The fundamental-group tag has no usage guidance.

**21**

votes

**2**answers

872 views

### What is the fewest number of points you must delete from $\mathbb{R}^3$ to make it not simply connected?

This question concerns a set-theoretic aspect that I found interesting in the recent question asked by user Nick R., namely, Is
$\mathbb{R}^3\setminus\mathbb{Q}^3$ simply connected? He had asked ...

**38**

votes

**1**answer

934 views

### Is $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \mathbb{Q}^3$ simply connected?

Similarly is the complement of any countable set in $\mathbb R^3$ simply connected?
Reading around I found plenty of articles discussing the path connectedness $\mathbb R^2 \setminus \mathbb Q^2$ and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Does there exist an algebraic space with large fundamental group but no finite etale covers by schemes

Does there exits a smooth proper algebraic space $X$ over $\mathbb C$ with "large" fundamental group such that no finite etale cover of $X$ is a scheme?
By "large" fundamental group I mean that $X$ ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

409 views

### Relationship between étale and topological $K(\pi,1)$s

I was trying to find a proof, or a counterexample to the claim that if $X/\mathbb{C}$ is connected smooth projective, then $X$ is a $K(\pi^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}},1)$ if and only if $X^\mathrm{an}$ is a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Trying to relate the fundamental groupoid to vector bundles

Fix a topological space $X$. Now consider a functor from the fundamental groupoid of $X$ to the category $Vect$. In other words, we assign a vector space to each point of $X$, we allow ourselves to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Etale Fundamental group of an algebraic group

I want to calculate the algebraic fundamental group of a an algebraic group over a riemann surface over $\mathbb C$ (or a smooth algebraic projective curve). Let me state the first case where ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### A homomorphism in the long exact sequence of a fibration for a homogeneous space of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a connected Lie group, and let $H\subset G$ be a (closed) Lie subgroup, not necessarily connected. Set $X=G/H$.
The fibration $j\colon G\to X$ with fiber $H$ induces an exact sequence
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### How do we see the rank of the braid group?

The only presentation of the braid group that most people ever see is the standard Artin presentation
$$B_n=\langle σ_1,\cdots,σ_{n−1}|\ σ_iσ_j=σ_jσ_i\ \ (|i−j|>1),\ σ_iσ_{i+1}σ_i=σ_{i+1}σ_i ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### Nonabelian topological fundamental group of a conjugate variety

Let $X$ be a pointed algebraic variety over the field of complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $\pi_1^{\rm top}(X)$ and $\pi_1^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}}(X)$ denote the topological and the étale fundamental ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Double coset separability and the existence of vanishing sequences for surface group

Definition: Let $G$ be a group. $G$ is said to be double coset separable if given any finitely generated subgroups $H$ and $K$ in $G$, given any $g\in G$ and $h\not\in HgK$, there exists a finite ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Does the fundamental group identify group structure on subvarieties of products of curves?

Let $C_1,\dots, C_n$ be smooth curves over $\overline{\mathbb F}_p$, not necessarily proper. Let $X$ be a subvariety of $C_1 \times \dots \times C_n$. I'm interested in the natural map:
$$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

470 views

### A lower-dimensional algebraic topology problem between homology group and fundamental group

Let
\begin{equation}
A\stackrel{\alpha}{\longrightarrow}B\stackrel{\beta}{\longrightarrow}C\quad\quad (1)
\end{equation}
be a short sequence of (abelian or nonabelian) groups and homomorphisms. We say ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

373 views

### Is there a manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the fundamental group of a locally path connected, path connected compact metric space is finitely presented or uncountable. Furthermore the fundamental group of every manifold is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Are profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$ determined by their finite quotients?

Question: Let $G,H$ be profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$, with the same finite quotients (here I only consider quotients by normal, open subgroups). Then are $G$ and $H$ isomorphic?
...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

410 views

### Etale fundamental group of a curve in characteristic $p$

Let $C$ be a connected, smooth, proper curve of genus $g$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $\pi_1(C)$ be the etale fundamental group of $C$ - I only care about ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Is the fundamental group of an open arithmetic Riemann surface contained in $\Gamma(2)$

Let $X$ be a non-compact Riemann surface with universal covering $\mathbb H$ and suppose that the fundamental group of $X$ is an arithmetic subgroup of $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb H) = ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

962 views

### Teaching the fundamental group via everyday examples

This question is a "prequel" to a similar question about homology. Both questions were inspired by seeing a talk, by Tadashi Tokieda, about the interesting physics that appears in toys.
What ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

198 views

### Algebraic topology, Dynamical systems [closed]

Let $T^2$ be a 2-torus and $f:T^2\rightarrow T^2$ a smooth map. Let $f_*:\pi_1(T^2)\rightarrow\pi_1(T^2)$ be the induced map on the fundamental group $\pi_1$. If $f_*$ has no eigenvalue greater than ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

166 views

### which sections of elliptic curves are conjugate?

Suppose you have a relative elliptic curves $f : E\rightarrow S$ (say $S$ is connected). Then suppose you have two sections $g,g' : S\rightarrow E$, corresponding to two sections $g_*,g'_*$ to the map ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Algebraic fundamental group without regularity at infinity

Suppose $X$ is a smooth (connected) variety over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathscr{C}$ be the category of finite rank vector bundles on $X$ equipped with an integrable connection, and let $\mathscr{C}'$ be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

150 views

### Question about the specialization map for Etale Fundamental Groups

Let $A$ be a complete, discrete valuation ring, and let $s$ (resp $\eta$) be the special (resp. generic) point of $S=Spec(A)$. Let $\phi:X \rightarrow S$ be a proper morphism and fix geometric base ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

277 views

### question about the induced homomorphism of etale fundamental groups

Background/Setup
For any connected scheme $S$, let $\text{FEt}_S$ denote the category of finite etale $S$-schemes. Let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of connected schemes, then for any finite ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Why are we interested in the Fundamental Groupoid of a Space?

