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5
votes
2answers
287 views

Does this equation has a closed-form solution for $t$? ($(1-p)\sum_{i=0}^{n}t^i = p\sum_{i=0}^{n}(1-t)^i)$)

We are given $n\in \mathbb N^+$ and $p\in[\frac{1}{2},\frac{n+1}{n+2}]$. Our goal is to find $t\in[0,1]$ such that $$(1-p)\sum_{i=0}^{n}t^i = p\sum_{i=0}^{n}(1-t)^i$$ Is there a closed-form ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Solving a system of integral or series equations showing the Maximum Likelihood of Beta distribution [migrated]

Peace be upon you, In this question, I have shown that how computing MLE on an i.i.d Beta distributed data, results in the following system \begin{align*} &\begin{cases} ...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

Consistent price index

This question came out of a discussion with a colleague from economics about price indices. Here is MattF's formulation of the question which differs somehow from the original problem. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Counterexample for the Generalized Associativity Equation

The Generalized Associativity Equation is given by $$ F(G(x,y),z)=K(x,H(y,z)),$$ where the functions $F,G,H$ and $K$ are all from $\mathbb{R}^2$ to $\mathbb{R}$. In his book "Lectures on Functional ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Archimedean $\varepsilon$-factors

Let $K$ be either $\bf R$ or $\bf C$. Let $p$ and $q$ be integers with $p \leq -1$, $q \geq 0$, and $p+q=-1$. Consider the Hodge structure $M = M(p,q)$ over $K$ with coefficients in $\bf R$, defined ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Family of (Cumulative Distribution) Functions

I'm looking for a 2 (or more)-parameter family of functions $F$ with the following properties: For each $f \in F$, $f(0)=0$, $f(1)=1$, and $f$ is (weakly) increasing. $F$ is closed under products. ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Solve this functional equation with respect to $f$

Let $v\not= 1$ be a real number. Let $f(s)$ be real analytic on an open interval containing $v$ and $1$, with a zero of order $m\ge 1$ at $s=1$. My question is: Can we solve this functional equation ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

A functional inequality

$g:[0,1]\to[0,1]$ continuously differentiable and increasing such that for all integers $t>0$ and for all $r\in(0,1)$, $g(r^{t+1})>g(r)\cdot g(r^t)$. Does this imply that for all ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

Solving a functional equation

I would like to consider the following simple problem. I want to find two functions $f,g : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that, being given a collection $(h_v)_{v\in V}$ of real functions indexed by ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

solution of functional equation $f^{\circ k}(x) = x$

The equation $f^{\circ k}(x) = \mathrm{Id}$ for $x\in E$ is called the Babbage equation and the general solution is given in the following way [M. Kuczma, Functional equations in a single variable]: ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

General additive function of probability

Let $H$ be a function of finite sequences of probabilities (non-negative numbers summing up to 1) into real numbers, such that: $H$ is continuous, $H$ is symmetric w.r.t. the order of its arguments, ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

A $GL_1$ Voronoi formula

I want a functional equation for the function defined by the Dirichlet series, $$ D(s,a/q)= \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{e^{2\pi i n a/q}}{n^s}. $$ which sends $s$ to $1-s$ and preferably sends $a$ to ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Functional equation of Ramanujan type

For a given positive integer $k$, can one find a function $\phi(k;n)$ such that the following functional equation $$\phi(k;n)+\phi\left (k;\frac{1}{n}\right )=\zeta(2k)$$ is satisfied for every ...
0
votes
1answer
262 views

Is there any mathematical study about |a-b|=f(|g(a)-g(b)|)? or does there exist f() and g() satisfy this equation? [closed]

The problem is just as the title. It is clear that the linear function $f(x)=kx$ and $g(x)=(1/k)x$ can meet it. Is there any other function pairs f(x) and g(x) can meet this equation? or the equation ...
10
votes
3answers
525 views

Relating the roots of polynomials to the solution sets of certain functional equations

Consider a functional equation of the following form: $$\sum_{k=0}^n a_k\,\underbrace{f(f(\cdots f}_{k}(x)\cdots )=0\quad \big(f:\,\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R},\;a_i\in ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Unusual Differential Equation for CDF

Consider the following differential equation $$F(cx) = F(x) + x F'(x)$$ for $c>1$. Does this differential equation belong to a some well known class? Is there a way to find all the solutions ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

How to solve for the nonlinear functional equation? [closed]

I got a nonlinear functional equation like: $f(x) = g(x) + h(f(Ax))$, where $A$ is a constant, $x$ is a scalar, $g()$ and $h()$ are given. The objective is to solve for the expression of $f(x)$. ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

