mentioned the following theorem of Galois : Let $P(x) \in \mathbf{Q}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of prime degree. Then $P$ is solvable by ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

power sums are enough for rationality? [closed]

If I have k algebraic integers like a_1, ..., a_k such that the sum of their n-power are integer for n=1, ...m can we deduce that a_1, ..., a_k are integers? how large m should be? (how many power ...
3
votes
1answer
500 views

When does a polynomial split over Q?

If P(x) is a polynomial in Q[X], is there any iff theorem that states all the roots of P(x) are rational based on the coefficients?! In another words, what could you impose on the coefficients to ...
0
votes
1answer
394 views

Does this isomorphism between Galois groups hold for transcendental extensions?

Suppose $L/K$ and $M/K$ are algebraic extensions of a field $K$, such that $L\cap M=K$, and $L/K$ is a normal extension. It is well-known that, with these conditions, we have: $$\text{Gal}(L/K)\cong ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

is there any bound on the absolute number of algebraic integer in terms of its degree?

If Z is a sum of t distinct roots of unity and |Z| is a rational integer, can someone find a bound on |Z| in terms of k=deg(Q(Z):Q))? Clearly we need to have distinct roots of unity otherwise this ...
17
votes
0answers
686 views

Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...
4
votes
3answers
850 views

Solving z^n=a+ib using only radicals of positive real numbers

Let $a+bi\in\mathbf{C}$ be a complex number with $a,b\in\mathbf{R}$. Then it is easy to find exact solutions of $z^2=a+ib$. For example let $z=u+iv$. Then $$ u^2+v^2=z\overline{z}=\sqrt{a^2+b^2} $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
349 views

Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

A cubic polynomial which contains a linear factor with irreducible residual quadratic form

Let $f(x)\in\mathbb{Z}[x_{1},\dots,x_{n}]$ be a cubic homogeneous polynomial, which factors as $f(x)=g(x)h(x)$ over $\mathbb{C}$ with $\mathrm{deg}(g)=1$ and $h$ irreducible over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume ...
1
vote
3answers
741 views

A polynomial whose galois group is D_8 [closed]

I need to construct such a polynomial, and more generally: given a group G, how can it be realized as a galois group?
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Explicit defining equations for the Leopoldt locus

Let $F$ be a number field, which we assume for simplicity to be Galois and totally real. Set $\mathcal{O}_p=\mathcal{O}_F\otimes_{\mathbf{Z}}\mathbf{Z}_p$. The norm map on $\mathcal{O}_F$ extends ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Is there a subfield $F$ of $\mathbb{R}$ such that $\mathbb{R}$ is a finite algebraic extension of $F$. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Examples of algebraic closures of finite index The question is in the title. I can prove that if such field $F$ exist then the extension $\mathbb{R}/F$ cannot be of ...
42
votes
3answers
2k views

Forcing as a new chapter of Galois Theory

There is a (very) long essay by Grothendieck with the ominous title La Longue Marche à travers la théorie de Galois (The Long March through Galois Theory). As usual, Grothendieck knew what he was ...
3
votes
0answers
321 views

Galois groups and braid groups [closed]

Braid group can be viewed as a symmetry group with a "one more dimension to pass through". Is there any "Galois theory", where the braid groups plays analoguos role as a symmetry groups in a native ...
15
votes
2answers
760 views

$2$-categorical structure in Grothendieck's Galois Theory

Grothendieck's Galois Theory, as developed in SGA I, V.4, or very gently in Lenstra's notes, establishes an equivalence between profinite groups and Galois categories. We can put this into the ...
4
votes
2answers
943 views

non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$. Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that $G/K$ is free of ...
7
votes
1answer
151 views

Rationality conditions for determining Galois groups

Let $F$ be a field and $h \in F[x]$ be an irreducible, degree $n$ monic polynomial. Let $G$ denote the Galois group of $h$. It is well known that $G \subset A_n $ if and only if the discriminant of ...
2
votes
1answer
664 views

The Galois group and relations among the roots of a polynomial

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial of degree $n$, and let $\alpha_1, \alpha_2, ... , \alpha_n \in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the $n$ distinct roots of $f(x)$. Following ...
2
votes
1answer
587 views

Solving polynomial equations in radicals provided all roots are rational

This question is related to this question of Joseph O'Rourke and this question of mine. Question. Let $f$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients. Suppose that all roots of $f$ are rational. ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Proof of a Simple Converse in Algebraic Number Theory

If $L/K$ is a Galois extension, then any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $K$ splits into a product ${\mathfrak P}_1^e\cdots {\mathfrak P}_g^e$ of primes in $L$, and the exponents on the primes are equal since ...
5
votes
3answers
519 views

Octic family with Galois group of order 1344?

