The fractals tag has no wiki summary.

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### How to define a differential form on a fractal?

It is well known how to construct a Laplacian on a fractal using the Dirichlet forms (see e.g.
the survey article by Strichartz). This implies, in particular, that a fractal can be "heated", i.e. one ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

922 views

### Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group
generated by the permutation
$$
a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m)
$$
of order $6$ and the involutions
$$
b: \ (m,n) \ ...

**21**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### How might M.C. Escher have designed his patterns?

I realize this question isn't strictly mathematical, and if it doesn't fit with the content on this site then feel free (moderators/high-rep users) to close it. But when I thought up the question it ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Relation between math and piano music

What, if any, is the relation between Cantor's function and Ligeti studio: Devil's Staircase?

**13**

votes

**3**answers

507 views

### Julia sets using other fields

I hope I am forgiven for my noob question. But, does it make sense to think of Julia sets using other fields? More precisely I would like to think of fields in which closed and bounded isn't ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does “Algebraic numbers coloured by degree” form a fractal?

This picture from Wikipedia's article on Algebraic numbers shows a visualization of Algebraic numbers coloured by degree.
I'm wondering if this is a fractal?

**11**

votes

**4**answers

662 views

### Fourier decay rate of Cantor measures

For $0<\theta<\frac{1}{2}$, denote by $C_\theta$ the Cantor set with dissection ratio $\theta$, i.e. the Cantor set obtained from dissection parttern $(\theta, 1-2\theta,\theta)$. It is known ...

**10**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Parametrization of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Does anyone know how to parametrize the boundary of the Mandelbrot set? I am not a fractal-geometer or a dynamical systems person. I just have some idle curiosity about this question.
The ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

650 views

### Analysis of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Motivation: The Mandlebrot set is a simply connected set with an infinitely complex boundary, but CAN one move from interior to the exterior of this topological space by just crossing over a finite ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Area of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set ?

My second question about Shishikura's result :
Shishikura (1991) proved that the Hausdorff Dimension of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set equals 2, in this paper 1. In a sense, could we consider it ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

413 views

### Iterated function system on the plane

Let $r_1, r_2, r_3$ be three nonnegative real numbers with $r_1^2+r_2^2+r_3^2 <1$. Can you find three similitudes $f_1,f_2,f_3$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ with similarity ratios $r_1,r_2,r_3$ resp. and a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

522 views

### Fractal Tiling of Rhombic Dodecahedra

Hello, this is my first question on Math Overflow...
Rhombic dodecahedra can be tiled in 3-space, leaving no gaps. This tiling corresponds to the close-packing of spheres.
Consider a "nucleus" ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

738 views

### Is there an intrinsic definition of fractal (i.e. not embedded in euclidean space)?

Long ago, manifolds were embedded subsets of euclidean space defined by polynomials. Later, using the gluing of open sets, people realized they could define manifolds intrinsically. And in certain ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

492 views

### local behavior of a finite Borel measure

Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am interested in how does $\mu(B(x,r))$ behave, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball of radius $r$ centered at $x$. For instance, as far as I ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### Isometrically-invariant measures and dilation of the Cantor set

Let $C$ be the Cantor middle-thirds set. Let $\mu$ be a finitely-additive isometrically-invariant measure on all subsets of $\mathbb R$. Then $\mu(3C)=2\mu(C)$, where $aB = \{ ax : x \in B \}$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### Shortest Paths on fractals

How can one find shortest paths between 2 specified points on fractals, or (since I'm pretty sure this is quite complicated) make useful generalizations about them?
Since the above question is broad, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### Minimum number of contractions needed to obtain a particular invariant set

Consider the Koch curve $G \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$. Clearly $G$ is the invariant set (IS) of the iterated function system (IFS) $\lbrace \phi_1, \phi_2, \phi_3, \phi_4 \rbrace$. Where (not wanting to ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

816 views

### Measure 0 sets on the line with Hausdorff dimension 1

I use $\dim_H(E)$ to denote the Hausdorff dimension of a set $E \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ and $|E|$ to denote its Lebesgue measure. It is easy to see from the definition of Hausdorff dimension that if ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Arithmetic products of Cantor sets.

Let $A,B\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be two Cantor sets. What is known about the arithmetic product
$AB=\lbrace ab|a\in A, b\in B\rbrace$? In particular, what is known in the case that the sets are ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

188 views

### What one really can do with fractals built from L-systems?

For any L-system one can naturally associate a fractal. Why these fractals are (mathematically) useful apart that they are a source of nice pictures?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

660 views

### Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary), with an iterated function system?

Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary),
with an iterated function system (IFS)?
Julia sets can be formed by iterating the two functions $z \mapsto \pm \sqrt{z-c},$
and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

611 views

### Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

982 views

### Hausdorff dimension for invariant measure?

A fractal set has a Hausdorff dimension.
In some cases, we may generate a fractal by iterating $f,$
and let the fractal be the set of starting points $x$ such
that $|f^{\circ n}(x)|$ is bounded as ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### function that is the average of affine transformations of itself

Consider the function $f : \mathbb{R} \to [-1,1]$ with
$$
f(x) = \begin{cases}
-1 & x \le -1 \\
+1 & x \ge +1 \\
\frac{f(\frac32 (x-\frac13)) + f(\frac32 ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

550 views

### Relationship between fractal dimension and Hurst exponent

For many basic random processes (like fractional Brownian motion) Hurst exponent "H" and fractal dimensions ( Hausdorf = Minkoswki typically) "D"
are realated by simple formula D = 2-H.
I want to ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

526 views

### Symmetries of the Julia sets for $z^2+c$

The julia set seems to have symmetries roughly corresponding to translation, rotation and scaling.
In the following image
You can see the horizontal translation, which leaves the extremal left and ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

