The galois-cohomology tag has no usage guidance.

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### Where does the name Euler System come from?

I've recently been reading about Euler systems, and was curious where the name comes from. In particular, while the notion of an Euler system is still not rigorously defined, does the idea resemble ...

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### galois cohomology over finite field

Let $X$ a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a finite field $k$. Let $J$ a smooth commutative group scheme over $X$ and $F$ the function field of $X$.
Do we have a formula to ...

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285 views

### Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...

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144 views

### action of automorphisms on the Galois cohomology of the function field of a variety

Let $C$ be a (quasi-projective) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let $k(C)$ be its field of rational functions. Then for any birational map $\sigma: C \dashrightarrow C$ there is an ...

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177 views

### Is the number of twists of a curve with a section in a given field finite

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $k$ of genus $g\geq 2$.
Is the number of twists of $X$ always infinite? (The answer is no, because there aren't any ...

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218 views

### surjectivity of rational points induced by surjective map from affine space

Let $k$ be a local field of char $0$ (which is the case I concern).
Let $V$ be a variety defined over $k$ and
let $f: \mathbb A^n\to V$ be a surjective map
(over the algebraic closure of $k$) ...

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454 views

### Cohomology of Groups at Gregory Berhuy's Book

Regarding Gregory Berhuy's book "An Introduction to Galois Cohomology and its Applications":
The book defined a cohomology sets for non-abelian $G$-groups. Let $A$ be a $G$-group, we define a ...

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206 views

### What's the minimum number of generators for the wild inertia?

Suppose $K$ is a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $K^{nr}$ the maximal unramified extension of $K$ in some fixed algebraic closure. Let $G_K$ be the absolute Galois group of $K$ and let $I_w$ be ...

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658 views

### Explicit Bijection between Central Simple Algebras and twists of $\mathbb P^n$

The automorphism group of the algebra of $n$-dimensional matrices over a field $K$ is $PGL_n(K)$. The automorphism group of $n-1$-dimensional projective space over $K$ is also $PGL_n(K)$. Therefore, ...

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234 views

### Biprincipal spaces and their composition, following Serre's “Galois Cohomology”

When reviewing my notes and Serre's book "Galois Cohomology" Chapter 5 dealing with non-abelian group cohomology, I realized that I don't fully understand the concept of biprincipal spaces such as ...

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349 views

### Isomorphism between the set of classes of Principal Homogeneous spaces and non-Abelian H^1(G,A) cohomology

Let A be a G-group, i.e. a set on which G acts on, has a group structure and satisfies $^s(xy)=^s x ^s y$ for all $x,y \in A \ , s \in G$. A homogeneous principal space P is a non-empty G-set on which ...

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738 views

### Leopoldt's conjecture and cup-products

Among the many equivalent formulations of Leopoldt's conjecture, this one is probably the shortest: For any number field $K$, prime number $p$, finite set $S$ of primes of $K$ containing the primes ...

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613 views

### Galois cohomology H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)) = 0?

For Tate twists Z_p(2), which is defined by the projective limit of
\mu_{p^m}(2) over all m>0, I would like to calculate H^1(Q_p, Z_p(2)).
I guess this is zero, but cannot prove it.
Is it possible ...

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148 views

### Galois cohomology of generic points of formal completions (of components of a hypercovering of the subvariety): examples or general statements?

Let $Y$ be a closed smooth subvariety in a (smooth) affine variety $X$. What can one say about the etale cohomology of the generic points of the formal completion of $X$ along $Y$ i.e. about the ...

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### Brauer group of complete DVR

Let $A$ be a complete discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and perfect residue field $\kappa$.
Let $K_{nr}$ be the maximal unramified extension of $K$ and let $A_{nr}$ be its ring of ...

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267 views

### a question on continuity of $G$-module for a profinite group $G$

I have seen the following statment somewhere, for example in Appendix B2 on Silverman's book "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" : Let $M$ be an abelian group with discrete topology and $G$ be a ...

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### Ordered Cech(-like) complexes that compute etale cohomology (of fields!)

It is well known (cf. Equivalence of ordered and unordered cech cohomology. ) that for 'usual' topologies one can compute the cohomology of sheaves either using unordered Cech complexes or ordered ...

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308 views

### Equality of Galois modules

Let $k$ be a number field. Let $M$ be a (continuous) $\text{Gal}(\overline{k}/k)$-module.
One can define two subgroups of the Galois cohomology group $H^i(k,M)$:
the group of elements of $H^i(k,M)$ ...

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### p-adic Hodge theory for varieties defined over \C _p ?

I have a question on p-adic Hodge theory:
When e.g. $X$ is a smooth proper scheme over a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbf{Q}_{p}$ then e.g. one variant of $p$-adic Hodge theory says that there is a ...

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320 views

### Additive form of Hilbert 90 for schemes?

First, I am by no means well-versed on cohomology so I apologize if this is too elementary.
I have been going through some basics of etale cohomology, with my ultimate goal being an understanding of ...

