The fourier-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

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### Fourier series of functions on compact groups

Let $G$ be a compact, second countable, Hausdorff topological group with the normalized Haar measure $\mu$. From Peter-Weyl's theorem we now that for any $f\in \mathrm{L}^2(G)$ the Fourier series of ...

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### Is the fractional integral of order 1/2 of an L_2 function continuous

Let $R_\alpha f(t) = \int_0^t (t-s)^{-\alpha} f(s)\,ds$ the fractional integration operator. If $f \in L_q(0,1)$ for some $q>2$ then $R_{1/2} f$ is (even Hölder) continuous on $[0,1]$.
My ...

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### Discrete Fourier tranform on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$

I'm studying on the following construction:
For $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}$, denote
$$Y_{\lambda}=\left\{g\in L^{2,loc}(\mathbb{R})\,:\,g(t+2\pi)=e^{2\pi i\lambda}g(t)\right\}$$
We give to $Y_{\lambda}$ ...

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### properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...

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### Is this Riemann zeta function product equal to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function?

Mathematica knows that:
$$\log(n) = \lim\limits_{s \rightarrow 1} \zeta(s)\left(1 - \frac{1}{n^{(s - 1)}}\right)\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; (1)$$
The von Mangoldt function should then be:
...

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### Modulus of of continuity of a convolution operator with respect to Wasserstein metric

For a (discrete) measure $G$ on some reasonable metric space $\Theta$, consider the map $G \mapsto f_G$ defined as
$$
f_G := f*G(dx) := \int f(dx|\theta) G(d\theta)
$$
for some nice kernel function ...

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### Closed sets in the space of Fourier transforms $\mathcal{F}L^{1}$

Consider the space of all Fourier transforms of $L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ that is,
$$\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\mathcal{F}L^{1}(\mathbb R):= \{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)\},$$
with the ...

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### when does this identity hold?

When I compute some Fourier series, I find the following interesting identity:
$$
\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\left(\frac{\sin((n+a)x)}{(n+a)x}\right)^k
=\frac{1}{|x|}\int_{y\in\mathbb{R}}\left(\frac{\sin ...

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### Random square submatrices of a Hadamard matrix

Question: For $N$ be a power of $2$, let $A$ be a random $d \times d$ submatrix of the $N \times N$ Hadamard matrix (the matrix of the Hadamard/Walsh-Fourier transform). What is the best known upper ...

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### What geometric information is carried by the Fourier coefficients of the components of a closed curve?

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth closed curve in the plane and let $(x(t), y(t))$ be a parametrization. The functions $x(t)$ and $y(t)$ are smooth and periodic, so each has a uniformly convergent Fourier ...

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### Is $\int_0^\infty \sin(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$ of larger order than $\int_0^\infty \cos(Kx)f_K(x)\,dx$?

Suppose we have a function $f$, such that $f$ is of some smoothness degree $m$, and $f,f^{(k)} \in L_1[0,\infty)$ $k=1,...,m$. Now if $f^{(k)}(0) = \lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}f^{(k)}(x) = 0$ for ...

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### Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...

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### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

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### Bounding the norm of the Dirichlet kernel as a matrix function

Consider the Dirichlet kerel:
$f(x) = 1+2\sum_{k=1}^{N}\cos(kx)$.
Now, given a diagonalizable real matrix $A$, one can consider $f(A)$, using the standard notation of matrix functions. Namely, $f(A) ...

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### Numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound

I'd like to have an algorithm for a numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound. To be precise, if $f$ is a function from $L_1(R)$, $F[f]$ is it's exact Fourier transform and ...

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### Positive Fourier coefficients for a function $f:\{+1,-1\}^n \to \mathbb R$

This is from my research in computer science where the Fourier transform over $GF(2)^n$ is a tool to study functions on the Boolean hypercube.
For example, the majority function on 3 variables is ...

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### Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by
$T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$,
where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$.
$T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...

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### Can we expect $\left\||f|^{2}f-|g|^{2}g\right\|\leq C ||f-g||$ in the Banach algebra $A(\mathbb T)$ ?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

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### How to use, $(|u|^{2}u - |v|^{2}v)(s)= (u-v)|u|^{2}(s)+ v(|u|^{2}-|v|^{2}) (s)$; to prove contraction in a Banach space $C([0,T]; M^{p,1})$?

