# Tagged Questions

**27**

votes

**1**answer

541 views

### For which maps $S^1\to S^1$ is the winding number defined?

There are two classes of maps $S^1\to S^1$ for which I know how to define the winding number:
• Continuous maps:
Using the unique path lifting property of the universal covering map $\mathbb R\to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Under condition of Zygmund is the following inequality true?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function and satisfies the following Zygmund condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by
$T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$,
where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$.
$T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Seeking a class of functions for which sums approximate integrals well

Is there a "natural" class of integrable functions $f: {\mathbb R} \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ for which it is true (and, preferably, not too hard to prove!) that $\sup_{0 \leq a < h} |h S(a,h) - I|$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### How to choose negative definite function $\lambda (x)$, so that $\lambda^{-1} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

We define,
$$\lambda (x) =\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2}x \alpha}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu (\alpha), (\mu(0)=0) $$
where $\mu (\alpha)$ is a non-decreasing function such that the integral converges for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### A question which belongs to a class of Zygmund functions

Let $f$ be an absolutely continuous, periodic with period 1 and satisfies the condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const}\frac{\delta}{(\log\frac{1}{\delta})^{\epsilon}}, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### Compactly supported smooth function with Laplace transform bounded on a cone

My question is if it is possible to find a compactly supported smooth function $\varphi:\mathbf{R}\to \mathbf{R}$ s.t. the following integration $\int_{\mathbf{R}}\varphi(t)e^{itx}e^{tx}dt$ stays ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Quantifying the “flatness” of functions which are the Fourier transforms of positive functions

Short version of question: I'm trying to understand the extent to which a function is prevented from being "flat" as a result of being the Fourier transform of a positive function. That is, the extent ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Is $f$ an absolutely continuous function? [closed]

Let
$$
f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(2^{n}\pi x)}{n\cdot2^{n}}, \,\,\,\,\,\, x\in [-1, 1].
$$
Is $f$ an absolutely continuous function? If yes how can I show it? If not how about on total ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Is Modulation space is close under absolute?

It is clear that, for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, $f\in L^{p}$ iff $| f| \in L^{p}.$
By the usual modulation space $M^{p, q}(\mathbb R^{d})$, $1\leq p, q \leq \infty, d\in \mathbb N $, we mean the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Two distribution spaces ${\mathcal S}'/{\mathcal P}$ and ${\mathcal S}_\infty'$

Let ${\mathcal S}'$ be the set of all distributions.
Denote by ${\mathcal P}$ the set of all polynomials,
which is embedded into ${\mathcal S}'$ as a closed subspace.
Equip ${\mathcal S'}/{\mathcal ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Obtaining a pointwise bound on the convolution of two singular measures

I am confused about a passage in the paper by T. Tao A sharp bilinear restriction estimate for paraboloids.
We are in Section 7, near equation (34) (pag.16 of the arxiv).
Notations and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### bounding the absolute value of a trigonometric polynomial

Consider a function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and points $t_0,t_1,\ldots,t_n\in[0,1]$
\begin{equation*}
f(t)=\prod_{k=1}^n\frac{(e^{2\pi i t}-e^{2\pi i t_k})}{(e^{2\pi i t_0}-e^{2\pi i t_k})}
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

682 views

### Derivative indicator function

I am wondering what is the derivative of the following function with respect to $x(t)$ in sense of distributions.
$$
I\left(\int_0^t x(\tau)d\tau \leq c\right)
$$
where $I$ is the indicator function ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Weakest assumption for pointwise convergence of Fourier series

This should be a quick one, but so far books, my brain, and the internet have not produced a clear answer. Or maybe it's subtle and exposes a weakness in my understanding of FS!
Suppose ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

650 views

### Property/Relations using Fourier series/transform, which give complete information about all the jump singularities of a function.

Consider a function which has only jump singularities of the form of the function itself or one of its derivatives jumping. Now let $\hat{f}(k)$ be its Fourier transform/series. We know the decay of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

370 views

### Does the Fourier series of an $L^1$ function converge to the function *weakly* in $L^1$?

Let $f$ be a periodic $L^1$ function, and $S_n[f]$ the $n$-th partial sum of its Fourier series. I am aware that $S_n[f]$ might not converge toward $f$ in $L^1$ (i.e., in norm). However, does it at ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### On a limit at the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$ related to complex and harmonic analysis

Let $p(z,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi}.\frac{1-|z|^2}{|z-t|^2}$ be the Poisson kernel on the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}$, fix $0<\alpha<1$ . Let $a\in \partial\mathbb{D}=S^1$ be fixed. Then my question is :
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

749 views

### In Fourier Transforms: Positive Definite Functions, Bochner's Theorem, and Derivatives

I've been reading about Bochner's Theorem lately, but when I apply it to the derivative of a function, I seem to get a contradiction with the theorem.
"Bochner's theorem states that a
positive ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### Ask for theory about the weighted L^2(R^d) space.

Dear MOs,
I am now considering the following norm:
$$
||f||_{H}^2 := \iint f(x) H(x,y) f(y) d x d y\:.
$$
where the integral is over the whole space $R^{2d}$ and $H(x,y)$ is some non-negative ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.)
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Continuous function sort

If you have a real-valued function f(x), positive, continuous and bounded on some interval, then what kind of transform would convert this to a monotonic function g(x) on that interval analogously to ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

678 views

### Fourier transform of x2 invariant measure

Let $T:\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ be the map defined by $T(x)=2x$, and suppose that $\mu$ is a $T$ invariant and ergodic Borel probability measure on the space, which is ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

481 views

### $L^1$ norm of the Fourier transform of a truncated Gaussian

I asked this question on Math StackExchange recently but the only useful comment I got was that this could be a good question for Math Overflow. Here it goes:
Consider the Gaussian $G(x):=e^{-x^2}$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

533 views

### Lebesgue's Majorized Convergence Theorem

Can anyone point me to an explanation and a proof of this theorem?
For reference, it is mentioned in Kolmogorov's almost everywhere divergent function in $L$ as given in Zygmund, volume I. In the ...

**21**

votes

**9**answers

10k views

### Is square of Delta function defined somewhere?

Hello, every one. I am wondering whether any one knows that whether the square of Dirac Delta function is defined some where?
In the beginning, this question might look strange. But by restricting ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Convergence of Fourier Series of $L^1$ Functions

I recently learned of the result by Carleson and Hunt (1968) which states that if $f \in L^p$ for $p > 1$, then the Fourier series of $f$ converges to $f$ pointwise-a.e. Also, Wikipedia informs me ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### What is this effect in Fourier/additive synthesis called?

Hi, I have re-synthesized a cyclic function additively, and I added a fixed offset to the frequency of each partial. So if the function was $\sum a_{n} sin(2 \pi x * n)$ and its frequencies were ...