The fourier-transform tag has no wiki summary.

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### Functions $f$ on $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ with $|f|$ and $|\widehat{f}|$ constant

Let $N$ be a positive integer; for simplicity I'm happy to assume it's an odd prime but I'm interested in the general case too.
Let $f \colon \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{C}$ and let ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

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709 views

### Image of L^1 under the Fourier Transform

The Fourier Transform $\mathcal{F}:L^1(\mathbb{R})\to C_0(\mathbb{R})$ is an injective, bounded linear map that isn't onto. It is known (if I remember correctly) that the range isn't closed, but is ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula
$$
\int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

43k views

### Fourier vs Laplace transforms

In solving a linear system, when would I use a Fourier transform versus a Laplace transform? I am not a mathematician, so the little intuition I have tells me that it could be related to the boundary ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Asymptotic Weyl Character Formula

Let $G$ be a complex semi-simple group along with a chosen pair of opposite Borel subgroups (so we get all the root-theoretic data we need). Let $\lambda$ be a dominant weight, and let $V(\lambda)$ be ...

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votes

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310 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### How is the propagator computed on an elliptic curve?

I've been struggling for a while now understanding why the propagator for the action
$$
S(\varphi) = \int_E \partial \varphi \bar\partial\varphi + \frac{\lambda}{6}(\partial\varphi)^3
$$
on an ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### Newton series and Fourier transform - is there an analogy?

Fourier expansion for a function:
$$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{- i \omega x}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}e^{i\omega t}f(t)dt \, d\omega$$
Newton series expansion of a function:
...

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309 views

### Montgomery's conjecture and lower bound on certain Fourier transform.

Recently I have come across the following question, while meditating about Matt Young's answer to this question of mine, explaining the heuristic (or at least, one possible heuristic) behind ...

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233 views

### Reverse Hausdorff Young for nonnegative functions

The classical Hausdorff-Young inequality states that
$$
\Vert \widehat{f} \Vert_{p'} \leq \Vert f \Vert_p \text{ for } 1 \leq p \leq 2.
$$
For $p=2$, we even have equality due to Plancherel.
If we ...

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votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

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votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

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219 views

### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...

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118 views

### Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$
Now ...

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122 views

### Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define
\begin{align}
\widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\
0, & \textrm{otherwise}.
\end{array}
...

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votes

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206 views

### Generalization of Lévy's continuity theorem for nuclear spaces

I am interested in a generalization of the following finite-dimensional results in infinite dimensional vector-space with nuclear structure, especially for the cases of the spaces of distributions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### If $f$ is non-prime, can we say $|f|$ is also a non-prime; in convolution algebra?

By Schwartz-inequality and Riesz–Fischer theorem, one can deduced that,
$$L^{2}(\mathbb T) \ast L^{2}(\mathbb T) = A(\mathbb T)(:= \{f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T): \sum_{n\in \mathbb Z} |\hat{f}(n)| < ...

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votes

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317 views

### Expectation of $(c+e^{N(0,\sigma^2)})^{-n},\, n>0$

I would like to know if there's a way to compute or approximate the following expectation:
$$\mathbb{E}[(c+e^X)^{-n}]$$
where $X=N(0,\sigma^2)$ and $n,c>0$ (you can also assume that $n$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Szegő curve for partial sum of Taylor series of Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function

I am sorry that this is long post. But it might be of interest to you.
This post is related to zeros of partial sum of Taylor series of $e^x-1$.
Entire functions $e^z$, $\cos(z)$, and $\sin(z)$ can ...

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votes

**0**answers

360 views

### Inverse Fourier Transform involving a Bessel Function, Exponential, and Power

I'm interested in this integral as a function of $r$ for various spectral densities $S(s)$:
$\frac{2 \pi}{r^{p/2}-1} \int_{0}^{\infty} S(s) J_{p/2-1}(2 \pi r s) s^{p/2} ds $, where $J_{p/2-1}$ is a ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

217 views

### Is there a compactly supported function that its Fourier transfrom vanishes at given n real points?

My question is as follows: Given ${{\lambda }_{1}},\,{{\lambda }_{2}},...,{{\lambda }_{n}}\in \mathbb{R}$ where $\underset{1\le j\le n-1}{\mathop{\min }}\,\left| {{\lambda }_{j+1}}-{{\lambda }_{j}} ...

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**1**answer

622 views

### Fourier transform of a bounded function

This should really be well-known, but I was not able to find a definite answer to this question:
Is the Fourier transform of a bounded function always a borel measure (i.e. an order 0 distribution)?
...

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votes

**2**answers

577 views

### Extension of Poisson Summation formula

Under the condition f continuous, integrable and:
$|f(t)| + |\hat{f}(t)| \le C (1+|t|)^{-1-a}$ (with a>0)
we have the twisted Poisson formula that holds (where $\chi(n)$ is a primitive Dirichlet ...

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votes

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230 views

### Fourier transform of compactly supported distribution is smooth

My advisor made the comment that if $u\in \mathcal{E}'$ is a compactly supported distribution, then $\hat{u}(\xi)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is actually a smooth function (not merely a distribution ...

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340 views

### Are there any new results on approximating Riemann $\Xi$ function by Polya-like Fourier transforms?

I posted [this question][1] at math.stackexchange.com and was told that it is more appropriate to post this research related question here at mathoverflow.
So I re-post it below.
Riemann $\Xi(z)$ ...

