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8
votes
1answer
504 views

Galois group of constructible numbers

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the field of constructible numbers, that is, the complex numbers constructible by compass and straightedge. It can be shown that it consists of all the numbers obtainable by ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

IGP for non-fixed ground field

I have an assignment to show the known result that any finite group occurs as Galois group of $k(x_1,...,x_n)/F$ for some field $F$. This seems like an insurmountable task to be given in a first ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

The Galois extension of semi-local rings

How to get a Galois extension of the commutative semi-local ring $R=\mathbb{F}_2+v\mathbb{F}_2$, where $v^2=v$. The Galois extension of $R$ of degree $d$ is $\mathbb{F}_a+v\mathbb{F}_a$ where $a=2^d$ ...
10
votes
2answers
546 views

Embeddings of finite groups into GL(n,Q_p)

This question is inspired by some interesting comments on this recent question. Fix an integer $n \geq 1$ and a finite subgroup $G$ of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbf{C})$. It is known that there are ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

Is there a nice criterion for when the splitting fields of two irreducible polynomials are equal?

This question is a bit vague, but I was wondering if someone might have an insightful answer. Let $f_1$ and $f_2$ be irreducible polynomials in $\mathbb{Q}[x]$. Is there an easy criterion for knowing ...
2
votes
0answers
433 views

Books on advanced galois theory

I have been studying galois theory on my own and find it very fascinating. I have gone through Ian Stewarts book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Galois-Theory-Third-Chapman-Mathematics/dp/1584883936. I am ...
0
votes
0answers
223 views

Notation Problem, Fixed Rings and Fields

I am trying to make sense of the notation and certain sets in two articles by Annick Valibouze whose results I'm using for my bachelor's thesis, I hope it's relevant enough to merit an answer. In ...
1
vote
1answer
277 views

Galois descent for semilinear endomorphisms

Let $K \subset L$ be a finite Galois extension, $\sigma$ an automorphism of $L$ (not necessarily fixing $K$) and let $E$ be a finite-dimensional vector space over $L$ together with an $\sigma$-linear ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Hurwitz's construction of simple covers

What is commonly meant by Hurwitz's construction of simple covers?
0
votes
0answers
73 views

solvablity for some polynomial

We know that if F is a field which ch(F)=0,p(x) is a polynomial with coefficient of F,then p(x)root solvablity if and only if the Galois group of p(x) is solvablity .Here I want to know if the ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Correspondences of schemes induced by a finite Galois extension

I am trying to do the first exercises of the Mazza-Voevodsky-Weibel book Lecture Notes on Motivic Cohomology, which are some elementary results about correspondences between schemes. Recall that if ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Multiple eigenvalues over imperfect fields

Let $K$ be a field. For a matrix $A\in GL_n(K)$ we can find the Jordan normal form $A'$ in $GL_n(\overline{K})$, where $\overline{K}$ is the algebraic closure of $K$. We write $j_\alpha(A)$ for the ...
4
votes
1answer
327 views

How does an irreducible polynomial of prime power order split over an extension of prime power degree

I asked this question in a similar form on math.se here, where it has been unanswered for a little over a week some work on it can be found there. The motivation for this question was another ...
5
votes
2answers
711 views

why are subextensions of Galois extensions also Galois?

Generally a Galois extension is defined to be an algebraic extension that is also normal & separable. It is then shown that in the sequence of field extensions $L|M|K$ if $L|K$ is Galois then ...
3
votes
0answers
252 views

Primitive Elements for $S_n$ Galois Extensions?

This is an offshoot of my other question two days ago. How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem? But it is of independent interest. Solutions of Inverse Galois Problem for a finite group ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem?

I do not know how to correctly interpret Hilbert's Irreducibility theorem with Galois group as my aim. Here $K$ is a number field (or simply $\mathbf{Q}$). Scenario 1: Take a field $L$ that is a ...
5
votes
1answer
424 views

Algorithm for determining whether two polynomials have the same splitting field

This question asks how to tell whether two cubic polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}$ have the same splitting field. There are several answers to the question, but they don't include proofs. ...
21
votes
2answers
713 views

Profinite groups as étale fundamental groups

Does every profinite group arise as the étale fundamental group of a connected scheme? Equivalently, does every Galois category arise as the category of finite étale covers of a connected scheme? ...
6
votes
2answers
543 views

Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...
15
votes
1answer
947 views

On a theorem of Galois

I am currently teaching Galois theory and this week, I mentioned the following theorem of Galois : Let $P(x) \in \mathbf{Q}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of prime degree. Then $P$ is solvable by ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

power sums are enough for rationality? [closed]

If I have k algebraic integers like a_1, ..., a_k such that the sum of their n-power are integer for n=1, ...m can we deduce that a_1, ..., a_k are integers? how large m should be? (how many power ...
3
votes
1answer
469 views

When does a polynomial split over Q?

If P(x) is a polynomial in Q[X], is there any iff theorem that states all the roots of P(x) are rational based on the coefficients?! In another words, what could you impose on the coefficients to ...
0
votes
1answer
365 views

Does this isomorphism between Galois groups hold for transcendental extensions?

Suppose $L/K$ and $M/K$ are algebraic extensions of a field $K$, such that $L\cap M=K$, and $L/K$ is a normal extension. It is well-known that, with these conditions, we have: $$\text{Gal}(L/K)\cong ...
2
votes
1answer
330 views

is there any bound on the absolute number of algebraic integer in terms of its degree?

