**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Koch snowflake construction in many dimensions

I'm looking for some references to deal with the Koch snowflake construction. The construction basically says we can find a sequence $E_k$ such that $\sup_k|E_k|<\infty$ but $P(E_k) \rightarrow ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Nim and the Sierpinski Gasket

(I discovered this in high school, sent it off to a journal, never heard back, and forgot about it. I've never found anyone else who appeared to know about it; the combinatorial game theorists I've ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Any relationship between Hausdorff measures [migrated]

Let $ S_1= ( [0,1], d_1 ) $ and $ S_2 = ( [0,1], d_2 ) $ be two metric spaces, where $ d_1 = |x - y|$ and $d_2 = (1/2^i) $ where binary expansion of x and y matches upto $ i^{th} $ coordinate. Let $ ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

850 views

### Is there an intrinsic definition of fractal (i.e. not embedded in euclidean space)?

Long ago, manifolds were embedded subsets of euclidean space defined by polynomials. Later, using the gluing of open sets, people realized they could define manifolds intrinsically. And in certain ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

533 views

### What is known about the area of the symmetric Pythagorean tree?

What is known about the area of the symmetric Pythagorean tree? (Closed unit square as base, area of enclosed triangles not included.) The problem in calculating the area is that squares start to ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Are there any exact results for Hausdorff Measure?

The computation of the Hausdorff measure is extremely difficult due to the infinum appearing in its definition. This has made the calculation of the Hausdorff measure for nearly all fractals difficult ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Fractal in discrete time series/discrete time sequence

Consider a time series of real number $x_1, x_2,\dots,...x_n$. How one can define fractal dimension of this series?
I would like to know famous formula $F+H=2$ where H is Hurst exponent and F is ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary), with an iterated function system?

Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary),
with an iterated function system (IFS)?
Julia sets can be formed by iterating the two functions $z \mapsto \pm \sqrt{z-c},$
and ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### What is the Hausdorff dimension of this fractal?

Let $\sum_{i=h}^\infty d_i/b^i $ be the base $b$ representation of $x \geq 0,$ where $b>1$ and the $d_i$ are uniquely determined by the greedy algorithm. For fixed $c>1,$ let $f(x)= ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### Subsets of sets of positive Hausdorff dimension with controlled upper Minkowski dimension

Call a Borel set $A \subseteq [0,1]$ good if $$0 < \dim(A) \leq \overline{\dim_\text{M}}(A) < 2 \dim(A),$$ where $\dim(A)$ is the Hausdorff dimension of $A$ and $\overline{\dim_\text{M}}(A)$ is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Fractal dimension of scaling limits of discrete structures

Let $S$ be the set of positive integers whose base-three expansion contains only the digits 0 and 2. The discrete set $S$ in a sense has (negative) fractal dimension $(\log 1/2)/(\log 3)$, since if ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

469 views

### On the boundary of the twindragon

Let $\mathcal T$ be the famous twindragon, i.e.,
$$
\mathcal T=\left\{\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n\left(\frac{1+i}2\right)^n : a_n\in\{0,1\}\right\}.
$$
Then, as is well known, $\mathcal T$ has a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Is there an (almost) dense set of quadratic polynomials which is not in the interior of the Mandelbrot set?

For the parameter plane of complex quadratic polynomials, $(z\mapsto z^2+c)_{c\in\mathbb{C}}$ :
Is it possible to find a part of the parameter plane, scanned with a given limited precision ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Precise density estimates for Cantor sets

Let $C_\lambda$ be the classical Cantor set associated to a real number $0<\lambda<\frac{1}{2}$, as defined for example in the book of K. J. Falconer The geometry of fractal sets. I recall ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

112 views

### What is “graph-directed iterated function”?

Im translating an article about Rauzy fractal and I ran into this sentence:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Isotropy of Apollonian disk-packing

