The representation of functions (or objects which are in some generalize the notion of function) as constant linear combinations of sines and cosines at integer multiples of a given frequency, as Fourier transforms or as Fourier integrals.

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12
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429 views

Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...
12
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390 views

Correlation of Fourier transforms of characteristic functions

Let $A$ and $B$ ($A\subset B$) be subsets of a finite abelian group $G$. (For the sake of argument, you can take $G$ to be $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for large $p$, say.) Write $1_S$ for the ...
12
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2k views

Tanh version of a Fourier Transform?

I am trying to perform some computations in an environment where it is much easier to compute the hyperbolic tangent function (tanh) than cosines or sines. This prevents me from performing Fourier ...
11
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623 views

Is the Fourier-Transform a bounded operator on Lorentz spaces L(2,q)?

It is well known that the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}$ maps $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ continuously into $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Then, by ...
10
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193 views

Precise relationship between “finite” Fourier analysis and Galois theory in solving the cubic?

Suppose we want to solve$$x^3 - ax^2 + bx - c = 0.$$We know a priori that this can be factored as $(x - r_0)(x - r_1)(x - r_2)$; by Vieta's formulas, we know$$a = r_0 + r_1 + r_2,\quad b = r_0r_1 + ...
10
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375 views

Uncertainty principle in Entropy terms

Math Questions: Consider Hilbert space $L_2(\mathbb{R})$ with a standard norm $ ||\psi|| = ( \int_{\mathbb{R}}{ |\psi(t)|^2 dt } )^{1/2}, $ and Fourier transform $ (F\psi)(\xi) = \int_{\...
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504 views

Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$. A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...
9
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159 views

Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...
8
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2k views

Questions on de Branges' work on the Riemann hypothesis

According to Wikipedia, Louis de Branges de Bourcia has obtained some notable results, such as a proof of the Bieberbach conjecture in 1985, which is now known as de Branges' theorem. Initially, his ...
7
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105 views

Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...
7
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291 views

Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...
7
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439 views

Phase perturbations in oscillatory integrals

I am interested in learning about quantitative refinements of the method of stationary phase which allow to treat small perturbations in the phase of an oscillatory integral (of the first kind, in ...
6
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464 views

The log kernel and Bochner Theorem

I was wondering if it possible to find a measure $\eta$ on $\mathbb{R}$ such that $$ L(x):=\log\frac{1}{|x|}=\int e^{itx}\;d\eta(t) $$ for every $x\in [0,1/2]$. On a structural ground, this ...
6
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808 views

injectivity of Fourier transform: is there algebraic proof?

Let $L$ be the Banach algebra of $L^1$-functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{C}$ with $L^1$-norm and convolution as algebra multiplication. Assume that we knew that the homomorphisms from $L$ to $\...
6
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191 views

How big is the Fourier transform of the log of a polynomial over the p-adic numbers

Let $f(z_1,\dots,z_n)$ be a polynomial with $p$-adic coefficients, and let $g(z):=log\lvert f(z) \rvert$. If $\xi$ is a complex character of $\mathbb{Z}_p^n$ there exists a number $v=v(\xi)$ such that ...
5
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119 views

Nonclassical polynomials, circles, and groups

Tao and Ziegler have introduced a generalization of polynomials over a prime field called nonclassical polynomials, useful for studying the Gowers norm. A nonclassical polynomial of degree $d$ is a ...
5
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312 views

Localization arguments in the paper 'the proof of $l^2$ decoupling conjecture'

I am currently reading Jean Bourgain and Ciprian Demeter's 2015 paper The proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture and would appreciate some help in understanding localization argument used in that ...
5
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51 views

Value of prolate speroidal wave function at 0

I have a very basic question about prolate speroidal wave functions that can be defined as eigenfunctions to the following integral equation: $$ \lambda\cdot \psi(x) = \int_{-1}^{1}\frac{\sin 2c(x-y)}{...
5
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400 views

Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...
5
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108 views

Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$? ...
5
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120 views

Fourier analysis for the discrete cube in CAT(0) spaces?

Is there a meaningful Fourier analysis of mappings from the discrete cube into CAT(0) spaces? Examples for what I have in mind: Fix a CAT(0) space $X$, a mapping $f:\{-1,1\}^n \to X$, and $\...
5
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276 views

converse of Weyl criterion

Let $f∈L^1([0,1))$,suppose for all equi-distributed sequence $\{a_n\}^∞_{n=1}$ in $[0,1)$,we have $$\lim_{N\rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{N}\sum_{k=1}^Nf(a_k)=\int_0^1f.$$ Do we have that $f$ is Riemann ...
5
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365 views