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297 views

### Fourier transform of tempered distribution

I'm wondering whether anyone knows a reference or proof for finding the Fourier transform of $f(t):=(t+1)^{1/2}t_+^{1/2}$? (Here $t_+=\max (t,0)$.)

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218 views

### How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows:
$$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$
Fact: Let $m$ ...

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### Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that
$$
\mathcal W\subset ...

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384 views

### Why does Fourier transform of a function give the frequency spectrum?

Coefficients of the complex Fourier series give spikes at discrete frequencies. I'd like to understand why F.T. gives us the continuous frequency spectrum?

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161 views

### A example on Fourier tranform of a continous compactly supported function

I am trying to find a continuous compactly supported function $f$ such that the Fourier transform $f^{ft}$ and derivative $(f^{ft})'$ of the $f^{ft}$ decay faster than exponential rates, that is
...

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80 views

### Generalized Radon transform (Relaxed sufficient condition for invertibility)

The generalized Radon transform maps a function $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, usually interpreted as a density of an object, to its integral value over an $(n-1)$-dimensional affine subspace.
To be more ...

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votes

**1**answer

538 views

### Integral solving request

Dear all,
please help me solve the following integral.
I need to solve this integral for one of my problems.
$$(\frac{1}{2\pi})^2\int_0^\infty\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{J_0(\rho R_0)J_0(\rho ...

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votes

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73 views

### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

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135 views

### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

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votes

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202 views

### How is the deconvolution of a fat gaussian from a polynomial derived?

We have a 2D order-2 polynomial, a Gaussian and a 'box' indicator function. Let:
$\begin{eqnarray}
p(x,y) &=& c_0+c_1x+c_2y+c_3xy+c_4x^2+c_5y^2+c_6xy^2 \\
G(x,y) &=& ...

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97 views

### Any references on infinite-dimensional Fourier-Plancherel theory?

Let $M$ be a measure on an infinite-dimensional topological vector space (in fact, only the measure type matters), such that $M$ is quasi-invariant under a dense subspace $S$ of shifts (let's assume ...

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175 views

### Is the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$($\mu>0$) a bounded function?

Consider $m(\xi)=\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$, where $\xi\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mu, \alpha>0$, I want to know that if $m(\xi)$ is a multiplier of $\mathcal{M_{1}^{\infty}}$,i.e., whether the ...

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104 views

### Meaning of fractional Fourier transform with imaginary iteration count

(I'm reposting this from math.stackexchange as I didn't get an answer there and thought it might be "advanced" enough for this site.)
As one may know, the Fourier Transform
$$F[f](\nu) = ...

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**1**answer

316 views

### Decay of the Fourier transform of a function with a discontinuty at zero

Let $f \colon \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ be a function from the Schwartz class and $f(0) \neq 0$. Define it's projection $g(x) = \langle f(x), \frac{x}{|x|} \rangle \frac{x}{|x|}$, where $\langle a, ...

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votes

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151 views

### tranforms that lowers the number of variables of a function

Is there any linear map that lowers the number of variables of functions, namely a map that maps a function of several variables to functions of one variable and at the same time the original ...

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248 views

### Connection between the Fourier transform of f and |f|

If $f\in L^p(R)$ with $1\leq p\leq 2$, then Hausdorff-Young inequality implies that the Fourier transform $\widehat{f}\in L^{p'}$, $p'$ is the dual exponent of $p$, and
$$
...

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**1**answer

569 views

### Absolute convergence of logarithm of polynomial with positive coefficient ($\ln G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{q_i}{z^i}} $)

Special problem: Let $G(z)$ be a probability generating function(pgf, the $z$ can be seen as real number or complex number), that is
$$G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{p_i}{z^i}} ,(\left| z ...

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votes

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497 views

### Schönhage–Strassen algorithm

After brief intro to Fourier series, CFT, DFT and their basic properties I enjoyed implementing forward and backward FFT algorithm in complex numbers. I was happy to, at least, have an idea how is it ...

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votes

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415 views

### Fourier transform of $e^{it|\xi|^{\alpha}}$

Consider the fourier transform of $e^{it|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$ ($\alpha>0$)in $\mathbb{R}^n$,let $K_{\alpha}=\mathcal{F}(e^{it|\xi|^{\alpha}})$,so $K$ is a tempered distribution.Now I want to know if ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### On uniform or simple convergence of Poisson Summation formula

Under good conditions on an even function $f(x)$ we have the Poisson Summation formula ($x>0$):
$$f(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n =1}^{\infty} f(nx)= \frac{1}{x} \left( \hat{f}(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n ...

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100 views

### Discrete versus Continuous Hilbert Transform

Let me define the Fourier transform of a function $u$, say in the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R)$ as
$
\hat u(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx.
$
The Hilbert transform ...

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votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Positive Fourier coefficients for a function $f:\{+1,-1\}^n \to \mathbb R$

This is from my research in computer science where the Fourier transform over $GF(2)^n$ is a tool to study functions on the Boolean hypercube.
For example, the majority function on 3 variables is ...

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261 views

### Computing a 2D Fourier transform on a disk

I am looking for a reliable and fast way of evaluating an integral like
$$
F(r, \phi)= \int_0^1 \int_0^{2\pi} f(\rho, \theta) e^{2\pi i \rho r \cos(\theta - \phi)}\rho\, d\theta\,d\rho,
$$
where $f$ ...