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### abelian $\ell$-adic representations in $\widehat{SL(2,Z)}$

In Grothendieck's Esquisse he claims that the action of
$$\text{Gal}(\mathbb Q)\to\text{Out}(\pi_1(M_{1,1})=\text{Out}(\widehat{SL(2,Z)})$$
obtained from the homotopy exact sequence of the étale ...

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### Are there known cases of the Mumford–Tate conjecture that do not use Abelian varieties?

(For a formulation of the Mumford–Tate conjecture, see below.)
The question
As far as I know, all non-trivial known cases of the Mumford–Tate conjecture more or less depend on the Mumford–Tate ...

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### Eichler-Shimura congruence

I'm trying to understand the Eichler-Shimura congruence which relates the Hecke operator $T_p$ to Frobenius at $p$ in characteristic $p$.
Two possible ways to compute $T_p$ mod $p$ seem to be:
A) ...

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### Any counterexamples known for the Generalized Tate conjecture?

One can state the generalized Tate conjecture over arbitrary finitely generated fields; to this end one should just define Galois representation to be effective if the eignevalues of the actions of ...

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### Tate's conjecture and symmetry of Hodge-Tate weights

I'm reading Bellaiche's notes on the Block-Kato conjecture (Hawaii summer school). Here is the link http://people.brandeis.edu/~jbellaic/BKHawaii5.pdf
At page 10 he claims that an indirect ...

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### Adelic open image for modular forms?

There's a famous theorem of Serre that if $E$ is a non-CM elliptic curve over $\mathbf{Q}$, and $\rho_{E, \ell} : Gal(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/{\mathbf{Q}}) \to GL_2(\mathbf{Z}_\ell)$ is its $\ell$-adic ...

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### Rank one (phi,Gamma)-modules

Let $\mathbb{Q}_p$ be the field of $p$-adic numbers. Consider an unramified representation $\rho : Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p / \mathbb{Q}_p) \to \mathbb{F}_p^{\times}$ which sends the arithmetic ...

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### Field of definition of Galois representations of weight 1 modular forms

Let $f$ be a weight 1 modular form (let's say cuspidal, new, normalized, and a Hecke eigenform). Then there's an associated Artin representation $\rho_f: \operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}} / ...

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### Invariant obstructions to gluing Galois representations on elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\overline{\mathbb F_p}$, or another separably closed field of characteristic $p$. Let $K$ be the function field of $E$, and let $K_p$ be the local field at a point.
...

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### Applications of anabelian geometry to Galois representations?

One aspect of anabelian geometry is the study of the action of the absolute Galois group of a field $K$ on the etale fundamental group $\pi_1(X_\overline K)$, where $X$ is a (anabelian) variety and ...

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### The Modularity Theorem and Serre's/Faltings's Isogeny Theorem

Earlier this year I completed my Masters dissertation on Andrew Wiles's proof of The Modularity Theorem for semistable elliptic curves as a precursor to the accepted proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. ...

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### Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...

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### Faithful representations of free pro-p groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$, $F = F(p,m)$ be the free pro-$p$ group on $m$ generators. For which $(m,n)$ there is a continuous faithful representation (embedding) $\rho : F ...

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### Cyclotomic character in class field theory

Let $K$ be an extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
By local class field theory, the $p$-adic cyclotomic character $\mathrm{Gal}_K \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_p^\times$ corresponds to a character $\chi : K^\times ...

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### If $G$ is compact, $H \leq G$ open, $V$ an irreducible $H$-rep, is $\text{Ind}_H^G$ semisimple?

Let $G$ be a compact group, $H$ a normal open subgroup, and $K$ a $p$-adic field (so that not all $G$-reps with coefficients in $K$ are semisimple). Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional topological ...

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### Connection of Galois representation and arithmetic geometry

This is might be a dumb question. There are lots of Galois representations which arise naturally from geometric objects, for example, Galois representations attached to elliptic curves. I know that ...

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### Bloch Kato Exponential as formal lie group exponential

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $V$ a $p$-adic representation. In their paper on tamagawa numbers of motives, Bloch and Kato define an exponential map as the connecting homomorphism
$$DR(V) ...

