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25
votes
6answers
6k views

Learning roadmap for harmonic analysis

In short, I am interested to know of the various approaches one could take to learn modern harmonic analysis in depth. However, the question deserves additional details. Currently, I am reading Loukas ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Locality of homogeneous pseudo-differential operator

Let $P$ be a polynomial in several variables, and let $P(D)$ be the corresponding differential operator. Obviously, $P(D)$ is a local operator, in the sense that I need only to know the function $u$ ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Uniqueness of the “Gubinelli” Derivative in the Theory of Paracontrolled Distributions

From the theory of Rough Paths it is well known that if we have a truly rough path $X$ and two controlled rough paths $(Y,Y'),(Y,\tilde{Y}')\in\mathcal{D}_X^{2\alpha}$, then we have already $Y' = ...
7
votes
1answer
152 views

riemann mapping theorem for skew-fields of quaternions and beyond

Is there any known generalization of the riemann mapping theorem over skew-fields of quaternions and beyond or at least a conjectured formulation of it? In a less focused way, how far does the main ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Localization arguments in the paper 'the proof of $l^2$ decoupling conjecture'

I am currently reading Jean Bourgain and Ciprian Demeter's 2015 paper The proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture and would appreciate some help in understanding localization argument used in that ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

Explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros. Because there are various explicit formulae ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Wiener amalgam space $W(\mathcal{F}L^{2}, L^{1}) \subset L^{1}$?

(I have asked this question on SE but could not get any answer and hope this is o.k for MO) Let $X=\mathcal{F}L^{p}=\{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\},$ and $\|f\|_{X}= ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved). Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by ...
6
votes
2answers
380 views

Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...
1
vote
2answers
272 views

Bandwidth approximation for a nonlinear problem

Can anyone please help me with this problem. I must let you know from the beginning that it's not an easy one. "Two functions are given: $u, y \in L^{2}(-\infty,\infty), y(t)=\frac{u(t)}{u(t)+b}$ , ...
8
votes
1answer
325 views

Proof of a Fourier pair with Bessel functions?

How can we prove that the Fourier transform of the function $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} (a^2-x^2)^{c/2} BesselJ[c,b\sqrt{a^2-x^2}] & \text{for }x^2 < a^2\\ 0 & \text{otherwise} \end{cases} $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Swapping sums and integration for a kernel in Fourier space (the non absolutely convergent case)

Under what conditions on $c_{r}^{m}$ does $$\int_0^{2\pi} k(p,q)\exp(-inq)dq=\sum_{r=0}^{\infty}c_{r}^{m}\exp\left(-imp\right) \text{ in } L^2_{per}$$ hold for ...
3
votes
1answer
670 views

Is the integral always nonzero?

Let $$I_{n,p,a}:=\int_0^{\infty-} \frac{g_{n,a}(t)}{t^{p+1}} \, dt,$$ where $$(*)\qquad\qquad\qquad n\in\mathbb N,\quad -\infty<a<\infty,\quad p_{n,a} < p < ...
26
votes
6answers
4k views

Do convolution and multiplication satisfy any nontrivial algebraic identities?

For (suitable) real- or complex-valued functions f and g on a (suitable) abelian group G, we have two bilinear operations: multiplication - (f.g)(x) = f(x)g(x), and convolution - (f*g)(x) = ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Is there a space in which the $\vec a$ in $\sin(a_1\cdot x)+\sin(a_2\cdot x)$ is linear?

Suppose one has equations of the form $\sin(a_1\cdot x_i)+\sin(a_2\cdot x_i)=y_i$ for $i=1...n$ (there are also amplitudes and phase shifts, but let's ignore those for now). I want to solve for $\vec ...
4
votes
3answers
625 views

Can Stein's maximal principle be strengthened?

Let $T$ be an operator on $S(G)$ where $G$ is the line $R$ or the circle $T$, and $S(G)$ denotes the Schwartz space of functions on $G$. We can ask if the operator T is bounded (as an operator from ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Is this Riemann zeta function product equal to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function?

