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**7**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Lexicographic distribution of irreducible polynomials

Let $A = {\mathbb F}_2[X]$, though the following can be adapted to $p \neq 2$ too. Order the elements of $A$ lexicographically. Equivalently, take a polynomial such as $P = X^4 + X + 1$, write its ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### What is the cokernel of $O_S \to F_\infty/O_\infty$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$ and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(T)$ generated by $\sqrt{T^3 + 1}$. Let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. Let $S = \{\infty\} \subset X$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Fermat's Little Theorem in function fields

There is a well-known generalisation of Fermat's Little Theorem as for any $a\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}$ we have $$\sum_{d\mid n} \mu(n/d) a^d\equiv 0\pmod n.$$ where $\mu$ is the Möbius ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Extension of a valuation on a function field

Let $K$ be a field, and $K(x)$ the field of rational functions over $K$. Consider the degree valuation $v$ on $K(x)$, That is
$v\left(\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\right)=\deg(g)-\deg(f)$. So for every $f(x)\in ...

**2**

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**0**answers

63 views

### Pairing for non-uniformizable Anderson T-motives

Let $M$ be an Anderson T-motive (the simplest case, i.e. abelian in the meaning of [G] Goss, Basic structures of function field arithmetic, Def. 5.4.12, over $A^1$, having $N=0$), and let $H_1(E)$ ([G]...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Generators of fixed function fields under involutions

I am trying to prove something for function fields in two generators and only one involution but I don't know if it is true, if true, I would like to generalize, here it is.
Let $K=k(\eta_1,\eta_2)$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I have an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}(t)$, and I want to compute its rank. Does knowing the rank over $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$ for some prime of good reduction give a bound on the rank over $\mathbb{Q}(t)$?...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Kernel of the Artin map when dealing with S-ideles and S-divisors for function fields

Having understood that there is a strong correspondence between number fields and function fields, I am trying to work out some function field equivalents of class field theoretic invariants from Bost ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Action of a Drinfeld modular group on a Drinfeld symmetric space

Let $\Bbb C_\infty$ be functional field case analog of $\Bbb C$, i.e. $\Bbb C_\infty$ is the completion of the algebraic closure of the field of Laurent series $\Bbb F_q((\theta^{-1}))$, where $q$ is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Relation between ramification locus of a tower and of its constant field extension

I am trying to understand Remark 7.2.22 (Page 256) of Algebraic Function Fields and Codes (Second Edition) by Henning Stichtenoth.
In that remark he considers a tower $\mathcal{F} = (F_0,F_1,F_2,\...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### Infinitely many irreducible polynomials of the form f(X^2) + X mod 3?

Are there infinitely many polynomials $f \in \mathbb{F}_3[X]$ for which $f(X^2) + X$ is irreducible?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine,
Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z
(and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements.
What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### The uniform boundedness of rational torsion for traceless abelian surfaces over a function field

The function field analog of the theorem of Mazur-Kamienny-Merel (giving a universal bound in $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$ for the size of the $K$-rational torsion of an elliptic curve) is immediate just from the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### Are Anderson $T$-motives motives for the function field analogy?

this question is related to this one Geometry for Anderson's motives?, though the previous one doesn't answer exactly my question.
Let $\mathbb{C}_{\infty}$ be the function field analog of $\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Comparison of finite field extensions of $\mathbb{C}(t)$

Let K be a finite field extension of $\mathbb{C}(t)$. Then $K$ is isomorphic to the field of meromorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface $X$ with genius $g$. By an argument similar to the proof ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Lang's height conjecture over $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$?

Is the canonical height of a non-torsion $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$-rational point of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$ known or supposed to be bounded from below by an absolute positive number (or ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Rational cohomology of $S$-arithmetic groups over function fields and Gauss-Bonnet

I have a question on the ranks of rational cohomology groups of
$S$-arithmetic groups over function fields. To fix the situation, $G$
is a simple Chevalley group of rank $r$, $k=\mathbb{F}_q$ a finite
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### Function field Towers of larger depth of recursion

A function field tower is a sequence of function fields
$$\mathcal{F}_0 \subset \mathcal{F}_1 \subset \mathcal{F}_2 \dots \subset \mathcal{F}_{n} \subset \mathcal{F}_{n+1} \subset \dots $$
over a base ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Automorphisms of function fields under constant reduction

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(x,y)$ be a function field of genus at least 2, with defining equation $f(x,y)=0$ (say, absolutely irreducible and with coefficients not divisible by $p$), and let $k$ be the mod-$p$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### To which automorphic forms/rep's over a function field can we associate a Galois representation?

