**29**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### How to define a differential form on a fractal?

It is well known how to construct a Laplacian on a fractal using the Dirichlet forms (see e.g.
the survey article by Strichartz). This implies, in particular, that a fractal can be "heated", i.e. one ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

816 views

### A point set of power series with coefficients in {-1, 1}. Connected or not?

Let $z$ be a fixed complex number with $|z|<1$ and consider the set
$$X_z := \Big\{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i z^i \ \Big|\ a_i\in \{-1,1\} \forall i\Big\}.$$
What can be said about the set $M$ ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group
generated by the permutation
$$
a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m)
$$
of order $6$ and the involutions
$$
b: \ (m,n) \ \...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

6k views

### How might M.C. Escher have designed his patterns?

I realize this question isn't strictly mathematical, and if it doesn't fit with the content on this site then feel free (moderators/high-rep users) to close it. But when I thought up the question it ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Parametrization of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Does anyone know how to parametrize the boundary of the Mandelbrot set? I am not a fractal-geometer or a dynamical systems person. I just have some idle curiosity about this question.
The ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

669 views

### Are the algebraic numbers dense everywhere on the boundary of the Mandelbrot set?

Let $\mathcal{B}$ denote the boundary of the Mandelbrot set, and let
$\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ denote the algebraic closure of the rationals.
Further put $\mathcal{B}_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}} := \mathcal{...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Relation between math and piano music

What, if any, is the relation between Cantor's function and Ligeti studio: Devil's Staircase?

**14**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Unexpected Occurences of the Sierpinski Triangle

The probably most wellknown occurance of the Sierpinski Triangle is as the odd entries of the Pascal triangle
Some month ago however, there was an article about mathematical models of sandpiles along ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Area of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set ?

My second question about Shishikura's result :
Shishikura (1991) proved that the Hausdorff Dimension of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set equals 2, in this paper 1. In a sense, could we consider it ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does “Algebraic numbers coloured by degree” form a fractal?

This picture from Wikipedia's article on Algebraic numbers shows a visualization of Algebraic numbers coloured by degree.
I'm wondering if this is a fractal?

**13**

votes

**3**answers

916 views

### Is there an intrinsic definition of fractal (i.e. not embedded in euclidean space)?

Long ago, manifolds were embedded subsets of euclidean space defined by polynomials. Later, using the gluing of open sets, people realized they could define manifolds intrinsically. And in certain ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

558 views

### Julia sets using other fields

I hope I am forgiven for my noob question. But, does it make sense to think of Julia sets using other fields? More precisely I would like to think of fields in which closed and bounded isn't ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary), with an iterated function system?

Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary),
with an iterated function system (IFS)?
Julia sets can be formed by iterating the two functions $z \mapsto \pm \sqrt{z-c},$
and ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

631 views

### What is the Hausdorff dimension of this fractal?

Let $\sum_{i=h}^\infty d_i/b^i $ be the base $b$ representation of $x \geq 0,$ where $b>1$ and the $d_i$ are uniquely determined by the greedy algorithm. For fixed $c>1,$ let $f(x)= \sum_{i=h}^\...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Analysis of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Motivation: The Mandlebrot set is a simply connected set with an infinitely complex boundary, but CAN one move from interior to the exterior of this topological space by just crossing over a finite ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Fourier decay rate of Cantor measures

For $0<\theta<\frac{1}{2}$, denote by $C_\theta$ the Cantor set with dissection ratio $\theta$, i.e. the Cantor set obtained from dissection parttern $(\theta, 1-2\theta,\theta)$. It is known ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

512 views

### Dimensions of self-affine sets

Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix which we assume to be contracting, i.e., the exists $\alpha\in(0,1)$ such that
$$
\|A {\mathbf x}\|_2\le \alpha\|{\mathbf x}\|_2,\quad \forall {\mathbf x}\in\mathbb R^...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Cantor set intersecting a geometric sequence

I was working on a problem involving finding all points in the intersection of the Cantor set $C$ and the geometric sequence $\{ (2/3)^i \}_{i=1}^\infty$. The only points I have in this intersection ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### On the boundary of the twindragon

Let $\mathcal T$ be the famous twindragon, i.e.,
$$
\mathcal T=\left\{\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n\left(\frac{1+i}2\right)^n : a_n\in\{0,1\}\right\}.
$$
Then, as is well known, $\mathcal T$ has a non-...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

588 views

### Self-Similar Graphs

Many fractals can be generated using and infinite sequence of graphs. For example, Sierpinski's Gasket could be generated by the following sequence of graphs.
Many definitions of fractal dimensions ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### Nim and the Sierpinski Gasket

(I discovered this in high school, sent it off to a journal, never heard back, and forgot about it. I've never found anyone else who appeared to know about it; the combinatorial game theorists I've ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### Are there any exact results for Hausdorff Measure?

The computation of the Hausdorff measure is extremely difficult due to the infinum appearing in its definition. This has made the calculation of the Hausdorff measure for nearly all fractals difficult ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Hausdorff dimension for invariant measure?

