Questions regarding derivatives and integrals of non-integer order.

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30
votes
1answer
3k views

Geometric interpretation of the half-derivative?

For $f(x)=x$, the half-derivative of $f$ is $$\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}}{dx^{\frac{1}{2}}} x = 2 \sqrt{\frac{x}{\pi}} \;.$$ Is there some geometric interpretation of (Q1) this specific derivative, and, ...
29
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the actual meaning of a fractional derivative?

We're all use to seeing differential operators of the form $\frac{d}{dx}^n$ where $n\in\mathbb{Z}$. But it has come to my attention that this generalises to all complex numbers, forming a field called ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Characterizing the Dual of $W_0^{s,p}$

I am interested in literature/results characterizing the dual of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is open, bounded, and smooth, $0< s<1$, and ...
7
votes
2answers
994 views

Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$. I derived the following expression: $(\pi \cot (\pi ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere ...
5
votes
3answers
656 views

A definition of the fractional derivative

I was investigating the idea of fractional derivatives and devised the following definition. WHich definition is it equivalent to and can I have a reference for it? $$\frac{d^n}{dx^n}f(x) = \lim_{h ...
5
votes
2answers
431 views

Local fractional derivative that doesn't vanish on differentiable functions

Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative is a nonlocal fractional derivative that doesn't vanish in general on differentiable functions. Kolwankar-Gangal fractional derivative is local but vanishes on ...
4
votes
6answers
776 views

Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$. Can we have estimates, similar to the one below $$ \| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p, $$ hold in $L^p$, where ...
4
votes
3answers
454 views

Are there analogous theorems and/or techniques for solving fractional differential equations involving the Riesz Derivative?

We want to know if there exists a fundamental theorem of fractional calculus for the Riesz Derivative (a type of fractional Laplacian), e.g. there exists an operator $L$ such that ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Fourier transform of fractional differential operator and Plancherel formula equivalent for fractional norms

I would like to know if the the following exist or are defined The Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}\left(\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}y}{dx^\frac{1}{2}}\right)$ of a fractional differential operator such as ...
3
votes
2answers
530 views

Do these kernel functions satisfy the semi-group property?

Dear Friends, Define the kernel functions for $a\ge 1$, $$ G_a(t,x) := \frac{C_a t}{t^{1+1/a}+|x|^{1+a}}, \qquad \forall t>0,\: x\in R\;, $$ where the constant $C_a$ is some normalization ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question) I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

On nonlinear fractional field equations

In a paper by Vazquez I read that an interesting variant of fractional diffusion (where the fractional operator is usually $(-\Delta)^s$) could be $(I-\Delta)^s$. Therefore I am wondering if there are ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

A question about fractional integrals

I am starting from Theorem 3.4 in Struwe's book Variational methods. The authors proves an existence result for a problem with critical growth. I would like to replace the laplacian with the ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Resolvent operator of fractional Laplacian

For $0<\alpha<2$, we define the fractional Laplacian with Fourier transform \begin{align} \widehat{(-\Delta)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}} u}(\xi) = |\xi|^\alpha \widehat u(\xi). \end{align} Consider the ...
2
votes
1answer
407 views

Fractional integration lemma

Hello everyone. I am trying to establish a fractional integration lemma of this form. For $\alpha\geq 0$, and $1\leq p,q<\infty$ and $0\leq \frac{1}{q}-\frac{1}{p}=\frac{\alpha}{d}$ or $1\leq ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Can infinitely many orbifolds be “added up” to form a fractal space?

Disclaimer: this question is rather vague and thus might not be suitable for this site. If so, feel free to tell me and I'll delete it. Intuitively, an orbifold, from what I understand, is a ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Fractional derivative of the Wright function

It is mentioned in some papers (Appendix in this paper, for example) that the (formal) solution of the fractional drift (or transport) equation $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Rearrangement in Bessel function spaces

I consider, for $0<s<1$, the Bessel function space $$ L^{s,2}(\mathbb{R}^d) = \left\{f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) : (1+|\cdot|)^{s/2}\hat{f}(\cdot)\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)\right\}. $$ The question I ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details). The first one is based on ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$. My ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

What is the fractional derivative smoothness of functions from the Zygmund class?

