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6
votes
0answers
121 views

$p$-adic representations of the fundamental group of a smooth proper curve over a finite field

This question is very general. Let $C$ be a smooth and proper curve over a finite field ${\bf F}_p$. Are there any general results or conjectures on continuous non abelian representations $$ \pi_1(C)\...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

Reference request on birational invariance of Chow group of zero cycles of degree zero

Let $CH_0(X)^0$ denote the group of zero cycles of degree zero modulo rational equivalence. I am looking for a reference for the following fact: If $X$ and $Y$ are smooth and projective varieties ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

Nonabelian Hodge structure for noncompact curves and Hodge structure on the fundamental group

Nonabelian Hodge theory, introduced by C. Simpson and others, may be interpreted as a description of the (real) Hodge structure on the fundamental group (say, of a compact curve) in terms of some ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Do character sheaves split over the Lang isogeny?

Let $G$ be a smooth commutative connected algebraic group over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. For my purposes a character sheaf on G is a rank one $\ell$-adic local system $\mathcal{L}$ on $G$ ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Restriction of irreducible integrable connections

Let $X$ be a complex analytic manifold and let $\mathcal{M}$ be an integrable connection on $X$, i.e. a $\mathcal{D}_X$-module which happens to be coherent as an $\mathcal{O}_X$-module. If $U$ is any ...
8
votes
1answer
404 views

Under what conditions is the induced map of etale fundamental groups surjective?

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. I am interested in sufficient conditions on $f$ which would ensure that the induced map $\pi_1^{et}(X) \to \pi_1^{et}(Y)$ of etale fundamental groups is ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

What is kernel $\phi:G\rightarrow \pi_1(X/G,p(x_0))$?

Let $G$ be a discontinuous group (this means that it acts discontinuously with finite stabilizers) of homeomorphisms of a simply connected, locally compact metric space $X$. Let $p:X\rightarrow X/G$ ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Classification of manifolds with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ wrt fundamental group

Note that $n$-manifolds $M$ with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ has a fundamental group of polynomial growth of degree $\leq n$ (proof : use Bishop volume theorem). (Here a group $\Gamma$ is said to have ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

Etale fundamental of a parahoric group scheme

Let $p:X\rightarrow Y$ be a double cover of curves, denote by $$SU_n:=(p_*SL_n(\mathcal O_X))^{\tilde{\sigma}}$$ i.e. the $\tilde{\sigma}-$invariant part, the action of $\tilde{\sigma}$ is given by $$\...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

A simple fundamental group of an hypersurface

Is there an example of analytic hypersurface in $C^n$ such that its fundamental group is simple i.e. does not have normal subgroups except the trivial group and the group itself ? Thank you EDIT : ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

What is the algebraic fundamental groups of $SO(n)$ and $Sp(2n)$?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. and let $$\sigma: SL_n(k)\rightarrow SL_n(k)$$ be an involution. My questions are: How could one calculate the fundamental group of $...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the fewest number of points you must delete from $\mathbb{R}^3$ to make it not simply connected?

This question concerns a set-theoretic aspect that I found interesting in the recent question asked by user Nick R., namely, Is $\mathbb{R}^3\setminus\mathbb{Q}^3$ simply connected? He had asked ...
39
votes
1answer
1k views

Is $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \mathbb{Q}^3$ simply connected?

Similarly is the complement of any countable set in $\mathbb R^3$ simply connected? Reading around I found plenty of articles discussing the path connectedness $\mathbb R^2 \setminus \mathbb Q^2$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
262 views

Does there exist an algebraic space with large fundamental group but no finite etale covers by schemes

Does there exits a smooth proper algebraic space $X$ over $\mathbb C$ with "large" fundamental group such that no finite etale cover of $X$ is a scheme? By "large" fundamental group I mean that $X$ ...
11
votes
2answers
506 views

Relationship between étale and topological $K(\pi,1)$s

I was trying to find a proof, or a counterexample to the claim that if $X/\mathbb{C}$ is connected smooth projective, then $X$ is a $K(\pi^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}},1)$ if and only if $X^\mathrm{an}$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Trying to relate the fundamental groupoid to vector bundles

