The representation of functions (or objects which are in some generalize the notion of function) as constant linear combinations of sines and cosines at integer multiples of a given frequency, as Fourier transforms or as Fourier integrals.

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Fourier analytic estimate

The following question arises naturally from applications to the image processing. Let $\alpha\in [0,1]$ and assume that for infinitely many $n\ge 1$ we have $$\sum_{k=1}^n\frac{1-|\cos(2\pi ...
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99 views

Wave kernel for the circle $S^1$ - Poisson Summation Formula

Question : How could I compute the (wave) kernel from the fact I have already found (wave) trace on unit circle? The definitions are related to the page $25$ of the following pdf. As the ...
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Sobolev norm of a composition with a singular homeo

Let $H_p^t(\mathbb{R})$ be a fractional Sobolev space with the standard norm. The with $p>1$, $0<t<1$. Take some smooth $\phi$ from this space. Let $T$ be an ivertible homeomorphism of ...
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145 views

Character group of the multiplicative rationals

I was reading some stuff on Hecke characters and came across an issue I have not been able to resolve. I posted it here on math stack exchange first. Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\times}$ be the multiplicative ...
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1answer
243 views

Is this function $\mathbb{Q}$ periodic?

Considering a function $f$ exponentially decreasing at infinity, is the following function $\mathbb{Q}$ periodic ? $$F(x)= \sum\limits_{q =1}^{\infty} \; \sum\limits_{n =1}^{\infty} \; ...
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167 views

On construction of a $\mathbb{Q}$ periodic function with Fourier series

Taking $f$ a function decreasing exponentially at infinity we can consider the periodic function given by following Fourier series: $$F(x)= \sum\limits_{n =1}^{\infty} f(n) e^{2 i \pi n x}$$ Using ...
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1answer
317 views

Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved). Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by ...
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62 views

Solution to inhomogenous PDE

Given the equation $(1-\Delta)u=f$ for $f \in S(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (rapidly decreasing functions) we get by taking the Fourier transform that $u = ...
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185 views

Fourier transform surjective on $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $p \in (1,2)$?

I know that $F_2:L^2 \rightarrow L^2$ is of course unitary, whereas $F_1:L^1 \rightarrow C_0$ is injective but not surjective. This can be seen by looking at the dual map. Riesz-Thorin gives us that ...
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Eigenvectors of the Fourier transformation

The Fourier transform $\hat u$ is defined on the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n)$ by $ \hat u(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx. $ It is an isomorphism of $\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n)$ and the ...
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Easy Garding Inequality

Easy Garding Inequality states that if $a=a(x,\xi)$ is a symbol in $S=\{a\in C^{\infty}||\partial_{\alpha}a|<C_{\alpha} \hspace{2mm} \forall \alpha\}$ with $a\geq \gamma >0 $ on ...
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Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...
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66 views

Hilbert Transform and multiplier in $\mathbb{C}(X)$

I found myself trying to solve an equation of that kind : $$ H f= R f, $$ where $f$ has to be found in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$, $H$ is the Hilbert transform and $R$ is a rational function having no poles ...
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1answer
208 views

Application of Factorization Theory to Oscillatory Integral Estimates

In the article "Some New Estimates on Oscillatory Integrals" by Bourgain in the book Essays in Honor of Elias M. Stein, Bourgain considers operators of the form ...
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259 views

Have the explicit Poisson-type formulas of Guinand and Meyer been observed before?

In a recent paper of Meyer Measures with locally finite support and spectrum PNAS vol. 113 no. 12:3152–3158 (behind a paywall, but see also these seminar notes) some new explicit Poisson-type formulas ...
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234 views

Nice way to express $H^{-1}(\mathbb{S}^1)$

I am looking for a good way to write down what $H^{-1}(\mathbb{S}^1)$ is. What do I mean by this: Well, certainly one can define this space via charts that map from the sphere into $\mathbb{R}^2$ and ...
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1answer
128 views