Is there any sense in which the "epsilon-tail" of an Apollonian disk-packing (by which I mean the union of the disks of radius less than epsilon) exhibits more and more statistical isotropy as epsilon ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Spirals in Apollonian circle-packings

Given mutually (externally) tangent circles $C_1,C_2,C_3$,
let $C_n$ be the unique circle externally tangent to
$C_{n-1}$, $C_{n-2}$, and $C_{n-3}$ for $n \geq 4$.
Let $P_{\infty}$ be the point toward ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### “Nice” functions on infinite-dimensional space of germs of continuous functions at a point

Consider set of all germs of continuous functions at some point.
Question: What are some functions ("any/nice/constructive/whatever") from this set to R (reals) ? (Except evalution at point and made ...

**15**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Parametrization of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Does anyone know how to parametrize the boundary of the Mandelbrot set? I am not a fractal-geometer or a dynamical systems person. I just have some idle curiosity about this question.
The ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### For a 3D Apollonian packing, do we really know that the Hausdorff dimension of the complement is approximated by the growth rate of curvature?

The fractal dimension of the 3D Apollonian packing is computed in this paper.
In the introduction, the authors cite three of Boyd's paper (Ref 2, 5, 6) to support that the fractal dimension ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### boundary density of the Von Koch flake

Given a measurable set $K\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ we consider the occupation ratio $$f_r(x)=vol(K\cap B(x,r))/r^d$$ and especially the asymptotics when $r\to 0$. When $K$ has a fractal boundary and $x$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

767 views

### Estimating the fractal dimension of a point cloud

I have finite set of geolocation point data, and I'd like to estimate the fractal dimension. I know there are several ways to do this, and some of them give different numbers. What is the most ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group
generated by the permutation
$$
a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m)
$$
of order $6$ and the involutions
$$
b: \ (m,n) \ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Angles and proportions occurring in L-system fractals

This is about properties of certain fractals defined by Lindenmayer systems, a.k.a. L-systems. Unlike “classical” fractals like Julia sets or the Mandelbrot set (the name “set” says it all), these ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Cantor set intersecting a geometric sequence

I was working on a problem involving finding all points in the intersection of the Cantor set $C$ and the geometric sequence $\{ (2/3)^i \}_{i=1}^\infty$. The only points I have in this intersection ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Proof of im/possibility of constructing any fractal by iterated function systems? [closed]

Well the question is as simple as that and what I really want to see is if there is a mathematical proof that can tell whether every fractal(object of any non-integer dimension) can be constructed by ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

368 views

### Dimensions of self-affine sets

Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix which we assume to be contracting, i.e., the exists $\alpha\in(0,1)$ such that
$$
\|A {\mathbf x}\|_2\le \alpha\|{\mathbf x}\|_2,\quad \forall {\mathbf x}\in\mathbb ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

390 views

### Precise location of the Mandelbrot Bulb Attachment to the main Cardioid

Is there an analytical formula for determining the location of the attachment points of the bulbs on the main cardioid? I was told there is an exact parametrization of the boundary of the main ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### notable inductive proofs relating to fractals

what are notable/ prominent inductive proofs relating to fractals?
the motivation for this question is:
fractals are very difficult mathematical objects to work with, and many ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Singular distributions: Applications and Instances

Singular distributions are special mathematical objects. They have an interesting property of not having a density function, defined on a set with Lebesgue measure zero. Cantor distribution is the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Level sets of a Weierstrass nowhere-differentiable function

Can anyone describe level sets of a Weierstrass nowhere-differentiable function? For example, let $f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos( 4^n \pi x)$. For some $c \in (-2,2)$, what is known ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Smallest positive zero of Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function

Consider the Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function $f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos(4^n \pi x)$. It seems that the smallest positive zero of $f(x)$ occurs at $x=\frac{1}{5}$, but I ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

973 views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Escape Time of Fractional Brownian Motion

Let $B(t)$ be Brownian motion with $B(0)=x>0$ and let $A>x$. It is well known that the expected time for $B(t)$ to escape the interval $[0,A]$ is equal to $x(A-x)$.
Is the expected time known ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### How is the Fractal Dimension of a Parametric Curve Related to the Fractal Dimensions of its Coordinate Functions?

