**56**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### What are the local Langlands conjectures nowadays, for connected reductive groups over a $p$-adic field?

Let me stress that I am only interested in $p$-adic fields in this question, for reasons that will become clear later. Let me also stress that in some sense I am basically assuming that the reader ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What are the possible motivic Galois groups over $\mathbb Q$?

Let $E$ be a motive over $\mathbb Q$. (I should precise, that by a motive I mean
here a pure motive over $\mathbb Q$, with coefficients in $\mathbb Q$, that I see here as a conjectural object which ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Modern proof of Serre's open image theorem?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $K$ without complex multiplication. Serre's open image theorem (which appears in his book 'Abelian $l$-Adic Representations and Elliptic ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

5k views

### Fontaine-Mazur for GL_1

For any number field $K$, the Fontaine-Mazur conjecture predicts that any potentially semistable $p$-adic representation of the absolute Galois group $G_K$ of $K$ that is almost everywhere unramified ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does the image of a p-adic Galois representation always lie in a finite extension?

I have been looking at Serre's conjecture and noticed that there are two conventions in the literature for a p-adic representation $\rho:\mbox{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)\to \mbox{GL}(n,V).$ In ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Elementary Aspects of Galois Deformation

Galois deformations are an important tool in Wiles' arsenal
for proving FLT. Are there any more elementary aspects (I'm
thinking of 1-dimensional Galois representations attached to
number fields) ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

7k views

### Introductory text on Galois representations

Could someone please recommend a good introductory text on Galois representations? In particular, something that might help with reading Serre's "Abelian l-Adic Representations and Elliptic Curves" ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### One dimensional (phi,Gamma)-modules in char p

I would like to better understand the simplest case of the correspondence between Galois representations and (phi,Gamma)-modules. Namely, consider 1-dimensional Galois representations of $G_{Q_p}$ ...

**20**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Where can I find a comprehensive list of equations for small genus modular curves?

Does there exist anywhere a comprehensive list of small genus modular curves $X_G$, for G a subgroup of GL(2,Z/(n))$? (say genus <= 2), together with equations? I'm particularly interested in genus ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question:
Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$.
Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Number theory textbook based on the absolute Galois group?

I've just finished reading Ash and Gross's Fearless Symmetry, a wonderful little pop mathematics book on, among other things, Galois representations. The book made clear a very interesting ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

708 views

### Status of conjectures in Serre's 1969 expose on Galois representations on l-adic cohomology

In
[S]: Serre, Jean-Pierre. Facteurs locaux des fonctions zeta des varietes algebriques (definitions et conjectures), Seminaire Delange-Pisot-Poitou, 1969-70
Serre presents nine conjectures ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

632 views

### Eichler-Shimura over Totally Real Fields

By Eichler-Shimura over totally real fields I mean the following conjecture.
Conjecture. Let $K$ be a totally real field. Let $f$ be a Hilbert eigenform with rational eigenvalues, of parallel weight ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are there Maass forms where the expected Galois representation is $\ell$-adic?

Recall that by theorems of Deligne and Deligne--Serre, there is the following dichotomy:
Modular forms on the upper half plane of level $N$ and weight $k\geq 2$ correspond to representations ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Status of Fontaine-Mazur conjecture

In the language of Richard Taylor's 2004 (extended) ICM article (''Galois Representations'', Annales de la faculté des sciences de Toulouse (2004) Tome XIII, no. 1, 73-119), the conjecture is the ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Fontaine's rings of periods

I've been trying lately to understand Fontaine's rings of periods, $B_{\mathrm{dR}}$, $B_{\mathrm{cris}}$, etc. However, I have a really hard time understanding and appreciating how to think about and ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

891 views

### Special values of Artin L-functions

This question might be naive and might carry the heuristic that we are living in the best possible world a little too far. If so, I appreciate being told so.
Background: Stark's conjecture interprets ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### $p$-adic Langlands correspondence

Basic question: Is it correct that the $p$-adic Langlands correspondence is known for $GL_2$ only over $Q_p$ but not other $p$-adic fields? If so, I would like to request some light to be shed on this ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### If the tensor product of two representations are crystalline, are the original representations crystalline?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of the $p$-adic numbers. Suppose that $V$ and $W$ are two (finite dimensional, $p$-adic) continuous representations of $G_K$. Suppose that $V \otimes W$ is crystalline. ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

383 views

### Local-global principle for split extensions of Galois representations

I guess the following is well-known (and probably follows from Chebotarev's density theorem, but I'm not very comfortable with it):
Define some notation:
$K$ a global field,
$G$ the absolute Galois ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The difficulties in proving modularity lifting theorems over non-totally real fields

First of all, let me apologize in advance for the terseness of this question.
It seems that by now there are well-developed techniques (the "Taylor-Wiles-Kisin" method) for proving modularity lifting ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Galois representations attached to Maass form

So, how does one construct a galois representation from a Maass form?
For a modular cusp eigenform, I am familiar with the work of Eichler-Shimura, Deligne, Deligne-Serre, and realize these are ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Obstructions to descend Galois invariant cycles

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $F$, and $E/F$ - finite Galois extension.
There is an extension of scalars map $CH^\*(X) \to CH^\*(X_E)$. The image lands in the Galois invariant part of ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

966 views

### Is there a Montgomery's conjecture for Dirichlet characters and Artin representations ?

Edit: as GH noticed, the way I tried to state Montgomery's conjecture is wrong. There were some mistakes in the references I used, which compounded with some mistakes of mine, gave a very poor post. ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

777 views

### Why does $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ have a Hodge-Tate structure?

Let $X$ be a variety over a $p$-adic field $K$.
Is there a simple or intuitive explanation of why the $G_K$ representation $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ is Hodge-Tate? More precisely, why do the powers ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

659 views

### Even Galois representations “mod p”

Consider an irreducible $\mathrm{mod}$ $p$ representation:
$$\rho: \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})\to\mathrm{GL}_2(\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p)$$
If $\rho$ is odd, it was conjectured by Serre in ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

983 views

### Representations attached to p-adic modular forms

A theorem of Gouvea and Hida (or rather a consequence of it) states that there exist a Galois representation attached to a $p$-adic eigenform $f$ provided the residual representation attached to a ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### Explicit Chebotarev and Langlands - irreducibility of X^5-X-1 mod primes

Is there an explicit infinite set of primes, modulo which $X^5 - X - 1$ is irreducible?
Since our polynomial's Galois group over $\mathbb{Q}$ is $S_5$, Chebotarev's density theorem implies that ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### What is the classification of characters in $p$-adic Hodge theory?