A Recursive Maximization Problem

Let $A\ge B>0$ be real constants. I say that a function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow[0,1]$ satisfies the $(A,B)$-condition if for all $p\in [0,1]$, the expression $$q(A-Bp-Bf(q))$$ is maximized (not ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

An Integral Functional Equation

Let $f$ be a non-negative function supported and integrable on the positive real axis, such that $$\int_0^\infty f(x+y)p(y) dy = c[p] f(x), $$ where $c[p]$ a number (functional) dependent on function ...
4
votes
1answer
350 views

A Differential Equation with Nested Functions

This was posted to Math Stackexchange, but got no useful answers, and the more I think about it, the harder it seems. I would like to know whether there exists a differentiable function from the ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

A Convolution Integral Equation

Is there any close-form solution for a function $f(t)$ satisfied the below equation: $f(t)=g(t)+\frac{1}{t^2}(h(t)*f(t))$. Operator $*$ is convolution integral, and $g(t)$ and $h(t)$ are known ...
3
votes
0answers
238 views

The functional equation of Hofstadter's Q sequence

Hofstadter's Q sequence is defined by $Q(1) = Q(2) = 1$ and $Q(n) = Q(n-Q(n-1)) + Q(n-Q(n-2))$ for $n \geq 3$. So far hardly anything on this sequence has been proved -- not even that $Q(n)$ is ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

Functional equations

What are the general solutions of the functional equations? $$ f(x,y)+f(y,z)=\frac{1}{f(x,z)} $$ $$ f(x,y)f(y,z)f(x,z)=1 $$
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Some functional equations in two variables

I have two questions. i) Does there exist a function $\varphi:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ for which the functional equation $$ |f(x)-f(y)|=\frac{1}{|\varphi(x)-\varphi(y)|} $$ has a solution ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Is still it weakly continuous ?

If $\{u_n\}$ is bounded in $H$(real Hilbert space)with inner product such that $(\cdot,\cdot)$, then ${\|u_n\|^2u_n}$ is bounded also. Passing a subsequence, one has that $\{\|u_n\|^2u_n\}$ converges ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Solving Multivariate and multi power Equations

There are 84 equations, $r-A_DD^5-5A_DD^4D_i-(a_{d_i}+2b_{d_i}D_i)+(1-\alpha)\lambda_i=0,$ $A_L/L-r-(A_L/L^2)L_i-(a_{l_i}+2b_{l_i}L_i)-\lambda_i=0,$ $(1-\alpha)D_i-L_i=0$ where $i=1,\cdots,28$, ...
9
votes
2answers
445 views

Series defined by a fixed-point functional equation

Description I my work, I met fixed-point functional equations of a very specific form. Since I am not expert in the domain of functional equations, I have not pushed the study of these very far. Here ...
-2
votes
1answer
265 views

why we are finding the stability for functional equations? [closed]

We know why we are finding stability of differential equation. but i need the answer for the question "why we are finding the stability for functional equations?" if possible explain with some sutable ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Critical case linear autonomous functional differential equation

I am looking for asymptotic ($t\to\infty$) behavior of the general solution $g(t)$ to a following linear functional differential equation $$ \text{(1)} \quad\quad\quad g'(t)-g'(t-T)=-g(t) $$ with ...
23
votes
3answers
823 views

Rational functions with a common iterate

Let $f$ and $g$ be two rational functions. To avoid trivialities, we suppose that their degrees are at least $2$. We say that they have a common iterate if $f^m=g^n$ for some positive integers $m,n$, ...
4
votes
1answer
346 views

Hahn-Banach theorem with real extended valued function

Hello to everyone, My problem is the following: I have this version of the Hahn-Banach theorem: Let V be a vector space and let $p:V\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be any convex function. Let $W$ be a vector ...
0
votes
3answers
181 views

References for functional equations in more general settings than the reals

Hi there - I'm Manny, a soon to be MSC thesist. I'm looking for a subject to write my thesis about - and recently I was caught by functional differential equations. Is there any neat reference for ...
2
votes
2answers
756 views

Techniques to solve equations involving a definite integral [closed]

Are there any well known techniques to solve a problem of the following form: $$\int_a^b f(x,\alpha) dx = g(\alpha),$$ where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$ are fixed, $f$ and $g$ are known functions, ...
9
votes
2answers
825 views

Which trigonometric identities involve trigonometric functions?

