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4
votes
2answers
247 views

Fundamental group of a manifold with an $S^1$-action

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold with an $S^1$-action. Suppose that $S^1$ has a fixed point in $M$. Is it true that $\pi_1(M)=\pi_1(M/S^1)$? I is there some reference or a short proof of this ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Exact sequence of the fundamental group of the general fiber

Let $f\colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of complex algebraic varieties. Let $y\in Y$ be a general point, then we have a sequence of homomorphisms of fundamental groups induced by the inclusion of ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

algebraic varieties whose fundamental group is subgroup separable wrt subvariety subgroups

Call an algebraic variety $\pi_1$-subgroup separable iff, for every $Y\subseteq X$ a closed subvariety and $\hat Y\xrightarrow{i} Y$ a normalisation of $Y$, and subgroup $\Gamma=Im(\pi_1(\hat ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

local systems with cyclic monodromy

In their book "Lectures on vanishing theorems", Esnault and Viehweg used finite cyclic covering of varieties constructed as follows: Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over some field $k$ of ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

fundamental group and torus action

Let $T$ be the complex torus acting on a complex connected algebraic variety $X$ and let $p \colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a good quotient for this action. For any $y\in Y$ we have a sequence $p^{-1}(y) ...
0
votes
1answer
214 views

Computing the fundamental group of a flag variety

Let $G$ be a compact and connected and simply connected Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $x\in\mathfrak{g}^*$. How can we compute the fundamental group of $G/G_x$ where $G_x$ is ...
20
votes
0answers
470 views

On a homological finiteness condition

Assumption: $X$ is a connected CW complex, and $H_{\ast}(X;\mathbb{Z})=\bigoplus_{n \geq 0} H_n (X; \mathbb{Z})$ is finitely generated. Question: does there exist a finite CW complex $Y$ and a map ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

A formula for isotropy group $\pi_1(G_a)$

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $T$ be its maximal tours, and $a\in \mathfrak{g}^*$. and $G_a$ be the isotropy group of $G$ then $T\subset G_a$ and we know that $\pi_1(T)=\mathbb{Z}^n$. My ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?
11
votes
0answers
419 views

About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Find a simple closed curve in $S$ which represents a commutator in $\pi_1 S$

I am interested in the following problem : decide if a certain element of the fundamental group can be represented by a simple closed curve. The general case has already been asked and answered on MO ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

Computing fundamental groups of the complement of plane curves

This paper of Zariski contains this statement: If $C$ is a curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$, and $L$ is a generic line, then the injection $L\setminus C \hookrightarrow \mathbb{CP}^2\setminus C$ induces an ...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group

I have been trying to understand the homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group which says $ 1 \rightarrow \pi_1 \bar{X},\bar{x_0})\rightarrow \pi_1 (X,x_0)\rightarrow Gal(k)\rightarrow ...
7
votes
1answer
326 views

Do all varieties have only finitely many etale covers of fixed degree

I've been wondering about the following "finiteness statement" concerning etale covers for a while. Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, not necessarily algebraically closed. A variety over $K$ ...
7
votes
1answer
344 views

Do elements of the fundamental group give rise to isometries

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety, and let $\tilde X\to X$ be its universal cover. Suppose that there exists a Kahler-Einstein metric on $\tilde X$. Note that $\pi_1(X) \subset Aut(\tilde X)$. ...
6
votes
3answers
399 views

Smooth projective varieties with infinite abelian fundamental group and finite $\pi_2$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety of general type. Suppose that the (topological) fundamental group of $X$ is an infinite abelian group and that $\pi_2(X^{an})$ is finite. What ...
5
votes
2answers
230 views

The fundamental group of a $3$-manifold with a boundary of genus $>0$

Let $M$ be an orientable $3$-manifold with connected boundary $\Sigma_g$, a surface of genus $g>0$. I would like to find a reference to the following two statements. 1) $\pi_1(M)\ne 0$. 2) ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

