The fourier-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Approximation power of wavelets

The Wikipedia article on Wavelet Transform states that:
Wavelet compression is not good for all kinds of data: transient signal characteristics mean good wavelet compression, while smooth, ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

551 views

### Fourier Transform, for entire function

On THIS site, Alexandre used Fourier transform to solve the problem.
If we use Fourier transform, how to define it to ensure any entire function has a FT?
Classical FT is defined by
$$ ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

547 views

### Questions about the Fourier expansion of $e^{iz\cot(x)}$

Referring to a question I posted on MS, I post it here, as I didn't get an answer:
By analogy with the Jacobi–Anger expansion, one expects that $e^{iz\cot(x)}$ has a Fourier expansion of the form :
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Fourier transform of a particular function

In order to estimate the fundamental solution of some particular types of differential operators,I need estimates on some kind of oscillatory integrals.For simplicity, consider the Fourier transform ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

163 views

### Convolutional Equation

Hi,
Given C>0. Let $f,g,h$ be $L^2$ functions such that $f,g,h$ have a compact and finite-measure support, and $f*f(x)=g*g(x)=h*h(x)=f*g(x)=g*h(x)=f*h(x)=0$ (where $*$ is the convolution) for all ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Weakest assumption for pointwise convergence of Fourier series

This should be a quick one, but so far books, my brain, and the internet have not produced a clear answer. Or maybe it's subtle and exposes a weakness in my understanding of FS!
Suppose ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

786 views

### Property/Relations using Fourier series/transform, which give complete information about all the jump singularities of a function.

Consider a function which has only jump singularities of the form of the function itself or one of its derivatives jumping. Now let $\hat{f}(k)$ be its Fourier transform/series. We know the decay of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### Uncertainty principle (really for Mellin, but never mind that!)

Is there a smooth funtion $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{C}$ such that
(a) $f(x)$ decreases faster than $e^{-e^x}$ when $x\to \infty$,
(b) $\widehat{f}(t)$ decreases faster than $e^{-|t|}$ when $t\to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

328 views

### How well can you approximate a function by a band-restricted function?

Say I have a compactly supported $C^1$ function $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$.
Let $R>0$. Let $\nu$ be some reasonable measure on $\mathbb{R}$ -- take, for instance, (a) $d\nu(t)=dt$ or (b) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

407 views

### Does the Fourier series of an $L^1$ function converge to the function *weakly* in $L^1$?

Let $f$ be a periodic $L^1$ function, and $S_n[f]$ the $n$-th partial sum of its Fourier series. I am aware that $S_n[f]$ might not converge toward $f$ in $L^1$ (i.e., in norm). However, does it at ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

225 views

### Berry Esseen inequality for multidimensional distributions

The classical Berry-Esseen theorem asserts that if $f$ and $g$ are the characteristic functions of two distribution functions $F(t)$ and $G(t)$ respectively then with $T$ arbitrary
$$
\sup_{t \in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

393 views

### Understanding Discrete Cosine Transformation

I'm currently working on some software and a key component is 2D DCT. But my question is more general, as I'm trying to understand the DCT in general, let's say from engineers point of view.
For ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

284 views

### Estimates for Fourier transform

Let $f(x)$ be a smooth function from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Let $\mu$ be a compactly supported Borel measure (not necessarily positive) on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Define
$$
\tilde{\mu}(\xi) = \int ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Minimizing |FT(X)|_{\infty} by permutation of X_i - question on Fourier transform related to engineering problem (peak factor of OFDM system)

Consider vector X =( X_1 ... X_N), consider the discrete Fourier transform $Y=F(X)$.
I am interested to minimize $|Y|_{\infty}$, by permutation of numbers X_i, how to do it ?
Here $|Y|_{\infty}$ is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

704 views

### Norm concentration of trigonometric polynomials - Uncertainty principle

Hi all,
I am interested in the following question (which is quite similar to one I posed a long while ago): Let $P_{N}(t)=\underset{k=-N}{\overset{N}{\sum}}c_{k}e^{ikt}$ be a unit norm trigonometric ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### What properties should a transform have to deserve the descriptor Fourier?

