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24
votes
3answers
2k views

Why aren't there more classifying spaces in number theory?

Much of modern algebraic number theory can be phrased in the framework of group cohomology. (Okay, this is a bit of a stretch -- much of the part of algebraic number theory that I'm interested ...
22
votes
1answer
932 views

Does the everywhere unramified extension of Q(mu_37) of degree 37 grow into a Z_37-extension?

Let $p=37$. Since $p$ divides the numerator of $B_{32}$, by Ribet's proof of the converse of Herbrand's theorem, we know that the class group of ${\bf Q}(\mu_p)$ has size divisible by $p$. More ...
20
votes
1answer
2k views

Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups $H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...
16
votes
1answer
721 views

Leopoldt's conjecture and cup-products

Among the many equivalent formulations of Leopoldt's conjecture, this one is probably the shortest: For any number field $K$, prime number $p$, finite set $S$ of primes of $K$ containing the primes ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Are all Galois cohomology groups also étale cohomology groups?

Let $K$ be a field and $K^s$ a separable closure of $K$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf on $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ (in the étale topology). By Grothendieck's Galois Theory, we have the isomorphism ...
14
votes
0answers
251 views

Computability of Brauer groups

A friend of mine and I were talking about computable algebra, and this question came up. The answer may already be known, but I couldn't find it with Google: Suppose I have a countable field, $k$. ...
12
votes
1answer
580 views

Is there a canonical height on the Weil-Chatelet group?

Jon Hanke and I were just chatting and realized we didn't know the answer to the following question. If E is an elliptic curve over a number field, is there in any sense a "canonical height" on the ...
11
votes
1answer
569 views

Explicit Bijection between Central Simple Algebras and twists of $\mathbb P^n$

The automorphism group of the algebra of $n$-dimensional matrices over a field $K$ is $PGL_n(K)$. The automorphism group of $n-1$-dimensional projective space over $K$ is also $PGL_n(K)$. Therefore, ...
11
votes
2answers
779 views

Compatibility of Bloch-Kato and Beilinson-Bloch

Suppose $V/K$ is a smooth projective variety. Let $\mathrm{Ch}^{j}(V)_{0}$ be the group of codimension-$j$ homologically trivial $K$-rational cycles on $V$, modulo rational equivalence. A conjecture ...
11
votes
0answers
604 views

What is the Shafarevich-Tate group of GL(2)?

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar{K}$ a fixed algebraic closure, $G_K$ the absolute galois group, $O_\bar{K}$ the ring of integers of the algebraic closure, $\mathfrak{p}$ runs over prime ideals and ...
10
votes
2answers
698 views

Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...
10
votes
0answers
309 views

Unramified Galois cohomology of number fields

I'm trying to understand unramified Galois cohomology of number fields a bit better. Set-up: Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $k$ which contains all the archimedean ...
8
votes
2answers
335 views

“Forms” of quadrics

The theory of Severi-Brauer varieties is well-known. Let $k$ be a (perfect) field. There may exist varieties not isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over $k$, which are isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over ...
8
votes
1answer
365 views

Variant of Hilbert 90 for Galois extensions

Let $K/\mathbb F_q(x)$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. Let $Aut(K)$ be the group of $\mathbb F_q$-automorphisms of $K$. Obviously, $G\subseteq Aut(K)$. It is well known that ...
7
votes
1answer
353 views

Is H^2(W_p,C^times) well-known?

Let $W_p$ be the Weil group of $\mathbf{Q}_p$. What is the Galois cohomology group $H^2(W_p,\mathbf{C}^{\times} )$ (with trivial action)? Is it zero, or something huge and complicated? (This group ...
7
votes
2answers
365 views

Forms of algebraic varieties

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, projective, irreducible and smooth), defined over a field $K$, and let $L$ be a Galois extension. I am interested in algebraic varieties $Y$, defined over $K$, ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

p-adic Hodge theory for varieties defined over \C _p ?