Mathematica knows that: $$\log(n) = \lim\limits_{s \rightarrow 1} \zeta(s)\left(1 - \frac{1}{n^{(s - 1)}}\right)\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; (1)$$ The von Mangoldt function should then be: ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Elaboration of a certain section of a paper by Thanigasalam

In section 11 of this paper by Thanigasalam, it says "... we get $G(10)\le 105$, and this implies that $H(10) \le 107$". However, it is very unclear how this follows. Why is it the case that $G(10)\le ...
11
votes
2answers
613 views

Motivation for BMO

At the moment, I don't have access to the early 1960's paper of John and Nirenberg that (from what I understand) introduced the space BMO (bounded mean oscillation). Why were John and Nirenberg ...
5
votes
3answers
144 views

Reference request : Besov spaces on ubounded domains

As I am relatively new to these matters, I would like to know if you could provide me a reference for Besov spaces on unbounded domains, because when I checked the first tome of Triebel's Theory of ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

What is the importance of convergence of variation of Fourier reconstruction to that of variation of the function?

Let $f$ be a periodic function of bounded variation which jumps at a point $x_0\in\mathbb{R}$. Let $S_{N}[f]$ denote the partial Fourier sum of $f$ and let $C_{N}[f]$ denote the Cesaro partial sum. It ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

Derivative of Band-limited functions [closed]

I'm trying to answer this problem: Consider a real function f, bandlimited by frequency $\omega$, which satisfy $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)^2dx=c.$$ (For pure mathematicians: "bandlimited" means ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Composition operators on fractional-order (periodic) Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on MSE.) Preliminaries: We know that the fractional-order Sobolev spaces $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{R})$ and $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{T})$ are closed under multiplication ...
11
votes
1answer
330 views

What's the role of $H^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ in modern (harmonic) analysis?

The classical theory of $H^p$,due to it's heavy dependence on the complex function theory(such as Blaschke products), seemed to have an insurmountable obstacle barrying its extension to several ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Simplifying an expression using tools from Fourier transform

Can anyone simplify the following expression? I guess something from Fourier transform can help: $f(\omega) = \lim_\limits{R \to \infty} \frac{1}{R^2} \int_{r=0}^{R}{re^{ \omega r^{-\gamma}}} ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

The $L^2\times L^2\to L^2$ norm of the bilinear multiplier operator

Consider a general bilinear multiplier operator: $$ T(f,g)(n)=\int_{\Pi}\int_{\Pi}\hat{f}(\xi)\hat{g}(\eta)e^{2\pi i(\xi+\eta)n}m(\xi,\eta)d\xi d\eta, $$ where $\Pi$ is the torus, $n\in\mathbb{Z}$, ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

Physical Motivation : Hear to these audio files S_f and P_f. S_f is Fourier partial sum and P_f is the new reconstruction, both use spectrum only in the region (0,4KHz) for reconstructing the ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Example of a pair which is not weakly annihilating

Let $\mathcal F$ denotes the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F} :L^2(\mathbb R)\rightarrow L^2(\mathbb R)$ and $E, \Sigma$ be two measurable sets in $\mathbb R$. The pair $(E,\Sigma)$ is called a weakly ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Fourier Transform of Eisenstein Series - Sum of Divisors or Ramanujan Sums?

I am stuck on this computation of the Fourier coefficients of Eisenstein series. For $\Gamma = SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$ and $\Gamma_\infty = \left\{ \left( \begin{array}{cc} 1 & m \\ 0 & 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

A bound on the $\mathrm{L}^p$ norm in terms of the $\mathrm{L}^2$ norm in periodic Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on Math StackExchange.) Preliminaries: Given ${s \geq 0}$, let ${\mathrm{H}_P^s}$ denote the ${\mathrm{L}^2}$-based fractional-order Sobolev space of ...
7
votes
2answers
704 views

Are Fourier series of length 2 'asymmetric enough' to generate all crossing patterns? - A reformulation of the Fourier-(1,1,2) knot question

Given $N$ pairs of distinct real numbers $t_i, t'_i \in [0,1]$, $i = 1,\ldots,N$, we ask if there is a function $f(x) = \cos(2\pi mx+\alpha) + \gamma\cdot \cos(2\pi nx+\beta)$, with $m, n \in ...
8
votes
2answers
652 views

Is $f(x,y)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}\backslash\{0\}}\frac{1}{n}e^{2\pi i(xn+yn^2)}$ essentially bounded?