Two MO questions, "Heuristic behind the Fourier-Mukai transform" and "Explaining Mukai-Fourier transforms physically," compel me to ask these two related questions:
1) What properties do you feel are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Decay rate of Discrete Prolate Spheroidal Sequences in frequency

What is the decay rate of DPSS sequences in frequency?
Consider an interval $T\subset\mathbb{Z}$ of length N in time. Consider another interval $[-W,W]$ in frequency with $W<1/2$. Let $\phi_0$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### On a limit at the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$ related to complex and harmonic analysis

Let $p(z,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi}.\frac{1-|z|^2}{|z-t|^2}$ be the Poisson kernel on the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}$, fix $0<\alpha<1$ . Let $a\in \partial\mathbb{D}=S^1$ be fixed. Then my question is :
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### A fourier series related to spin Chern numbers almost commuting matrices

Let
$$
f(x)=\sin(x)\sqrt{1+\cos^{2}(x)+\cos^{4}(x)}.
$$
In my study of almost commuting unitary matrices, $U$ and $V$, I
have need for a bound like
$$
\left\Vert ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Bound on trigonometric sum

I want to show that there is some $\gamma(n)=o(n^{-1})$ and some $C(n) \to -\infty$ such that for $\gamma \leq \theta \leq \pi$ we have
$\sum_{k=1}^n -1+\cos(k\theta) \leq C(n)$.
If we rewrite this ...

**28**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

274 views

### Characteristic Function of a Non-negative Random Variable Evaluated at a Complex Value

Suppose we have a non-negative random variable $X$ with density $p(x)$,and its characteristic function, evaluated at a complex number $z$, being $\phi(z)=E[e^{z X}]=\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{zx}p(x)dx$.
It ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

530 views

### Estimating parameters of a mixture of normal distributions.

I want to estimate the parameters $\mu_i$ and $\sigma^2_i $ of a countable mixture of Gaussians with assumed equal weights, variance and identically spaced means. I intially thought that the Fourier ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### Kahn-Kalai-Linial for intersecting upsets

Is there any known improvement on the Kahn-Kalai-Linial inequality (on the influences of boolean functions) in the special case in which $f$ is the indicator function of an intersecting monotonic set ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

996 views

### History of the Fourier transform

Does anyone know a good book or article on the History of the Fourier transform? It's first appearance (of the transform) and use in particular? Or at least some source with some historical ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Frequency calculation using fourier transform [closed]

How to calculate the frequency of an audio file using Fourier Transform

**3**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Does anybody know an estimation of L4 norm of fejer kernel ?

Hi, I need an estimation or an exact closed form expression for the following integral
$\int_{0}^{2\pi} K_N^4(s) ds $
where $K_N(s)= \frac{1}{N2\pi} (\frac{sin(Ns/2)}{sin(s/2)})^2$, the Fejer ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

602 views

### What is the simplest oscillatory integral for which sharp bounds are unknown?

I have either heard or read that sharp asymptotics and bounds for oscillatory integrals of the form
$ \int e^{i \lambda \Phi(x)} \psi(x) dx \quad \lambda \to \infty $
are unknown when the critical ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

303 views

### Generalized Friedrichs Lemma

Taylor's PUP book on pseudodifferential operators in II.7 has an extension of the pseudodifferential version of Friedrichs' lemma to generalized Friedrichs' mollifiers $J_\epsilon$ on a compact ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

908 views

### In Fourier Transforms: Positive Definite Functions, Bochner's Theorem, and Derivatives

I've been reading about Bochner's Theorem lately, but when I apply it to the derivative of a function, I seem to get a contradiction with the theorem.
"Bochner's theorem states that a
positive ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Convergence of Fourier series for $C^p$ functions

Let $f \in C^p[0,2\pi]$ and periodic. Denote $\omega_p$ as the moduli of continuous of $f^{(p)}$. Then
$
|f - S_Nf| \le K \frac{\log{N}}{N^p}\omega_p(2\pi/N),
$
where $S_N$ is the Fourier partial sum ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

353 views

### L^1-convergence of convolution exponential

Consider a differential
equation
\begin{eqnarray*}
\frac{d}{d\tau}q^{\tau}\left(x\right)=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+h\star q^{\tau}=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+\int ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Convergence rate of fourier partial sum