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### About the restriction of a modular representation to a decomposition subgroup II

This question is a variant of this one.
Let $f$ be as in the other question, but suppose that we look at the $\ell$-adic representiation attached to $f$:
$$
\rho_f : G_{\mathbb Q} \to ...

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### About the restriction of a modular representation to a decomposition subgroup

Let $f$ be an eigenform of level $\Gamma_1(N)$ and let $p$ be a prime that does not divide $N$. It is well know that there is a $2$-dimensional representation
$$
\rho_f \colon G_{\mathbb Q} \to ...

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### Elliptic curve E and Galois representation

Assume that an elliptic curve $E$ over $\Bbb Q$ has a reducible mod $p$ representation. Then
Q: Why is the semi-simplification of $E[p]$ the direct sum of ${\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$ and $\mu_p$?
Next
...

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### Newform and Galois representation (Shimura-Deligne Reciprocity Law)

Shimura-Deligne Reciprocity Law implies that to a newform $f \colon =f(z) \in S^{\mathrm{new}}_k(\Gamma_0(N))$ of weight $k$, one can associate Galois representation $\rho_{f,\lambda} \colon ...

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### Absolutely irreducible p-adic representation of the absolute Galois group of Q_p

Let $p$ be a prime number, $\mathbb{Q}_p$ the field of $p$-adic numbers, $G_p$ the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $V$ a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Assume we are ...

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### Elliptic curve and Galois representation

For an elliptic curve $E$ over ${\Bbb{Q}}$, let us consider Serre's mod $l$ representation by
$\rho_{E,l} \colon {\mathrm{Gal}}({\overline{\Bbb{Q}}}/{\Bbb{Q}}) \to {\mathrm{Aut}}(\phantom{}_lE) = ...

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### Is there a yoga of effectivity for motives and their realizations?

Inside the 'usual' categories of motives (Chow, Voevodsky ones) there are the categories of effective motives. Similarly, there are effective Hodge structures; they seem to be closely related with ...

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### Is there literature on approaching semisimplicity of l-adic cohomology using vanishing cycles

Let $K$ be a finitely generated field, and $X/K$ a smooth proper variety. Let $G$ denote the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{K}/K)$. Let $\ell$ be a prime different from $\mathrm{char}(K)$. A ...

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### Modularity theorem for abelian varieties

There's alredy two posts on MO about the extension of modularity to elliptic curves over fields other than $\mathbb{Q}$ ([1], [2]), and another one about general algebraic varieties [3].
What is ...

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### Galois representation attached to $3$-torsion points of an elliptic curve

Let
$ E $ - Elliptic curve defined over $ {\mathbb{Q}} $.
$G_{\mathbb{Q}}$ - The absolute Galois group, $\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) $ of $\mathbb{Q}$.
$ E[3] $ - $3$-torsion points ...

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### Example of a variety over a number field with non-semisimple Galois representation on $\ell$-adic cohomology

This question is inspired by the question: Example of non-projective variety with non-semisimple Frobenius action on etale cohomology?
Let $K$ be a number field (or finitely generated field of ...

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### Irreducibility of Galois representations attached to unitary groups

If $G$ is a unitary group in $n$ variables over $\mathbb Q$, attached to an hermitian form for an imaginary quadratic extension $E/\mathbb Q$ and if we suppose that the hermitian form is definite over ...

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### Universal deformations of modular Galois representations

Let $\bar\rho$ be an odd, absolutely irreducible, 2-dimensional mod $p$ representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}} / \mathbf{Q})$ (with coefficients in some finite extension $k / ...

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### classifying reducible 2-dimensional mod-p Galois representations

I want to classify reducible $2$-dimensional mod-$p$ Galois representations of a field $E$ of characteristic $p > 0$ (i.e. representations $G_E = \mathrm{Gal}(E^{sep}/E) \to GL_n(\mathbf{F}_p)$)
$$
...

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### Local-global principle for split extensions of Galois representations

I guess the following is well-known (and probably follows from Chebotarev's density theorem, but I'm not very comfortable with it):
Define some notation:
$K$ a global field,
$G$ the absolute Galois ...