The classical version of the van Kampen theorem is concerned about the fundamental group of a based space. In fact, it says that the functor $\pi_1$ preserves certain types of pushouts in $Top_*$.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Question about the fundamental group of rational homology 3-spheres

By a rational homology 3-sphere, I mean a compact oriented manifold three-manifold $Y$ with $H_1(Y)$ finite. My question is whether there exists a reasonable classification of such manifolds such that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

423 views

### On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

324 views

### a question on rank of fundamental group

Assume $G$ be the fundamental group of a closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let
$G_{1} = \langle a_{1},...,a_{k} \rangle$ be a free subgroup of $G$, and let $G_{2}=\langle a_{k+1} \rangle$ be a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Isomorphism étale fundamental group

Given a birational proper morphism $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$
( Assume $X$ and $Y$ irreducible )
of complex algebraic varieties.
It is always true that $f^* \colon \pi^{et}_1 (X)\rightarrow ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

278 views

### Fundamental group of a manifold with an $S^1$-action

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold with an $S^1$-action. Suppose that $S^1$ has a fixed point in $M$. Is it true that $\pi_1(M)=\pi_1(M/S^1)$?
I is there some reference or a short proof of this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Exact sequence of the fundamental group of the general fiber

Let $f\colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of complex algebraic varieties.
Let $y\in Y$ be a general point, then we have a sequence of homomorphisms
of fundamental groups induced by the inclusion of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### algebraic varieties whose fundamental group is subgroup separable wrt subvariety subgroups

Call an algebraic variety $\pi_1$-subgroup separable iff,
for every $Y\subseteq X$ a closed subvariety and $\hat Y\xrightarrow{i} Y$ a normalisation of $Y$,
and subgroup $\Gamma=Im(\pi_1(\hat ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### local systems with cyclic monodromy

In their book "Lectures on vanishing theorems", Esnault and Viehweg used finite cyclic covering of varieties constructed as follows:
Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over some field $k$ of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### fundamental group and torus action

Let $T$ be the complex torus acting on a complex connected algebraic variety $X$
and let $p \colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a good quotient for this action.
For any $y\in Y$ we have a sequence $p^{-1}(y) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

307 views

### Computing the fundamental group of a flag variety

Let $G$ be a compact and connected and simply connected Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $x\in\mathfrak{g}^*$. How can we compute the fundamental group of $G/G_x$ where $G_x$ is ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

521 views

### On a homological finiteness condition

Assumption: $X$ is a connected CW complex, and $H_{\ast}(X;\mathbb{Z})=\bigoplus_{n \geq 0} H_n (X; \mathbb{Z})$ is finitely generated.
Question: does there exist a finite CW complex $Y$ and a map ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

204 views

### Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### A formula for isotropy group $\pi_1(G_a)$

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $T$ be its maximal tours, and $a\in \mathfrak{g}^*$. and $G_a$ be the isotropy group of $G$ then $T\subset G_a$ and we know that $\pi_1(T)=\mathbb{Z}^n$. My ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?

**11**

votes

**0**answers

506 views

### About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Find a simple closed curve in $S$ which represents a commutator in $\pi_1 S$

I am interested in the following problem : decide if a certain element of the fundamental group can be represented by a simple closed curve. The general case has already been asked and answered on MO ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

340 views

### Computing fundamental groups of the complement of plane curves

This paper of Zariski contains this statement: If $C$ is a curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$, and $L$ is a generic line, then the injection $L\setminus C \hookrightarrow \mathbb{CP}^2\setminus C$ induces an ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

481 views

### homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group

I have been trying to understand the homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group which says
$$ 1 \rightarrow \pi_1 (\bar{X},\bar{x_0})\rightarrow \pi_1 (X,x_0)\rightarrow ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### Do all varieties have only finitely many etale covers of fixed degree

I've been wondering about the following "finiteness statement" concerning etale covers for a while.
Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, not necessarily algebraically closed. A variety over $K$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Do elements of the fundamental group give rise to isometries

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety, and let $\tilde X\to X$ be its universal cover. Suppose that there exists a Kahler-Einstein metric on $\tilde X$. Note that $\pi_1(X) \subset Aut(\tilde X)$.
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

468 views

### Smooth projective varieties with infinite abelian fundamental group and finite $\pi_2$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety of general type. Suppose that the (topological) fundamental group of $X$ is an infinite abelian group and that $\pi_2(X^{an})$ is finite.
What ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### The fundamental group of a $3$-manifold with a boundary of genus $>0$

Let $M$ be an orientable $3$-manifold with connected boundary $\Sigma_g$, a surface of genus $g>0$.
I would like to find a reference to the following two statements.
1) $\pi_1(M)\ne 0$.
2) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### The fundamental group of an $S^1$-quotient

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with an $\mathbb S^1$-action that fixes a point on $M$.
Is it correct that $\pi_1(M/S^1)=\pi_1(M)$?
I believe this is correct and is a corollary of some well-known ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Structure of fundamental groups arising from smooth projective morphisms

Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties.
If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

528 views

### Algebraic numbers and the complex projective line minus three points

Deligne's monograph “Le Groupe Fondamental de la Droite Projective Moins Trois Points” begins by remarking that when X is the projective line over the complex numbers, minus three points: "every ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

886 views

### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation
$$
\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.
$$
The proof I know ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone,
I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...