The fundamental-group tag has no wiki summary.

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### Are profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$ determined by their finite quotients?

Question: Let $G,H$ be profinite groups of cardinality $|\mathbb{R}|$, with the same finite quotients (here I only consider quotients by normal, open subgroups). Then are $G$ and $H$ isomorphic?
...

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**0**answers

301 views

### Etale fundamental group of a curve in characteristic $p$

Let $C$ be a connected, smooth, proper curve of genus $g$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $\pi_1(C)$ be the etale fundamental group of $C$ - I only care about ...

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108 views

### Computation the fundamental group in two complex variables [migrated]

Let $\Delta$ be the unit disk in the complex plane and $0<\epsilon <<1$.
My purpose is to compute the fundamental group of the following.
$X :=\{ (z,w)\in \Delta \times \Delta \; | \; zw\neq ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Is the fundamental group of an open arithmetic Riemann surface contained in $\Gamma(2)$

Let $X$ be a non-compact Riemann surface with universal covering $\mathbb H$ and suppose that the fundamental group of $X$ is an arithmetic subgroup of $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb H) = ...

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**2**answers

597 views

### Teaching the fundamental group via everyday examples

This is a "prequel" to a similar question about homology. Both questions were inspired by seeing a talk, by Tadashi Tokieda, about the interesting physics that appears in toys.
What stories, ...

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vote

**1**answer

145 views

### Algebraic topology, Dynamical systems [closed]

Let $T^2$ be a 2-torus and $f:T^2\rightarrow T^2$ a smooth map. Let $f_*:\pi_1(T^2)\rightarrow\pi_1(T^2)$ be the induced map on the fundamental group $\pi_1$. If $f_*$ has no eigenvalue greater than ...

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157 views

### which sections of elliptic curves are conjugate?

Suppose you have a relative elliptic curves $f : E\rightarrow S$ (say $S$ is connected). Then suppose you have two sections $g,g' : S\rightarrow E$, corresponding to two sections $g_*,g'_*$ to the map ...

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111 views

### Algebraic fundamental group without regularity at infinity

Suppose $X$ is a smooth (connected) variety over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathscr{C}$ be the category of finite rank vector bundles on $X$ equipped with an integrable connection, and let $\mathscr{C}'$ be ...

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93 views

### Question about the specialization map for Etale Fundamental Groups

Let $A$ be a complete, discrete valuation ring, and let $s$ (resp $\eta$) be the special (resp. generic) point of $S=Spec(A)$. Let $\phi:X \rightarrow S$ be a proper morphism and fix geometric base ...

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**3**answers

252 views

### question about the induced homomorphism of etale fundamental groups

Background/Setup
For any connected scheme $S$, let $\text{FEt}_S$ denote the category of finite etale $S$-schemes. Let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of connected schemes, then for any finite ...

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votes

**3**answers

864 views

### Why are we interested in the Fundamental Groupoid of a Space?

The classical version of the van Kampen theorem is concerned about the fundamental group of a based space. In fact, it says that the functor $\pi_1$ preserves certain types of pushouts in $Top_*$.
...

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**1**answer

217 views

### Question about the fundamental group of rational homology 3-spheres

By a rational homology 3-sphere, I mean a compact oriented manifold three-manifold $Y$ with $H_1(Y)$ finite. My question is whether there exists a reasonable classification of such manifolds such that ...

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**1**answer

339 views

### On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...

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**2**answers

306 views

### a question on rank of fundamental group

Assume $G$ be the fundamental group of a closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let
$G_{1} = \langle a_{1},...,a_{k} \rangle$ be a free subgroup of $G$, and let $G_{2}=\langle a_{k+1} \rangle$ be a ...

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**1**answer

156 views

### Isomorphism étale fundamental group

Given a birational proper morphism $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$
( Assume $X$ and $Y$ irreducible )
of complex algebraic varieties.
It is always true that $f^* \colon \pi^{et}_1 (X)\rightarrow ...