Fix a topological space $X$. Now consider a functor from the fundamental groupoid of $X$ to the category $Vect$. In other words, we assign a vector space to each point of $X$, we allow ourselves to ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Etale Fundamental group of an algebraic group

I want to calculate the algebraic fundamental group of a an algebraic group over a riemann surface over $\mathbb C$ (or a smooth algebraic projective curve). Let me state the first case where $\...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

A homomorphism in the long exact sequence of a fibration for a homogeneous space of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a connected Lie group, and let $H\subset G$ be a (closed) Lie subgroup, not necessarily connected. Set $X=G/H$. The fibration $j\colon G\to X$ with fiber $H$ induces an exact sequence $$ \...
2
votes
0answers
131 views

How do we see the rank of the braid group?

The only presentation of the braid group that most people ever see is the standard Artin presentation $$B_n=\langle σ_1,\cdots,σ_{n−1}|\ σ_iσ_j=σ_jσ_i\ \ (|i−j|>1),\ σ_iσ_{i+1}σ_i=σ_{i+1}σ_i σ_{i+...
17
votes
0answers
307 views

Nonabelian topological fundamental group of a conjugate variety

Let $X$ be a pointed algebraic variety over the field of complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\pi_1^{\rm top}(X)$ and $\pi_1^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}}(X)$ denote the topological and the étale fundamental ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Double coset separability and the existence of vanishing sequences for surface group

Definition: Let $G$ be a group. $G$ is said to be double coset separable if given any finitely generated subgroups $H$ and $K$ in $G$, given any $g\in G$ and $h\not\in HgK$, there exists a finite ...
5
votes
0answers
168 views

Does the fundamental group identify group structure on subvarieties of products of curves?

Let $C_1,\dots, C_n$ be smooth curves over $\overline{\mathbb F}_p$, not necessarily proper. Let $X$ be a subvariety of $C_1 \times \dots \times C_n$. I'm interested in the natural map: $$ \pi_1^{ab}(...
4
votes
1answer
530 views

A lower-dimensional algebraic topology problem between homology group and fundamental group

Let \begin{equation} A\stackrel{\alpha}{\longrightarrow}B\stackrel{\beta}{\longrightarrow}C\quad\quad (1) \end{equation} be a short sequence of (abelian or nonabelian) groups and homomorphisms. We say ...
18
votes
1answer
904 views

Is there a manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the fundamental group of a locally path connected, path connected compact metric space is finitely presented or uncountable. Furthermore the fundamental group of every manifold is ...
6
votes
1answer
250 views

Are profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$ determined by their finite quotients?

Question: Let $G,H$ be profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$, with the same finite quotients (here I only consider quotients by normal, open subgroups). Then are $G$ and $H$ isomorphic? ...
13
votes
0answers
564 views

Etale fundamental group of a curve in characteristic $p$

Let $C$ be a connected, smooth, proper curve of genus $g$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $\pi_1(C)$ be the etale fundamental group of $C$ - I only care about ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Is the fundamental group of an open arithmetic Riemann surface contained in $\Gamma(2)$

Let $X$ be a non-compact Riemann surface with universal covering $\mathbb H$ and suppose that the fundamental group of $X$ is an arithmetic subgroup of $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb H) = \mathrm{PSL}_2(\...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Teaching the fundamental group via everyday examples

This question is a "prequel" to a similar question about homology. Both questions were inspired by seeing a talk, by Tadashi Tokieda, about the interesting physics that appears in toys. What ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Algebraic topology, Dynamical systems [closed]

Let $T^2$ be a 2-torus and $f:T^2\rightarrow T^2$ a smooth map. Let $f_*:\pi_1(T^2)\rightarrow\pi_1(T^2)$ be the induced map on the fundamental group $\pi_1$. If $f_*$ has no eigenvalue greater than 1,...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

which sections of elliptic curves are conjugate?

