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### Explicitly describing a two-dimensional reducible representation of G_{Q_p}

Let $j$ be some integer which is neither 0 nor 1. The Galois cohomology space $H^1({\mathbb Q}_p,{\mathbb Q}_p(j))$ is then 1-dimensional, and thus there is a unique non-split 2-dimensional local ...

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### Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...

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### Serre's conjecture for mod-p^n representations?

I think this may be a silly question, but here goes. Let $\rho:\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})\to \mathrm{GL}_2(\overline{\mathbf{F}_p})$ be a representation; say $\rho$ is of S-type ...

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### Are Kato's zeta elements integral?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $T$ the $p$-adic Tate module of $E$. Kato's Euler system, constructed in the paper "P-adic Hodge theory and values of zeta functions of modular ...

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### Can an etale (phi, Gamma) module be an extension of non-etale ones?

This question is about p-adic representations of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p / \mathbb{Q}_p)$ and $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-modules. By theorems of Fontaine, Cherbonnier-Colmez and Kedlaya, the ...

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### About isogeny theorem for elliptic curves

$K$ a number field, $G_K$ its Galois group, $E_1, E_2$ two elliptic curves defined over $K$. The isogeny theorem says that if for some prime number $\ell$, The Tate modules (tensored with ...

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### Integral models of p-adic representations

Let $G$ be a compact group and $K$ a finite extension of $Q_{p}$. If $\rho$ is a continuous representation of $G$ on a finite dimensional vector space over $K$, then it is well known that the ...

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### Special values of Artin L-functions

This question might be naive and might carry the heuristic that we are living in the best possible world a little too far. If so, I appreciate being told so.
Background: Stark's conjecture interprets ...

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### Mod l local Galois representations (l different from p)

My question is referred to the statement and proof of Prop. 2.4 of Diamond's
article "An extension of Wiles' Results", in Modular Forms and Fermat Last
Theorem, page 479.
More precisely: fix $l$ ...

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### Fontaine-Mazur for GL_1

For any number field $K$, the Fontaine-Mazur conjecture predicts that any potentially semistable $p$-adic representation of the absolute Galois group $G_K$ of $K$ that is almost everywhere unramified ...

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### Galois theory of endomorphism rings of irreducible representations

Let $k$ be a field which I don't suppose to be algebraically closed. Then, the endomorphism ring of any irreducible representation of a finite group over $k$ is a division ring.
What is known about ...

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### Does the p-adic Tate module of an elliptic curve with ordinary reduction decompose?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $E$ an elliptic curve over $K$ with good ordinary reduction.
The p-adic Tate module $T_p(E)$ is (after tensoring with $\mathbb{Q}_p$) a ...

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### Ext of Tate-modules of abelian varieties

Let $K$ be a local field (in fact, finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$) and let $A$ and $B$ be abelian varieties over $K$.
Associated to $A$ and $B$ are the Tate-modules $T_p(A)$ and $T_p(B)$.
Both ...

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### When do the Galois reps of modular forms have open image?

Suppose f is a newform (with coefficients generating some number field E), and $\rho_{f,\lambda}: {\rm Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}} / \mathbb{Q}) \to {\rm GL}_2(E_\lambda)$ the associated Galois rep ...

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### Images of action of Galois on the Tate module of Elliptic Curve,

Let E be an elliptic curve over the rationals, and let $TE = \lim_\leftarrow E[n]$ be the Tate module of the elliptic curve. The action of the Galois group of $\bf Q$ gives rise to a representation ...

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### How canonical are localization maps in Galois cohomology?

The setup for my question is as follows: $k$ is a field, $K$ a Galois extension of $k$ with group $G$, $k^\prime$ an arbitrary extension of $k$, and $K^\prime/k^\prime$ another Galois extension of ...

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### If the tensor product of two representations are crystalline, are the original representations crystalline?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of the $p$-adic numbers. Suppose that $V$ and $W$ are two (finite dimensional, $p$-adic) continuous representations of $G_K$. Suppose that $V \otimes W$ is crystalline. ...

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### P-adic local Langlands for non-unitary representations?

In Colmez's work on the p-adic local Langlands correspondence for ${\rm GL}_2(\mathbb{Q}_p)$, he works with ${\rm GL}_2(\mathbb{Q}_p)$-representations on $p$-adic Banach spaces which admit an ...

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### Potential semi-stability of etale cohomology of etale covers.

Let $\mathbf{Q}_p$ denote the field of $p$-adic numbers.
Suppose that $K/\mathbf{Q}_p$ is a finite extension, and let $O_K$ denote the ring of integers of $K$. Suppose that $X$ is proper over $O_K$, ...

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### What are the maximal subgroups of GSp(2g,l)?

Is there a nice description of the maximal subgroups of $GSp_{2g}(\mathbb{F}_l)$?
When $g = 1$ this is $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_l)$, and Serre (in his 72 Inventiones paper) classifies its maximal subgroups ...

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### What is the image of complex conjugation under Siegel Galois representations?

Let $G$ be the reductive group $\operatorname{GSp}_{4}$. Let $\pi$ be a smooth admissible cuspidal representation of $\operatorname{GSp}_{4}(\mathbb{A}^{(\infty)})$ of dominant weight. Assume, for ...

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### Is there an R=T type result for modular forms with additive reduction?

Let E be an elliptic curve over the rationals with conductor $Mp^2$ with p>5 and M and p coprime, and let $\rho$ be the Galois representation attached to the p-torsion points of E. Is there a way to ...

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### In what sense (if any) does the cohomology of profinite groups commute with projective limits?