(May be this is very basic question for MO)
(For details or this question you may see the paper page no. 9, MR2506839, Local well-posedness of nonlinear dispersive equations on modulation spaces; ...

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### Fourier inversion

I have certain doubts about a classical Fourier inversion theorem.
According to it (this is a theorem from "Panorama of Harmonic Analysis" by Krantz),
if $f$ and $\hat{f}$ are both in $L_1(R)$ and ...

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### Fourier Analysis in Kahane and Żelazko's characterization of maximal ideals in commutative Banach algebra

I've been told that Kahane and Żelazko (in A characterization of maximal ideals in commutative Banach algebra's Studia Math 29 1968) use a "non-trivial result" from Fourier analysis in their proof of ...

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### Counting frequencies of occurrence of patterns within a sequence using harmonic analysis?

Assume that we are given a sequence $\mathbf x := X_1,\dots,X_n \in \mathbb N^n$ for some $n \in \mathbb N$. I am interested in calculating the frequency of occurrence of some fixed sequence $\mathbf ...

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### Localized convolution operators

Take our favorite differential operator $\Delta$ on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Module a constant, we can represent its inverse (in some sense) by a convolution operator, namely
$$\Delta^{-1}f=f*\frac{1}{|x|}.$$
...

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### Modular form on $\Gamma_0(N)$

I recently asked this question on Math.StackExchange with no answer so far. So I thought maybe I can find an answer here.
Let $M(k,\Gamma_0(N))$ be a space of modular forms of weight $k$ on ...

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### Seeking a class of functions for which sums approximate integrals well

Is there a "natural" class of integrable functions $f: {\mathbb R} \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ for which it is true (and, preferably, not too hard to prove!) that $\sup_{0 \leq a < h} |h S(a,h) - I|$ ...

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### norm of trigonometric polynomials under arbitrary change of signs

Let $\mathcal P$ be the collection of trigonometric polynomial with $L^p[0,1]$ norm one, $p>2$, then by changing the sign of coefficients of polynomials in $\mathcal P$ randomly, can we produce ...

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### Carleson-Hunt inequality: changing order of summation

The well-known Carleson-Hunt inequality states that for any $p>1$ and any $f \in L^p(0,2\pi)$, the $L^p$-norm of $sup_n |S_n|$, where $S_n$ is the n-th partial sum of the Fourier series of $f$, is ...

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### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

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### How to choose negative definite function $\lambda (x)$, so that $\lambda^{-1} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

We define,
$$\lambda (x) =\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2}x \alpha}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu (\alpha), (\mu(0)=0) $$
where $\mu (\alpha)$ is a non-decreasing function such that the integral converges for ...

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### $L^{1}(\mathbb R) \cap L^{2}(\mathbb R) \cap C_{0}(\mathbb R)\subset H_{1}(\mathbb R)$?

Put, $C_{0} (\mathbb R)=\{f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C: f \text { is continuous on} \ \mathbb R \ \text {and } \lim_{|x|\to \pm \infty}f(x)=0 \}$(= Continuous functions on $\mathbb R$ vanishing at ...

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### Result of Beurling concerning absolute convergence of Fourier series of |f|

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$ and we put,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

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### Relationship between Fourier series & DFT

Sources like http://www.dsprelated.com/dspbooks/mdft/Relation_DFT_Fourier_Series.html explain the equivalence between FS and DFT.
However, isn't there a flaw? When I integrate over the continuous ...

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### When one can expect $\widehat{(fg)} = \hat{f} \ast \hat{g}$; $f, g\in L^{1} (G)$?

Let $f, g \in L^{1}(\mathbb T)= L^{1} ([-\pi, \pi))$. We define, the Fourier transform of $f$ as follows:
$$\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt, \ (n\in \mathbb Z).$$
It is ...

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### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the Fourier transform and decompose $L^1$ ...

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### What does a Zonal sphere harmonic look like?

Let $\mathcal{H}_k\subset L^2(S^n)$ be the space of sphere harmonics of degree $k$, i.e., they are the eigenfunctions of $\Delta_{S^n}$. And let $\Pi_k:L^2(S^n)\to \mathcal{H}_k$ be the orthogonal ...

