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26
votes
3answers
2k views

Why aren't there more classifying spaces in number theory?

Much of modern algebraic number theory can be phrased in the framework of group cohomology. (Okay, this is a bit of a stretch -- much of the part of algebraic number theory that I'm interested ...
22
votes
1answer
963 views

Does the everywhere unramified extension of Q(mu_37) of degree 37 grow into a Z_37-extension?

Let $p=37$. Since $p$ divides the numerator of $B_{32}$, by Ribet's proof of the converse of Herbrand's theorem, we know that the class group of ${\bf Q}(\mu_p)$ has size divisible by $p$. More ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups $H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...
16
votes
1answer
744 views

Leopoldt's conjecture and cup-products

Among the many equivalent formulations of Leopoldt's conjecture, this one is probably the shortest: For any number field $K$, prime number $p$, finite set $S$ of primes of $K$ containing the primes ...
15
votes
1answer
366 views

Computability of Brauer groups

A friend of mine and I were talking about computable algebra, and this question came up. The answer may already be known, but I couldn't find it with Google: Suppose I have a countable field, $k$. ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Are all Galois cohomology groups also étale cohomology groups?

Let $K$ be a field and $K^s$ a separable closure of $K$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf on $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ (in the étale topology). By Grothendieck's Galois Theory, we have the isomorphism ...
12
votes
2answers
853 views

Compatibility of Bloch-Kato and Beilinson-Bloch

Suppose $V/K$ is a smooth projective variety. Let $\mathrm{Ch}^{j}(V)_{0}$ be the group of codimension-$j$ homologically trivial $K$-rational cycles on $V$, modulo rational equivalence. A conjecture ...
12
votes
1answer
714 views

Explicit Bijection between Central Simple Algebras and twists of $\mathbb P^n$

The automorphism group of the algebra of $n$-dimensional matrices over a field $K$ is $PGL_n(K)$. The automorphism group of $n-1$-dimensional projective space over $K$ is also $PGL_n(K)$. Therefore, ...
12
votes
1answer
613 views

Is there a canonical height on the Weil-Chatelet group?

Jon Hanke and I were just chatting and realized we didn't know the answer to the following question. If E is an elliptic curve over a number field, is there in any sense a "canonical height" on the ...
11
votes
2answers
787 views

Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...
11
votes
0answers
632 views

What is the Shafarevich-Tate group of GL(2)?

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar{K}$ a fixed algebraic closure, $G_K$ the absolute galois group, $O_\bar{K}$ the ring of integers of the algebraic closure, $\mathfrak{p}$ runs over prime ideals and ...
10
votes
0answers
398 views

Unramified Galois cohomology of number fields

I'm trying to understand unramified Galois cohomology of number fields a bit better. Set-up: Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $k$ which contains all the archimedean ...
9
votes
1answer
241 views

Torsors trivializing over a fixed finite etale cover

Let $S$ be an integral regular scheme and let $T\to S$ be a finite etale morphism. Let $G$ be a smooth affine finite type group scheme over $S$. Is the set of $S$-isomorphism classes of $G$-torsors ...
8
votes
2answers
390 views

“Forms” of quadrics

The theory of Severi-Brauer varieties is well-known. Let $k$ be a (perfect) field. There may exist varieties not isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over $k$, which are isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over ...
8
votes
1answer
421 views

Variant of Hilbert 90 for Galois extensions

Let $K/\mathbb F_q(x)$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. Let $Aut(K)$ be the group of $\mathbb F_q$-automorphisms of $K$. Obviously, $G\subseteq Aut(K)$. It is well known that ...
8
votes
1answer
298 views

When does the continuous Galois(=etale) cohomology of fields coincide with the naive one? Often true by the Bloch-Kato conjecture?

For a field $F$ I am interested in its $l$-adic (Galois=\'etale) cohomology; here $l$ is a prime distinct from the characteristic of $F$ (for simplicity one may assume that the latter is $0$). For ...
8
votes
1answer
669 views

Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$. When is $$ ...
7
votes
2answers
452 views

Galois cohomologies of an elliptic curve

I asked this question at math stackexchange but did not get any answer and I was suggested to post the question here. I am studying basic theory of elliptic curves. I encountered Galois cohomology. ...
7
votes
1answer
355 views

Is H^2(W_p,C^times) well-known?

Let $W_p$ be the Weil group of $\mathbf{Q}_p$. What is the Galois cohomology group $H^2(W_p,\mathbf{C}^{\times} )$ (with trivial action)? Is it zero, or something huge and complicated? (This group ...
7
votes
2answers
403 views

Forms of algebraic varieties

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, projective, irreducible and smooth), defined over a field $K$, and let $L$ be a Galois extension. I am interested in algebraic varieties $Y$, defined over $K$, ...
7
votes
1answer
249 views

Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

A vanishing condition for cup products in Galois cohomology

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$. For a non-zero element $a \in k^*$, let us write $[a] \in H^1(k,\mathbb{Z}/2)$ for the Galois cohomology class corresponding to the quadratic extension ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Relations between the cohomology of discrete groups and of profinite groups

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $K$ be the profinite completion of $G$. Let $C_K$ denote the category of contionuous $K$-modules and ${C_K}'$ denotes category of finite continuous $K$-modules. Now for ...
6
votes
2answers
386 views

First Galois cohomology of Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension, write $G:= Gal(L/K)$. Denote by $R = Res(\mathbb{G}_m)$ the Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$, from $L$ to $K$. I want to show that its first Galois cohomology ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

p-adic Hodge theory for varieties defined over \C _p ?