Background:
Let $G$ be a profinite group. If $M$ is a discrete $G$-module, then $M=\varinjlim_U M^U$, where the direct limit is taken with respect to inclusions over all open normal subgroups of $G$, ...

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### What is the etymology for the term conductor?

This is related to the previous question of how to define a conductor of an elliptic curve or a Galois representation.
What motivated the use of the word "conductor" in the first place?
A friend ...

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### What geometric properties do properties of ell-adic Galois representations imply?

This is the converse question to an earlier question. More precisely,
Let $X/K$ be a curve(or variety) over a global field $K$. We consider the Galois representation obtained by the absolute Galois ...

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### When is the Galois representation on the étale cohomology unramified/Hodge-Tate/de Rham/crystalline/semistable?

Let $X/K$ be a variety over a global field $K$. When (and why) is the Galois representation $H^i_{et}(X \times_K \bar{K}, \mathbf{Q}_\ell)$ unramified at a place $v$ of $K$?
I guess this is true if ...

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### Does the image of a p-adic Galois representation always lie in a finite extension?

I have been looking at Serre's conjecture and noticed that there are two conventions in the literature for a p-adic representation $\rho:\mbox{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)\to \mbox{GL}(n,V).$ In ...

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### Elementary Aspects of Galois Deformation

Galois deformations are an important tool in Wiles' arsenal
for proving FLT. Are there any more elementary aspects (I'm
thinking of 1-dimensional Galois representations attached to
number fields) ...

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### One dimensional (phi,Gamma)-modules in char p

I would like to better understand the simplest case of the correspondence between Galois representations and (phi,Gamma)-modules. Namely, consider 1-dimensional Galois representations of $G_{Q_p}$ ...

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### Number theory textbook based on the absolute Galois group?

I've just finished reading Ash and Gross's Fearless Symmetry, a wonderful little pop mathematics book on, among other things, Galois representations. The book made clear a very interesting ...

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### What are the local Langlands conjectures nowadays, for connected reductive groups over a $p$-adic field?

Let me stress that I am only interested in $p$-adic fields in this question, for reasons that will become clear later. Let me also stress that in some sense I am basically assuming that the reader ...

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### Galois group of a product of polynomials

How can I compute the Galois group of the polynomial $fg\in K[x]$ assuming that I know the Galois groups of $f\in K[x]$ and $g\in K[x]$? Let's suppose for simplicity that the field $K$ is perfect.

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### Galois representations attached to newforms

Suppose that $f$ is a weight $k$ newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$ with attached $p$-adic Galois representation $\rho_f$. Denote by $\rho_{f,p}$ the restriction of $\rho_f$ to a decomposition group at $p$. ...

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### Cyclic extensions coming from E[p] \equiv F[p],

Let p be a prime and let K be a field containing the p'th roots of unity. Let E be an elliptic curve over K. We consider the the moduli problem $Y_E(p)$, which sends L to set of elliptic curves F/L, ...

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### Where can I find a comprehensive list of equations for small genus modular curves?

Does there exist anywhere a comprehensive list of small genus modular curves $X_G$, for G a subgroup of GL(2,Z/(n))$? (say genus <= 2), together with equations? I'm particularly interested in genus ...

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### The difficulties in proving modularity lifting theorems over non-totally real fields

First of all, let me apologize in advance for the terseness of this question.
It seems that by now there are well-developed techniques (the "Taylor-Wiles-Kisin" method) for proving modularity lifting ...

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### Obstructions to descend Galois invariant cycles

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $F$, and $E/F$ - finite Galois extension.
There is an extension of scalars map $CH^\*(X) \to CH^\*(X_E)$. The image lands in the Galois invariant part of ...

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### number of irreducible representations over general fields

For a finite group, there are finitely many irreducible representations of complex numbers.
What if the field is changed to some other fields? Like real numbers, p-adic field, finite field?
In ...

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### Galois theory and rational points on elliptic curves

I am in search of a concrete example [a concrete elliptic curve in Weierstrass form] of how Galois theory helps to find rational points on an elliptic curve. Chapter VI of Silverman and Tate discusses ...

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### Free subquotient of Galois representations coming from Hida theory

Let $\mathbf{T}$ be the reduced nearly ordinary Hecke algebra of level $N$ of Hida theory for $\operatorname{GL}_{2}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or more generally over a totally real field $F$). Then ...

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### A name for primes where residual Galois representations are reducible

Let $\overline{\rho}_{\Delta,\ell}$ be the mod-$\ell$ representation associated to Ramanujan's $\Delta$-function. It is well-known that (the semisimplification of) this representation is reducible ...

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### Motivation for uniform surjectivity of mod l representations associated to elliptic curves

Background
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the absolute Galois group $Aut(\overline{\mathbb{Q}})$. For any positive integer $n$ the $n$-torsion subgroup ...

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### Level raising by prime powers

Suppose $f$ is a weight $2$ level $N$ cusp form. When can we realize the mod-$\ell$ representation of $f$ in a form of weight $2$ and level $Np^3$, where $p$ is some prime not dividing $N$? I assume ...

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### An inverse problem: Number fields attached to elliptic curves over Q

If I understand FC's remark under the post "Very strong multiplicity one for Hecke eigenforms," in the course of Faltings's proof of the Tate conjecture, Faltings proves the following statement: let ...

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### Learning about Galois representations

My goal was to learn about l-adic representations on some example — I'm a newbie in these topics.
Thus take pt = Spec F_q, ...

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### Does Ribet's level lowering theorem hold for prime powers?

I often use the following theorem (that one can state more generally) in my research.
Let E/Q be an elliptic curve of conductor N corresponding to a modular form f(E), l a prime of good or ...