**3**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

363 views

### Can a continuous function on a compact group $G$ be interpreted as the sum in $C(G)$ of its Fourier series?

I asked this in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared from the "main list" almost immediately, so I hope it will be appropriate as a separate question in MO.
For a given function $f\in C(G)$ on a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Solvability of a Fredholm system in $L^2$

Suppose $\lambda\not=0\in\mathbb{C}$. Does the following system have a non trivial solution in $L^2 [0,1]$?
\begin{array} {lcl} \int_0 ^1 f(y)\log|x-y|dy=\lambda f(x) \\\int_0 ^1f(x)dx=0& ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### To understand integral :$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$

I wants to understand the integrals of the form
$$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$$
where $\mu(\alpha)$ is a non decreasing function ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

458 views

### Major arcs in the proof that every odd number is the sum of at most 5 primes

In his proof that all odd numbers greater than 1 are the sum of at most 5 primes, Terence Tao uses one large major arc around 0 rather than small ones around the rationals, which I am more accustomed ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$
Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Can the Fourier series of a continuous function diverge on an uncountable set of measure zero?

I know that there exist continuous function $f: [0,2\pi]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ whose Fourier series diverges at all rational points of $[0,2\pi]$(c.f. Katznelson).We also know that the set of ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

912 views

### What can be said about the Fourier transforms of characteristic functions?

What can be said about the Fourier transform of the characteristic function $1_A$, where $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is of finite Lebesgue measure? In particular,
What properties are common to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Absolute continuity reflected in Fourier coefficients?

Imagine $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probabilty measures in the interval $[0,1]$.
We say that $\mu$ is absolutely continuous with respect to $\nu$, if for every measurable set $A$ such that ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

296 views

### Characterizing and counting boolean functions with all influences 1/2

Is there a characterization of boolean functions $f:\{-1,1\}^n \longrightarrow \{-1,1\}$,
so that $\mathbf{Inf_i}[f]=\frac{1} {2}$, for all $1\leq i\leq n$? Is it known how many such functions there ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$
Let $1\leq p \leq ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

809 views

### For which maps $S^1\to S^1$ is the winding number defined?

There are two classes of maps $S^1\to S^1$ for which I know how to define the winding number:
• Continuous maps:
Using the unique path lifting property of the universal covering map $\mathbb R\to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Does the following inequality hold under Zygmund condition?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function which satisfies the Zygmund condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, \,\, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Fourier series of functions on compact groups

Let $G$ be a compact, second countable, Hausdorff topological group with the normalized Haar measure $\mu$. From Peter-Weyl's theorem we now that for any $f\in \mathrm{L}^2(G)$ the Fourier series of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$.
My ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is this Riemann zeta function product equal to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function?

Mathematica knows that:
$$\log(n) = \lim\limits_{s \rightarrow 1} \zeta(s)\left(1 - \frac{1}{n^{(s - 1)}}\right)\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; (1)$$
The von Mangoldt function should then be:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Modulus of of continuity of a convolution operator with respect to Wasserstein metric

For a (discrete) measure $G$ on some reasonable metric space $\Theta$, consider the map $G \mapsto f_G$ defined as
$$
f_G := f*G(dx) := \int f(dx|\theta) G(d\theta)
$$
for some nice kernel function ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Closed sets in the space of Fourier transforms $\mathcal{F}L^{1}$

Consider the space of all Fourier transforms of $L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ that is,
$$\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\mathcal{F}L^{1}(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\},$$
with the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Random square submatrices of a Hadamard matrix

Question: For $N$ be a power of $2$, let $A$ be a random $d \times d$ submatrix of the $N \times N$ Hadamard matrix (the matrix of the Hadamard/Walsh-Fourier transform). What is the best known upper ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

426 views

### What geometric information is carried by the Fourier coefficients of the components of a closed curve?

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth closed curve in the plane and let $(x(t), y(t))$ be a parametrization. The functions $x(t)$ and $y(t)$ are smooth and periodic, so each has a uniformly convergent Fourier ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Is $\int_0^\infty \sin(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$ of larger order than $\int_0^\infty \cos(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$?

Suppose we have a function $f$, such that $f$ is of some smoothness degree $m$, and $f,f^{(k)} \in L_1[0,\infty)$ $k=1,...,m$. Now if $f^{(k)}(0) = \lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}f^{(k)}(x) = 0$ for ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

591 views

### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

208 views

### Bounding the norm of the Dirichlet kernel as a matrix function

Consider the Dirichlet kerel:
$f(x) = 1+2\sum_{k=1}^{N}\cos(kx)$.
Now, given a diagonalizable real matrix $A$, one can consider $f(A)$, using the standard notation of matrix functions. Namely, $f(A) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

152 views

### Numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound

I'd like to have an algorithm for a numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound. To be precise, if $f$ is a function from $L_1(R)$, $F[f]$ is it's exact Fourier transform and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### Positive Fourier coefficients for a function $f:\{+1,-1\}^n \to \mathbb R$

This is from my research in computer science where the Fourier transform over $GF(2)^n$ is a tool to study functions on the Boolean hypercube.
For example, the majority function on 3 variables is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by
$T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$,
where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$.
$T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Can we expect $\left\||f|^{2}f-|g|^{2}g\right\|\leq C ||f-g||$ in the Banach algebra $A(\mathbb T)$ ?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### How to use, $(|u|^{2}u - |v|^{2}v)(s)= (u-v)|u|^{2}(s)+ v(|u|^{2}-|v|^{2}) (s)$; to prove contraction in a Banach space $C([0,T]; M^{p,1})$?