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votes

**2**answers

262 views

### Fundamental group of a manifold with an $S^1$-action

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold with an $S^1$-action. Suppose that $S^1$ has a fixed point in $M$. Is it true that $\pi_1(M)=\pi_1(M/S^1)$?
I is there some reference or a short proof of this ...

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**0**answers

103 views

### Exact sequence of the fundamental group of the general fiber

Let $f\colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of complex algebraic varieties.
Let $y\in Y$ be a general point, then we have a sequence of homomorphisms
of fundamental groups induced by the inclusion of ...

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**0**answers

93 views

### algebraic varieties whose fundamental group is subgroup separable wrt subvariety subgroups

Call an algebraic variety $\pi_1$-subgroup separable iff,
for every $Y\subseteq X$ a closed subvariety and $\hat Y\xrightarrow{i} Y$ a normalisation of $Y$,
and subgroup $\Gamma=Im(\pi_1(\hat ...

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**0**answers

94 views

### local systems with cyclic monodromy

In their book "Lectures on vanishing theorems", Esnault and Viehweg used finite cyclic covering of varieties constructed as follows:
Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over some field $k$ of ...

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**1**answer

182 views

### fundamental group and torus action

Let $T$ be the complex torus acting on a complex connected algebraic variety $X$
and let $p \colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a good quotient for this action.
For any $y\in Y$ we have a sequence $p^{-1}(y) ...

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votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Computing the fundamental group of a flag variety

Let $G$ be a compact and connected and simply connected Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $x\in\mathfrak{g}^*$. How can we compute the fundamental group of $G/G_x$ where $G_x$ is ...

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499 views

### On a homological finiteness condition

Assumption: $X$ is a connected CW complex, and $H_{\ast}(X;\mathbb{Z})=\bigoplus_{n \geq 0} H_n (X; \mathbb{Z})$ is finitely generated.
Question: does there exist a finite CW complex $Y$ and a map ...

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**1**answer

193 views

### Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...

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**1**answer

115 views

### A formula for isotropy group $\pi_1(G_a)$

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $T$ be its maximal tours, and $a\in \mathfrak{g}^*$. and $G_a$ be the isotropy group of $G$ then $T\subset G_a$ and we know that $\pi_1(T)=\mathbb{Z}^n$. My ...

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100 views

### Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?

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459 views

### About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...

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**1**answer

167 views

### Find a simple closed curve in $S$ which represents a commutator in $\pi_1 S$

I am interested in the following problem : decide if a certain element of the fundamental group can be represented by a simple closed curve. The general case has already been asked and answered on MO ...

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288 views

### Computing fundamental groups of the complement of plane curves

This paper of Zariski contains this statement: If $C$ is a curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$, and $L$ is a generic line, then the injection $L\setminus C \hookrightarrow \mathbb{CP}^2\setminus C$ induces an ...

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389 views

### homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group

I have been trying to understand the homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group which says
$$ 1 \rightarrow \pi_1 (\bar{X},\bar{x_0})\rightarrow \pi_1 (X,x_0)\rightarrow ...

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343 views

### Do all varieties have only finitely many etale covers of fixed degree

I've been wondering about the following "finiteness statement" concerning etale covers for a while.
Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, not necessarily algebraically closed. A variety over $K$ ...

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349 views

### Do elements of the fundamental group give rise to isometries

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety, and let $\tilde X\to X$ be its universal cover. Suppose that there exists a Kahler-Einstein metric on $\tilde X$. Note that $\pi_1(X) \subset Aut(\tilde X)$.
...

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426 views

### Smooth projective varieties with infinite abelian fundamental group and finite $\pi_2$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety of general type. Suppose that the (topological) fundamental group of $X$ is an infinite abelian group and that $\pi_2(X^{an})$ is finite.
What ...

