The galois-cohomology tag has no usage guidance.

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### Why aren't there more classifying spaces in number theory?

Much of modern algebraic number theory can be phrased in the framework of group cohomology. (Okay, this is a bit of a stretch -- much of the part of algebraic number theory that I'm interested in...)....

**23**

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**1**answer

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### How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups
$H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...

**23**

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**1**answer

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### Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...

**22**

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**1**answer

966 views

### Does the everywhere unramified extension of Q(mu_37) of degree 37 grow into a Z_37-extension?

Let $p=37$. Since $p$ divides the numerator of $B_{32}$, by Ribet's proof of the converse of Herbrand's theorem, we know that the class group of ${\bf Q}(\mu_p)$ has size divisible by $p$. More ...

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### Hasse principle for rational times square

Does a Hasse principle hold for the property of being a rational times a square ?
Let $a \in \mathbb{K}$ be an element of a number field. Assume that at every place $\mathbb{K}_v$ of $\mathbb{K}$, $a$...

**16**

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**1**answer

746 views

### Leopoldt's conjecture and cup-products

Among the many equivalent formulations of Leopoldt's conjecture, this one is probably the shortest: For any number field $K$, prime number $p$, finite set $S$ of primes of $K$ containing the primes ...

**15**

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**1**answer

371 views

### Computability of Brauer groups

A friend of mine and I were talking about computable algebra, and this question came up. The answer may already be known, but I couldn't find it with Google:
Suppose I have a countable field, $k$. ...

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**1**answer

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### Are all Galois cohomology groups also étale cohomology groups?

Let $K$ be a field and $K^s$ a separable closure of $K$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf on $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ (in the étale topology).
By Grothendieck's Galois Theory, we have the isomorphism
$$H_{...

**13**

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**3**answers

454 views

### Infiniteness of the Galois cohomology over a number field with coefficients in a finite Galois module

Let $k$ be a number field and $M$ be a nonzero finite discrete $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar k/k)$-module. Is it true that $H^1(k,M)$ is infinite?
This would complete the answer of Daniel Loughran. There is a ...

**12**

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**2**answers

863 views

### Compatibility of Bloch-Kato and Beilinson-Bloch

Suppose $V/K$ is a smooth projective variety. Let $\mathrm{Ch}^{j}(V)_{0}$
be the group of codimension-$j$ homologically trivial $K$-rational cycles on $V$, modulo rational equivalence. A conjecture ...

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**1**answer

726 views

### Explicit Bijection between Central Simple Algebras and twists of $\mathbb P^n$

The automorphism group of the algebra of $n$-dimensional matrices over a field $K$ is $PGL_n(K)$. The automorphism group of $n-1$-dimensional projective space over $K$ is also $PGL_n(K)$. Therefore, ...

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**1**answer

614 views

### Is there a canonical height on the Weil-Chatelet group?

Jon Hanke and I were just chatting and realized we didn't know the answer to the following question. If E is an elliptic curve over a number field, is there in any sense a "canonical height" on the ...

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797 views

### Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...

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201 views

### A Galois extension over $\mathbb{Q}$ with Galois group $A_4$ and with cyclic decomposition groups

Does there exist a Galois extension $L/\mathbb{Q}$ with Galois group $A_4$ (the alternating group on four letters) such that all the decomposition groups are cyclic?
This question is motivated by the ...

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**1**answer

423 views

### Elements of arbitrary large order in the first Galois cohomology of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $k=\mathbb{Q}$. Consider $H^1(k,E)$.
In this answer Daniel Loughran writes: "I'm pretty sure that this cohomology group has elements of arbitrarily large order". I ...

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645 views

### What is the Shafarevich-Tate group of GL(2)?

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar{K}$ a fixed algebraic closure, $G_K$ the absolute galois group, $O_\bar{K}$ the ring of integers of the algebraic closure, $\mathfrak{p}$ runs over prime ideals and ...

