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0
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1answer
234 views

Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details). The first one is based on ...
-2
votes
1answer
432 views

Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Diffusion maps for non-Markov

Diffusion maps based on the work of Coifman and Lafon use concepts from Markov chains and heat diffusions. Have there been work to extend diffusion maps to non-Markovian or fractional heat ...
0
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0answers
133 views

Natural integration constant for normal and discrete integration: is there a connection?

It is often assumed that integration, unlike differentiation is defined only to an arbitrary constant. So the antiderivative function is often left undefined or postulated to be zero in zero. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$. My ...
0
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1answer
136 views

Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Finding the Fractional Derivative of This Function [duplicate]

I've been trying to find an answer to this question, and it seems as though the question has gone unanswered. The question regards the derivative of $f(x)=1+n^{-x}$ where $n$ is a natural number. Is ...
0
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0answers
131 views

Fractional Derivative of A specific function

I've tried and tried to do this problem myself, but I've hit some snags on the way. I'm trying to take the fractional derivative of: $f(x)=1+n^{-x}$ where n is an integer and $n\geq2$ and $x>1$. ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Fractional laplacian of radially symmetric functions

For a "good" function $u$, I consider its (Gagliardo) fractional laplacian ($0<s<1$) $$ (-\Delta)^s u(x) = \int_{\mathbb{R}^N} \frac{u(x)-u(y)}{|x-y|^{N+2s}}dx\, dy, $$ at least as a principal ...
0
votes
0answers
140 views

Fractional Derivatives Of Sums

I have a question regarding the definition of a fractional derivative. I've searched, but I can't find a definition of fractional derivatives that explain the concept in terms of an operator on some ...
1
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0answers
111 views

A fractional calculus eigenvalue problem

One set of eigenfunction for the following fractional integral operator is $f(z)=e^{-bz}$ for any constant Re$b>0$, with eigenvalue $\lambda=\frac{\Gamma(\alpha)}{b^\alpha}$, $$\int_z^\infty ...
27
votes
1answer
1k views

Geometric interpretation of the half-derivative?

For $f(x)=x$, the half-derivative of $f$ is $$\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}}{dx^{\frac{1}{2}}} x = 2 \sqrt{\frac{x}{\pi}} \;.$$ Is there some geometric interpretation of (Q1) this specific derivative, and, ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Fractional/complex powers of integrals

I'm wondering if there is a way to represent a fractional power of an integral as a function of the integrand in the following sense: The binomial theorem for complex/fractional exponents represents a ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

A question about fractional integrals

I am starting from Theorem 3.4 in Struwe's book Variational methods. The authors proves an existence result for a problem with critical growth. I would like to replace the laplacian with the ...
0
votes
0answers
325 views

Chain rule for fractional derivative defined via Fourier transform

It is well known that in the case of integer order differentiation the formula $\partial_{x}f(x,u(x))=\partial_{u}f\cdot \partial_{x}u+\partial_{x}f\cdot u$ holds. If we define fractional derivative ...
3
votes
1answer
376 views

What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question) I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

On the fractional Schrödinger equation

I wonder if there is any theory about what we can call the fractional Schrödinger equation: $$ \mathrm{i}\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t} = (-\Delta)^s \psi + g(|\psi|^2)\psi \quad\hbox{in ...
0
votes
2answers
513 views

Solution to the fractional differential equation

What is the solution of the fractional differential equation $$ f^{(\alpha-1)}(t) = tf(t) $$ where $(\alpha)$ denotes the fractional derivative of order $\alpha$ EDIT: Background behind this ...
8
votes
2answers
951 views

Characterizing the Dual of $W_0^{s,p}$

I am interested in literature/results characterizing the dual of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is open, bounded, and smooth, $0< s<1$, and ...
0
votes
3answers
317 views

Regularized fractional derivative of distributions.

A fractional derivative of distributions is usually introduced using definition of fractional integral as a convolution of two distributions. However there is another approach based on fractional ...
3
votes
2answers
370 views

Local fractional derivative that doesn't vanish on differentiable functions

Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative is a nonlocal fractional derivative that doesn't vanish in general on differentiable functions. Kolwankar-Gangal fractional derivative is local but vanishes on ...
0
votes
2answers
304 views

Eigenfunction of local fractional derivative

Let $E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha})$ be a Mittag-Leffler function, $\alpha \in (0,1)$. It is an eigenfunction for nonlocal fractional derivative, defined as a convolution with $$ \Phi_{\lambda}(x) = ...
2
votes
3answers
371 views

Are there analogous theorems and/or techniques for solving fractional differential equations involving the Riesz Derivative?

We want to know if there exists a fundamental theorem of fractional calculus for the Riesz Derivative (a type of fractional Laplacian), e.g. there exists an operator $L$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
291 views

Relation between interpolation spaces and besov spaces

Consider the following two norms: The interpolation norm: 1) $\|u; [L_2,\dot H_1^{\infty}]_{1/3,\infty}\| := \sup_{s > 0} \inf_{u=u_0+u_1} \frac{\|u_0\|_{L^2}}{s^{1/2}} + s \|\partial_x ...
3
votes
6answers
617 views

Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$. Can we have estimates, similar to the one below $$ \| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p, $$ hold in $L^p$, where ...
0
votes
3answers
478 views

Higher order fractional laplacian

when consider the fractional laplacian $(-\triangle)^\alpha$,is there an essential difference between $0<\alpha<1$ and $\alpha>1$ ? As far as I'm concern,the higer order laplacian ...
6
votes
2answers
843 views

Is there a known formula for fractional derivative of cot x?

I wonder if there any established formula for fractional derivative of a function $\pi \cot (\pi x)$. I derived the following expression: $(\pi \cot (\pi ...
3
votes
2answers
407 views

Do these kernel functions satisfy the semi-group property?

Dear Friends, Define the kernel functions for $a\ge 1$, $$ G_a(t,x) := \frac{C_a t}{t^{1+1/a}+|x|^{1+a}}, \qquad \forall t>0,\: x\in R\;, $$ where the constant $C_a$ is some normalization ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

Fractional integration lemma

Hello everyone. I am trying to establish a fractional integration lemma of this form. For $\alpha\geq 0$, and $1\leq p,q<\infty$ and $0\leq \frac{1}{q}-\frac{1}{p}=\frac{\alpha}{d}$ or $1\leq ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Fourier transform of fractional differential operator and Plancherel formula equivalent for fractional norms

I would like to know if the the following exist or are defined The Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}\left(\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}y}{dx^\frac{1}{2}}\right)$ of a fractional differential operator such as ...