396 views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Smallest positive zero of Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function

Consider the Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function $f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos(4^n \pi x)$. It seems that the smallest positive zero of $f(x)$ occurs at $x=\frac{1}{5}$, but I ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets

Consider the iterated function system $T_{1}(x)=(\beta x,\tau y)$, $T_{2}(x,y)=(\beta x+(1-\beta),\tau y+ (1-\tau))$ for $\beta\in(1/2,1)$ and $\tau\in (0,1/2)$ with self affine set ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

984 views

### Self-similar matrices? [closed]

Does anyone know anything about self-similar (infinite) matrices, with more or less fractal(-like) structure and admitting meaningful matrix-algebra operations?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Escape Time of Fractional Brownian Motion

Let $B(t)$ be Brownian motion with $B(0)=x>0$ and let $A>x$. It is well known that the expected time for $B(t)$ to escape the interval $[0,A]$ is equal to $x(A-x)$.
Is the expected time known ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

563 views

### A calculus question related to quantization dimension

Going through some old papers, I came up with a simple-looking problem I thought about 5 years ago or so.
MO wants motivation ... Associated to a probability measure on a metric space is something ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

466 views

### Lecture on Fractals for Middle School Students

I'm going to have a one-hour lecture for middle school students next Monday. It will be about fractals. The students know virtually nothing about this subject.
I'll show some fractal images and a few ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

520 views

### Estimating the fractal dimension of a point cloud

I have finite set of geolocation point data, and I'd like to estimate the fractal dimension. I know there are several ways to do this, and some of them give different numbers. What is the most ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

532 views

### Determining a lower bound on the Hausdorff dimension of a set

Does anyone know of a good method for finding a lower bound of the Hausdorff dimension of a set $G$?
The only method I could find is to find an $\alpha$-Hölder function $f \colon G \to H$ then ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Is there a survey of recent work relating to the Hausdorff dimension of sets defined through some restriction of digits?

I am familiar with the work of Helmut Cajar, but his book is thirty years old and it's clear that there has been substantial progress since then. I have been spending a lot of time looking through ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### Algebraicity of the “outer” boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Let $M$ be the Mandelbrot set and let $\lambda\in M, \mu\in \mathbb C$ be algebraic numbers. Let $t_{\lambda,\mu}$ be defined as
$$
t_{\lambda,\mu} = \sup \lbrace t\in \mathbb R\colon \lambda +t\mu ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

499 views

### L-systems and Sierpinski Triangle

I was just shocked when I saw these consecutive outcomes of an L-system converging to the Sierpinski triangle (shown in the picture below).
I'm interested to know how could one arrange the rules of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Hausdorff dimension of non-recurrent walks

Preface: I am fairly new to the concept of Hausdorff dimension, so I don't know how interesting a question this is.
Identify walks on $\mathbb{Z}$ with infinite binary sequences (say $0$ means moving ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

231 views

### Hausdorff dimension of inverse images.

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Let $t \in (\inf(f), \sup(f))$ and define $C = f^{-1} (t)$. Is it true that the Hausdorff dimension of C is $\geq d -1$? If no how does ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Correspondence between fractal sets and trees

In Hillel Furstenberg's series lectures on ergodic theory in fractal geometry, he mentioned his search on finding a one-to-one correspondence between fractal sets and trees, however, I couldn't not ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### How is the Fractal Dimension of a Parametric Curve Related to the Fractal Dimensions of its Coordinate Functions?

Question:
Suppose the fractal dimension $1\le d_c\le2$ of a planar parametric curve $c(t) := (x(t),y(t))$ is given;
can any nontrivial estimates for the fractal dimensions $d_x$ of $x(t)$ and $d_y$ of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### Approximating fractal curves

Is there a known algorithm for approximating a fractal curve, say as specified by some iterative procedure e.g. a Koch snowflake, in terms of $f^{-1}(0)$ for some "simple" function $f$?
Specifically, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

358 views

### Systematization of deterministic and stochastic integrals

With this question I try to build up a systematization of different kinds of integrals. The following table differentiates between deterministic and stochastic integrals, the summation processes ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Contractibility of connected holomorphic dynamics?

Let $f$ be a function, holomorphic in $\mathbb{C}$, and $K(f)$ its non-escaping set :
$$K(f) = \{ z \in \mathbb{C} : f^{(k)}(z) \nrightarrow_{k \to \infty} \infty \} $$
Question : If $K(f)$ ...

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votes

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815 views

### Reference for the iterated function system of the Koch snowflake

Let $KS$ be the Koch snowflake. This fractal has an iterated function system (IFS) of the form
$$ KS = \bigcup_{0 \leq k \leq 6} f_k(KS) $$
with
$$ f_0(z)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} e^{i\pi/2} z $$
and for $0 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Existence and Properties of 3D Curves with unusual 2D $(\kappa(s),\tau(s))$ Trajectories

This question is inspired by Surface in 3D that realizes all pairs of principal curvatures
While one can imagine, that a 3D surface could exist, that realizes all pairs of principal curvatures, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Possible Hausdorff dimension of intersection of Besicovitch-Eggleston like sets

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and suppose that $v=(p_0,\cdots,p_{b-1})$ be a probability vector. Let $S_{b,v}$ be the set of real numbers whose $b$-ary expansion has the digit $k$ with relative ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Picture of the set of discontinuity of degree 2 rational Julia sets

Let $Rat_d$ be the set of all rational fraction of degree $d$ and $X_d \subset Rat_d$ be the bifurcation locus of rational fractions of degree $d$, i.e. the closure of the set of discontinuity of the ...