The fourier-transform tag has no usage guidance.

**19**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

449 views

### Functions $f$ on $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ with $|f|$ and $|\widehat{f}|$ constant

Let $N$ be a positive integer; for simplicity I'm happy to assume it's an odd prime but I'm interested in the general case too.
Let $f \colon \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{C}$ and let ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

762 views

### Image of L^1 under the Fourier Transform

The Fourier Transform $\mathcal{F}:L^1(\mathbb{R})\to C_0(\mathbb{R})$ is an injective, bounded linear map that isn't onto. It is known (if I remember correctly) that the range isn't closed, but is ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula
$$
\int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

48k views

### Fourier vs Laplace transforms

In solving a linear system, when would I use a Fourier transform versus a Laplace transform? I am not a mathematician, so the little intuition I have tells me that it could be related to the boundary ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Asymptotic Weyl Character Formula

Let $G$ be a complex semi-simple group along with a chosen pair of opposite Borel subgroups (so we get all the root-theoretic data we need). Let $\lambda$ be a dominant weight, and let $V(\lambda)$ be ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

361 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### How is the propagator computed on an elliptic curve?

I've been struggling for a while now understanding why the propagator for the action
$$
S(\varphi) = \int_E \partial \varphi \bar\partial\varphi + \frac{\lambda}{6}(\partial\varphi)^3
$$
on an ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Proof of a Fourier pair with Bessel functions?

How can we prove that the Fourier transform of the function
$$
f(x)
=
\begin{cases}
(a^2-x^2)^{c/2} BesselJ[c,b\sqrt{a^2-x^2}] & \text{for }x^2 < a^2\\
0 & \text{otherwise}
\end{cases}
$$
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Newton series and Fourier transform - is there an analogy?

Fourier expansion for a function:
$$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{- i \omega x}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}e^{i\omega t}f(t)dt \, d\omega$$
Newton series expansion of a function:
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

321 views

### Montgomery's conjecture and lower bound on certain Fourier transform.

Recently I have come across the following question, while meditating about Matt Young's answer to this question of mine, explaining the heuristic (or at least, one possible heuristic) behind ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

Physical Motivation : Hear to these audio files S_f and P_f. S_f is Fourier partial
sum and P_f is the new reconstruction, both use spectrum only in the
region (0,4KHz) for reconstructing the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### Reverse Hausdorff Young for nonnegative functions

The classical Hausdorff-Young inequality states that
$$
\Vert \widehat{f} \Vert_{p'} \leq \Vert f \Vert_p \text{ for } 1 \leq p \leq 2.
$$
For $p=2$, we even have equality due to Plancherel.
If we ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

381 views

### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Roots of characteristic function of “reciprocal gamma measure”

Let us call a measure $\mu$ on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\mathfrak{B}_{(0,\infty)}$ of subsets of $(0,\infty)$ a reciprocal gamma measure if it is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### How are the infinity norm of Fourier transforms of sign vectors distributed?

This is a follow up to an earlier resolved question. Define the $n$-dimensional discrete Fourier transform via the matrix
$$
D_{s,t} := \omega^{st},
$$
where $\omega=\exp(-2\pi i/n)$. Notice that $D$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Real interpolation space between the Wiener algebra and $L^2$

The Wiener algebra $W_n$ is the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R^n)$. What is the (complex) interpolation space between $W_n$ and $L^2(\mathbb R^n)$? It is probably not true that for ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$
Now ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

245 views

### Is there a compactly supported function that its Fourier transfrom vanishes at given n real points?

My question is as follows: Given ${{\lambda }_{1}},\,{{\lambda }_{2}},...,{{\lambda }_{n}}\in \mathbb{R}$ where $\underset{1\le j\le n-1}{\mathop{\min }}\,\left| {{\lambda }_{j+1}}-{{\lambda }_{j}} ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define
\begin{align}
\widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\
0, & \textrm{otherwise}.
\end{array}
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

227 views

### Generalization of Lévy's continuity theorem for nuclear spaces

I am interested in a generalization of the following finite-dimensional results in infinite dimensional vector-space with nuclear structure, especially for the cases of the spaces of distributions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### If $f$ is non-prime, can we say $|f|$ is also a non-prime; in convolution algebra?

By Schwartz-inequality and Riesz–Fischer theorem, one can deduced that,
$$L^{2}(\mathbb T) \ast L^{2}(\mathbb T) = A(\mathbb T)(:= \{f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T): \sum_{n\in \mathbb Z} |\hat{f}(n)| < ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Szegő curve for partial sum of Taylor series of Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function

I am sorry that this is long post. But it might be of interest to you.
This post is related to zeros of partial sum of Taylor series of $e^x-1$.
Entire functions $e^z$, $\cos(z)$, and $\sin(z)$ can ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

389 views

### Inverse Fourier Transform involving a Bessel Function, Exponential, and Power

I'm interested in this integral as a function of $r$ for various spectral densities $S(s)$:
$\frac{2 \pi}{r^{p/2}-1} \int_{0}^{\infty} S(s) J_{p/2-1}(2 \pi r s) s^{p/2} ds $, where $J_{p/2-1}$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