The fundamental group of an $S^1$-quotient

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with an $\mathbb S^1$-action that fixes a point on $M$. Is it correct that $\pi_1(M/S^1)=\pi_1(M)$? I believe this is correct and is a corollary of some well-known ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Structure of fundamental groups arising from smooth projective morphisms

Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties. If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...
4
votes
1answer
451 views

Algebraic numbers and the complex projective line minus three points

Deligne's monograph “Le Groupe Fondamental de la Droite Projective Moins Trois Points” begins by remarking that when X is the projective line over the complex numbers, minus three points: "every ...
11
votes
2answers
457 views

The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation $$ \langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle. $$ The proof I know ...
7
votes
1answer
320 views

Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone, I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

$P^1$ minus k points

For $k\geq 3$, and $k$ arbitrary points $S=( z_1,\cdots,z_k ) \in \mathbb{P}^1$, we can write $$ P^1 \setminus S \cong \mathbb{H}/G $$ where $\mathbb{H}$ is the upper-half plane and $G\subset ...
1
vote
1answer
336 views

When is the class of functions between sets a set?

I'm reading the paper 'The big fundamental group, big Hawaiian earrings and the big free groups'. The authors state that the class of homotopy equivalences of loops in the space he dubs as the big ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Is $\pi_1(\widetilde{X/G})$ always finite if $\pi_1(X)$ is finite?

Let $X$ be a smooth complex manifold with finite fundamental group. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $X$ and let $\widetilde{X/G}$ be a resolution of singularities. Is $\pi_1(\widetilde{X/G})$ ...
2
votes
2answers
275 views

About “de-Rham” and “l-adic” local systems - comparison

Hello, Suppose that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of char. 0. Let $X$ be a smooth connected variety over $k$. Then I have the category $A$ of Regular Singular smooth $D$-modules on $X$ (i.e. ...
0
votes
1answer
319 views

fundamental group of a compact manifold

why fundamental group of of compact manifold is finitely presented
5
votes
1answer
228 views

Conjugation of homogeneous spaces

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible algebraic variety over the field of complex numbers ${\mathbb{C}}$. Let $x\in X({\mathbb{C}})$. Let $\tau$ be an automorphism of ${\mathbb{C}}$ (not necessarily ...
1
vote
1answer
350 views

Fundamental Group and Etale Cohomology

I encountered the following statement without a reference many times. For a smooth variety $X$ over a perfect field $k$. $Hom(H^1_{et}(X, \mathbb{Z}/n), \mathbb{Z}/n) \cong \pi^{ab}_1(X)/n$ Is there ...
21
votes
2answers
713 views

Profinite groups as étale fundamental groups

Does every profinite group arise as the étale fundamental group of a connected scheme? Equivalently, does every Galois category arise as the category of finite étale covers of a connected scheme? ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

Abelianized fundamental group of a curve over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, and geometrically connected curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a geometric point $\overline{x} : \text{Spec } \overline{\mathbb{F}_q} \to X$. Then there ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Grothendieck's section conjecture and base change: restricting sections

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ of genus at least two. Fix an algebraic closure $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ be the ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

local fundamental group of elliptic singularities

Is the local fundamental group of an elliptic singularity virtually solvable ? Here (the terminology is sometimes divergent) an elliptic singularity is a (germ of) normal surface $(X,x)$ such that $X$ ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the fundamental group functor a left-adjoint?

Theorem 1B.9 in Hatcher's Algebraic Topology says that for a (pointed) connected CW complex $X$ and group $G$, there is a bijection $\text{Hom}(\pi_1(X), G) \cong [X,K(G,1)]$, where $\pi_1(X)$ is the ...
21
votes
1answer
695 views

Is every ''group-completion'' map an acyclic map?

I start with a longer discussion which will result in a precise version of the question. A am puzzled about an issue with the Quillen plus construction. I have seen outstanding experts being confused ...
11
votes
1answer
528 views

Manifolds with prescribed fundamental group and finitely many trivial homotopy groups

Fix $G$, a finitely generated presented group. It is known that for every $k > 3$ there is a closed $k$-manifold whose fundamental group is $G$. Similarly, there is a topological space with ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

How should one understand orbifold fundamental groups?