Let $$f(x,y)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}\backslash\{0\}}\frac{1}{n}e^{2\pi i(xn+yn^2)} $$ Is it true that $\|f\|_{L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^2)}<\infty$? i.e. is $f$ essentially bounded?
4
votes
0answers
369 views

Best known bounds on certain exponential sums

What are the best bounds currently known for the following exponential sum: $$\sum_{x < p \le 2x} e(\alpha p^k)$$ for values of $\alpha$ far from a rational with small denominator. ($p$ refers ...
6
votes
2answers
353 views

Can phase significantly concentrate a function's spectrum?

Let $F$ denote the Fourier transform over some group. What is known about the following quantity? $$\gamma:=\inf_{x\neq 0}\frac{\|Fx\|_1}{\|F|x|\|_1}$$ Here, $|x|$ denotes the pointwise absolute ...
5
votes
3answers
390 views

Efficient computation of “discrete infimal convolution”

This question arises from an application to graphical models in probability theory, but I have abstracted that part out so only algebra remains. Let $\mathbb{R}$ denote standard field of real numbers ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Is this similarity to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function real? [duplicate]

This question proposed in SEM but no answer and it's interesting to know connection between Fourier analysis and number theory . Mathematica knows that the logarithm of $n$ is: $$\log(n) = ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Fourier series and transform related to Epicycles

Let $\gamma:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$ be a continuous periodic curve having a bounded variation. 1) Is it true that one can find a sequence of numbers $(r_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subset (0,\infty)$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...
10
votes
2answers
899 views

Analogues of the Riemann-Roch Theorem

In his thesis, Tate derives a Poisson formula on the adeles and a theorem which he calls the "Riemann-Roch Theorem". More specifically, given a continuous, $L^1$ function $f$ on the adeles such that ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

The large sieve for primes

Let $\Lambda(n)$ be the von Mangoldt function, i.e., $\Lambda(n) = \log p$ for $n$ a prime power $p^k$ and $\Lambda(n) = 0$ for all $n$ that not prime powers. Let $$S(\alpha) = \sum_{n \leq N} ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

an analogue of Littlewood-Paley-Rubio de Francia theory

For any function $f$ defined on the set of integer $\mathbb{Z}$, we define its Fourier transform as the following periodic function: $$ \mathbb{F}f(\xi)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}f(n)e^{-2\pi i n\xi} $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Fourier transform of the realization of a stationary process in the space of tempered distributions?

A path of a stationary sequence of random variables $y_t$ does not have a discrete-time Fourier transform in the classical sense because it is not summable. This leads to considering the spectral ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Fourier expansion of Eisenstein Series

I have been reading a bit about the Fourier expansion of Eisenstein series (weight 1/2). I came across the fact that the coefficients contain Modified Bessel functions. Further reading I found ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Ask the validity of Tauberian lemma in Sogge's book

In C.D.Sogge's Fourier Integrals in Classical Analysis pp.128-129, he proved Lemma4.2.3(Tauberian Lemma): Lemma. Let$g(\lambda)$ be a piece-wise continuous tempered function of $\mathbb{R}$. Assume ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

the (2,2,1) boundedness of a “product” operator

Let $\{E_j\}_{j\in\mathbb{Z}}$ and $\{F_k\}_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be two collections of pairwise disjoint sets in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $C(j,k)$ be a bounded function (e.g. $|C(j,k)|<1$) defined on ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi_1} + \xi_2}$

Consider the inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi_1} + \xi_2}$. My question is, how can we conclude about the decay properties, support and smoothness of the inverse Fourier transform? I ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Does the Total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a bv function with jumps converge to TV of the function as $N\to\infty$

Does the total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a piecewise continuous bv function converge to the total variation of the function as $N\to\infty$. To explain briefly, Let $f$ be a periodic ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Non interacting complex unit

How to work with two non interacting complex units say i and j. These two imaginary complex unit represent different quantities. For example i is for periodicity in theta and j is for frequency or ...
9
votes
1answer
296 views

$L^1$ norm of exponential sum of $n^2 x$

What is the asymptotic order of $$ \int_0^1 \left| \sum_{n=1}^N e^{2 \pi i n^2 x} \right| ~dx $$ as $N \to \infty$. This should be known, but I cannot find it in the literature.
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Finite trigonometric polynomial

I noticed by numerical and some explicit calculations for a few examples that for real-valued finitely supported functions $\phi \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ we have that $T(x):= \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...