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**2**answers

282 views

### The fundamental group of a $3$-manifold with a boundary of genus $>0$

Let $M$ be an orientable $3$-manifold with connected boundary $\Sigma_g$, a surface of genus $g>0$.
I would like to find a reference to the following two statements.
1) $\pi_1(M)\ne 0$.
2) ...

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**1**answer

171 views

### The fundamental group of an $S^1$-quotient

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with an $\mathbb S^1$-action that fixes a point on $M$.
Is it correct that $\pi_1(M/S^1)=\pi_1(M)$?
I believe this is correct and is a corollary of some well-known ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Structure of fundamental groups arising from smooth projective morphisms

Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties.
If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...

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**1**answer

490 views

### Algebraic numbers and the complex projective line minus three points

Deligne's monograph “Le Groupe Fondamental de la Droite Projective Moins Trois Points” begins by remarking that when X is the projective line over the complex numbers, minus three points: "every ...

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579 views

### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation
$$
\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.
$$
The proof I know ...

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**1**answer

372 views

### Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone,
I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### $P^1$ minus k points

For $k\geq 3$, and $k$ arbitrary points $S=( z_1,\cdots,z_k ) \in \mathbb{P}^1$, we can write
$$ P^1 \setminus S \cong \mathbb{H}/G $$
where $\mathbb{H}$ is the upper-half plane and $G\subset ...

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343 views

### When is the class of functions between sets a set?

I'm reading the paper 'The big fundamental group, big Hawaiian earrings and the big free groups'. The authors state that the class of homotopy equivalences of loops in the space he dubs as the big ...

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189 views

### Is $\pi_1(\widetilde{X/G})$ always finite if $\pi_1(X)$ is finite?

Let $X$ be a smooth complex manifold with finite fundamental group. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $X$ and let $\widetilde{X/G}$ be a resolution of singularities. Is $\pi_1(\widetilde{X/G})$ ...

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298 views

### About “de-Rham” and “l-adic” local systems - comparison

Hello,
Suppose that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of char. 0.
Let $X$ be a smooth connected variety over $k$.
Then I have the category $A$ of Regular Singular smooth $D$-modules on $X$ (i.e. ...

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**1**answer

392 views

### fundamental group of a compact manifold

why fundamental group of of compact manifold is finitely presented

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**1**answer

240 views

### Conjugation of homogeneous spaces

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible algebraic variety
over the field of complex numbers ${\mathbb{C}}$.
Let $x\in X({\mathbb{C}})$.
Let $\tau$ be an automorphism of ${\mathbb{C}}$ (not necessarily ...

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vote

**1**answer

379 views

### Fundamental Group and Etale Cohomology

I encountered the following statement without a reference many times. For a smooth variety $X$ over a perfect field $k$.
$Hom(H^1_{et}(X, \mathbb{Z}/n), \mathbb{Z}/n) \cong \pi^{ab}_1(X)/n$
Is there ...

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759 views

### Profinite groups as étale fundamental groups

Does every profinite group arise as the étale fundamental group of a connected scheme?
Equivalently, does every Galois category arise as the category of finite étale covers of a connected scheme?
...

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284 views

### Abelianized fundamental group of a curve over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, and geometrically connected curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a geometric point $\overline{x} : \text{Spec } \overline{\mathbb{F}_q} \to X$. Then there ...

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337 views

### Grothendieck's section conjecture and base change: restricting sections

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ of genus at least two. Fix an algebraic closure $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ be the ...

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### local fundamental group of elliptic singularities

Is the local fundamental group of an elliptic singularity virtually solvable ? Here (the terminology is sometimes divergent) an elliptic singularity is a (germ of) normal surface $(X,x)$ such that $X$ ...

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### Is the fundamental group functor a left-adjoint?

Theorem 1B.9 in Hatcher's Algebraic Topology says that for a (pointed) connected CW complex $X$ and group $G$, there is a bijection $\text{Hom}(\pi_1(X), G) \cong [X,K(G,1)]$, where $\pi_1(X)$ is the ...