I am studying orbifold fundamental group (or more generally orbifold homotopy groups). In a nutshell, my questions is: what are they intuitively? In what follows I give definitions and more precise ...
5
votes
0answers
276 views

discretifications of the fundamental group functor

Grothendieck calls a "discretification" of a profinite group $\hat G$, a discrete group $G$ whose profinite completion is isomorphic to $\hat G$. Does Grothendieck also define a notion of the ...
6
votes
3answers
876 views

$\pi_1$ Sequence of Topological Groups

Consider a connected topological group $G$ (not necessarily Lie). You have some maps $G\times G\to G$, such as projection to either summand, or multiplication $(g,h)\mapsto gh$. Now let's look at a ...
3
votes
3answers
258 views

When is a three-manifold deck transformation group solvable?

Suppose that $\pi:Y \to Y'$ is a regular covering of closed, connected, orientable three-manifolds and let $G$ be the deck transformation group. Furthermore, suppose that $Y$ is a rational homology ...
10
votes
0answers
448 views

Codimension Two Embeddings in Goodwillie-Weiss Manifold Calculus, and the Difficulty of Fundamental Groups

In manifold calculus, there are various analyticity estimates which run into trouble for codimension two embeddings. For instance, the functor $\operatorname{Emb}(M,N)$ is analytic in $M$ if $\dim M ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

connected compact semisimple lie group finite fundamental group

I was told that the fundamental group of a connected, compact, semisimple Lie group is finite, with the outline of a possible way to prove this fact. Is there any source however that fleshes this out ...
3
votes
1answer
343 views

A question about the Tannakian etale fundamental group of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth connected quasi-projective curve over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $U$ be the pro-unipotent etale fundamental group of $X$ over $\mathbf{Q}_p$. $U^1 = U$ and let $U^n =[U,U^{n-1}]$. Let ...
4
votes
2answers
517 views

Homology of Covering Spaces

Let $A$ be a subgroup of a group $G$. Then since $A$ is a subgroup of the fundamental group $\pi_1(K(G,1))=G$, there is a covering space $p\colon Y\to K(G,1)$ with $p_*(\pi_1(Y))=A$. So the homology ...
9
votes
1answer
379 views

fundamental groups of smooth projective variety.

Is there a discrete group G which is the fundamental group of a compact Kahler manifold but which is not the fundamental group of any smooth projective complex algebraic variety? It is known that ...
7
votes
3answers
584 views

Can we define homotopy groups using Tannakian categories

This is another vague question. Hope you guys don't mind. Let $T$ be a Tannakian category. For any fibre functor $F$ on $T$ we define the fundamental group of $T$ at $F$, denoted by $\pi_1(T,F)$, to ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Number of connected components of the Hurwitz space $H_n^o$ and subgroups of the fundamental group

A cover (of $\mathbf{P}^1_{\overline{\mathbf{Q}}}$) is a finite morphism $X\to \mathbf{P}^1_{\overline{\mathbf{Q}}}$, where $X$ is a smooth projective connected curve over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$. ...
12
votes
2answers
568 views

Are acyclic subcomplexes of finite contractible 2-complexes contractible?

Let $Y$ be a contractible finite simplicial 2-complex. Let $X$ be an acyclic subcomplex of $Y$ (i.e. $X$ connected, $H_1(X)=0$, $H_2(X)=0$). Is $X$ contractible? (Equivalently, is $\pi_1(X)$ ...
21
votes
3answers
873 views

Geometric Interpretation of the Lower Central Series for the Fundamental Group?

For any group G we can form the lower central series of normal subgroups by taking $G_0 = G$, $G_1 = [G,G]$, $G_{i+1} = [G,G_i]$. We can check this gives a normal chain $G_0 > G_1 > ... > ...