**3**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Is there a Poisson Summation formula for imprimitive Dirichlet characters?

I was wondering if there exists a Poisson Summation formula (like the one existing with primitive character) for imprimitive Dirichlet characters ?
For a primitive Dirichlet character $\chi$ we have:
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Uniform $L^p-L^{p'}$ bound of a Fourier multiplier

Let $(\tau,\xi)\in\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^n$, and consider the function
$$
m_{\epsilon}(\tau,\xi)=\frac{1}{\tau+|\xi|^4+\epsilon|\xi|^2+i}
$$
in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. My first question is that does ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

67 views

### separating two parameters in an oscillatory integral

Consider the following oscillatory integral with two parameters: $$I(a,b)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}e^{i(ax^2+bx)}\psi(x)\,dx$$ where $\psi$ is smooth and supported in $\{x:|x|\in[1/2,2]\}$.
Can we write $I(a,...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

380 views

### Number of critical points of smooth functions on $S^1$

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the unit circle $S^1$ such that $\int_{S^1}ux_j=0$, for $j=1,2$. Is the number of critical points of $u$ strictly bigger than 2?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

381 views

### What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function
$$
f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du.
$$
It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in L^2(\...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Conditions for positivity of Fourier transform

Assume you are given a non-negative, continuous, radial function $f\in L^q(\mathbb{R}^3)$ (for any $q\geq 1$).
Are there any conditions which would guarantee that the Fourier transform of $f$, that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in (...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Abstract stationary phase

I have been reading Semi-classical analysis by Guillemin and Sternberg. At the end of Chapter 8, they gave an abstract version of the stationary phase method. I have a hard time figuring out what $a_i$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

321 views

### A calculus question related to the nonnegative definite functions

I am looking for some sufficient conditions for an even, continuous, nonnegative, non increasing function $f(x)$ on $R$ such that
$$
\int_0^\infty \cos(xz) f(z) d z \ge 0 \qquad\text{for all $x\ge 0$...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### symbol $m\in L^{\infty}$ implies any boundedness of a bilinear operator?

For a linear multiplier operator $T(f)(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}} m(\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)e^{2\pi ix\xi}d\xi$, we know that $\|m\|_{\infty}$ gives the operator norm of $T$ from $L^2$ to itself immediately. What ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Connection between the Fourier transform of f and |f|

If $f\in L^p(R)$ with $1\leq p\leq 2$, then Hausdorff-Young inequality implies that the Fourier transform $\widehat{f}\in L^{p'}$, $p'$ is the dual exponent of $p$, and
$$
\|\widehat{f}\|_{L^{p'}}\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### The functional $L(\varphi)=\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{\sqrt{1-\varphi^2-(\varphi')^2}}{1-\varphi^2}d\theta$

Consider the $2\pi$-periodic inner product space $L^2[0,2\pi]$.
Let $F\triangleq\{f\in L^2[0,2\pi]|f(\theta)>0,(f(\theta),\cos\theta)=(f(\theta),\sin\theta)=0\}$.
Let $G\triangleq\{\varphi\in L^2[...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Multidimensional Filters

Say you want to design a LP FIR filter with low pass cutoff $fc$, transition band $fc$ to $fs$ and ripple factor $dp$ at passband and $ds$ at stop band. If one divides the frequencies by $\pi$, then $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### the (2,2,1) boundedness of a “product” operator

Let $\{E_j\}_{j\in\mathbb{Z}}$ and $\{F_k\}_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be two collections of pairwise disjoint sets in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $C(j,k)$ be a bounded function (e.g. $|C(j,k)|<1$) defined on $\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### How to solve this differential equation with an infinite sum?

I would like to find solutions of the following differential equation:
$ \sum_{1}^{\infty} a_n f(nx) + f''(x)+ x^2 f(x)=\lambda f(x)$
For example in space of function from $\mathbb R^*$ to $\mathbb ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Fourier transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for $x > 0 (x > 1)$

Please, give me the cue: does exist analytical representation of Fourier Transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for$ x>0$ (or $x>1$). Maybe exist an approximation of $FT(sin(\frac{1}{x}))$ by Bessel ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### A kind of Discrete Fourier Transform

Given a $z\in \mathbb{C}^N$, the DFT of $z$ is given for every $k\in [0,N-1]_\mathbb{N}$ by
$$DFT_z(k)=\frac{1}{N} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1} z_j\, \omega^{-k j}$$ where I have denoted by $\omega$ the $N$-th ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

259 views

### Is there a compactly supported function that its Fourier transfrom vanishes at given n real points?

My question is as follows: Given ${{\lambda }_{1}},\,{{\lambda }_{2}},...,{{\lambda }_{n}}\in \mathbb{R}$ where $\underset{1\le j\le n-1}{\mathop{\min }}\,\left| {{\lambda }_{j+1}}-{{\lambda }_{j}} \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Do position and momentum measurements determine a wave function?