Does the octic, $\tag{1} x^8+3x^7-15x^6-29x^5+79x^4+61x^3+29x+16 = nx^2$ for any constant n have Galois group of order 1344? Its discriminant D is a perfect square, $D = ...
16
votes
1answer
903 views

Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra and cosmic Galois group

Hi, I'm interested in the relation between the two following constructions motivated by renormalization: Connes-Kreimer gives an interpretation of the renormalization procedure in the framework of ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Solubility of the quintic?

Over the p-adics, every Galois group is solvable. Does this imply that the quintic (and higher-order polynomials for that matter) can be solved by radicals over $\mathbb{Q}_p$? EDIT: The original ...
4
votes
2answers
341 views

Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}$

Is it true that $G_{\mathbb{Q}}$, the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$, is a subgroup of $Aut(\mathbb{C})$ ? Or a simpler question: can any automorphism of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be extended to ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)$ Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of inputs?

$\alpha _n=e^{2 \pi i/n}$ $$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)=(x_1+\alpha _n x_2+ \alpha _n ^2 x_3+\cdots+\alpha _n ^{n-1} x_n)^n$$ Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Example of an algebraic number of degree 4 that is not constructible

The number $b:=\frac{\sqrt{2a}+\sqrt{4\sqrt{a^2-3}-2a}}{2}$ with $a:=\frac{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}{2}+\frac{2}{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}$ is a root of the irreducible polynomial ...
7
votes
1answer
704 views

For which fields is the inverse Galois problem known?

The inverse Galois problem is known for (or in Jarden's and Fried's terminology, the following fields are universally admissible) function fields over henselian fields (like $\mathbb{Q}_p(x)$); ...
7
votes
1answer
621 views

Can roots of any polynomial be expressed using Eulerian function?

I encountered an interesting function which is called "Eulerian" by the Wolfram's MathWorld: $$\phi(q)=\prod_{k=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{k})$$ It is interesting because it is claimed that roots of any ...
3
votes
1answer
346 views

What is the relation of the absolute Galois group and classical profinite groups?

Consider the absolute Galois group $G = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}: \mathbb{Q})$ and $G_p = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}_p}: \mathbb{Q}_p)$. Abelian class field theory gives us for the ...
1
vote
4answers
683 views

Explicit element in free group which is killed by every solvable quotient

The free group on two generators $F_2=\langle x,y|\rangle$ is the fundamental group of $\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)\setminus\{0,1,\infty\}$. Now, there are plenty of galois covers of this space whose ...
8
votes
1answer
902 views

Is every finite group a quotient of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group?

The Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture asserts that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\mathbb{Q})$ is isomorphic to the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. I was wondering, would this conjecture imply the ...
4
votes
1answer
896 views

minimal polynomials of trig functions of ($k \pi/p$) and divisibility of coefficients by p

Take an odd prime $p$ and put $x_0:=\sum\limits_{j=0}^{p-1}\left(a_{j}\sqrt{p}\cos\dfrac{j\pi}p+b_{j}\sin\dfrac{j\pi}p +c_{j}\tan\dfrac{j\pi}p\right)$, where the $a_{ij}$ are integers. If $f$ denotes ...
2
votes
0answers
672 views

Cubic polynomials with “nice” roots, which can be expressed by trig functions of rational angles

Consider the cubic polynomial $x^3-ax+b$ for $a,b\in\mathbb N$. It has three real roots which, by Cardano's formula, can of course be written in closed form using thirds of angles or cube roots of ...
5
votes
0answers
271 views

Cutting and pasting in Galois theory

I want to ask who was the first to use cut-paste construction in Galois theory. This question is motivated from the trend in contemporary Galois theory to use patching methods to construct Galois ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Is the other extreme of Hilbert Irreducibility true?

Let $K$ be a number field (or perhaps more generally a Hilbertian field). Let $X_K\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1_K$ be a regular (i.e. without extension of scalars) $G$-Galois branched cover. Hilbert's ...
4
votes
1answer
501 views

Symplectic groups Sp_{2m}(2) as 2-transitive permutation (i.e. Galois) groups

Hello, I am looking for information about the symplectic groups $Sp_{2m}(2)$ as permutation group acting on quadratic forms. Consider the block matrices ...