As far as I understand it, by the work of Lafforgue (cf. Laumon, "Cohom. of Drinfeld ... II", Thm 12.4.1) there is a Galois representation associated to an irreducible cuspidal automorphic ...

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**0**answers

323 views

### elliptic curves over function fields

Let $K$ be a number field, $E$ an elliptic curve over $K$, and $p$ an odd prime. If $v$ is a place of $K$, we know by the Kummer injection that $E(K_v)/pE(K_v) \hookrightarrow H^1 (K_v, E[p])$ for ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### What is the advantage of the approach of valuations to the Riemann-Roch Theorem for curves (a la Chevalley)? AKA theory of algebraic functions in one variable

Hello,
Some books and courses take the approach to Riemann-Roch for curves considering only the algebraic viewpoint of algebraic extensions of a field k(t) without going into any algebraic geometry (...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Computing the fixed field of an automorphism of a function field

Let say we have a function field $k(x,y)$ defined by $f(x,y)$ over $k$, with $\sigma \in Aut(k(x,y)/k)$ and. Suppose, I'm not that out of luck, so that either of $\prod \sigma^i(x)$ or $\sum \sigma^i(...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### The image of generator under an automorphism of a cyclic function field

I'm reading the proof of Lemma 4.1 [1] which says:
"Let $F = K(x,y), y^q = f(x)$, where $q$ is a prime different from characteristic of $K$.
Let $Z := Gal(F/K(x))$ and we have $Z < G < Aut(F/K)$...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

407 views

### About the ring used in the definition of drinfeld modules. Why is that ring a dedekind domain?

Let $K/F$ be a function field with exact field of constants $F$ ($F$ is a finite field of characteristic $p$ prime). A prime in $K$ is a discrete valuation in $K$ containing $F$. It has a unique ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Splitting a polynomial with one root

Suppose we have an irreducible polynomial $f\in K[x]$. Is there some way to sometimes tell whether $f$ splits completely after adjoining just one root of $f$ to $K$?
I am mostly interested in the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

326 views

### Sheaf Cohomology on Zariski-Riemann Spaces

Can sheaf cohomology on the Zariski-Riemann spaces give some sort of classification for field extensions (even just for function fields)? If not, are there any significant or useful results (e.g. for ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### Implicit Function Theorem over arbitrary fields

Are there any restrictions on the ground field over which the implicit function theorem holds? In particular, does the theorem hold over function fields like $F_q((1/t))$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

525 views

### Riemann-Roch for ARBITRARY Function Fields

I know that on an algebraic function field in one variable over any base field, there is a good divisor theory for it and a Riemann-Roch Theorem; in particular, there is a 'good' notion of 'genus'. (...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### behavior of places of a function field under automorphism

if $P_{1}$ and $P_{2}$ are distinct places of equal degree of the function field F/K, and $\sigma$ is a K-field automorphism, such that $\sigma(P_{1})=P_{2}$. then, does $\deg (P_{1}\cap K(x))=\deg (...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

643 views

### Why the roots of unity are the analogs of constants ?

Hello,
Joel Dogde, in a comment on his question "Roots of unity in different completions of a number field", says the following, about the analogy between number fields and function fields :
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### ray class field of rational function field

Let $f \in \mathbf{F}_q[T]$ be irreducible. I know that the ray class field for $\mathrm{Cl}((f)) \cong (\mathbf{F}_q[T]/(f))^\times$ can be constructed by adjoining torsion points of a Carlitz module....

**22**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Global fields: What exactly is the analogy between number fields and function fields?

Note: This comes up as a byproduct of Qiaochu's question "What are examples of good toy models in mathematics?"
There seems to be a general philosophy that problems over function fields are easier to ...