The fourier-transform tag has no wiki summary.

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### Characteristic Function of a non-linear function $f(x)$ of a random variable $x$? [closed]

Apologize in advance, more a brainstorming than a question.
Suppose you know the characteristic function of the RV x: $\phi_{x}(t) = E[e^{itx}]$...
what can be said about the CF of the real function ...

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### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

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### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

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### Bandwidth approximation for a nonlinear problem

Can anyone please help me with this problem.
I must let you know from the beginning that it's not an easy one.
"Two functions are given: $u, y \in L^{2}(-\infty,\infty), y(t)=\frac{u(t)}{u(t)+b}$ ,
...

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### Is there a Poisson Summation formula for imprimitive Dirichlet characters?

I was wondering if there exists a Poisson Summation formula (like the one existing with primitive character) for imprimitive Dirichlet characters ?
For a primitive Dirichlet character $\chi$ we have:
...

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### Fourier transform of compactly supported distribution is smooth

My advisor made the comment that if $u\in \mathcal{E}'$ is a compactly supported distribution, then $\hat{u}(\xi)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is actually a smooth function (not merely a distribution ...

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### What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function
$$
f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du.
$$
It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...

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### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

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### Newton series and Fourier transform - is there an analogy?

Fourier expansion for a function:
$$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{- i \omega x}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}e^{i\omega t}f(t)dt \, d\omega$$
Newton series expansion of a function:
...

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### Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$
Now ...

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### Connection between the Fourier transform of f and |f|

If $f\in L^p(R)$ with $1\leq p\leq 2$, then Hausdorff-Young inequality implies that the Fourier transform $\widehat{f}\in L^{p'}$, $p'$ is the dual exponent of $p$, and
$$
...

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### Multidimensional Filters

Say you want to design a LP FIR filter with low pass cutoff $fc$, transition band $fc$ to $fs$ and ripple factor $dp$ at passband and $ds$ at stop band. If one divides the frequencies by $\pi$, then ...

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### Fourier transform of a matrix represented compact lie group

In physics, I come across this kind of integration (in the nonlinear sigma model):
\begin{equation}
S[g] = \frac{1}{\lambda} \int d^dr\ \text{tr}[\triangledown g\triangledown g^{-1}]
\end{equation}
...

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### A kind of Discrete Fourier Transform

Given a $z\in \mathbb{C}^N$, the DFT of $z$ is given for every $k\in [0,N-1]_\mathbb{N}$ by
$$DFT_z(k)=\frac{1}{N} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1} z_j\, \omega^{-k j}$$ where I have denoted by $\omega$ the $N$-th ...

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### Is there a compactly supported function that its Fourier transfrom vanishes at given n real points?

My question is as follows: Given ${{\lambda }_{1}},\,{{\lambda }_{2}},...,{{\lambda }_{n}}\in \mathbb{R}$ where $\underset{1\le j\le n-1}{\mathop{\min }}\,\left| {{\lambda }_{j+1}}-{{\lambda }_{j}} ...

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### A question about pointwise convergence of Fourier transform in $N$-dimensions

I am retreating back on this statement, after some explorations and calculation
Bow to Willie and others who were skeptical on this. Main difficulty can be seen in this reference. But I must mention ...

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### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

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### request for any expository works in pointwise convergence of double Fourier series and especially a paper by Hardy

Quart. J. Math. Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 53-79
On double Fourier series, and especially those which represent the double zeta-function with real and incommensurable parameters.
Hardy, G.H.
I am not ...

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### A question on a Fourier transform

(This may sound too simple a question to be asked in MO. But it is a research problem but not an exercise, so I post it here. If it is no appropriate, I will move it to Stackexchange.)
Let $0 < a ...

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### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

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### Reverse Hausdorff Young for nonnegative functions

The classical Hausdorff-Young inequality states that
$$
\Vert \widehat{f} \Vert_{p'} \leq \Vert f \Vert_p \text{ for } 1 \leq p \leq 2.
$$
For $p=2$, we even have equality due to Plancherel.
If we ...

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### Inversion of Fourier transform of a multivariate gamma distribution in polar form?

Let $\mathbb{S}^{N-1}$ be the unit sphere in $\mathbb{R}^N$ under the Euclidean norm $||\cdot||$. Let $\mu$ be an infinitely divisible Borel measure. If there exists a finite measure $\alpha$ on ...

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### Fourier approximation error in L^2 for piecewise continuous functions

Let $u:[0,2\pi)\to \mathbb{R}$ be the step function
$$u(x) = \begin{cases}
1 & \text{if } x \in [0,\pi), \\
0 & \text{if } x \in [\pi,2\pi)
\end{cases}$$
By a direct computation, one ...

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### Discrete versus Continuous Hilbert Transform

Let me define the Fourier transform of a function $u$, say in the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R)$ as
$
\hat u(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx.
$
The Hilbert transform ...

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### Functions $f$ on $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ with $|f|$ and $|\widehat{f}|$ constant

Let $N$ be a positive integer; for simplicity I'm happy to assume it's an odd prime but I'm interested in the general case too.
Let $f \colon \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{C}$ and let ...

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### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...

