# Tagged Questions

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### Fourier transform on the discrete cube

Notation: identify an element of $\{-1,1\}^n$ with the set $S \subseteq \{1, \ldots, n\}$ on which it takes the value $-1$.
The following is an asymptotic question. "Close to one" means "more than ...

**12**

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361 views

### Correlation of Fourier transforms of characteristic functions

Let $A$ and $B$ ($A\subset B$) be subsets of a finite abelian group $G$. (For the sake of argument, you can take $G$ to be $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for large $p$, say.) Write $1_S$ for the ...

**12**

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1k views

### Tanh version of a Fourier Transform?

I am trying to perform some computations in an environment where it is much easier to compute the hyperbolic tangent function (tanh) than cosines or sines. This prevents me from performing Fourier ...

**9**

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284 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**9**

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128 views

### Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...

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460 views

### Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$.
A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...

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560 views

### Is the Fourier-Transform a bounded operator on Lorentz spaces L(2,q)?

It is well known that the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}$ maps $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$.
Then, by ...

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262 views

### Uncertainty principle in Entropy terms

Math Questions:
Consider Hilbert space $L_2(\mathbb{R})$ with a standard norm
$
||\psi|| = ( \int_{\mathbb{R}}{ |\psi(t)|^2 dt } )^{1/2},
$
and Fourier transform
$
(F\psi)(\xi) =
...

**7**

votes

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963 views

### Questions on de Branges' work on the Riemann hypothesis

According to Wikipedia, Louis de Branges de Bourcia has obtained some notable
results, such as a proof of the Bieberbach conjecture in 1985, which is now
known as de Branges' theorem. Initially, his ...

**7**

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255 views

### Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...

**6**

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407 views

### The log kernel and Bochner Theorem

I was wondering if it possible to find a measure $\eta$ on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
L(x):=\log\frac{1}{|x|}=\int e^{itx}\;d\eta(t)
$$
for every $x\in [0,1/2]$.
On a structural ground, this ...

**6**

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674 views

### injectivity of Fourier transform: is there algebraic proof?

Let $L$ be the Banach algebra of $L^1$-functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{C}$ with $L^1$-norm and convolution as algebra multiplication. Assume that we knew that the homomorphisms from $L$ to ...

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407 views

### Phase perturbations in oscillatory integrals

I am interested in learning about quantitative refinements of the method of stationary phase which allow to treat small perturbations in the phase of an oscillatory integral (of the first kind, in ...

**6**

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179 views

### How big is the Fourier transform of the log of a polynomial over the p-adic numbers

Let $f(z_1,\dots,z_n)$ be a polynomial with $p$-adic coefficients, and let $g(z):=log\lvert f(z) \rvert$. If $\xi$ is a complex character of $\mathbb{Z}_p^n$ there exists a number $v=v(\xi)$ such that ...

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votes

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104 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**5**

votes

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207 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

**5**

votes

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99 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

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votes

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113 views

### Fourier analysis for the discrete cube in CAT(0) spaces?

Is there a meaningful Fourier analysis of mappings from the discrete cube into CAT(0) spaces?
Examples for what I have in mind:
Fix a CAT(0) space $X$, a mapping $f:\{-1,1\}^n \to X$, and ...

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votes

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266 views

### converse of Weyl criterion

Let $f∈L^1([0,1))$,suppose for all equi-distributed sequence $\{a_n\}^∞_{n=1}$ in $[0,1)$,we have
$$\lim_{N\rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{N}\sum_{k=1}^Nf(a_k)=\int_0^1f.$$
Do we have that $f$ is Riemann ...

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333 views

### Fourier theory of characteristic functions

Here is a question which (up to some translation) I have been asked by an electrical engineer. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to[0,1]$ be a smooth function with $f(x+1)=f(x)$. I would like to approximate $f$ in ...

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558 views

### some questions about properties of harmonic measure

The original post
The following argument appears in a paper of Nazarov (Lemma 1.2) "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty principle ...

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169 views

### Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...

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157 views

### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

**3**

votes

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153 views

### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

**3**

votes

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115 views

### Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...

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122 views

### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

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votes

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136 views

### Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on ...

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172 views

### Is the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$($\mu>0$) a bounded function?

Consider $m(\xi)=\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$, where $\xi\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mu, \alpha>0$, I want to know that if $m(\xi)$ is a multiplier of $\mathcal{M_{1}^{\infty}}$,i.e., whether the ...