Question:
Suppose the fractal dimension $1\le d_c\le2$ of a planar parametric curve $c(t) := (x(t),y(t))$ is given;
can any nontrivial estimates for the fractal dimensions $d_x$ of $x(t)$ and $d_y$ of ...

**29**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### How to define a differential form on a fractal?

It is well known how to construct a Laplacian on a fractal using the Dirichlet forms (see e.g.
the survey article by Strichartz). This implies, in particular, that a fractal can be "heated", i.e. one ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Constructing measures with support in a given set

I've recently come across the Frostmann Lemma (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frostman_lemma). Its proof involves constructing a measure with certain properties on a given subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (I'm ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

899 views

### Analysis of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Motivation: The Mandlebrot set is a simply connected set with an infinitely complex boundary, but CAN one move from interior to the exterior of this topological space by just crossing over a finite ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

317 views

### Terrain Generation: Infinite 2D space filled with Diffusion-limited aggregation clusters?

Disclaimer: I don't have a deep understanding of fractals or any higher math, I'm just personally interested in it, so please excuse me if I'm using wrong terms or if I'm being inaccurate. Making ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Existence and Properties of 3D Curves with unusual 2D $(\kappa(s),\tau(s))$ Trajectories

This question is inspired by Surface in 3D that realizes all pairs of principal curvatures
While one can imagine, that a 3D surface could exist, that realizes all pairs of principal curvatures, ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Contractibility of connected holomorphic dynamics?

Let $f$ be a function, holomorphic in $\mathbb{C}$, and $K(f)$ its non-escaping set :
$$K(f) = \{ z \in \mathbb{C} : f^{(k)}(z) \nrightarrow_{k \to \infty} \infty \} $$
Question : If $K(f)$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### function that is the average of affine transformations of itself

Consider the function $f : \mathbb{R} \to [-1,1]$ with
$$
f(x) = \begin{cases}
-1 & x \le -1 \\
+1 & x \ge +1 \\
\frac{f(\frac32 (x-\frac13)) + f(\frac32 ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Relationship between fractal dimension and Hurst exponent

For many basic random processes (like fractional Brownian motion) Hurst exponent "H" and fractal dimensions ( Hausdorf = Minkoswki typically) "D"
are realated by simple formula D = 2-H.
I want to ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

178 views

### Isometrically-invariant measures and dilation of the Cantor set

Let $C$ be the Cantor middle-thirds set. Let $\mu$ be a finitely-additive isometrically-invariant measure on all subsets of $\mathbb R$. Then $\mu(3C)=2\mu(C)$, where $aB = \{ ax : x \in B \}$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

253 views

### What one really can do with fractals built from L-systems?

For any L-system one can naturally associate a fractal. Why these fractals are (mathematically) useful apart that they are a source of nice pictures?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Is there a survey of recent work relating to the Hausdorff dimension of sets defined through some restriction of digits?

I am familiar with the work of Helmut Cajar, but his book is thirty years old and it's clear that there has been substantial progress since then. I have been spending a lot of time looking through ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Possible Hausdorff dimension of intersection of Besicovitch-Eggleston like sets

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and suppose that $v=(p_0,\cdots,p_{b-1})$ be a probability vector. Let $S_{b,v}$ be the set of real numbers whose $b$-ary expansion has the digit $k$ with relative ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

769 views

### Relation between math and piano music

What, if any, is the relation between Cantor's function and Ligeti studio: Devil's Staircase?

**9**

votes

**5**answers

458 views

### Iterated function system on the plane

Let $r_1, r_2, r_3$ be three nonnegative real numbers with $r_1^2+r_2^2+r_3^2 <1$. Can you find three similitudes $f_1,f_2,f_3$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ with similarity ratios $r_1,r_2,r_3$ resp. and a ...