I have a question on p-adic Hodge theory: When e.g. $X$ is a smooth proper scheme over a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbf{Q}_{p}$ then e.g. one variant of $p$-adic Hodge theory says that there is a ...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Continuity of l-adic cohomology: is the cohomology of the generic point isomorphic to the completion of the limit of cohomology of open subvarieties?

Let $X$ be a variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $\eta$ its generic point; it is the inverse limit of the open subvarieties $X_i$ of $X$. It is well known that the etale ...
6
votes
2answers
679 views

Peu or très ramifiée extension

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $\omega$ be the mod $p$ cyclotomic character and let $V$ be a representation of $G_{p} = Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p ...
6
votes
0answers
115 views

References for Gauss Composition using Galois Cohomology

Note: I have already posted this on stackexchange, but have not yet gotten a response. What are some good references for the Gauss composition law on binary quadratic forms in terms of Galois ...
6
votes
0answers
314 views

Real approximation for homogeneous spaces of linear algebraic groups

Let $X$ be a smooth geometrically integral variety over $\mathbf{Q}$, having a $\mathbf{Q}$-point. We say that $X$ has the real approximation property if $X(\mathbf{Q})$ is dense in $X(\mathbf{R})$. ...
5
votes
1answer
289 views

rationality question while dealing with an isogeny

I don't think that the following is known, but before going to other things, I would like to know what can be said about it. Thanks in advance for any relevant comment ! So here is the situation. Let ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

$H^1$ and fractional ideals group

Let $L/K$ be a Galois extension with Galois group and $\mathfrak p$ be a prime of the ring of integers $\mathcal O_K$. I would like to prove that $H^1(G, I_{\mathfrak p})=1$ where $I_{\mathfrak p}$ is ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Applications of the Galois embedding problem

Given a finite Galois extension of number fields $L/K$ with Galois group $G$ and a surjection $E\twoheadrightarrow G$ of finite groups, the Galois embedding problem is the question of whether there ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Rank four quadratic Form with non trivial discriminant in I(k)

Im sure this is a beginners question. Let $k$ be a field and $I(k)$ the fundamental ideal in the Witt-ring W(k). The Arason-Pfister-Hauptsatz states: "If $\varphi$ is any anisotropic class in ...
5
votes
1answer
969 views

What kind of structures allow Galois descent?

EDIT: Question solved. Let me explain what I mean. The classical formulation of Galois descent, e. g. in Crawley-Boevey's "Cohomology and central simple algebras", uses the following notion: ...
5
votes
1answer
291 views

Open subgroups of the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$

Let $G$ be the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$. Then $G$ is isomorphic to a semidirect product of $\widehat {\mathbb Z}(1)$ by $ Gal_\mathbb Q$. Is it true that ...
5
votes
1answer
803 views

Galois groups via cohomology

I would like to know about references for the following result (point 3): Let $K/k$ be a normal extension (I am interested in number fields, but everything should work in fields of characteristic ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

Motives of a variety of type D4

Over the last decade Nikita Semenov, Skip Garibaldi and others have made some progress in the theory of cohomological invariants, (Rost)-motives and motivic decompositions of algebraic groups. For ...
5
votes
1answer
308 views

Equality of Galois modules

Let $k$ be a number field. Let $M$ be a (continuous) $\text{Gal}(\overline{k}/k)$-module. One can define two subgroups of the Galois cohomology group $H^i(k,M)$: the group of elements of $H^i(k,M)$ ...
4
votes
2answers
622 views

Galois cohomology H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)) = 0?

For Tate twists Z_p(2), which is defined by the projective limit of \mu_{p^m}(2) over all m>0, I would like to calculate H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)). I guess this is zero, but cannot prove it. Is it possible ...
4
votes
2answers
247 views

Generalization of Kummer isomorphism?

This is a question I asked on math.stackexchange without success. Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p(1)$ the one dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_p$ endowed with an action ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

What is the interpretation of this galois cohomology set?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $G_K:=Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ The nontrivial elements of the set $H^1(G_K,PGL_2)$ correspond to $\bar{K}/K$-forms of $\mathbb{P}^1$; i.e. curves that are ...
4
votes
2answers
328 views

Projectives in the category of discrete G-modules

If $G$ is a profinite group, then the category $Mod(G)$ of discrete $G$-modules has sufficiently many injectives (Neukirch, Schmidt, Wingberg: Cohomology of Number Fields, 2.6.5). Since the cited ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Twists of projective automorphisms

Let $X$ be a projective variety over a perfect field $k$. Recall that a twist of $X$ is a variety $Y$ over $k$ such that $$X_{\bar k} \cong Y_{\bar k}.$$ The twists of $X$ are classified by the Galois ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

Norm variety for n=5, p=2 not isomorphic to a quadric

In the paper "Motivic construction of cohomological invariants", the author displays a list of known norm varieties for several $n,p$ on page $11$. For $p=2, n=5$ it says that a norm variety is given ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Galois cohomology of a non-abelian group over a function field

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and $X$ a connected smooth projective curve over $X$. Let $F$ be the function field of $k$. Let $G$ be an algebraic group over $k$ (assume that it is smooth, ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

What's the minimum number of generators for the wild inertia?

Suppose $K$ is a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $K^{nr}$ the maximal unramified extension of $K$ in some fixed algebraic closure. Let $G_K$ be the absolute Galois group of $K$ and let $I_w$ be ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Galois cohomology of the field of Laurent series

Let $k$ a separably closed field. Do we have that $k((t))$ is of cohomological dimension one?
3
votes
1answer
268 views

The cardinality of first non-abelian Galois cohomology

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over a non-archimedean local field $F$. Let $H^1(F,G)$ be the first non-abelian Galois cohomology. It is known that when $F$ is of characteristic 0, i.e. finite ...