# Tagged Questions

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### Fourier transform on the discrete cube

Notation: identify an element of $\{-1,1\}^n$ with the set $S \subseteq \{1, \ldots, n\}$ on which it takes the value $-1$.
The following is an asymptotic question. "Close to one" means "more than ...

**12**

votes

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368 views

### Correlation of Fourier transforms of characteristic functions

Let $A$ and $B$ ($A\subset B$) be subsets of a finite abelian group $G$. (For the sake of argument, you can take $G$ to be $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for large $p$, say.) Write $1_S$ for the ...

**12**

votes

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2k views

### Tanh version of a Fourier Transform?

I am trying to perform some computations in an environment where it is much easier to compute the hyperbolic tangent function (tanh) than cosines or sines. This prevents me from performing Fourier ...

**10**

votes

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345 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...

**9**

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470 views

### Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$.
A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...

**9**

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578 views

### Is the Fourier-Transform a bounded operator on Lorentz spaces L(2,q)?

It is well known that the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}$ maps $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$.
Then, by ...

**8**

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294 views

### Uncertainty principle in Entropy terms

Math Questions:
Consider Hilbert space $L_2(\mathbb{R})$ with a standard norm
$
||\psi|| = ( \int_{\mathbb{R}}{ |\psi(t)|^2 dt } )^{1/2},
$
and Fourier transform
$
(F\psi)(\xi) =
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Questions on de Branges' work on the Riemann hypothesis

According to Wikipedia, Louis de Branges de Bourcia has obtained some notable
results, such as a proof of the Bieberbach conjecture in 1985, which is now
known as de Branges' theorem. Initially, his ...

**7**

votes

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261 views

### Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...

**6**

votes

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422 views

### The log kernel and Bochner Theorem

I was wondering if it possible to find a measure $\eta$ on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
L(x):=\log\frac{1}{|x|}=\int e^{itx}\;d\eta(t)
$$
for every $x\in [0,1/2]$.
On a structural ground, this ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

722 views

### injectivity of Fourier transform: is there algebraic proof?

Let $L$ be the Banach algebra of $L^1$-functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{C}$ with $L^1$-norm and convolution as algebra multiplication. Assume that we knew that the homomorphisms from $L$ to ...

**6**

votes

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417 views

### Phase perturbations in oscillatory integrals

I am interested in learning about quantitative refinements of the method of stationary phase which allow to treat small perturbations in the phase of an oscillatory integral (of the first kind, in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### How big is the Fourier transform of the log of a polynomial over the p-adic numbers

Let $f(z_1,\dots,z_n)$ be a polynomial with $p$-adic coefficients, and let $g(z):=log\lvert f(z) \rvert$. If $\xi$ is a complex character of $\mathbb{Z}_p^n$ there exists a number $v=v(\xi)$ such that ...

**5**

votes

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257 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

**5**

votes

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104 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

**5**

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115 views

### Fourier analysis for the discrete cube in CAT(0) spaces?

Is there a meaningful Fourier analysis of mappings from the discrete cube into CAT(0) spaces?
Examples for what I have in mind:
Fix a CAT(0) space $X$, a mapping $f:\{-1,1\}^n \to X$, and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### converse of Weyl criterion

Let $f∈L^1([0,1))$,suppose for all equi-distributed sequence $\{a_n\}^∞_{n=1}$ in $[0,1)$,we have
$$\lim_{N\rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{N}\sum_{k=1}^Nf(a_k)=\int_0^1f.$$
Do we have that $f$ is Riemann ...

**5**

votes

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348 views

### Fourier theory of characteristic functions

Here is a question which (up to some translation) I have been asked by an electrical engineer. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to[0,1]$ be a smooth function with $f(x+1)=f(x)$. I would like to approximate $f$ in ...

**5**

votes

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575 views

### some questions about properties of harmonic measure

The original post
The following argument appears in a paper of Nazarov (Lemma 1.2) "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty principle ...

**4**

votes

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44 views

### Value of prolate speroidal wave function at 0

I have a very basic question about prolate speroidal wave functions that can be defined as eigenfunctions to the following integral equation:
$$
\lambda\cdot \psi(x) = \int_{-1}^{1}\frac{\sin ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...

**4**

votes

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165 views

### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

**3**

votes

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51 views

### Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...