387 views

### Expectation of $(c+e^{N(0,\sigma^2)})^{-n},\, n>0$

I would like to know if there's a way to compute or approximate the following expectation:
$$\mathbb{E}[(c+e^X)^{-n}]$$
where $X=N(0,\sigma^2)$ and $n,c>0$ (you can also assume that $n$ is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

705 views

### Fourier transform of a bounded function

This should really be well-known, but I was not able to find a definite answer to this question:
Is the Fourier transform of a bounded function always a borel measure (i.e. an order 0 distribution)?
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

617 views

### Extension of Poisson Summation formula

Under the condition f continuous, integrable and:
$|f(t)| + |\hat{f}(t)| \le C (1+|t|)^{-1-a}$ (with a>0)
we have the twisted Poisson formula that holds (where $\chi(n)$ is a primitive Dirichlet ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Fourier transform of compactly supported distribution is smooth

My advisor made the comment that if $u\in \mathcal{E}'$ is a compactly supported distribution, then $\hat{u}(\xi)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is actually a smooth function (not merely a distribution ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Are there any new results on approximating Riemann $\Xi$ function by Polya-like Fourier transforms?

I posted [this question][1] at math.stackexchange.com and was told that it is more appropriate to post this research related question here at mathoverflow.
So I re-post it below.
Riemann $\Xi(z)$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Fourier transform of tempered distribution

I'm wondering whether anyone knows a reference or proof for finding the Fourier transform of $f(t):=(t+1)^{1/2}t_+^{1/2}$? (Here $t_+=\max (t,0)$.)

**3**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows:
$$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$
Fact: Let $m$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

397 views

### Why does Fourier transform of a function give the frequency spectrum?

Coefficients of the complex Fourier series give spikes at discrete frequencies. I'd like to understand why F.T. gives us the continuous frequency spectrum?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that
$$
\mathcal W\subset ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### A example on Fourier tranform of a continous compactly supported function

I am trying to find a continuous compactly supported function $f$ such that the Fourier transform $f^{ft}$ and derivative $(f^{ft})'$ of the $f^{ft}$ decay faster than exponential rates, that is
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Generalized Radon transform (Relaxed sufficient condition for invertibility)

The generalized Radon transform maps a function $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, usually interpreted as a density of an object, to its integral value over an $(n-1)$-dimensional affine subspace.
To be more ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

554 views

### Integral solving request

Dear all,
please help me solve the following integral.
I need to solve this integral for one of my problems.
$$(\frac{1}{2\pi})^2\int_0^\infty\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{J_0(\rho R_0)J_0(\rho ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Isbell duality in Joyal and Street's Introduction to Tannaka Duality

In Sec. 3 of Joyal and Street's Introduction to Tannaka Duality and Quantum Groups, the authors give a commutative triangle of isomorphisms of compact topological groups (Corollary 8). This diagram ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### How is the deconvolution of a fat gaussian from a polynomial derived?

We have a 2D order-2 polynomial, a Gaussian and a 'box' indicator function. Let:
$\begin{eqnarray}
p(x,y) &=& c_0+c_1x+c_2y+c_3xy+c_4x^2+c_5y^2+c_6xy^2 \\
G(x,y) &=& ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Any references on infinite-dimensional Fourier-Plancherel theory?

Let $M$ be a measure on an infinite-dimensional topological vector space (in fact, only the measure type matters), such that $M$ is quasi-invariant under a dense subspace $S$ of shifts (let's assume ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Is the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$($\mu>0$) a bounded function?

Consider $m(\xi)=\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$, where $\xi\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mu, \alpha>0$, I want to know that if $m(\xi)$ is a multiplier of $\mathcal{M_{1}^{\infty}}$,i.e., whether the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Meaning of fractional Fourier transform with imaginary iteration count

(I'm reposting this from math.stackexchange as I didn't get an answer there and thought it might be "advanced" enough for this site.)
As one may know, the Fourier Transform
$$F[f](\nu) = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

997 views

### Space of Bandlimited Functions

Hi,
I was asking myself about some necessary and/or sufficient conditions for a function to be bandlimited (i.e. its Fourier transform is zero t residing out of [-B,B] for some B>0).
Of course, if a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### Decay of the Fourier transform of a function with a discontinuty at zero

Let $f \colon \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ be a function from the Schwartz class and $f(0) \neq 0$. Define it's projection $g(x) = \langle f(x), \frac{x}{|x|} \rangle \frac{x}{|x|}$, where $\langle a, ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

152 views

### tranforms that lowers the number of variables of a function

Is there any linear map that lowers the number of variables of functions, namely a map that maps a function of several variables to functions of one variable and at the same time the original ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Connection between the Fourier transform of f and |f|

If $f\in L^p(R)$ with $1\leq p\leq 2$, then Hausdorff-Young inequality implies that the Fourier transform $\widehat{f}\in L^{p'}$, $p'$ is the dual exponent of $p$, and
$$
...