1
vote
0answers
133 views

Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?
2
votes
2answers
375 views

Exponential Sum Bound

In http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6: Let ...
7
votes
1answer
410 views

Major arcs in the proof that every odd number is the sum of at most 5 primes

In his proof that all odd numbers greater than 1 are the sum of at most 5 primes, Terence Tao uses one large major arc around 0 rather than small ones around the rationals, which I am more accustomed ...
19
votes
1answer
879 views

Is this Riemann zeta function product equal to the Fourier transform of the von Mangoldt function?

Mathematica knows that: $$\log(n) = \lim\limits_{s \rightarrow 1} \zeta(s)\left(1 - \frac{1}{n^{(s - 1)}}\right)\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; (1)$$ The von Mangoldt function should then be: ...
6
votes
0answers
818 views

Questions on de Branges' work on the Riemann hypothesis

According to Wikipedia, Louis de Branges de Bourcia has obtained some notable results, such as a proof of the Bieberbach conjecture in 1985, which is now known as de Branges' theorem. Initially, his ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Motivation behind the appearance of Bessel functions in partial trace formulas

Bessel functions occur naturally on the Kloosterman side (or geometric side) of Petersson's formula and Kuznetsov's formula. Is there an intuitive explanation for their appearance? For instance, is ...
28
votes
7answers
2k views

How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?) Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...
6
votes
2answers
580 views

Number of integers coprime to l

A long time ago I've seen a paper considering, given $\ell$ fixed, estimates for $$ \sum_{n \leq x, (n, \ell) = 1} 1 $$ Of course, this is easy to estimate with a trivial error term of ...
19
votes
6answers
3k views

explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros. Because there are various explicit formulae ...
25
votes
6answers
4k views

What does Mellin inversion “really mean”?

Given a function $f: \mathbb{R}^+ \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ satisfying suitable conditions (exponential decay at infinity, continuous, and bounded variation) is good enough, its Mellin transform is ...
1
vote
3answers
438 views

How to find the almost period of an exponential polynomial

Let $u(t) = \Sigma_{k=1}^n c_k e^{i \lambda_k t} (c_k \in \mathbb C, \lambda_k \in \mathbb R) $ be an exponential polynomial of order $n$ with purely imaginary exponents. We can assume that the ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Does Weyl's Inequality prove equidistribution?

Let $f(n) = \theta n^d + a_{d-1} n^{d-1} + \cdots a_1 n + a_0$ be a polynomial with real coefficients, and $\theta$ irrational. Let $S_N = \sum_{n=1}^N e^{2 \pi i f(n)}$. Weyl's Equidistribution ...
32
votes
6answers
5k views

How does one use the Poisson summation formula?

While reading the answer to another Mathoverflow question, which mentioned the Poisson summation formula, I felt a question of my own coming on. This is something I've wanted to know for a long time. ...
29
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the set of primes “translation-finite”?

The definition in the title probably needs explaining. I should say that the question itself was an idea I had for someone else's undergraduate research project, but we decided early on it would be ...