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### How to get Fourier–Stieltjes transform on $\mathbb R$ from the nice function on $\mathbb T$ (periodic on $\mathbb R$)? [closed]

We put, $M(\mathbb R)= $The set of bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$ and for $\mu \in M(\mathbb R)$, we define $||\mu||:= |\mu| (\mathbb R) = \text {total variation of } \ \mu $; and
...

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### Real-analytic variant of theorem 4.2.5 of Duistermaat's “FIO”, 1996

Theorem 4.2.5 of Duistermaat's "Fourier Integral Operators", 1996, states:
Let $A \in I^m(X,Y,C)$ be an elliptic Fourier Integral Operator of order $m$, associated to a bijective canonical ...

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### Absolute convergence of multi-dimensional Fourier series

For a Lipschitz function $f$ defined in $[0,2\pi]^d$ for $d>1$, is that true
that the multi-dimensional Fourier series converges absolutely?
In other words, $\sum_{k\in ...

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### An L1 function whose Fourier series converges but not to itself

Do we have an $L^1$ function whose Fourier series converges almost everywhere but not to itself?

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### Are Fourier series of length 2 'asymmetric enough' to generate all crossing patterns? - A reformulation of the Fourier-(1,1,2) knot question

Given $N$ pairs of distinct real numbers $t_i, t'_i \in [0,1]$, $i = 1,\ldots,N$, we ask if there is a function $f(x) = \cos(2\pi mx+\alpha) + \gamma\cdot \cos(2\pi nx+\beta)$, with $m, n \in ...

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### Does there exists $f\in A_{\mathbb R}(\mathbb T)$ with $||f||=r$ such that $||e^{if}||=e^{r}$?

Let $\mathbb Z$, the set of integers, be a group with respect to addition and its dual group is the $\mathbb T = \{z\in \mathbb C : |z|=1\}$ , one dimensional torus. Put,
$\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z)= ...

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### A question which belongs to a class of Zygmund functions

Let $f$ be an absolutely continuous, periodic with period 1 and satisfies the condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const}\frac{\delta}{(\log\frac{1}{\delta})^{\epsilon}}, ...

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### riemann mapping theorem for skew-fields of quaternions and beyond

Is there any known generalization of the riemann mapping theorem over skew-fields of quaternions and beyond or at least a conjectured formulation of it?
In a less focused way, how far does the main ...

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### Determinant of $V^* V$ where $V$ is rectangular Vandermonde matrix with nodes on unit circle

Let $z_{1},\dots,z_{k}$
be distinct complex numbers with $\left|z_{j}\right|=1,\;j=1,\dots,k$. For any natural $N\geqslant k$
consider the rectangular Vandermonde matrix
$$
V_{N}=\begin{pmatrix}1 ...

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### Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on ...

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### Factorization in Fourier Algebra and its properties

By Schwartz-inequality and Riesz–Fischer theorem, one can deduced that, ($\ast$ stands for a usual convolution )
$$L^{2}(\mathbb T) \ast L^{2}(\mathbb T) = A(\mathbb T)(:= \{f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T): ...

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### Express measurable entropy in terms of Fourier coefficients of the measure

Let $S^1$ be the unit circle , $\mu$ be a Borel probability measure on $S^1$ and
$T:S^1\to S^1$ is a measure-preserving map (not necessarily invertible) with respect to $\mu$. The Fourier ...

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### How Fourier transform behaves if we kills the oscillation?

Let $a, b \in \mathbb R$ such that $ab> 1$ ; put
$$L^{1}_{a}(\mathbb R)= \{ f:\mathbb R\to \mathbb C \ \text {measurable} : ||(1+|x|)^{a}f||_{L^{1}(\mathbb R)}< \infty \},$$
and
...

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### Understanding Bruhat's notion of Schwartz function

I am trying to understand Bruhat's generalized Schwartz functions over (Hausforff) locally compact Abelian groups [1], following this paper [2] by Osborne. There, the Schwarz-Bruhat space ...

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### Fourier coefficients of a non-atomic measure on the unit cirle

Let $0<\lambda<1$ and $\pi:\Pi_{\mathbb{N}} \{0,1\}\to S^1$ be the continuous map from the product space of $\{0,1\}$ over the set of natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ onto the unit circle $S^1$. Let ...