The fourier-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

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### decomposition of tempered distributions by entire analytic functions

Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: |\xi|\leq 2, \phi(\xi)=1~~\text{if}~|\xi|\leq 1\}$$
Let $j\in \mathbb N$ ...

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### A question about pointwise convergence of Fourier transform in $N$-dimensions

I am retreating back on this statement, after some explorations and calculation
Bow to Willie and others who were skeptical on this. Main difficulty can be seen in this reference. But I must mention ...

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### What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it.
Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...

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### Uniqueness theorems related to Hardy Uncertainty Principle

Uncertainty Principles state that a function and its Fourier transform cannot be simultaneously sharply localised. A well known result due to G.H.Hardy says that
if $f(x)=O(e^{-\alpha^2|x|^2})$, ...

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### Paley-Wiener type theorem for integral functions with compact support

If $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, and $f$ has compact support, then how can I show that $\hat{f}$ cannot satisfy $\hat{f}(x)=O(e^{-\epsilon|x|})$ for any $\epsilon>0$?
This is similar in the spirit ...

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### Is this statement which sounds like Jordan's test generalized for two dimensions and Limit of Dirichlet integral in 2 dimensions, True?

(If this question is inappropriate to MO, please move it to math.stachexchange)
First a few definitions and then the question. This is related to this question.
Definition-1 A function ...

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### Basic examples of induction on scales arguments

An important ingredient in recent progress on Euclidean harmonic analysis has been that of "inductions on scales". A few examples are the papers of Wolff, Tao, and Bourgain and Guth.
Here is a ...

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### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

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### Jackson's theorem for partial sum of Fourier series

There is a classical theorem of Jackson stating that the $N$-th partial sum $S_N f$ of the Fourier series of a Lipschitz continuous function $f$ (which is periodic with period 1) satisfies
$$
|f(x) - ...

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### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

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### request for any expository works in pointwise convergence of double Fourier series and especially a paper by Hardy

Quart. J. Math. Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 53-79
On double Fourier series, and especially those which represent the double zeta-function with real and incommensurable parameters.
Hardy, G.H.
I am not ...

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### Bandwidth approximation for a nonlinear problem

Can anyone please help me with this problem.
I must let you know from the beginning that it's not an easy one.
"Two functions are given: $u, y \in L^{2}(-\infty,\infty), y(t)=\frac{u(t)}{u(t)+b}$ ,
...

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### “Convolution” for Multiplying Random Variables

The following situation arises frequently in probability.
Suppose we have two independent continuous random variables $X$ and $Y$ and we consider their sum, $Z=X+Y$. Then the pdf of $Z$ is the ...

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### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

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### Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...

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### Degree of polynomial approximating characeristic function of finte set

Given $C \geq 1$ and $\epsilon > 0$, is there a number $N = N(C,\, \epsilon)$ such that the following holds:
For every set $S \subseteq S^1$ of cardinality $C$, there is a function $f: S^1 \to ...

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### Questions about the Fourier expansion of $e^{iz\cot(x)}$

Referring to a question I posted on MS, I post it here, as I didn't get an answer:
By analogy with the Jacobi–Anger expansion, one expects that $e^{iz\cot(x)}$ has a Fourier expansion of the form :
...

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### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

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### Equation of motion of a charged string in a twisted torus.

The flat torus background:
Say we want to study the sigma model of strings (closed strings $S^1= \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$) on a flat torus (for example $T^3=\mathbb{R}^3/\mathbb{Z}^3$ with a flat ...

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### Textbook request for class field theory [duplicate]

I am studying class field theory. I need good reference books, notes, or other materials which explain the following topics: ideles and ideals, Haar measure and integration on local fields, Fourier ...

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### On the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition

My question is concerned with the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition: For $\gamma\ge 1$, one can prove that there is no compactly ...

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### Is fourier analysis necessary to prove this?

I have a couple of inequalities that I want to prove. The proof is easy using fourier analysis but I am wondering whether there is a proof that does not use fourier analysis.
1) For any $c, s > ...

