Tagged Questions

Questions regarding derivatives and integrals of non-integer order.

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Geometric interpretation of the half-derivative?

For $f(x)=x$, the half-derivative of $f$ is $$\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}}{dx^{\frac{1}{2}}} x = 2 \sqrt{\frac{x}{\pi}} \;.$$ Is there some geometric interpretation of (Q1) this specific derivative, and, (...
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What is the actual meaning of a fractional derivative?

We're all use to seeing differential operators of the form $\frac{d}{dx}^n$ where $n\in\mathbb{Z}$. But it has come to my attention that this generalises to all complex numbers, forming a field called ...
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Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^N$...
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Rearrangement in Bessel function spaces

I consider, for $0<s<1$, the Bessel function space $$L^{s,2}(\mathbb{R}^d) = \left\{f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) : (1+|\cdot|)^{s/2}\hat{f}(\cdot)\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)\right\}.$$ The question I ...
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Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details). The first one is based on ...
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Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$. My ...
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What is the fractional derivative smoothness of functions from the Zygmund class?

Let $\Lambda([0,1])$ be the Zygmund class of continuous on $[0,1]$ functions for which $$\sup h^{-1}|f(x+2h)-2f(x+h)+f(x)|<\infty.$$ What would be the exact smoothness class for the fractional ...
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How to evaluate the following integral

Would anyone please let me know how to compute the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{a\log(t^2+1)}{t^2 + a^2}dt,$$ here $a > 0$.
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positively invariant set respec to fractional system

In my research I need to show that the set $$M := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^4,X≥0\}$$ where $$X(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t),x_3(t),x_4(t))^T$$ is positively invariant with respect the following system of ...
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Chain rule for fractional derivative defined via Fourier transform

It is well known that in the case of integer order differentiation the formula $\partial_{x}f(x,u(x))=\partial_{u}f\cdot \partial_{x}u+\partial_{x}f\cdot u$ holds. If we define fractional derivative ...
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Can infinitely many orbifolds be “added up” to form a fractal space?

Disclaimer: this question is rather vague and thus might not be suitable for this site. If so, feel free to tell me and I'll delete it. Intuitively, an orbifold, from what I understand, is a "...
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Another proof of the comparison principle for PDEs by the theory of viscosity solutions

In my research I study (fully) nonlinear PDEs with fractional derivatives. For an analysis of these, I use the theory of viscosity solutions. So I am now at the end of my tether becasuse I can not ...
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Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation \begin{align} D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x) \end{align} with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...
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Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...