Let $\Lambda([0,1])$ be the Zygmund class of continuous on $[0,1]$ functions for which $$\sup h^{-1}|f(x+2h)-2f(x+h)+f(x)|<\infty.$$ What would be the exact smoothness class for the fractional ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

How to evaluate the following integral

Would anyone please let me know how to compute the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{a\log(t^2+1)}{t^2 + a^2}dt,$$ here $a > 0$.
1
vote
1answer
62 views

positively invariant set respec to fractional system

In my research I need to show that the set $$M := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^4,X≥0\}$$ where $$X(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t),x_3(t),x_4(t))^T$$ is positively invariant with respect the following system of ...
1
vote
1answer
701 views

Chain rule for fractional derivative defined via Fourier transform

It is well known that in the case of integer order differentiation the formula $\partial_{x}f(x,u(x))=\partial_{u}f\cdot \partial_{x}u+\partial_{x}f\cdot u$ holds. If we define fractional derivative ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Another proof of the comparison principle for PDEs by the theory of viscosity solutions

In my research I study (fully) nonlinear PDEs with fractional derivatives. For an analysis of these, I use the theory of viscosity solutions. So I am now at the end of my tether becasuse I can not ...
1
vote
0answers
302 views

Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation \begin{align} D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x) \end{align} with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

A fractional calculus eigenvalue problem

One set of eigenfunction for the following fractional integral operator is $f(z)=e^{-bz}$ for any constant Re$b>0$, with eigenvalue $\lambda=\frac{\Gamma(\alpha)}{b^\alpha}$, $$\int_z^\infty ...
1
vote
0answers
399 views

Relation between interpolation spaces and besov spaces

Consider the following two norms: The interpolation norm: 1) $\|u; [L_2,\dot H_1^{\infty}]_{1/3,\infty}\| := \sup_{s > 0} \inf_{u=u_0+u_1} \frac{\|u_0\|_{L^2}}{s^{1/2}} + s \|\partial_x ...
0
votes
3answers
611 views

Higher order fractional laplacian

when consider the fractional laplacian $(-\triangle)^\alpha$,is there an essential difference between $0<\alpha<1$ and $\alpha>1$ ? As far as I'm concern,the higer order laplacian ...
0
votes
1answer
309 views

Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

On the fractional Schrödinger equation

I wonder if there is any theory about what we can call the fractional Schrödinger equation: $$ \mathrm{i}\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t} = (-\Delta)^s \psi + g(|\psi|^2)\psi \quad\hbox{in ...
0
votes
3answers
403 views

Regularized fractional derivative of distributions.

A fractional derivative of distributions is usually introduced using definition of fractional integral as a convolution of two distributions. However there is another approach based on fractional ...
0
votes
2answers
373 views

Eigenfunction of local fractional derivative

Let $E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha})$ be a Mittag-Leffler function, $\alpha \in (0,1)$. It is an eigenfunction for nonlocal fractional derivative, defined as a convolution with $$ \Phi_{\lambda}(x) = ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Can I study a global stability of equilibrium point in a fractional order system?

I have a system of fractional-order differential equations in the sense of  Caputo’s derivatives. For this model, I obtained the equilibrium points and proved that some equilibrium points are locally ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Finding the Fractional Derivative of This Function [duplicate]

I've been trying to find an answer to this question, and it seems as though the question has gone unanswered. The question regards the derivative of $f(x)=1+n^{-x}$ where $n$ is a natural number. Is ...
0
votes
2answers
298 views

Fractional laplacian of radially symmetric functions

For a "good" function $u$, I consider its (Gagliardo) fractional laplacian ($0<s<1$) $$ (-\Delta)^s u(x) = \int_{\mathbb{R}^N} \frac{u(x)-u(y)}{|x-y|^{N+2s}}dx\, dy, $$ at least as a principal ...
0
votes
2answers
627 views

Solution to the fractional differential equation

What is the solution of the fractional differential equation $$ f^{(\alpha-1)}(t) = tf(t) $$ where $(\alpha)$ denotes the fractional derivative of order $\alpha$ EDIT: Background behind this ...
-2
votes
1answer
550 views

Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...