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### Fourier vs Laplace transforms

In solving a linear system, when would I use a Fourier transform versus a Laplace transform? I am not a mathematician, so the little intuition I have tells me that it could be related to the boundary ...

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### Are there any new results on approximating Riemann $\Xi$ function by Polya-like Fourier transforms?

I posted [this question][1] at math.stackexchange.com and was told that it is more appropriate to post this research related question here at mathoverflow.
So I re-post it below.
Riemann $\Xi(z)$ ...

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### A example on Fourier tranform of a continous compactly supported function

I am trying to find a continuous compactly supported function $f$ such that the Fourier transform $f^{ft}$ and derivative $(f^{ft})'$ of the $f^{ft}$ decay faster than exponential rates, that is
...

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### Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define
\begin{align}
\widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\
0, & \textrm{otherwise}.
\end{array}
...

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### How to get Fourier–Stieltjes transform on $\mathbb R$ from the nice function on $\mathbb T$ (periodic on $\mathbb R$)? [closed]

We put, $M(\mathbb R)= $The set of bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$ and for $\mu \in M(\mathbb R)$, we define $||\mu||:= |\mu| (\mathbb R) = \text {total variation of } \ \mu $; and
...

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### How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows:
$$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$
Fact: Let $m$ ...

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### Does the Fourier transform of a non-strictly positive real kernel $\Phi(t)$ always generate entire function with complex zeros? [closed]

Question (1) Does the Fourier transform of a non-strictly positive real kernel
$f(t)$ always generate an entire function $g(z)$ with complex zeros?
$$g(z)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(t) ...

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### Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula
$$
\int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...

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### Cross-correlation of two functions which are not fixed

I am trying to cross-correlate two functions, but one of which is changing each 'step' of the cross-correlation.
I want to cross-correlate T(f) and ...

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### $\widehat{f\ast g}= \hat{f} \cdot \hat{g}$ for $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap C(\mathbb R) (1<p<\infty, p\neq 2), g\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$? [closed]

(This may be very simple question for MO; I had post it to math stack exchange few days back but I could not get any answer(or comment) to it)
It is well-known that, for $f,g \in L^{1}(\mathbb R).$ ...

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### Mellin transform of time-shifted function

The Mellin transform of a function $f(x)$ can be written as
$$
\mathcal M[f(x);z]=\int_0^\infty f(x)x^{z-1} dx
$$
Is there a simple expression for the Mellin transform of the function $f(x-x_0)$? ...

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### Godement-Jacquet and L-functions

Let $M_{r}(F)$ be the matrices with coefficients in a local nonarchimedean field $F$ and $q$ the cardinal of the residue field.
We have a Fourier tansform on $M_{r}(F)$ with kernel ...

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### Szegő curve for partial sum of Taylor series of Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function

I am sorry that this is long post. But it might be of interest to you.
This post is related to zeros of partial sum of Taylor series of $e^x-1$.
Entire functions $e^z$, $\cos(z)$, and $\sin(z)$ can ...

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### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

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### Using FFT to aproximate a fuction [closed]

I am trying to use the FFT to approximate a given function. So i have 10 points xk that are given for example, if i use the FFT that will give me Xk. So now using the inverse FFT we can get the ...

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### How is the propagator computed on an elliptic curve?

I've been struggling for a while now understanding why the propagator for the action
$$
S(\varphi) = \int_E \partial \varphi \bar\partial\varphi + \frac{\lambda}{6}(\partial\varphi)^3
$$
on an ...

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### Bounds on functions pullbacked via exponential map

Let us assume that $M$ is a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). For any point $x\in M$, we can pullback $C^\infty(M)$ functions to $T_x M$ via the exponential map, by setting
$$ (\exp_x^* ...

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### Is there inverse FFT algorithm for Fourier transform of a integer-valued random variable?

In many applications, it is possible to derive an explicit expression for the
Fourier transform of a random variable $X$
$$\varphi (\theta ) = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^\infty {{p_n}} {e^{in\theta }}$$
...

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### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

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### tranforms that lowers the number of variables of a function

Is there any linear map that lowers the number of variables of functions, namely a map that maps a function of several variables to functions of one variable and at the same time the original ...

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### Closed sets in the space of Fourier transforms $\mathcal{F}L^{1}$

Consider the space of all Fourier transforms of $L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ that is,
$$\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\mathcal{F}L^{1}(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\},$$
with the ...

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### Absolute convergence of logarithm of polynomial with positive coefficient ($\ln G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{q_i}{z^i}} $)

Special problem: Let $G(z)$ be a probability generating function(pgf, the $z$ can be seen as real number or complex number), that is
$$G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{p_i}{z^i}} ,(\left| z ...

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### Is $\int_0^\infty \sin(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$ of larger order than $\int_0^\infty \cos(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$?

Suppose we have a function $f$, such that $f$ is of some smoothness degree $m$, and $f,f^{(k)} \in L_1[0,\infty)$ $k=1,...,m$. Now if $f^{(k)}(0) = \lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}f^{(k)}(x) = 0$ for ...

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### function invariants under integral transforms

Some integral transforms have various invariants (Fourier transform, etc.), while others don't, such as Hilbert transform. I am wondering if there is any general method to find the invariant functions ...