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202 views

### The Dunkl intertwining operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$

The Dunkl intertwinig operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is defined by:
$$V_k f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d}f(y)d\mu_x(y),$$
where $d\mu_x$ is a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with support in the ...

**3**

votes

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824 views

### estimates of exponential polynomials

Let $ p(t) = \Sigma_{k=1}^n c_k e^{i \lambda_k t}$ be an exponential polynomial.
In the paper "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty ...

**2**

votes

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75 views

### Do position and momentum measurements determine a wave function?

Suppose we have a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb R^n)$ and we know the functions $x\mapsto|f(x)|$ and $p\mapsto|\hat f(p)|$, where $\hat f$ is the Fourier transform of $f$.
Can we reconstruct the function ...

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100 views

### What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it.
Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...

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89 views

### “Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...

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116 views

### seek another proof of a result in Fourier analysis

It was proved on page 26 of this note the following result:
Let $\xi$ be an algebraic number that is not a root of unity, then there exists an $n_0\geq 0$ with the property that ...

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votes

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139 views

### A decomposition of a representation via characters of a normal compact subgroup

This is connected to my question here. Let $K$ be a normal compact subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\widehat{K}$ the dual object for $K$, and $\mu_K$ the normed Haar measure on $K$ ...

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135 views

### pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$
Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...

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78 views

### Random square submatrices of a Hadamard matrix

Question: For $N$ be a power of $2$, let $A$ be a random $d \times d$ submatrix of the $N \times N$ Hadamard matrix (the matrix of the Hadamard/Walsh-Fourier transform). What is the best known upper ...

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121 views

### Positive Fourier coefficients for a function $f:\{+1,-1\}^n \to \mathbb R$

This is from my research in computer science where the Fourier transform over $GF(2)^n$ is a tool to study functions on the Boolean hypercube.
For example, the majority function on 3 variables is ...

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votes

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66 views

### riemann mapping theorem for skew-fields of quaternions and beyond

Is there any known generalization of the riemann mapping theorem over skew-fields of quaternions and beyond or at least a conjectured formulation of it?
In a less focused way, how far does the main ...

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143 views

### Quantifying the “flatness” of functions which are the Fourier transforms of positive functions

Short version of question: I'm trying to understand the extent to which a function is prevented from being "flat" as a result of being the Fourier transform of a positive function. That is, the extent ...

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55 views

### Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...

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156 views

### Fourier : from analyticity to exponential decay ; what prevents optimal decay ?

Hello everyone !
In Fourier Analysis, Self-Adjointness by Reed and Simon (Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics, Vol. 2), Theorem IX.14 tells us that (I'll take dimension 1 for simplicity) :
if ...

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197 views

### An integral with Gamma functions (Part 2)

I was wondering if there is a generalization of the integral discussed here to a case like,
\begin{equation}\int \frac{d^dq}{q^{\nu_1}\vert \vec{q} \pm \vec{k}_1\vert ^{\nu_2}\vert \vec{q} \pm ...

**2**

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162 views

### On a differential inequality

The question has probabilistic origins, but it would take too long to elaborate. $\newcommand{\ii}{\boldsymbol{i}}$ $\newcommand{\bR}{\mathbb{R}}$ $\newcommand{\eS}{\mathscr{S}}$
Fix a nonnegative ...

**2**

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328 views

### How well can you approximate a function by a band-restricted function?

Say I have a compactly supported $C^1$ function $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$.
Let $R>0$. Let $\nu$ be some reasonable measure on $\mathbb{R}$ -- take, for instance, (a) $d\nu(t)=dt$ or (b) ...

**2**

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363 views

### L^1-convergence of convolution exponential

Consider a differential
equation
\begin{eqnarray*}
\frac{d}{d\tau}q^{\tau}\left(x\right)=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+h\star q^{\tau}=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+\int ...

**2**

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230 views

### Continuous positive-definite function with prescribed support

Consider a (locally) compact Abelian group G and a compact neighborhood $C$ of the identity ($0$) of $G$. Is it possible to find a non-trivial (i.e., $\phi(0)\neq 0$) continuous, positive (with real ...

**2**

votes

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80 views

### Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.)
...

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207 views

### Continuous function sort

If you have a real-valued function f(x), positive, continuous and bounded on some interval, then what kind of transform would convert this to a monotonic function g(x) on that interval analogously to ...

**2**

votes

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230 views

### Unitary Representations and Integral formulas

While reading the appendix to 4th chapter of Iwaniec and Kowalski's analytic number theory I came upon a remark relating unitary representations and some integral transforms involving J-Bessel ...