**3**

votes

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326 views

+50

### Best known bounds on certain exponential sums

What are the best bounds currently known for the following exponential sum:
$$\sum_{x < p \le 2x} e(\alpha p^k)$$
for values of $\alpha$ far from a rational with small denominator. ($p$ refers ...

**3**

votes

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173 views

### The ring of modular forms for $\Gamma_0(11)$

Let $\mathcal M(11) = \oplus \mathcal M_k(11)$ be a graded algebra of modular forms for congruence group $\Gamma_0(11)$. I want to find generators and relations between them. I proved that $\dim ...

**3**

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81 views

### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it.
Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...

**3**

votes

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158 views

### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

**3**

votes

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121 views

### Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...

**3**

votes

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143 views

### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

**3**

votes

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145 views

### Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on ...

**3**

votes

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181 views

### Is the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$($\mu>0$) a bounded function?

Consider $m(\xi)=\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$, where $\xi\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mu, \alpha>0$, I want to know that if $m(\xi)$ is a multiplier of $\mathcal{M_{1}^{\infty}}$,i.e., whether the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### The Dunkl intertwining operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$

The Dunkl intertwinig operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is defined by:
$$V_k f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d}f(y)d\mu_x(y),$$
where $d\mu_x$ is a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with support in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

855 views

### estimates of exponential polynomials

Let $ p(t) = \Sigma_{k=1}^n c_k e^{i \lambda_k t}$ be an exponential polynomial.
In the paper "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved).
Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by
...

**2**

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139 views

### Largest Fourier coefficient of sparse boolean function

Consider a Boolean function $f: GF(2)^n \rightarrow \{0, 1 \}$. I would like to show that if $f$ is sparse, i.e. $\sum f(i) \leq t$, then $f$ must have a large Fourier coefficient. (A Fourier ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël,
http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf.
The equations are
$$
i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u
$$
on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### How is the structure of spectrum in cap-sets with no strong increments unrealistic if density is too large?

I am reading this excellent paper by Bateman and Katz on improved bounds on the cap set problem.
Let A be a set in $\mathbb{F}_3^n$ containing no 3-term arithmetic progression and let $A(x)$ denote ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### On uniform or simple convergence of Poisson Summation formula

Under good conditions on an even function $f(x)$ we have the Poisson Summation formula ($x>0$):
$$f(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n =1}^{\infty} f(nx)= \frac{1}{x} \left( \hat{f}(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n ...

**2**

votes

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145 views

### Distribution of Fourier coefficients of Maass forms

In the sense of Maass an automorphic function $\phi$ with Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalue $\frac{(d-1)^2}{4}+t^2$ on $d$-dimensional hyperbolic space which can be thought as ...

**2**

votes

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109 views

### the (2,2,1) boundedness of a “product” operator

Let $\{E_j\}_{j\in\mathbb{Z}}$ and $\{F_k\}_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be two collections of pairwise disjoint sets in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $C(j,k)$ be a bounded function (e.g. $|C(j,k)|<1$) defined on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Do position and momentum measurements determine a wave function?

Suppose we have a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb R^n)$ and we know the functions $x\mapsto|f(x)|$ and $p\mapsto|\hat f(p)|$, where $\hat f$ is the Fourier transform of $f$.
Can we reconstruct the function ...

**2**

votes

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63 views

### request for any expository works in pointwise convergence of double Fourier series and especially a paper by Hardy

Quart. J. Math. Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 53-79
On double Fourier series, and especially those which represent the double zeta-function with real and incommensurable parameters.
Hardy, G.H.
I am not ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### “Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### seek another proof of a result in Fourier analysis

It was proved on page 26 of this note the following result:
Let $\xi$ be an algebraic number that is not a root of unity, then there exists an $n_0\geq 0$ with the property that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### A decomposition of a representation via characters of a normal compact subgroup

This is connected to my question here. Let $K$ be a normal compact subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\widehat{K}$ the dual object for $K$, and $\mu_K$ the normed Haar measure on $K$ ...

**2**

votes

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142 views

### pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$
Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Under condition of Zygmund is the following inequality true?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function and satisfies the following Zygmund condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Random square submatrices of a Hadamard matrix

Question: For $N$ be a power of $2$, let $A$ be a random $d \times d$ submatrix of the $N \times N$ Hadamard matrix (the matrix of the Hadamard/Walsh-Fourier transform). What is the best known upper ...