I have a question on p-adic Hodge theory: When e.g. $X$ is a smooth proper scheme over a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbf{Q}_{p}$ then e.g. one variant of $p$-adic Hodge theory says that there is a ...
6
votes
1answer
262 views

Continuity of l-adic cohomology: is the cohomology of the generic point isomorphic to the completion of the limit of cohomology of open subvarieties?

Let $X$ be a variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $\eta$ its generic point; it is the inverse limit of the open subvarieties $X_i$ of $X$. It is well known that the etale ...
6
votes
2answers
594 views

Peu or très ramifiée extension

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $\omega$ be the mod $p$ cyclotomic character and let $V$ be a representation of $G_{p} = Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p ...
6
votes
1answer
582 views

Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$. When is $$ ...
6
votes
0answers
102 views

References for Gauss Composition using Galois Cohomology

Note: I have already posted this on stackexchange, but have not yet gotten a response. What are some good references for the Gauss composition law on binary quadratic forms in terms of Galois ...
6
votes
0answers
260 views

Real approximation for homogeneous spaces of linear algebraic groups

Let $X$ be a smooth geometrically integral variety over $\mathbf{Q}$, having a $\mathbf{Q}$-point. We say that $X$ has the real approximation property if $X(\mathbf{Q})$ is dense in $X(\mathbf{R})$. ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

rationality question while dealing with an isogeny

I don't think that the following is known, but before going to other things, I would like to know what can be said about it. Thanks in advance for any relevant comment ! So here is the situation. Let ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

$H^1$ and fractional ideals group

Let $L/K$ be a Galois extension with Galois group and $\mathfrak p$ be a prime of the ring of integers $\mathcal O_K$. I would like to prove that $H^1(G, I_{\mathfrak p})=1$ where $I_{\mathfrak p}$ is ...
5
votes
1answer
790 views

What kind of structures allow Galois descent?

EDIT: Question solved. Let me explain what I mean. The classical formulation of Galois descent, e. g. in Crawley-Boevey's "Cohomology and central simple algebras", uses the following notion: ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Rank four quadratic Form with non trivial discriminant in I(k)

Im sure this is a beginners question. Let $k$ be a field and $I(k)$ the fundamental ideal in the Witt-ring W(k). The Arason-Pfister-Hauptsatz states: "If $\varphi$ is any anisotropic class in ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Open subgroups of the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$

Let $G$ be the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$. Then $G$ is isomorphic to a semidirect product of $\widehat {\mathbb Z}(1)$ by $ Gal_\mathbb Q$. Is it true that ...
5
votes
1answer
779 views

Galois groups via cohomology

I would like to know about references for the following result (point 3): Let $K/k$ be a normal extension (I am interested in number fields, but everything should work in fields of characteristic ...
5
votes
1answer
308 views

Equality of Galois modules

Let $k$ be a number field. Let $M$ be a (continuous) $\text{Gal}(\overline{k}/k)$-module. One can define two subgroups of the Galois cohomology group $H^i(k,M)$: the group of elements of $H^i(k,M)$ ...
4
votes
2answers
602 views

Galois cohomology H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)) = 0?

For Tate twists Z_p(2), which is defined by the projective limit of \mu_{p^m}(2) over all m>0, I would like to calculate H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)). I guess this is zero, but cannot prove it. Is it possible ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

Generalization of Kummer isomorphism?

This is a question I asked on math.stackexchange without success. Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p(1)$ the one dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_p$ endowed with an action ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

What is the interpretation of this galois cohomology set?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $G_K:=Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ The nontrivial elements of the set $H^1(G_K,PGL_2)$ correspond to $\bar{K}/K$-forms of $\mathbb{P}^1$; i.e. curves that are ...
4
votes
2answers
260 views

Projectives in the category of discrete G-modules

If $G$ is a profinite group, then the category $Mod(G)$ of discrete $G$-modules has sufficiently many injectives (Neukirch, Schmidt, Wingberg: Cohomology of Number Fields, 2.6.5). Since the cited ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

geometric interpretation of the transgression map

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let a finite group $G$ act on it so that it acts freely on the generic fibre of the projection $X \to X/G$, so ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

What's the minimum number of generators for the wild inertia?

