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0
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2answers
196 views

A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Where the following interpolation method converges?

In this question about discrete-analytic functions (that is functions, who equal to their Newton series) I asked for a solution for the following problem: Is there a method to extend the notion ...
4
votes
1answer
239 views

Are Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$ invariant under Fourier transform?

(This may be very easy question for MO; as I am just trying to understand Besov spaces) Let $\phi \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

“Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...
2
votes
2answers
388 views

Exponential Sum Bound

In http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6: Let ...
5
votes
0answers
219 views

Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details). The first one is based on ...
-2
votes
1answer
468 views

Why calculus textbooks do not include the natural integration constants in the tables of integrals? [closed]

The formulas for integrals in the textbooks usually define indefinite integral up to a constant term. Yet the natural integration constant for antiderivative can be fixed from the following formula ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define \begin{align} \widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll} \omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\ 0, & \textrm{otherwise}. \end{array} ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

what is the best estimation for the following

Suppose a continuous $2\pi$-periodic function $f:R\rightarrow R$ satisfies $$ |f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \mathrm{const}\frac{\delta}{\Big(\log\frac{1}{\delta}\Big)^{\gamma}}, \,\,\, ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

How do functions operate in a Sobolev space $H^{s}$?

Let $s>\frac{1}{2};$ and define a Sobolev space as follows: $$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$ Fact: Let $m$ ...
1
vote
0answers
178 views

Is there an asymptotic bound for this oscillatory integral?

I have an oscillatory integral: $$ \int u(x,y) e^{i\lambda f(x,y)} dx $$ with $f(x,y)\in \mathbb{C}^{\infty}$ a complex-valued function in a neighborhood of $(0,0)$ satisfying: $$ \text{Im} f \geq ...
1
vote
2answers
307 views

decomposition of Hilbert space into tensor product $L^2([0,\tfrac{1}{2}]) \otimes L^2([\tfrac{1}{2},1]) \simeq L^2([0,1])$

The definition of entanglement entropy in Quantum Field Theory involves decompositing a Hilbert space into a tensor product $\mathcal{H} = \mathcal{H}_A \otimes \mathcal{H}_B$. As an example, is it ...
1
vote
0answers
197 views

Non-Abelian Fourier Analysis

I'm currently thinking to generalize a known result on abelian groups to non-abelian groups. This is the problem. Fix an abelian group $G$. We know that: $\mathbb{E}_{\chi\in ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

$\widehat{f\ast g}= \hat{f} \cdot \hat{g}$ for $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap C(\mathbb R) (1<p<\infty, p\neq 2), g\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$? [closed]

(This may be very simple question for MO; I had post it to math stack exchange few days back but I could not get any answer(or comment) to it) It is well-known that, for $f,g \in L^{1}(\mathbb R).$ ...
11
votes
2answers
234 views

Heuristic interpretation of the 'third index' for Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

For $p,q \in (0,\infty)$ and $s \in \mathbb{R}$, one can define certain function spaces, $B_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $F_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, the Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces respectively. ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

Approximate Moment Conditions

It is known in classical probability that if two random variables $X$ and $Y$ obeys $$\mathbb{E} X^k = \mathbb{E}Y^k, \ \forall \ k \geq 1$$ with additional condition that $\mathbb{E}X^k$ does not ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

$L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group. In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...
4
votes
0answers
176 views

Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

seek another proof of a result in Fourier analysis

It was proved on page 26 of this note the following result: Let $\xi$ be an algebraic number that is not a root of unity, then there exists an $n_0\geq 0$ with the property that ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Paley-Wiener type theorem for integral functions with compact support

If $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, and $f$ has compact support, then how can I show that $\hat{f}$ cannot satisfy $\hat{f}(x)=O(e^{-\epsilon|x|})$ for any $\epsilon>0$? This is similar in the spirit ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Uniform bound for an alternating series of functions

I have mainly two questions, the first one being motivated by the second one. 1) Is there a way to prove that $F(x) = \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{k+1} x^{2k}}{(2k)!}$ is bounded on $\mathbb{R}_+$ ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Godement-Jacquet and L-functions

Let $M_{r}(F)$ be the matrices with coefficients in a local nonarchimedean field $F$ and $q$ the cardinal of the residue field. We have a Fourier tansform on $M_{r}(F)$ with kernel ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

A Fourier series that does not converge in $L^1$

I'm reading Katznelson's book "Harmonic Analysis" and there is an exercise that I can't solve : Show that if the sequence $\left\{ N_j \right\} $ tends to infinity fast enough, then the Fourier ...
9
votes
1answer
275 views

Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $x_n$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$. My ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

A decomposition of a representation via characters of a normal compact subgroup

This is connected to my question here. Let $K$ be a normal compact subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\widehat{K}$ the dual object for $K$, and $\mu_K$ the normed Haar measure on $K$ ...
6
votes
1answer
301 views

Shortcut from discrete Fourier transform F{x} to zero-padded F{x:0…0}

Summary: Given $X$ (the discrete Fourier transform of some unknown vector $x$ of length $N$), is there any shortcut to computing $X'$ (the Fourier transform of $x$ after padding it with $N$ zeros)? ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...
13
votes
2answers
275 views

Can a continuous function on a compact group $G$ be interpreted as the sum in $C(G)$ of its Fourier series?