Fourier theory of characteristic functions

Here is a question which (up to some translation) I have been asked by an electrical engineer. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to[0,1]$ be a smooth function with $f(x+1)=f(x)$. I would like to approximate $f$ in ...
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601 views

some questions about properties of harmonic measure

The original post The following argument appears in a paper of Nazarov (Lemma 1.2) "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty principle ...
4
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440 views

Best known bounds on certain exponential sums

What are the best bounds currently known for the following exponential sum: $$\sum_{x < p \le 2x} e(\alpha p^k)$$ for values of $\alpha$ far from a rational with small denominator. ($p$ refers ...
4
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3k views

Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

This problem seems like a nightmare to me. I tried to expand $K_{\omega}^f(t)$, but I am clueless of getting some kind of a closed form or some kernel like structure. If I try to take derivative, ...
4
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0answers
239 views

What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it. Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi \...
4
votes
0answers
237 views

Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...
4
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376 views

$f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra $$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{1}(...
4
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0answers
108 views

Symmetry of Sundry Planar Convex Sets of Constant Width & Minimal Area

In a much broader paper in “Optimization Methods & Software 27,6 (2012) pp1073-1099” Bayen & Henrion consider planar compact, convex sets with support functions which are finite Fourier ...
4
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0answers
2k views

Fourier transforms via Kurzweil-Henstock integral on locally compact commutative groups

Is it possible to define Fourier transforms on locally compact commutative groups using the Kurzweil-Henstock integral instead of the Lebesgue integral?
3
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86 views

Optimal Kakeya Maximal Bound for Bushes

Let $\{T_{\alpha}\}$ be a collection of $1\times\cdots\times 1\times N$ tubes, where $N\gg 1$, with maximal $1/N$-separated directions, which all are centered at the origin (i.e. they form a bush). In ...
3
votes
0answers
135 views

Proof without distributions

I was wondering whether there is a way to show this identity $$\pi \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} \frac{f(x)}{|x|} dx = \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} \frac{\widehat{f(x)}}{|x|^2} dx $$ without using distributions for $f ...
3
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0answers
69 views

Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...
3
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0answers
245 views

The ring of modular forms for $\Gamma_0(11)$

Let $\mathcal M(11) = \oplus \mathcal M_k(11)$ be a graded algebra of modular forms for congruence group $\Gamma_0(11)$. I want to find generators and relations between them. I proved that $\dim \...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël, http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf. The equations are $$ i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u $$ on $\mathbb{R}...
3
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0answers
104 views

Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ : $$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) = \frac{A}{x}\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\bar\chi(n)...
3
votes
0answers
172 views

An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let $$ (D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} = \left( \left\{ I^{n}_{j},~ 1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \} \right\} \right)_{n ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...
3
votes
0answers
181 views

$f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$ Let $1\leq p \leq ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Does the following inequality hold under Zygmund condition?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function which satisfies the Zygmund condition $$ |f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, \,\, \...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on $\...
3
votes
0answers
222 views

Is the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$($\mu>0$) a bounded function?

Consider $m(\xi)=\frac{1}{\mu+|\xi|^{2\alpha}}$, where $\xi\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mu, \alpha>0$, I want to know that if $m(\xi)$ is a multiplier of $\mathcal{M_{1}^{\infty}}$,i.e., whether the ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...
3
votes
0answers
291 views

On a differential inequality

The question has probabilistic origins, but it would take too long to elaborate. $\newcommand{\ii}{\boldsymbol{i}}$ $\newcommand{\bR}{\mathbb{R}}$ $\newcommand{\eS}{\mathscr{S}}$ Fix a nonnegative ...
3
votes
0answers
210 views

The Dunkl intertwining operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$

The Dunkl intertwinig operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is defined by: $$V_k f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d}f(y)d\mu_x(y),$$ where $d\mu_x$ is a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with support in the ...
3
votes
0answers
931 views

estimates of exponential polynomials

Let $ p(t) = \Sigma_{k=1}^n c_k e^{i \lambda_k t}$ be an exponential polynomial. In the paper "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Decoupling Implies Local Decoupling

My question comes from Bourgain and Demeter's The proof of the $l^2$ Decoupling Conjecture. A related question was asked about a year ago go on MO, but the author was interested in the reverse ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Can we say translation/dilation of the $L^p-$multiplier is again a $L^{p}-$multiplier?

Suppose that $m:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ such that $\| (m \hat{f})^{\vee} \|_{L^{p}} \leq C \|f\|_{L^{p}}$ (where $C$ is some constant, $f\in L^{p}$). (That is, $m$ is an $L^{p}-$ multiplier) ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Bilinear Approach to Bochner-Riesz Conjecture in Two Dimensions

In some old lecture notes on the Restriction and Kakeya conjectures (Notes 5, specifically), Terence Tao gives a proof of the restriction conjecture (for the sphere) in two dimensions via a bilinear ...