Suppose $K$ is a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $K^{nr}$ the maximal unramified extension of $K$ in some fixed algebraic closure. Let $G_K$ be the absolute Galois group of $K$ and let $I_w$ be ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Galois cohomology of the field of Laurent series

Let $k$ a separably closed field. Do we have that $k((t))$ is of cohomological dimension one?
3
votes
1answer
212 views

The cardinality of first non-abelian Galois cohomology

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over a non-archimedean local field $F$. Let $H^1(F,G)$ be the first non-abelian Galois cohomology. It is known that when $F$ is of characteristic 0, i.e. finite ...
3
votes
1answer
726 views

Galois cohomology groups given by étale cohomology

What are cases when Galois cohomology groups are given by étale cohomology? Example: $S = Spec(K)$ the spectrum of a field, $F \in Sh(K)$, then $H^p(K, F) = H^p(G_K, F_{\bar{K}})$. What if $G = ...
3
votes
2answers
606 views

Restriction of scalars of simple algebraic groups

I'm trying to understand the following basic property of the restriction of scalars: Given an absolutely simple algebraic groups $G$ defined over a number field $k$, are there at most finitely (up-to ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Set of isomorphisms of Pfister forms corresponding to first cohomology of algebraic group

Assume $k_0$ is a field with char($k_0$) not $2$. Let us define functors from $\rm Field_{/k_0}\to \rm Sets$ as $\rm Pfister_n(k):=\{\text{isomorphism classes of n-fold Pfister forms over k}\}$; ...
3
votes
1answer
540 views

Relations between the cohomology of discrete groups and of profinite groups

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $K$ be the profinite completion of $G$. Let $C_K$ denote the category of contionuous $K$-modules and ${C_K}'$ denotes category of finite continuous $K$-modules. Now for ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

non-Abelian inflation-restriction sequence?

Let $1 \to H \to G \to G/H \to 1$ be a group extension. The long exact sequence that arises from Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence for this extension relates objects that are clasified by cohomology ...
2
votes
2answers
329 views

Why does $H^1(G_p/I_p,\mathbb{F}(\delta\epsilon^{-1}))$ vanish?

For a finite field $\mathbb{F}$ of char $p$ $\geq 2$, let $f$ be a normalised eigenform of weight $k\geq 2$ that is ordinary at $p$ and $\overline{\rho}_f$ be the mod $p$ Gal representation attached ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

Additive form of Hilbert 90 for schemes?

First, I am by no means well-versed on cohomology so I apologize if this is too elementary. I have been going through some basics of etale cohomology, with my ultimate goal being an understanding of ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

On Serre's problem regarding the injectivity of Albert-Algebra cohomological invariants

In these Lecture Notes http://molle.fernuni-hagen.de/~loos/jordan/archive/cohinv/cohinv.pdf from 2006 by Garibaldi on page 21. 7.5 there is the following open problem mentioned: Is the map $g_3 ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

the sixth morphism in the long exact sequence associated to the Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence

The long exact sequence associated to the Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence for extension of groups $1 \to H \to G \to G/H \to 1$ is $$ \begin{array}[t]{lll} 1 \to & H^1(G/H, A^{G/H}) ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

do commutative groups torsors have a point in an Abelian extension of the base field?

Let $A$ be a principal homogeneous space for a commutative algebraic group defined over a field $k$ that contains all roots of unity. Is it true that $A$ has a $K$-point for an extension $K \supset k$ ...
2
votes
0answers
248 views

Where does the name Euler System come from?

I've recently been reading about Euler systems, and was curious where the name comes from. In particular, while the notion of an Euler system is still not rigorously defined, does the idea resemble ...