Questions regarding derivatives and integrals of non-integer order.

**30**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Geometric interpretation of the half-derivative?

For $f(x)=x$, the half-derivative of $f$ is
$$\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}}{dx^{\frac{1}{2}}} x = 2 \sqrt{\frac{x}{\pi}} \;.$$
Is there some geometric interpretation of (Q1) this specific derivative, and, ...

**29**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### What is the actual meaning of a fractional derivative?

We're all use to seeing differential operators of the form $\frac{d}{dx}^n$ where $n\in\mathbb{Z}$. But it has come to my attention that this generalises to all complex numbers, forming a field called ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Characterizing the Dual of $W_0^{s,p}$

I am interested in literature/results characterizing the dual of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is open, bounded, and smooth, $0< s<1$, and ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

991 views

### Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$.
I derived the following expression:
$(\pi \cot (\pi ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

651 views

### A definition of the fractional derivative

I was investigating the idea of fractional derivatives and devised the following definition. WHich definition is it equivalent to and can I have a reference for it?
$$\frac{d^n}{dx^n}f(x) = \lim_{h ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

430 views

### Local fractional derivative that doesn't vanish on differentiable functions

Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative is a nonlocal fractional derivative that doesn't vanish in general on differentiable functions. Kolwankar-Gangal fractional derivative is local but vanishes on ...

**4**

votes

**6**answers

764 views

### Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$.
Can we have estimates, similar to the one below
$$
\| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p,
$$
hold in $L^p$, where ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

453 views

### Are there analogous theorems and/or techniques for solving fractional differential equations involving the Riesz Derivative?

We want to know if there exists a fundamental theorem of fractional calculus for the Riesz Derivative (a type of fractional Laplacian), e.g. there exists an operator $L$ such that
...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Fourier transform of fractional differential operator and Plancherel formula equivalent for fractional norms

I would like to know if the the following exist or are defined
The Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}\left(\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}y}{dx^\frac{1}{2}}\right)$ of a fractional differential operator such as ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Do these kernel functions satisfy the semi-group property?

Dear Friends,
Define the kernel functions for $a\ge 1$,
$$
G_a(t,x) := \frac{C_a t}{t^{1+1/a}+|x|^{1+a}}, \qquad \forall t>0,\: x\in R\;,
$$
where the constant $C_a$ is some normalization ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question)
I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### On nonlinear fractional field equations

In a paper by Vazquez I read that an interesting variant of fractional diffusion (where the fractional operator is usually $(-\Delta)^s$) could be $(I-\Delta)^s$. Therefore I am wondering if there are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### A question about fractional integrals

I am starting from Theorem 3.4 in Struwe's book Variational methods. The authors proves an existence result for a problem with critical growth. I would like to replace the laplacian with the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Resolvent operator of fractional Laplacian

For $0<\alpha<2$, we define the fractional Laplacian with Fourier transform
\begin{align}
\widehat{(-\Delta)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}} u}(\xi) = |\xi|^\alpha \widehat u(\xi).
\end{align}
Consider the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Fractional integration lemma

Hello everyone.
I am trying to establish a fractional integration lemma of this form.
For $\alpha\geq 0$, and
$1\leq p,q<\infty$ and $0\leq \frac{1}{q}-\frac{1}{p}=\frac{\alpha}{d}$
or $1\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Rearrangement in Bessel function spaces

I consider, for $0<s<1$, the Bessel function space
$$
L^{s,2}(\mathbb{R}^d) = \left\{f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) : (1+|\cdot|)^{s/2}\hat{f}(\cdot)\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)\right\}.
$$
The question I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

334 views

### Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details).
The first one is based on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$.
My ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### What is the fractional derivative smoothness of functions from the Zygmund class?

Let $\Lambda([0,1])$ be the Zygmund class of continuous on $[0,1]$ functions for which $$\sup h^{-1}|f(x+2h)-2f(x+h)+f(x)|<\infty.$$ What would be the exact smoothness class for the fractional ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

146 views

### How to evaluate the following integral

Would anyone please let me know how to compute the following integral:
$$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{a\log(t^2+1)}{t^2 + a^2}dt,$$
here $a > 0$.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

60 views

### positively invariant set respec to fractional system

In my research I need to show that the set
$$M := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^4,X≥0\}$$
where
$$X(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t),x_3(t),x_4(t))^T$$
is positively invariant with respect the following system of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

682 views

### Chain rule for fractional derivative defined via Fourier transform

It is well known that in the case of integer order differentiation the formula $\partial_{x}f(x,u(x))=\partial_{u}f\cdot \partial_{x}u+\partial_{x}f\cdot u$ holds. If we define fractional derivative ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

40 views

### Another proof of the comparison principle for PDEs by the theory of viscosity solutions

In my research I study (fully) nonlinear PDEs with fractional derivatives. For an analysis of these, I use the theory of viscosity solutions.
So I am now at the end of my tether becasuse I can not ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

295 views

### Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation
\begin{align}
D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x)
\end{align}
with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

175 views

### Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

222 views

### A fractional calculus eigenvalue problem

One set of eigenfunction for the following fractional integral operator is $f(z)=e^{-bz}$ for any constant Re$b>0$, with eigenvalue $\lambda=\frac{\Gamma(\alpha)}{b^\alpha}$,
$$\int_z^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

395 views

### Relation between interpolation spaces and besov spaces

Consider the following two norms:
The interpolation norm:
1) $\|u; [L_2,\dot H_1^{\infty}]_{1/3,\infty}\| := \sup_{s > 0} \inf_{u=u_0+u_1} \frac{\|u_0\|_{L^2}}{s^{1/2}} + s \|\partial_x ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

609 views

### Higher order fractional laplacian

when consider the fractional laplacian $(-\triangle)^\alpha$,is there an essential difference between $0<\alpha<1$ and $\alpha>1$ ? As far as I'm concern,the higer order laplacian ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### On the fractional Schrödinger equation

I wonder if there is any theory about what we can call the fractional Schrödinger equation:
$$
\mathrm{i}\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t} = (-\Delta)^s \psi + g(|\psi|^2)\psi \quad\hbox{in ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

400 views

### Regularized fractional derivative of distributions.

A fractional derivative of distributions is usually introduced using definition of fractional integral as a convolution of two distributions. However there is another approach based on fractional ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

373 views

### Eigenfunction of local fractional derivative

Let $E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha})$ be a Mittag-Leffler function, $\alpha \in (0,1)$. It is an eigenfunction for nonlocal fractional derivative, defined as a convolution with
$$
\Phi_{\lambda}(x) = ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Finding the Fractional Derivative of This Function [duplicate]

I've been trying to find an answer to this question, and it seems as though the question has gone unanswered. The question regards the derivative of $f(x)=1+n^{-x}$ where $n$ is a natural number. Is ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Fractional laplacian of radially symmetric functions

For a "good" function $u$, I consider its (Gagliardo) fractional laplacian ($0<s<1$)
$$
(-\Delta)^s u(x) = \int_{\mathbb{R}^N} \frac{u(x)-u(y)}{|x-y|^{N+2s}}dx\, dy,
$$
at least as a principal ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

620 views

### Solution to the fractional differential equation

What is the solution of the fractional differential equation
$$
f^{(\alpha-1)}(t) = tf(t)
$$
where $(\alpha)$ denotes the fractional derivative of order $\alpha$
EDIT: Background behind this ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

550 views

### Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...