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### Unramified Galois cohomology of number fields

I'm trying to understand unramified Galois cohomology of number fields a bit better.
Set-up: Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $k$ which contains all the archimedean places....

**9**

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**1**answer

250 views

### Torsors trivializing over a fixed finite etale cover

Let $S$ be an integral regular scheme and let $T\to S$ be a finite etale morphism. Let $G$ be a smooth affine finite type group scheme over $S$.
Is the set of $S$-isomorphism classes of $G$-torsors ...

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688 views

### Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$.
When is
$$
K_{2n-1}(\...

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**2**answers

392 views

### “Forms” of quadrics

The theory of Severi-Brauer varieties is well-known. Let $k$ be a (perfect) field. There may exist varieties not isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over $k$, which are isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over $\...

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**1**answer

425 views

### Variant of Hilbert 90 for Galois extensions

Let $K/\mathbb F_q(x)$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. Let $Aut(K)$ be the group of $\mathbb F_q$-automorphisms of $K$.
Obviously, $G\subseteq Aut(K)$. It is well known that
$H^1(G,...

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304 views

### When does the continuous Galois(=etale) cohomology of fields coincide with the naive one? Often true by the Bloch-Kato conjecture?

For a field $F$ I am interested in its $l$-adic (Galois=\'etale) cohomology; here $l$ is a prime distinct from the characteristic of $F$ (for simplicity one may assume that the latter is $0$).
For $...

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### Galois cohomologies of an elliptic curve

I asked this question at math stackexchange but did not get any answer and I was suggested to post the question here.
I am studying basic theory of elliptic curves. I encountered Galois cohomology. ...

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**1**answer

355 views

### Is H^2(W_p,C^times) well-known?

Let $W_p$ be the Weil group of $\mathbf{Q}_p$. What is the Galois cohomology group $H^2(W_p,\mathbf{C}^{\times} )$ (with trivial action)? Is it zero, or something huge and complicated?
(This group ...

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407 views

### Forms of algebraic varieties

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, projective, irreducible and smooth), defined over a field $K$, and let $L$ be a Galois extension. I am interested in algebraic varieties $Y$, defined over $K$, ...

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258 views

### Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...

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### A vanishing condition for cup products in Galois cohomology

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$. For a non-zero element $a \in k^*$, let us write $[a] \in H^1(k,\mathbb{Z}/2)$ for the Galois cohomology class corresponding to the quadratic extension $...

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### Relations between the cohomology of discrete groups and of profinite groups

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $K$ be the profinite completion of $G$. Let $C_K$ denote the category of contionuous $K$-modules and ${C_K}'$ denotes category of finite continuous $K$-modules. Now for ...

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### First Galois cohomology of Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension, write $G:= Gal(L/K)$. Denote by $R = Res(\mathbb{G}_m)$ the Weil restriction of $\mathbb{G}_m$, from $L$ to $K$. I want to show that its first Galois cohomology ...

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### p-adic Hodge theory for varieties defined over \C _p ?

I have a question on p-adic Hodge theory:
When e.g. $X$ is a smooth proper scheme over a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbf{Q}_{p}$ then e.g. one variant of $p$-adic Hodge theory says that there is a ...

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### Continuity of l-adic cohomology: is the cohomology of the generic point isomorphic to the completion of the limit of cohomology of open subvarieties?

Let $X$ be a variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $\eta$ its generic point; it is the inverse limit of the open subvarieties $X_i$ of $X$. It is well known that the etale ...

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454 views

### Non-vanishing of the Tate-Shafarevich kernel in group cohomology

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $M$ be a finite $G$-module (a finite abelian group with an action of $G$).
We consider a special kind of $G$-modules; in particular, our $M$ is a finite dimensional ...

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### Bilinearity of the Cassels-Tate pairing

Let $K$ be a number field and let $A$ be an abelian variety over $K$ (I'm mostly interested in the case that $A$ is an elliptic curve). We use $v$ to denote places of $K$ and we write $H^i(k, A)$ for ...