Suppose you have a relative elliptic curves $f : E\rightarrow S$ (say $S$ is connected). Then suppose you have two sections $g,g' : S\rightarrow E$, corresponding to two sections $g_*,g'_*$ to the map ...
5
votes
0answers
153 views

Algebraic fundamental group without regularity at infinity

Suppose $X$ is a smooth (connected) variety over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathscr{C}$ be the category of finite rank vector bundles on $X$ equipped with an integrable connection, and let $\mathscr{C}'$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
213 views

Question about the specialization map for Etale Fundamental Groups

Let $A$ be a complete, discrete valuation ring, and let $s$ (resp $\eta$) be the special (resp. generic) point of $S=Spec(A)$. Let $\phi:X \rightarrow S$ be a proper morphism and fix geometric base ...
1
vote
3answers
314 views

question about the induced homomorphism of etale fundamental groups

Background/Setup For any connected scheme $S$, let $\text{FEt}_S$ denote the category of finite etale $S$-schemes. Let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of connected schemes, then for any finite ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are we interested in the Fundamental Groupoid of a Space?

The classical version of the van Kampen theorem is concerned about the fundamental group of a based space. In fact, it says that the functor $\pi_1$ preserves certain types of pushouts in $Top_*$. ...
4
votes
1answer
391 views

Question about the fundamental group of rational homology 3-spheres

By a rational homology 3-sphere, I mean a compact oriented manifold three-manifold $Y$ with $H_1(Y)$ finite. My question is whether there exists a reasonable classification of such manifolds such that ...
5
votes
1answer
577 views

On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...
4
votes
2answers
341 views

a question on rank of fundamental group

Assume $G$ be the fundamental group of a closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let $G_{1} = \langle a_{1},...,a_{k} \rangle$ be a free subgroup of $G$, and let $G_{2}=\langle a_{k+1} \rangle$ be a ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Isomorphism étale fundamental group

Given a birational proper morphism $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ ( Assume $X$ and $Y$ irreducible ) of complex algebraic varieties. It is always true that $f^* \colon \pi^{et}_1 (X)\rightarrow \pi^{et}_1(...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Fundamental group of a manifold with an $S^1$-action

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold with an $S^1$-action. Suppose that $S^1$ has a fixed point in $M$. Is it true that $\pi_1(M)=\pi_1(M/S^1)$? I is there some reference or a short proof of this ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

Exact sequence of the fundamental group of the general fiber

Let $f\colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of complex algebraic varieties. Let $y\in Y$ be a general point, then we have a sequence of homomorphisms of fundamental groups induced by the inclusion of ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

algebraic varieties whose fundamental group is subgroup separable wrt subvariety subgroups

Call an algebraic variety $\pi_1$-subgroup separable iff, for every $Y\subseteq X$ a closed subvariety and $\hat Y\xrightarrow{i} Y$ a normalisation of $Y$, and subgroup $\Gamma=Im(\pi_1(\hat Y,y)\...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

local systems with cyclic monodromy

In their book "Lectures on vanishing theorems", Esnault and Viehweg used finite cyclic covering of varieties constructed as follows: Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over some field $k$ of ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

fundamental group and torus action

Let $T$ be the complex torus acting on a complex connected algebraic variety $X$ and let $p \colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a good quotient for this action. For any $y\in Y$ we have a sequence $p^{-1}(y) \...
1
vote
1answer
353 views

Computing the fundamental group of a flag variety

Let $G$ be a compact and connected and simply connected Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $x\in\mathfrak{g}^*$. How can we compute the fundamental group of $G/G_x$ where $G_x$ is ...
20
votes
0answers
531 views

On a homological finiteness condition

Assumption: $X$ is a connected CW complex, and $H_{\ast}(X;\mathbb{Z})=\bigoplus_{n \geq 0} H_n (X; \mathbb{Z})$ is finitely generated. Question: does there exist a finite CW complex $Y$ and a map $f:...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

A formula for isotropy group $\pi_1(G_a)$

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $T$ be its maximal tours, and $a\in \mathfrak{g}^*$. and $G_a$ be the isotropy group of $G$ then $T\subset G_a$ and we know that $\pi_1(T)=\mathbb{Z}^n$. My ...
5
votes
0answers
127 views

Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?
11
votes
0answers
541 views

About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

Find a simple closed curve in $S$ which represents a commutator in $\pi_1 S$

I am interested in the following problem : decide if a certain element of the fundamental group can be represented by a simple closed curve. The general case has already been asked and answered on MO (...