If Z is a sum of t distinct roots of unity and |Z| is a rational integer, can someone find a bound on |Z| in terms of k=deg(Q(Z):Q))? Clearly we need to have distinct roots of unity otherwise this ...
17
votes
0answers
654 views

Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...
4
votes
2answers
563 views

Solving z^n=a+ib using only radicals of positive real numbers

Let $a+bi\in\mathbf{C}$ be a complex number with $a,b\in\mathbf{R}$. Then it is easy to find exact solutions of $z^2=a+ib$. For example let $z=u+iv$. Then $$ u^2+v^2=z\overline{z}=\sqrt{a^2+b^2} $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

A cubic polynomial which contains a linear factor with irreducible residual quadratic form

Let $f(x)\in\mathbb{Z}[x_{1},\dots,x_{n}]$ be a cubic homogeneous polynomial, which factors as $f(x)=g(x)h(x)$ over $\mathbb{C}$ with $\mathrm{deg}(g)=1$ and $h$ irreducible over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume ...
1
vote
3answers
672 views

A polynomial whose galois group is D_8 [closed]

I need to construct such a polynomial, and more generally: given a group G, how can it be realized as a galois group?
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Explicit defining equations for the Leopoldt locus

Let $F$ be a number field, which we assume for simplicity to be Galois and totally real. Set $\mathcal{O}_p=\mathcal{O}_F\otimes_{\mathbf{Z}}\mathbf{Z}_p$. The norm map on $\mathcal{O}_F$ extends ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Is there a subfield $F$ of $\mathbb{R}$ such that $\mathbb{R}$ is a finite algebraic extension of $F$. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Examples of algebraic closures of finite index The question is in the title. I can prove that if such field $F$ exist then the extension $\mathbb{R}/F$ cannot be of ...
41
votes
3answers
2k views

Forcing as a new chapter of Galois Theory

There is a (very) long essay by Grothendieck with the ominous title La Longue Marche à travers la théorie de Galois (The Long March through Galois Theory). As usual, Grothendieck knew what he was ...
3
votes
0answers
302 views

Galois groups and braid groups [closed]

Braid group can be viewed as a symmetry group with a "one more dimension to pass through". Is there any "Galois theory", where the braid groups plays analoguos role as a symmetry groups in a native ...
15
votes
2answers
739 views

$2$-categorical structure in Grothendieck's Galois Theory

Grothendieck's Galois Theory, as developed in SGA I, V.4, or very gently in Lenstra's notes, establishes an equivalence between profinite groups and Galois categories. We can put this into the ...
4
votes
2answers
934 views

non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$. Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that $G/K$ is free of ...
7
votes
1answer
145 views

Rationality conditions for determining Galois groups

Let $F$ be a field and $h \in F[x]$ be an irreducible, degree $n$ monic polynomial. Let $G$ denote the Galois group of $h$. It is well known that $G \subset A_n $ if and only if the discriminant of ...
2
votes
1answer
574 views

The Galois group and relations among the roots of a polynomial

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial of degree $n$, and let $\alpha_1, \alpha_2, ... , \alpha_n \in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the $n$ distinct roots of $f(x)$. Following ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Solving polynomial equations in radicals provided all roots are rational

This question is related to this question of Joseph O'Rourke and this question of mine. Question. Let $f$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients. Suppose that all roots of $f$ are rational. ...
3
votes
1answer
339 views

Proof of a Simple Converse in Algebraic Number Theory

If $L/K$ is a Galois extension, then any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $K$ splits into a product ${\mathfrak P}_1^e\cdots {\mathfrak P}_g^e$ of primes in $L$, and the exponents on the primes are equal since ...
4
votes
3answers
487 views

Octic family with Galois group of order 1344?

Does the octic, $\tag{1} x^8+3x^7-15x^6-29x^5+79x^4+61x^3+29x+16 = nx^2$ for any constant n have Galois group of order 1344? Its discriminant D is a perfect square, $D = ...
16
votes
1answer
788 views

Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra and cosmic Galois group

Hi, I'm interested in the relation between the two following constructions motivated by renormalization: Connes-Kreimer gives an interpretation of the renormalization procedure in the framework of ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Solubility of the quintic?

Over the p-adics, every Galois group is solvable. Does this imply that the quintic (and higher-order polynomials for that matter) can be solved by radicals over $\mathbb{Q}_p$? EDIT: The original ...
4
votes
2answers
334 views

Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}$

Is it true that $G_{\mathbb{Q}}$, the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$, is a subgroup of $Aut(\mathbb{C})$ ? Or a simpler question: can any automorphism of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be extended to ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)$ Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of inputs?

$\alpha _n=e^{2 \pi i/n}$ $$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)=(x_1+\alpha _n x_2+ \alpha _n ^2 x_3+\cdots+\alpha _n ^{n-1} x_n)^n$$ Maximum how many different results can have with all permutation of ...
4
votes
1answer
963 views

Example of an algebraic number of degree 4 that is not constructible

The number $b:=\frac{\sqrt{2a}+\sqrt{4\sqrt{a^2-3}-2a}}{2}$ with $a:=\frac{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}{2}+\frac{2}{\sqrt[3]{18+2\cdot\sqrt{65}}}$ is a root of the irreducible polynomial ...
6
votes
1answer
638 views

For which fields is the inverse Galois problem known?

The inverse Galois problem is known for (or in Jarden's and Fried's terminology, the following fields are universally admissible) function fields over henselian fields (like $\mathbb{Q}_p(x)$); ...
6
votes
1answer
533 views

Can roots of any polynomial be expressed using Eulerian function?

I encountered an interesting function which is called "Eulerian" by the Wolfram's MathWorld: $$\phi(q)=\prod_{k=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{k})$$ It is interesting because it is claimed that roots of any ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

What is the relation of the absolute Galois group and classical profinite groups?

Consider the absolute Galois group $G = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}: \mathbb{Q})$ and $G_p = \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}_p}: \mathbb{Q}_p)$. Abelian class field theory gives us for the ...