A fractal set has a Hausdorff dimension.
In some cases, we may generate a fractal by iterating $f,$
and let the fractal be the set of starting points $x$ such
that $|f^{\circ n}(x)|$ is bounded as $...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

491 views

### Iterated function system on the plane

Let $r_1, r_2, r_3$ be three nonnegative real numbers with $r_1^2+r_2^2+r_3^2 <1$. Can you find three similitudes $f_1,f_2,f_3$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ with similarity ratios $r_1,r_2,r_3$ resp. and a ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

531 views

### local behavior of a finite Borel measure

Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am interested in how does $\mu(B(x,r))$ behave, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball of radius $r$ centered at $x$. For instance, as far as I recall,...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

779 views

### Fractal Tiling of Rhombic Dodecahedra

Hello, this is my first question on Math Overflow...
Rhombic dodecahedra can be tiled in 3-space, leaving no gaps. This tiling corresponds to the close-packing of spheres.
Consider a "nucleus" ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

643 views

### Shortest Paths on fractals

How can one find shortest paths between 2 specified points on fractals, or (since I'm pretty sure this is quite complicated) make useful generalizations about them?
Since the above question is broad, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

207 views

### Isometrically-invariant measures and dilation of the Cantor set

Let $C$ be the Cantor middle-thirds set. Let $\mu$ be a finitely-additive isometrically-invariant measure on all subsets of $\mathbb R$. Then $\mu(3C)=2\mu(C)$, where $aB = \{ ax : x \in B \}$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

337 views

### What one really can do with fractals built from L-systems?

For any L-system one can naturally associate a fractal. Why these fractals are (mathematically) useful apart that they are a source of nice pictures?

**7**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Relationship between fractal dimension and Hurst exponent

For many basic random processes (like fractional Brownian motion) Hurst exponent "H" and fractal dimensions ( Hausdorf = Minkoswki typically) "D"
are realated by simple formula D = 2-H.
I want to ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### Angles and proportions occurring in L-system fractals

This is about properties of certain fractals defined by Lindenmayer systems, a.k.a. L-systems. Unlike “classical” fractals like Julia sets or the Mandelbrot set (the name “set” says it all), these ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Fractal dimension of scaling limits of discrete structures

Let $S$ be the set of positive integers whose base-three expansion contains only the digits 0 and 2. The discrete set $S$ in a sense has (negative) fractal dimension $(\log 1/2)/(\log 3)$, since if ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### For a 3D Apollonian packing, do we really know that the Hausdorff dimension of the complement is approximated by the growth rate of curvature?

The fractal dimension of the 3D Apollonian packing is computed in this paper.
In the introduction, the authors cite three of Boyd's paper (Ref 2, 5, 6) to support that the fractal dimension (...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

315 views

### Minimum number of contractions needed to obtain a particular invariant set

Consider the Koch curve $G \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$. Clearly $G$ is the invariant set (IS) of the iterated function system (IFS) $\lbrace \phi_1, \phi_2, \phi_3, \phi_4 \rbrace$. Where (not wanting to ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Does the Mandelbrot set have infinite VC dimension?

Define a binary classifier for points in the complex plane, whose parameter $\theta$ is an isometry of $\mathbb{C}$, and which classifies $z \in \mathbb{C}$ based on whether or not $\theta(z)$ is in ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Measure 0 sets on the line with Hausdorff dimension 1

I use $\dim_H(E)$ to denote the Hausdorff dimension of a set $E \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ and $|E|$ to denote its Lebesgue measure. It is easy to see from the definition of Hausdorff dimension that if $\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

520 views

### Arithmetic products of Cantor sets.

Let $A,B\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be two Cantor sets. What is known about the arithmetic product
$AB=\lbrace ab|a\in A, b\in B\rbrace$? In particular, what is known in the case that the sets are self-...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### function that is the average of affine transformations of itself

Consider the function $f : \mathbb{R} \to [-1,1]$ with
$$
f(x) = \begin{cases}
-1 & x \le -1 \\
+1 & x \ge +1 \\
\frac{f(\frac32 (x-\frac13)) + f(\frac32 (x+\...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

671 views

### Symmetries of the Julia sets for $z^2+c$

The julia set seems to have symmetries roughly corresponding to translation, rotation and scaling.
In the following image
You can see the horizontal translation, which leaves the extremal left and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Spirals in Apollonian circle-packings

Given mutually (externally) tangent circles $C_1,C_2,C_3$,
let $C_n$ be the unique circle externally tangent to
$C_{n-1}$, $C_{n-2}$, and $C_{n-3}$ for $n \geq 4$.
Let $P_{\infty}$ be the point toward ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Random Cantor sets on the unit interval

Denote $A=\{0\}, B=\{0,1\}$. Then any subset of $\Omega:=\{A,B\}^{\mathbb N}$ is a continuum provided the number of $B$'s is infinite. We treat these as binary expansions of numbers in $[0,1]$.
For ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Precise density estimates for Cantor sets

Let $C_\lambda$ be the classical Cantor set associated to a real number $0<\lambda<\frac{1}{2}$, as defined for example in the book of K. J. Falconer The geometry of fractal sets. I recall ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Isotropy of Apollonian disk-packing

Is there any sense in which the "epsilon-tail" of an Apollonian disk-packing (by which I mean the union of the disks of radius less than epsilon) exhibits more and more statistical isotropy as epsilon ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Escape Time of Fractional Brownian Motion

Let $B(t)$ be Brownian motion with $B(0)=x>0$ and let $A>x$. It is well known that the expected time for $B(t)$ to escape the interval $[0,A]$ is equal to $x(A-x)$.
Is the expected time known ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

685 views

### Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

986 views

### Estimating the fractal dimension of a point cloud

I have finite set of geolocation point data, and I'd like to estimate the fractal dimension. I know there are several ways to do this, and some of them give different numbers. What is the most ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

701 views

### Determining a lower bound on the Hausdorff dimension of a set

Does anyone know of a good method for finding a lower bound of the Hausdorff dimension of a set $G$?
The only method I could find is to find an $\alpha$-Hölder function $f \colon G \to H$ then $\...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Integral over the Cantor's set Hausdorff dimension

As can be seen in the David Morin's Classical Mechanics, there are some scaling strategies in order to calculate the moments of inertia of certain fractals, for example, the Cantor's set has a moment ...