I asked this in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared from the "main list" almost immediately, so I hope it will be appropriate as a separate question in MO. For a given function $f\in C(G)$ on a ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Solvability of a Fredholm system in $L^2$

Suppose $\lambda\not=0\in\mathbb{C}$. Does the following system have a non trivial solution in $L^2 [0,1]$? \begin{array} {lcl} \int_0 ^1 f(y)\log|x-y|dy=\lambda f(x) \\\int_0 ^1f(x)dx=0& ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

To understand integral :$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$

I wants to understand the integrals of the form $$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$$ where $\mu(\alpha)$ is a non decreasing function ...
7
votes
1answer
429 views

Major arcs in the proof that every odd number is the sum of at most 5 primes

In his proof that all odd numbers greater than 1 are the sum of at most 5 primes, Terence Tao uses one large major arc around 0 rather than small ones around the rationals, which I am more accustomed ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$ Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

Can the Fourier series of a continuous function diverge on an uncountable set of measure zero?

I know that there exist continuous function $f: [0,2\pi]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ whose Fourier series diverges at all rational points of $[0,2\pi]$(c.f. Katznelson).We also know that the set of ...
17
votes
2answers
708 views

What can be said about the Fourier transforms of characteristic functions?

What can be said about the Fourier transform of the characteristic function $1_A$, where $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is of finite Lebesgue measure? In particular, What properties are common to ...
7
votes
1answer
244 views

Absolute continuity reflected in Fourier coefficients?

Imagine $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probabilty measures in the interval $[0,1]$. We say that $\mu$ is absolutely continuous with respect to $\nu$, if for every measurable set $A$ such that ...
5
votes
5answers
274 views

Characterizing and counting boolean functions with all influences 1/2

Is there a characterization of boolean functions $f:\{-1,1\}^n \longrightarrow \{-1,1\}$, so that $\mathbf{Inf_i}[f]=\frac{1} {2}$, for all $1\leq i\leq n$? Is it known how many such functions there ...
3
votes
0answers
125 views

$f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$ Let $1\leq p \leq ...
30
votes
1answer
702 views

For which maps $S^1\to S^1$ is the winding number defined?

There are two classes of maps $S^1\to S^1$ for which I know how to define the winding number: • Continuous maps: Using the unique path lifting property of the universal covering map $\mathbb R\to ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Under condition of Zygmund is the following inequality true?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function and satisfies the following Zygmund condition $$ |f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Fourier series of functions on compact groups

Let $G$ be a compact, second countable, Hausdorff topological group with the normalized Haar measure $\mu$. From Peter-Weyl's theorem we now that for any $f\in \mathrm{L}^2(G)$ the Fourier series of ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$. My ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Discrete Fourier tranform on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$

I'm studying on the following construction: For $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}$, denote $$Y_{\lambda}=\left\{g\in L^{2,loc}(\mathbb{R})\,:\,g(t+2\pi)=e^{2\pi i\lambda}g(t)\right\}$$ We give to $Y_{\lambda}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Is this Riemann zeta function product equal to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function?

Mathematica knows that: $$\log(n) = \lim\limits_{s \rightarrow 1} \zeta(s)\left(1 - \frac{1}{n^{(s - 1)}}\right)\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; (1)$$ The von Mangoldt function should then be: ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

Modulus of of continuity of a convolution operator with respect to Wasserstein metric

For a (discrete) measure $G$ on some reasonable metric space $\Theta$, consider the map $G \mapsto f_G$ defined as $$ f_G := f*G(dx) := \int f(dx|\theta) G(d\theta) $$ for some nice kernel function ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Closed sets in the space of Fourier transforms $\mathcal{F}L^{1}$

Consider the space of all Fourier transforms of $L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ that is, $$\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\mathcal{F}L^{1}(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\},$$ with the ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

when does this identity hold?

When I compute some Fourier series, I find the following interesting identity: $$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\left(\frac{\sin((n+a)x)}{(n+a)x}\right)^k =\frac{1}{|x|}\int_{y\in\mathbb{R}}\left(\frac{\sin ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Random square submatrices of a Hadamard matrix

Question: For $N$ be a power of $2$, let $A$ be a random $d \times d$ submatrix of the $N \times N$ Hadamard matrix (the matrix of the Hadamard/Walsh-Fourier transform). What is the best known upper ...