Hi there,
I am looking for the proofs of convergence rate in Section 4 of the following artical
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convergence_of_Fourier_series
in wikipedia. Could someone please point ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### A Fourier-analytic inequality used by Jean Bourgain

I am currently reading Jean Bourgain's 1986 paper A Szemerédi type theorem for sets of positive density in $R^k$ and would appreciate some help in understanding a Fourier-analytic estimate used in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

482 views

### A bijective correspondence induced by Fourier Transform

Let $G$ be a discrete Abelian group and denote by $\widehat G$ the (compact) Pontryagin-Van Kampen dual of $G$. I was reading in a paper of Justin Peters that Fourier Transform induces a bijection ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### Ask for theory about the weighted L^2(R^d) space.

Dear MOs,
I am now considering the following norm:
$$
||f||_{H}^2 := \iint f(x) H(x,y) f(y) d x d y\:.
$$
where the integral is over the whole space $R^{2d}$ and $H(x,y)$ is some non-negative ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Continuous positive-definite function with prescribed support

Consider a (locally) compact Abelian group G and a compact neighborhood $C$ of the identity ($0$) of $G$. Is it possible to find a non-trivial (i.e., $\phi(0)\neq 0$) continuous, positive (with real ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Fourier coefficients of a rational function

Any ideas how to compute or to approximate integral
$$\int_{0}^{1}\frac{(x+a)^{2q}(x+b)^{2q}}{(x-1)^{4q}+x^{4q}}\exp({-2\pi i x y})dx$$
where $q \in \mathbb{N}$ and $a,b =-2,-1,0,1$, $y \in (0,1)$

**1**

vote

**2**answers

277 views

### Is it possible that the intersection of two nest algebras contains only scalars?

Dear all, I really want to know the answer of the following question. I would
appreciate any help.
Assume H is a separable Hilbert space, is it possible to find two nests N1, N2
such that the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Finding peaks and determining noise

Hello ,
Im having one matrix which is product of two FFT transforms of one fits image ( astronomical image ). In that matrix you could find 3 peaks. One largest in center, and two around central ...

**51**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### How Does My Radio Work?

Bear with me for a moment while I invoke the real world; the main question at the end is purely mathematical.
I live in an area with $n$ AM radio stations and $m$ FM radio stations.
AM station ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

438 views

### Positive Fourier coefficients

Hi all,
Is there any general way to construct a smooth 2pi periodic function which vanishes on an interval and has positive Fourier coefficients?
And if that was too specific I can make this more ...

**7**

votes

**6**answers

896 views

### Non-commutative Fourier transform

What is a good reference for introducing non-commutative fourier transform for Electrical Engineers and Theoretical Computer Scientists in an explicit way?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### FFT and Butterfly Diagram

Wikipedia presents butterfly as "a portion of the computation that combines the results of smaller discrete Fourier transforms (DFTs) into a larger DFT, or vice versa (breaking a larger DFT up into ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How the Fast Fourier Transform got its name

In 1971, T.S. Huang published a paper in IEEE Computer, May-June, pp.15, called How the Fast Fourier Transform Got its Name, available here.
At the bottom of the paper, he wrotes: "The Chinese ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

601 views

### Understanding the inverse Laplace transform of a function with essential singularities

I need to do an inverse Laplace transform of a function with essential singularities for a specific problem. I find it is very similar to an equation J. Noolandi worked out in one of his papers in ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

722 views

### Eigenvalues of a sum of Hermitian positive definite circulant matrix and a positive diagonal matrix

Suppose I have a real $n\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{C}$ that is Hermitian, positive-definite, and circulant. We know that its eigenvalues $\{\lambda_0,\ldots,\lambda_{n-1}\}$ are extraordinarily nice ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

774 views

### Fourier decay rate of Cantor measures

For $0<\theta<\frac{1}{2}$, denote by $C_\theta$ the Cantor set with dissection ratio $\theta$, i.e. the Cantor set obtained from dissection parttern $(\theta, 1-2\theta,\theta)$. It is known ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

594 views

### Number of integers coprime to l

A long time ago I've seen a paper considering, given $\ell$ fixed, estimates for
$$
\sum_{n \leq x, (n, \ell) = 1} 1
$$
Of course, this is easy to estimate with a trivial error term of ...