How to calculate the PSD of a stochastic process

This question was asked on math.stackexchange about 2 months ago, but it hasn't been very successful in attracting answers yet, so I'm posting it here. Say we have a stochastic process described by a ...
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1answer
204 views

Does Fourier Algebra of locally compact group separate compact sets of the group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Consider the left regular representation $\lambda$ over $L^2(G)$. Then according to Eymard, Fourier algebra of $G$, $A(G)$ is the set of all coefficients of ...
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Fast Fourier Transforms for non-trigonometric bases

The fast Fourier transform allows decomposition into a sin/cos basis in $N \log(N)$ complexity. Can one generalize the algorithm (or the ideas used) to other bases, e.g. orthogonal polynomial bases ...
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485 views

Is there a $C_c^{\infty}( \mathbb{R}^d)$ function whose Fourier transform we can explicitly write down?

I noticed that although $C_c^{\infty}$-functions are dense in some quite large spaces and well understood (especially their Fourier transform) I have never encountered an explicit example of a ...
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60 views

Functions $f \in S(\mathbb{R})$ with slow decay rate?

I came across this question by thinking about whether there are functions $f \in S(\mathbb{R})$ that satisfy for all(!) $a>0$ that $f e^{a|.|^a} \notin L^{\infty},$ as somebody on ...
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Can we say translation/dilation of the $L^p-$multiplier is again a $L^{p}-$multiplier?

Suppose that $m:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ such that $\| (m \hat{f})^{\vee} \|_{L^{p}} \leq C \|f\|_{L^{p}}$ (where $C$ is some constant, $f\in L^{p}$). (That is, $m$ is an $L^{p}-$ multiplier) ...
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60 views

A complicated integral inequality

How can we bound this integral: $${\displaystyle ...
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1answer
135 views

Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that \begin{equation*} f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s) \end{equation*} is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...
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612 views

Is the following integral nonzero?

Recently I met an integral as follow: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\cdots\int_0^{2\pi}\left(\prod\limits_{1\leq ...
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380 views

What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function $$ f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du. $$ It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...
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1answer
87 views

Estimate a Fourier Transform [closed]

I'm reading an article which claims the following result (p.9): if $f : \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ is of the form $f(x_1,x_2) = \sin (N x_{1}) h (g^{-1}(x))$, where $g$ is a diffeomorphism and $h$ ...
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1answer
97 views

Fourier transform of tanh [closed]

tanh is not absolutely integrable, so a direct fourier transform does not exist. But even for the signum function, which is not absolutely intrgrable, we can get the fourier transform by applying some ...
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1answer
2k views

Square root of dirac delta function

Is there a measurable function $ f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}^+ $ so that $ f*f(x)=1 $ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $, i.e $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)f(x-t) dt=1 $$ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $.
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Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...
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236 views

Is the regularization of a Fourier transform unique?

The Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential $1/\vert \mathbf r \vert$ of an electric charge doesn't converge because one obtains $$F(k)=\frac {4\pi}{k} \int_0^\infty \sin(kr) dr.$$ The standard ...
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1answer
49 views

How to relate this summation to standard discrete cosine transformation?

The standard type III discrete cosine transformation (DCT) is defined as follows: $${X_k} = \frac{1}{2}{x_0} + \sum\limits_{n = 1}^{N - 1} {{x_n}} \cos \left[ {\frac{\pi }{N}n\left( {k + \frac{1}{2}} ...
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1answer
115 views

harmonic balance method for a 2-mass 3-spring system [closed]

I am trying to solve a nonlinear 3spring-2mass system under harmonic loading by using Fourier series expansion of states of the differential equation. The system is just basically two masses, two ...
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1answer
125 views

Positivity of power of positive PSD matrices

Background: Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix with nonnegative entries. It is immediate that for any integer $k$, $M^k$ has nonnegative entries. Suppose now that, on top of having nonnegative ...
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90 views

How to estimate the Fourier transform in high dimension?