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### Establishing an upper bound for a dyadic average of a function in $ {L^{p}}([0,1)) $

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1)) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left[ ...

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### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

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### History of the Sampling Theorem

In January, 1949, Shannon publishes the paper Communication in the Presence of Noise, Proc. IRE, Vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 10-21, available here, which establishes the Information Theory. In this paper, the ...

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### Reverse Hausdorff Young for nonnegative functions

The classical Hausdorff-Young inequality states that
$$
\Vert \widehat{f} \Vert_{p'} \leq \Vert f \Vert_p \text{ for } 1 \leq p \leq 2.
$$
For $p=2$, we even have equality due to Plancherel.
If we ...

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### Fourier approximation error in L^2 for piecewise continuous functions

Let $u:[0,2\pi)\to \mathbb{R}$ be the step function
$$u(x) = \begin{cases}
1 & \text{if } x \in [0,\pi), \\
0 & \text{if } x \in [\pi,2\pi)
\end{cases}$$
By a direct computation, one ...

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### Are Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$ invariant under Fourier transform?

(This may be very easy question for MO; as I am just trying to understand Besov spaces)
Let $\phi \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: ...

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### computational question concerning singular integral theory

Let $m\in C^\infty(\mathbb{R}^d-\{0\})$ be homogeneous of degree zero and has mean zero on the sphere$(S^{d-1})$. Then $m$ defines a tempered distribution and $\partial_j^dm\in S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is ...

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### Parametrization of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Does anyone know how to parametrize the boundary of the Mandelbrot set? I am not a fractal-geometer or a dynamical systems person. I just have some idle curiosity about this question.
The ...

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### Fourier transforms of finitely additive bounded measures

Given a finitely additive positive regular bounded measure $\mu$ on ${\mathbb R}^n$ (i.e. a positive linear functional on $C_b({\mathbb R}^n)$), I wonder what can be said about its Fourier transform. ...

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### Can Hölder's Inequality be strengthened for smooth functions?

Is there an $\epsilon>0$ so that for every nonnegative integrable function $f$ on the reals,
$$\frac{\| f \ast f \|_\infty \| f \ast f \|_1}{\|f \ast f \|_2^2} > 1+\epsilon?$$
Of course, we ...

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### Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist?
[..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ]
Given a graph are ...

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### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

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### Convergence of complex series that are not absolutely convergent?

Does anyone know of a convergence test for a complex series of the form
$$\sum_n a_n \cdot \exp(i \cdot b_n)$$
?
The particular series I need to understand has a_n going to zero as n goes ...

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### Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?

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### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ ...

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### Non-commutative Fourier transform

What is a good reference for introducing non-commutative fourier transform for Electrical Engineers and Theoretical Computer Scientists in an explicit way?

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### Is a polynomial decay sufficient for a smooth function to be in $\mathcal{F}(L^1)$?

Background: I have a function $g(\omega)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, which vanishes like $O(|\omega|^{-\beta})$ at infinity for some $\beta>0$.
This answer states that functions that decays "too ...

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### Fourier vs Laplace transforms

In solving a linear system, when would I use a Fourier transform versus a Laplace transform? I am not a mathematician, so the little intuition I have tells me that it could be related to the boundary ...

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### When I can safely assume that a function is a Laplace transform of other function?

If I have a function and I want to represent it as being the Laplace transform of another, that is, I want to be sure that there is $\hat{f}(s)$ such that my function $f(x)$ can be written as:
$f(x) ...

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### A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.

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### Can Poisson Summation formula break?

The Poisson summation formula states if $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$
then $\displaystyle \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} f(n) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} \hat{f}(n) $ where $$\hat{f}(\xi) = ...

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### Where the following interpolation method converges?

In this question about discrete-analytic functions (that is functions, who equal to their Newton series) I asked for a solution for the following problem:
Is there a method to extend the notion ...

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### properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...

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### Exponential Sum Bound

In
http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6:
Let
...

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### “Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...

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### Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details).
The first one is based on ...

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### Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...

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### Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define
\begin{align}
\widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\
0, & \textrm{otherwise}.
\end{array}
...