(May be this is very basic question for MO)
(For details or this question you may see the paper page no. 9, MR2506839, Local well-posedness of nonlinear dispersive equations on modulation spaces; ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Fourier inversion

I have certain doubts about a classical Fourier inversion theorem.
According to it (this is a theorem from "Panorama of Harmonic Analysis" by Krantz),
if $f$ and $\hat{f}$ are both in $L_1(R)$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Counting frequencies of occurrence of patterns within a sequence using harmonic analysis?

Assume that we are given a sequence $\mathbf x := X_1,\dots,X_n \in \mathbb N^n$ for some $n \in \mathbb N$. I am interested in calculating the frequency of occurrence of some fixed sequence $\mathbf ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Localized convolution operators

Take our favorite differential operator $\Delta$ on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Module a constant, we can represent its inverse (in some sense) by a convolution operator, namely
$$\Delta^{-1}f=f*\frac{1}{|x|}.$$
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

602 views

### Modular form on $\Gamma_0(N)$

I recently asked this question on Math.StackExchange with no answer so far. So I thought maybe I can find an answer here.
Let $M(k,\Gamma_0(N))$ be a space of modular forms of weight $k$ on ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

139 views

### Seeking a class of functions for which sums approximate integrals well

Is there a "natural" class of integrable functions $f: {\mathbb R} \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ for which it is true (and, preferably, not too hard to prove!) that $\sup_{0 \leq a < h} |h S(a,h) - I|$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

100 views

### norm of trigonometric polynomials under arbitrary change of signs

Let $\mathcal P$ be the collection of trigonometric polynomial with $L^p[0,1]$ norm one, $p>2$, then by changing the sign of coefficients of polynomials in $\mathcal P$ randomly, can we produce ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### Carleson-Hunt inequality: changing order of summation

The well-known Carleson-Hunt inequality states that for any $p>1$ and any $f \in L^p(0,2\pi)$, the $L^p$-norm of $sup_n |S_n|$, where $S_n$ is the n-th partial sum of the Fourier series of $f$, is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### $L^{1}(\mathbb R) \cap L^{2}(\mathbb R) \cap C_{0}(\mathbb R)\subset H_{1}(\mathbb R)$?

Put, $C_{0} (\mathbb R)=\{f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C: f \text { is continuous on} \ \mathbb R \ \text {and } \lim_{|x|\to \pm \infty}f(x)=0 \}$(= Continuous functions on $\mathbb R$ vanishing at ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

175 views

### Result of Beurling concerning absolute convergence of Fourier series of |f|

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$ and we put,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

263 views

### Relationship between Fourier series & DFT

Sources like http://www.dsprelated.com/dspbooks/mdft/Relation_DFT_Fourier_Series.html explain the equivalence between FS and DFT.
However, isn't there a flaw? When I integrate over the continuous ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

301 views

### When one can expect $\widehat{(fg)} = \hat{f} \ast \hat{g}$; $f, g\in L^{1} (G)$?

Let $f, g \in L^{1}(\mathbb T)= L^{1} ([-\pi, \pi))$. We define, the Fourier transform of $f$ as follows:
$$\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt, \ (n\in \mathbb Z).$$
It is ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### What does a Zonal sphere harmonic look like?

Let $\mathcal{H}_k\subset L^2(S^n)$ be the space of sphere harmonics of degree $k$, i.e., they are the eigenfunctions of $\Delta_{S^n}$. And let $\Pi_k:L^2(S^n)\to \mathcal{H}_k$ be the orthogonal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### How to get Fourier–Stieltjes transform on $\mathbb R$ from the nice function on $\mathbb T$ (periodic on $\mathbb R$)? [closed]

We put, $M(\mathbb R)= $The set of bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$ and for $\mu \in M(\mathbb R)$, we define $||\mu||:= |\mu| (\mathbb R) = \text {total variation of } \ \mu $; and
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Real-analytic variant of theorem 4.2.5 of Duistermaat's “FIO”, 1996

Theorem 4.2.5 of Duistermaat's "Fourier Integral Operators", 1996, states:
Let $A \in I^m(X,Y,C)$ be an elliptic Fourier Integral Operator of order $m$, associated to a bijective canonical ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

248 views

### Absolute convergence of multi-dimensional Fourier series

For a Lipschitz function $f$ defined in $[0,2\pi]^d$ for $d>1$, is that true
that the multi-dimensional Fourier series converges absolutely?
In other words, $\sum_{k\in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

215 views

### An L1 function whose Fourier series converges but not to itself

Do we have an $L^1$ function whose Fourier series converges almost everywhere but not to itself?

**7**

votes

**2**answers

727 views

### Are Fourier series of length 2 'asymmetric enough' to generate all crossing patterns? - A reformulation of the Fourier-(1,1,2) knot question

Given $N$ pairs of distinct real numbers $t_i, t'_i \in [0,1]$, $i = 1,\ldots,N$, we ask if there is a function $f(x) = \cos(2\pi mx+\alpha) + \gamma\cdot \cos(2\pi nx+\beta)$, with $m, n \in ...