Let $\epsilon>0$. Can we compute explicitly or estimate the following Fourier transform in $n$ dimension? $I_\epsilon(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} e^{i<x,y>}\frac1{1+i\epsilon-|y|^2}dy.$ Here ...
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1answer
93 views

Restrictions on spectral measure

Given any Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}$, define a map that sends any $f\in C_c(\mathbb{R})$ to $$T_\mu(f)(y)=\int \langle\exp(-i x \lambda),f(x)\rangle\exp(iy\lambda)d\mu(\lambda).$$ Here ...
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1answer
48 views

extremal kernels for functions on the torus

Let $\delta, \epsilon>0$ and $f: \mathbb{T} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that (i) $f(0)=1$ and (ii) $|f(x)| \le \epsilon$ for all $|x| > \delta$. What is the smallest $L = L(\delta, \epsilon)$ ...
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Differentiability criterion in the Zygmund class

Let $ f: \mathbf{R}^{m} \rightarrow \mathbf{R} $ be a continuous function, $ \omega $ be a modulus of continuity and assume $$ | f(x+h) +f(x-h) -2f(x) | \leq \omega(|h|)|h| $$ whenever $ x,h \in ...
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What are fixed points of the Fourier Transform

The obvious ones are 0 and $e^{-x^2}$ (with annoying factors), and someone I know suggested hyperbolic secant. What other fixed points (or even eigenfunctions) of the Fourier transform are there?
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1answer
108 views

What are the spaces for which the Fourier transform is an automorphism? [closed]

this is well-known that the Fourier transform is an automorphism of $L^2(\mathbb R)$ and also of $\mathcal S(\mathbb R)$ (Schwartz space). Is there any other spaces of functions of one real variable ...
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68 views

Bilinear Approach to Bochner-Riesz Conjecture in Two Dimensions

In some old lecture notes on the Restriction and Kakeya conjectures (Notes 5, specifically), Terence Tao gives a proof of the restriction conjecture (for the sphere) in two dimensions via a bilinear ...
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Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

This problem seems like a nightmare to me. I tried to expand $K_{\omega}^f(t)$, but I am clueless of getting some kind of a closed form or some kernel like structure. If I try to take ...
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1answer
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The Fourier transform of a function supported on $B_1$ is essentially constant on $B_1$?

I'm going through the last steps of Bourgain and Demeter's proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture, but I'm unable to see how the first inequality in (43) goes through. I'll water down the question a ...
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Perturbation in Besov space

$\|f\|_{B^{0}_{p,p}}=(\sum_{j\geq -1} \|\Delta_j f\|_p^p)^{1/p}$ is the Besov norm of $f$. Here the Fourier transform of $\Delta_jf~(j\geq 0)$ is $\psi(2^{-j}\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)$ and $\psi$ is a smooth ...
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Is there an “elegant” non-recursive formula for these coefficients? Also, how can one get proofs of these patterns?

Not sure if this is a "good" question for this forum or if it'll get panned, but here goes anyway... Consider this problem. I've been trying to find a formula to expand the "regular iteration" of ...
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3answers
429 views

Completeness of nonharmonic Fourier Series

I have the following question: The Exponential System $(\exp(2\pi i n \cdot ))_{n\in \mathbb{Z}}$ constitutes an orthonormal basis of $L^2([-1/2,1/2])$. Thus, certainly the oversampled system ...
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2answers
291 views

Why decompose a function with eigenvectors of Laplace operator? [closed]

On periodic domain, people always use Fourier basis, which eigenvectors of Laplace operator. On sphere, people use spherical harmonics, which also are eigenvectors of Laplace operator. In applied ...
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1answer
124 views

Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist? [..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ] Given a graph are ...
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380 views

A problem on real valued functions in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with least variation

Let $\alpha(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ be the arc length parametrization of a plane, smooth, closed, convex curve, of length $L$. Let $J:(0,L)\to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth and Bounded variation (BV introduced ...
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1answer
208 views

What's the relationship between the roots of a function and that of a filtered Fourier series representation?

Suppose $M$ is a piecewise constant function on an interval $T$ taking values $+1$ and $-1$, and that $M$ exhibits all the properties sufficient to ensure the existence of some converging Fourier ...