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $\chi : Gal_K \rightarrow \mathbb{Q}_p^\times$ be a character. I know that $\chi$ is Hodge-Tate of weight $0$ iff $\chi(I_K)$ is finite (by Sen's theory), and that it ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Galois representations attached to newforms

Suppose that $f$ is a weight $k$ newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$ with attached $p$-adic Galois representation $\rho_f$. Denote by $\rho_{f,p}$ the restriction of $\rho_f$ to a decomposition group at $p$. ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

427 views

### Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$.
Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Galois theory and rational points on elliptic curves

I am in search of a concrete example [a concrete elliptic curve in Weierstrass form] of how Galois theory helps to find rational points on an elliptic curve. Chapter VI of Silverman and Tate discusses ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### partition functions and Galois representations?

The recent answer's link to Ono's work makes me ask and wonder if his new results on partition functions tell something about Galois representations? (Hoping that question is not a case of this)

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Period rings for Galois representations

I have some questions concerning period rings for Galois representations.
First, consider the case of $p$-adic representations of the absolute Galois group $G_K$, where $K$ denote a $p$-adic field. ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

371 views

### When is the image of a 2-dim l-adic representation associated to a modular form open

I know the following theorems by Serre:
1, The 2-dim l-adic representation associated to a non-CM elliptic curve is open.
2, The 2-dim l-adic representation associated the weight-12 cusp form ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

631 views

### Are there known cases of the Mumford–Tate conjecture that do not use Abelian varieties?

(For a formulation of the Mumford–Tate conjecture, see below.)
The question
As far as I know, all non-trivial known cases of the Mumford–Tate conjecture more or less depend on the Mumford–Tate ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### About isogeny theorem for elliptic curves

$K$ a number field, $G_K$ its Galois group, $E_1, E_2$ two elliptic curves defined over $K$. The isogeny theorem says that if for some prime number $\ell$, The Tate modules (tensored with ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

825 views

### Is there a “trianguline period ring”, or is one expected?

Consider a finite-dimensional $\mathbf{Q}_p$-vector space $V$ and a continuous representation $\rho : G_{\mathbf{Q}_p} \to \mathrm{GL}(V)$. Fontaine introduced various $\mathbf{Q}_p$-algebras with ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### To what extent are modular parametrizations expected to generalize?

By the Modularity Theorem (a.k.a. the Shimura--Taniyama--Weil Conjecture), if $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\textbf{Q}$ with conductor $N$, then there exists a “modular parametrization” $\psi: X_0(N) ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Why doesn't functoriality immediately imply the modularity theorem?

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve. By the modularity theorem, the prime indexed coefficients of its $L$-function agree with those of a weight $2$ cusp eigenform $f$ with integer coefficients. ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

5k views

### Deligne's letter to Jean-Pierre Serre

I'm looking for another letter of Pierre Deligne, this time to Jean-Pierre Serre (from around 1974 I think), in which he proves that the Galois representation associated to a certain Hecke eigenform ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

746 views

### how irregular can a $p$-adic Galois representation be?

Fix $p>0$ a rational prime, and $K$ an algebraic number field with Galois group $G_K:=Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/K) $. The Fontaine-Mazur conjecture predicts that if $\rho:G_K\rightarrow GL(V)$ is a ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

666 views

### Best bounds toward Serre's uniformity conjecture

If $E$ is a non-CM elliptic curve over $Q$, then it is a famous theorem of Serre
that there is some integer $M(E)$ such that for any prime $\ell > M(E)$, the image of the
Galois representations ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### Galois action on one-dimensional quotients of l-adic cohomology

Let $A$ be an abelian variety of dimension $g$ over a number field $K$, and $\ell$ be a rational prime. Suppose that the Galois action on the $\ell$-adic cohomology $H^k(A, \mathbb{Z}_\ell) ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

925 views

### Serre's Open Image Theorem Without Shafarevich's Theorem

In Abelian l-adic Representations and Elliptic Curves (1968), J. P. Serre showed that the adelic representation $$\rho_{E}\colon G_K \to \mathrm{GL}(\hat{\mathbb{Z}}^2)$$ associated to an elliptic ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

720 views

### Potential semi-stability of etale cohomology of etale covers.

Let $\mathbf{Q}_p$ denote the field of $p$-adic numbers.
Suppose that $K/\mathbf{Q}_p$ is a finite extension, and let $O_K$ denote the ring of integers of $K$. Suppose that $X$ is proper over $O_K$, ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Is there literature on approaching semisimplicity of l-adic cohomology using vanishing cycles

Let $K$ be a finitely generated field, and $X/K$ a smooth proper variety. Let $G$ denote the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{K}/K)$. Let $\ell$ be a prime different from $\mathrm{char}(K)$. A ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is the etymology for the term conductor?

This is related to the previous question of how to define a conductor of an elliptic curve or a Galois representation.
What motivated the use of the word "conductor" in the first place?
A friend ...