Another question that's getting no answers on stackexchange: Once upon a time, when Wikipedia was only three-and-a-half years old and most people didn't know what it was, the article titled ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Finding f such that f(f(x))=g(x) given g

Suppose $g(x)$ is a smooth increasing function defined for $x \ge 0$ such that $g(x) \ge x$ for all $x$. Does there exist a function $f$ with similar properties such that $f(f(x))=g(x)$ for all $x \ge ...
2
votes
3answers
342 views

solvability of an elementary functional equation

Is there some other way to characterize the functions $f:\mathbb Z\times \mathbb Z\to \mathbb Z$ which are expressible as $$f(x,y)=g(x)+g(y)-g(x+y)$$ for some $g:\mathbb Z\to\mathbb Z$? Easy facts: ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Are there any non-linear solutions of Cauchy's equation ($f(x+y)=f(x)+f(y)$) without assuming the Axiom of Choice?

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be s.t. $f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y), \ \forall x, y$ It is quite obvious that this implies $f(cx)=cx$ for all $c \in \mathbb{Z}$ and even further: $\forall c \in ...
3
votes
1answer
677 views

Restriction of a linear functional equation to surface of a sphere

Let $f_i : R \rightarrow R$ and $g_j: R \rightarrow R$ be unknown functions, for $i = 1, \cdots, N$ and $j = 1, \cdots, K$. Let $A$ be a $K \times N$ matrix whose columns are unit-length vectors ...
5
votes
5answers
733 views

Are there functions satisfying the following integral condition?

Can we find two functions $f$ and $g$ that are reasonably defined nontrivial(not everywhere zero, $f\neq g$, not linear polynomials) functions such that the following condition is satisfied? $$ f( ...
41
votes
14answers
5k views

Does any research mathematics involve solving functional equations?

This is a somewhat frivolous question, so I won't mind if it gets closed. One of the categories of Olympiad-style problems (e.g. at the IMO) is solving various functional equations, such as those ...
40
votes
10answers
6k views

The functional equation $f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2$

I'd like to gather information and references on the following functional equation for power series $$f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2,$$$$f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty c_k x^k$$ (so $c_0=0$ is imposed). First things that ...
5
votes
1answer
487 views

Is this method of “fractional sums” using a Fourier series viable?

Hi. I have this idea about developing what I call a "continuum sum", that is, a method to "add up a non-integer number of terms", i.e. to see if there is a "natural" way to assign a meaning to the ...
0
votes
2answers
532 views

Approach to solving a differential-functional equation

What could be an approach to solving such equations? $$f'(x)=C \prod_{k=0}^x f(k)$$ $$\frac{g'(x)}{g(x)}=C+ \sum_{k=0}^{x-1} g(k)$$ Here the product and the sum are understood as indefinite sum and ...
2
votes
1answer
536 views

What are conditions to make f(x) defined by f(x)=f(x-1)*x + 1/e unique(for instance convex)?

[Background:] Looking at the powerseries for the gamma-function $ \Gamma(1+x) = 1 + a_1 x + a_2 x^2 - a_3 * x^3 + ... $ then we can arrive at a decomposition $ \Gamma(1+x) = r(x) + g(x) $ ...
3
votes
0answers
288 views

elementary Abel function of a polynomial

Is there an elementary real function $F$ such that $F(1+F^{-1}(x))$ is a polynomial of degree at least 2 without real fixpoints.
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Does any iterative equation of n-th order have exactly n independent solutions?

Does any iterative equation of n-th order which does not inclute derivatives of order higher than 1 have exactly n independent solutions? Let's designate n-th iterate of a function $y(x)$ as ...
0
votes
1answer
972 views

how to solve general integral equations with both variable lower and upper bounds

I am interested in solving the following equations: $f(x) + \int_{\alpha(x)}^{\beta(x)}K(x,t)u(t)dt = 0$ and $f(x) + \int_{\alpha(x)}^{\beta(x)}K(x,t)u(t)dt = u(x)$ when $u(x)$ is the unknown function ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Solution to the following functional equation

I would sincerely appreciate if anyone can tell me how to solve g(x) defined by the following functional equation: $h(t) = \int_0^t f(2t-x)g(x)dx$ for $0\leq t\leq \infty$? where: f(x) is a known ...
17
votes
9answers
5k views

What is the indefinite sum of tan(x)?

What is the indefinite sum of the tangent function, that is, the function $T$ for which $\Delta_x T = T(x + 1) - T(x) = \tan(x)$ Of course, there are infinitely many answers, who all differ by a ...
1
vote
1answer
650 views

Infinite graphs as functional operators

Original Question Consider an infinite tree of constant degree $k$. For such a tree we can consider the total number of nodes at depth $n$, $g(f)$, and the total number of paths from the root, ...