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### $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-modules, geometric interpretation $D_{diff}$

Could anyone explain to me the first paragraph of page 29 (IV.4.1) of this course of L. Berger:
http://perso.ens-lyon.fr/laurent.berger/articles/article05.pdf
Specifically, I would like to ...

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### A question on a paper by Ribet

I'm reading the article On the equation $a^p + 2^\alpha b^p + c^p = 0$ by Ribet (http://math.berkeley.edu/~ribet/Articles/acta.pdf), but I'm having trouble understanding his proof of Theorem 3. For ...

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### Reference for $p$-adic Hodge theory with coefficients

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $L$ be a finite or infinite extension (maybe algebraic ?) of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
Is there a reference for $p$-Hodge theory for representations $\rho : Gal_K \rightarrow ...

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### Properties of representations attached to p-adic modular forms

I found an old MOF post about representations attached to p-adic modular forms: Representations attached to p-adic modular forms and I have some follow up questions on the same topic.
If we have a ...

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### Is there a version of Serre's modularity conjecture for projective representations?

Serre's modularity conjecture asserts that a continuous odd irreducible representation $$\overline{\rho} : G_\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$$ must be modular, in the sense that ...

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### Extending a representation from the Weil group to the Galois group

Let $F$ be a nonarchimedian local field. Since the Weil group $W_F$ is a dense subgroup of $G_F=Gal(\bar{F}/F)$, it's clear that restriction gives an injection $Irr(G_F)\rightarrow Irr(W_F)$ of ...

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### Isometric representation semisimple?

The first lemma on p.35 of these notes states that unitary representations are semisimple. Could the same be said of isometries if the space doesn't have an inner product? This topic notes that the ...

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### Misunderstanding in the hypotheses of Schlessinger's criterion

Good day to everyone.
In studying deformation theory of Galois representations, I've come surely to an error, relating Schlessinger's criterion.
Let's fix a representation $\bar{\rho}$ of a group ...

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### When does the filtration in the limit of the Leray spectral sequence split?

Let $\ell$ be a prime, and $k$ a field of characteristic $\ne \ell$. Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a proper map of smooth projective $k$-varieties. The Leray spectral sequence says
$$
E_{2}^{pq} = ...

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### Explicit calculation of Weil Deligne representations

According to Grothendieck monodromy theorem, l-adic galois representations of a local field corresponds to Weil-Deligne representations.
However, given a galois representation, it is usually difficult ...

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### Irreducible representations of compact groups

Let G be a compact group (or even profinite - Galois group). Let $V$ be a vector space over the field ${\mathbb F}_p$ with $p$ elements, $p$ a finite prime, such that $V$ is a contable product of ...

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### When are Galois representations with open image attached to elliptic curves?

Let $K$ be a number field with absolute Galois group $G_K$.
Let $\rho:G_K \rightarrow GL_2(\hat{\mathbb{Z}})$ be a Galois representation such that the image of $\rho$ is open in ...

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### Are elliptic Kummer extensions big?

Loosely speaking, are elliptic Kummer extensions big? More concretely:
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$, let $p$ be a prime, and
let $F$ be a subfield of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ ...

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### Super-Gorenstein ideal of ${\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$

Let $A \colon= {\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$ be a $n$-variable power series ring over a finite field ${\Bbb F}_p$. We put ${\frak m}_A \colon= (X_1,\ldots,X_n)$.
Definition(Super-Gorenstein ideal): ...

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### Langlands program beyond CM fields?

I apologize since this is a quite vague question. And I am personally at an expert in these fields at all.
It seems to me that there are two main directions of the Langlands program, namely, ...

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### Psi operator on Phi-Gamma modules

This is a question about the base-rings appearing in the the theory of $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-modules in $p$-adic Hodge theory.
Let $p$ be prime, $n \ge 1$, and let
$$ ...

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### Eichler-Shimura over Totally Real Fields

By Eichler-Shimura over totally real fields I mean the following conjecture.
Conjecture. Let $K$ be a totally real field. Let $f$ be a Hilbert eigenform with rational eigenvalues, of parallel weight ...

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### Benedict Gross's paper on companion forms

In the page 458 of his paper(A tameness criterion for Galois representations associated to modular forms), Gross wrote the following
"A detailed analysis of $U_p(Af)+V_p(<p>f)$ shows that it
...