Suppose we have a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb R^n)$ and we know the functions $x\mapsto|f(x)|$ and $p\mapsto|\hat f(p)|$, where $\hat f$ is the Fourier transform of $f$.
Can we reconstruct the function ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### decomposition of tempered distributions by entire analytic functions

Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: |\xi|\leq 2, \phi(\xi)=1~~\text{if}~|\xi|\leq 1\}$$
Let $j\in \mathbb N$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it.
Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Jackson's theorem for partial sum of Fourier series

There is a classical theorem of Jackson stating that the $N$-th partial sum $S_N f$ of the Fourier series of a Lipschitz continuous function $f$ (which is periodic with period 1) satisfies
$$
|f(x) - ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### request for any expository works in pointwise convergence of double Fourier series and especially a paper by Hardy

Quart. J. Math. Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 53-79
On double Fourier series, and especially those which represent the double zeta-function with real and incommensurable parameters.
Hardy, G.H.
I am not ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### “Convolution” for Multiplying Random Variables

The following situation arises frequently in probability.
Suppose we have two independent continuous random variables $X$ and $Y$ and we consider their sum, $Z=X+Y$. Then the pdf of $Z$ is the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### Degree of polynomial approximating characeristic function of finte set

Given $C \geq 1$ and $\epsilon > 0$, is there a number $N = N(C,\, \epsilon)$ such that the following holds:
For every set $S \subseteq S^1$ of cardinality $C$, there is a function $f: S^1 \to \...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

606 views

### A question about pointwise convergence of Fourier transform in $N$-dimensions

I am retreating back on this statement, after some explorations and calculation
Bow to Willie and others who were skeptical on this. Main difficulty can be seen in this reference. But I must mention ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

562 views

### Textbook request for class field theory [duplicate]

I am studying class field theory. I need good reference books, notes, or other materials which explain the following topics: ideles and ideals, Haar measure and integration on local fields, Fourier ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

151 views

### On the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition

My question is concerned with the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition: For $\gamma\ge 1$, one can prove that there is no compactly ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Is fourier analysis necessary to prove this?

I have a couple of inequalities that I want to prove. The proof is easy using fourier analysis but I am wondering whether there is a proof that does not use fourier analysis.
1) For any $c, s > 0$,...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Establishing an upper bound for a dyadic average of a function in $ {L^{p}}([0,1)) $

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1)) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left[ \frac{j}{2^{...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

574 views

### Reverse Hausdorff Young for nonnegative functions

The classical Hausdorff-Young inequality states that
$$
\Vert \widehat{f} \Vert_{p'} \leq \Vert f \Vert_p \text{ for } 1 \leq p \leq 2.
$$
For $p=2$, we even have equality due to Plancherel.
If we ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

168 views

### Fourier approximation error in L^2 for piecewise continuous functions

Let $u:[0,2\pi)\to \mathbb{R}$ be the step function
$$u(x) = \begin{cases}
1 & \text{if } x \in [0,\pi), \\
0 & \text{if } x \in [\pi,2\pi)
\end{cases}$$
By a direct computation, one ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist?
[..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ]
Given a graph are ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Convergence of complex series that are not absolutely convergent?

Does anyone know of a convergence test for a complex series of the form
$$\sum_n a_n \cdot \exp(i \cdot b_n)$$
?
The particular series I need to understand has a_n going to zero as n goes ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

190 views

### Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Eigenstates of Fourier transformation

Let $\gamma$ be defined on $\mathbb R^n$ by $\gamma (x)=e^{-π x^2}$. With $\mathcal F$ standing for the Fourier transformation defined on the Schwartz space by
$$
(\mathcal F u)(\xi)=\int e^{-2iπ x\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Is a polynomial decay sufficient for a smooth function to be in $\mathcal{F}(L^1)$?

Background: I have a function $g(\omega)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, which vanishes like $O(|\omega|^{-\beta})$ at infinity for some $\beta>0$.
This answer states that functions that decays "too ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Where the following interpolation method converges?

In this question about discrete-analytic functions (that is functions, who equal to their Newton series) I asked for a solution for the following problem:
Is there a method to extend the notion ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Are Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$ invariant under Fourier transform?

(This may be very easy question for MO; as I am just trying to understand Besov spaces)
Let $\phi \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: |\xi|...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### “Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination $...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

435 views

### Exponential Sum Bound

In
http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6:
Let
$$\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

398 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

338 views

### Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details).
The first one is based on ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

555 views

### Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define
\begin{align}
\widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\
0, & \textrm{otherwise}.
\end{array}
\...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows:
$$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$
Fact: Let $m$ ...