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396 views

### Poitou-Tate dualities for Galois representations into power series rings?

Suppose $K$ is a finite extension of $\mathbf{Q}_p$, $A=K[[T_1,\dots,T_n]]$, $V$ a finite-rank free $A$-module, and $\rho:G_{\mathbf{Q}} \to \mathrm{GL}(V)$ a continuous Galois representation. Are ...

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### Why does $H^1(G_p/I_p,\mathbb{F}(\delta\epsilon^{-1}))$ vanish?

For a finite field $\mathbb{F}$ of char $p$ $\geq 2$, let $f$ be a normalised eigenform of weight $k\geq 2$ that is ordinary at $p$ and $\overline{\rho}_f$ be the mod $p$ Gal representation attached ...

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### Galois descent for K-groups (or for étale cohomology groups)

Let $F/K$ be a Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal{O}_F$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the associated rings of integers, and let $n\geq 1$.
When is
$$
...

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### How is etale cohomology of integer rings related to Galois cohomology?

In the paper of Bloch and Kato in the Grothendieck Festschrift, and some other papers relating to the Bloch-Kato conjecture and the ETNC, the cohomology groups
$H^i_{\mathrm{et}}(\operatorname{Spec} ...

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### Galois cohomology groups given by étale cohomology

What are cases when Galois cohomology groups are given by étale cohomology?
Example: $S = Spec(K)$ the spectrum of a field, $F \in Sh(K)$, then $H^p(K, F) = H^p(G_K, F_{\bar{K}})$.
What if $G = ...

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### Compatibility of Bloch-Kato and Beilinson-Bloch

Suppose $V/K$ is a smooth projective variety. Let $\mathrm{Ch}^{j}(V)_{0}$
be the group of codimension-$j$ homologically trivial $K$-rational cycles on $V$, modulo rational equivalence. A conjecture ...

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### Is there a canonical height on the Weil-Chatelet group?

Jon Hanke and I were just chatting and realized we didn't know the answer to the following question. If E is an elliptic curve over a number field, is there in any sense a "canonical height" on the ...

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354 views

### Is H^2(W_p,C^times) well-known?

Let $W_p$ be the Weil group of $\mathbf{Q}_p$. What is the Galois cohomology group $H^2(W_p,\mathbf{C}^{\times} )$ (with trivial action)? Is it zero, or something huge and complicated?
(This group ...

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### What kind of structures allow Galois descent?

EDIT: Question solved.
Let me explain what I mean.
The classical formulation of Galois descent, e. g. in Crawley-Boevey's "Cohomology and central simple algebras", uses the following notion:
...

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### Real approximation for homogeneous spaces of linear algebraic groups

Let $X$ be a smooth geometrically integral variety over $\mathbf{Q}$, having a $\mathbf{Q}$-point.
We say that $X$ has the real approximation property if $X(\mathbf{Q})$ is dense in $X(\mathbf{R})$.
...

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### Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...

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### Does the everywhere unramified extension of Q(mu_37) of degree 37 grow into a Z_37-extension?

Let $p=37$. Since $p$ divides the numerator of $B_{32}$, by Ribet's proof of the converse of Herbrand's theorem, we know that the class group of ${\bf Q}(\mu_p)$ has size divisible by $p$. More ...

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### Restriction of scalars of simple algebraic groups

I'm trying to understand the following basic property of the restriction of scalars:
Given an absolutely simple algebraic groups $G$ defined over a number field $k$, are there at most finitely (up-to ...

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### twisted forms of a given group embedded in a second group?

Consider the following question about forms of a given group that are embedded in a fixed group.
Fix for simplicity $k$ a perfect field, and $H\subsetneq G$ a pair of connected reductive $k$-groups, ...

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### Is the direct limit of Weil restriction of an elliptic curve a scheme?

In a discussion today on the Shafarevich-Tate group of an elliptic curve, the following structure and question came up. I will abuse many notations and be very vague about some things, but am very ...

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### What is the Shafarevich-Tate group of GL(2)?

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar{K}$ a fixed algebraic closure, $G_K$ the absolute galois group, $O_\bar{K}$ the ring of integers of the algebraic closure, $\mathfrak{p}$ runs over prime ideals and ...

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### Why aren't there more classifying spaces in number theory?

Much of modern algebraic number theory can be phrased in the framework of group cohomology. (Okay, this is a bit of a stretch -- much of the part of algebraic number theory that I'm interested ...

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### Galois groups via cohomology

I would like to know about references for the following result (point 3):
Let $K/k$ be a normal extension (I am interested in number fields, but everything should work in fields of characteristic ...

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### Are all Galois cohomology groups also étale cohomology groups?

Let $K$ be a field and $K^s$ a separable closure of $K$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf on $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ (in the étale topology).
By Grothendieck's Galois Theory, we have the isomorphism
...

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### Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...