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686 views

### Peu or très ramifiée extension

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $\omega$ be the mod $p$ cyclotomic character and let $V$ be a representation of $G_{p} = Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p ...

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### References for Gauss Composition using Galois Cohomology

Note: I have already posted this on stackexchange, but have not yet gotten a response.
What are some good references for the Gauss composition law on binary quadratic forms in terms of Galois ...

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329 views

### Real approximation for homogeneous spaces of linear algebraic groups

Let $X$ be a smooth geometrically integral variety over $\mathbf{Q}$, having a $\mathbf{Q}$-point.
We say that $X$ has the real approximation property if $X(\mathbf{Q})$ is dense in $X(\mathbf{R})$.
...

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294 views

### rationality question while dealing with an isogeny

I don't think that the following is known, but before going to other things, I would like to know what can be said about it. Thanks in advance for any relevant comment !
So here is the situation. Let ...

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144 views

### $H^1$ and fractional ideals group

Let $L/K$ be a Galois extension with Galois group and $\mathfrak p$ be a prime of the ring of integers $\mathcal O_K$.
I would like to prove that $H^1(G, I_{\mathfrak p})=1$ where $I_{\mathfrak p}$ is ...

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### Constructing groups of Type E7 with certain Tits Index

In a new survey on $E_8$, namely
Skip Garibaldi - E8 the most exceptional group
, the author gives an example (Example 8.4., page 15) on how to construct a group of type E8 with a prescribed Tits-...

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### Applications of the Galois embedding problem

Given a finite Galois extension of number fields $L/K$ with Galois group $G$ and a surjection $E\twoheadrightarrow G$ of finite groups, the Galois embedding problem is the question of whether there ...

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### Rank four quadratic Form with non trivial discriminant in I(k)

Im sure this is a beginners question.
Let $k$ be a field and $I(k)$ the fundamental ideal in the Witt-ring W(k).
The Arason-Pfister-Hauptsatz states:
"If $\varphi$ is any anisotropic class in $I^n(...

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### What kind of structures allow Galois descent?

EDIT: Question solved.
Let me explain what I mean.
The classical formulation of Galois descent, e. g. in Crawley-Boevey's "Cohomology and central simple algebras", uses the following notion:
...

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### Open subgroups of the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$

Let $G$ be the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$. Then $G$ is isomorphic to a semidirect product of $\widehat {\mathbb Z}(1)$ by $ Gal_\mathbb Q$.
Is it true that ...

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### Galois groups via cohomology

I would like to know about references for the following result (point 3):
Let $K/k$ be a normal extension (I am interested in number fields, but everything should work in fields of characteristic $\...

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### Motives of a variety of type D4

Over the last decade Nikita Semenov, Skip Garibaldi and others have made some progress in the theory of cohomological invariants, (Rost)-motives and motivic decompositions of algebraic groups. For ...

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### Equality of Galois modules

Let $k$ be a number field. Let $M$ be a (continuous) $\text{Gal}(\overline{k}/k)$-module.
One can define two subgroups of the Galois cohomology group $H^i(k,M)$:
the group of elements of $H^i(k,M)$ ...

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### Galois cohomology H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)) = 0?

For Tate twists Z_p(2), which is defined by the projective limit of
\mu_{p^m}(2) over all m>0, I would like to calculate H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)).
I guess this is zero, but cannot prove it.
Is it possible ...

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### Generalization of Kummer isomorphism?

This is a question I asked on math.stackexchange without success.
Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p(1)$ the one dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_p$ endowed with an action ...

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**1**answer

242 views

### Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...

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### What is the interpretation of this galois cohomology set?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $G_K:=Gal(\bar{K}/K)$
The nontrivial elements of the set $H^1(G_K,PGL_2)$ correspond to $\bar{K}/K$-forms of $\mathbb{P}^1$; i.e. curves that are ...