**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Similarities between Post's Problem and Cohen's Forcing

Remark: I have since learned that G.H. Moore addresses this question in the third reference listed at the end of this post, beginning on p. 157 in which he cites a letter from Kreisel to Gödel dated ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### Resembling the Levy Collapse

Suppose $\kappa$ is a weakly compact cardinal. Is there a $\kappa$-c.c. forcing $\mathbb{P}$ such that $\mathbb{P} \subseteq V_\kappa$ and $\Vdash_{\mathbb{P}} \kappa = \aleph_1$, where $\mathbb{P}$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

749 views

### Is it possible for countably closed forcing to collapse $\aleph_2$ to $\aleph_1$ without collapsing the continuum?

Suppose the continuum is larger than $\aleph_2$. Does there exist a countably closed notion of forcing that collapses $\aleph_2$ to $\aleph_1$, but does not collapse the continuum to $\aleph_1$? ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Is there a forcing closure?

The main theorem of forcing says that for any c.t.m of $ZFC$ like $M$ and for all partial order $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{P}$-generic $G$ over $M$, there is a c.t.m of $ZFC$, like $N$ such that $N$ is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

417 views

### A proposed axiom of Laver (updated)

A few months back, I posted a question asking about a proposed axiom of Laver's and I, unfortunately, left out a critical piece. Here is the full axiom:
(L) Some elementary embedding ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

386 views

### Mutually generics

Given posets $P,Q\in M$, I would like to know under what circumstances there are mutually generic filters $G\subseteq P$ and $H\subseteq Q$ (generic over $M$). Also, what are the characterizations of ...

**13**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### Forcing as a tool to prove theorems

It is often mentioned the main use of forcing is to prove independence facts, but it also seems a way to prove theorems. For instance how would one try to prove Erdös-Rado, $\beth_n^{+} \to ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Two versions of “absolutely ccc”

I have recently been slogging my way through Shelah's "Large continuum, oracles". Essentially from the start there has been a question needling me which I cannot seem to answer.
In the paper, ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

434 views

### Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

687 views

### Woodin's unpublished proof of the global failure of GCH

An unpublished result of Woodin says the following:
Theorem. Assuming the existence of large cardinals, it is consistent that $\forall \lambda, 2^{\lambda}=\lambda^{++}.$
In the paper "The ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

665 views

### Questions about $\aleph_1-$closed forcing notions

"Foreman`s maximality principle" states that every non-trivial forcing notion either adds a real or collapses some cardinals. This principle has many consequences including:
1) $GCH$ fails ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Forcing in Homotopy Type Theory

I apologize if this question doesn't make any sense. I'll just go ahead and delete it if that's the case. But the question is just the title. Is there a notion of forcing in homotopy type theory? ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Is every class that does not add sets necessarily added by forcing?

We know there are many situations in which we can force over a model $M$ of GBC to add a class $G$ without adding any sets. That is, the extension $M[G]$ satisfies GBC and has the same sets as $M$. ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

672 views

### A limit to Shoenfield Absoluteness

Shoenfield's Absoluteness Theorem states that if $\phi$ is any $\Sigma^1_2$ sentence of second-order arithmetic, then $\phi$ is absolute between any two models of $ZF$ which share the same ordinals. ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

301 views

### Failure of diamond at large cardinals

What is known about the failure of $\diamond_{\kappa}$ (diamond at $\kappa$) for $\kappa$ (the least) inaccessible, (the least) Mahlo and (the least) weakly compact.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Making all cardinals countable and its HOD

Suppose that $G$ is $Col(\omega, <Ord)$-generic over $V$ and let $W=HOD^{V[G]}$. Is $CH$ true in $W$? In general, what can we say about the behaviour of the power function in $W$?
Update. Are the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Is there any forcing free proof for hard independence results?

We are forced to use forcing for almost all "hard" independence results such as: $Con(ZFC)\longrightarrow Con (ZFC+\neg CH) $. The question simply is:
Primary Question: Is there any "forcing free" ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

674 views

### Tractability of forcing-invariant statements under large cardinals

It is usual to mention theorems of the kind:
Th. Assume there is a proper class of Woodin cardinals, $\mathbb{P} $ is a partial order and $G \subseteq \mathbb{P}$ is V-generic, then $V \models \phi ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Singularizing forcing of “small” cardinality?

Can there be a large cardinal $\kappa$ and a forcing of size $\kappa$ that makes $\kappa$ a singular cardinal? The motivation is that the standard Prikry forcing does not have a dense set of size ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

856 views

### Cantor-Bernstein for notions of forcing

For forcing notions $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ let us write $\mathbb{P}\triangleleft\mathbb{Q}$ if forcing with $\mathbb{Q}$ always adds a $\mathbb{P}$-generic filter over $V$. In other words, ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

507 views

### Definability of ground model

I have seen mentioned that by a result of Laver, the ground model is definable in any set forcing extension (using parameters).
Does the same hold for class forcing? If it does, in order to establish ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

360 views

### A Question on Special Forcings

The usual use of forcing begins with a "countable" and "transitive" ground model of $ZFC$ and reaches to a "countable" and "transitive" generic model of $ZFC$ with the "same ordinals". In a discussion ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

361 views

### Existence of a regular subposet which collapses everything except the top cardinal

Suppose $\delta$ is an inaccessible cardinal, and $\mathbb{P}$ is the Levy Collapse $\text{Col}(\kappa, \delta)$ which adds a surjection from $\kappa \to \delta$ (for some regular $\kappa < ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

289 views

### Applications of forcing in model theory

What are the major applications of (set theoretic) forcing in model theory?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Bad subforcings of nice forcing notions

Let $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ be two forcing notions. Recall that we say $\mathbb{Q}$ is a subforcing of $\mathbb{P}$ if there exists a regular embedding $\mathbb{Q} \to \text{r.o.}(\mathbb{P}).$
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### The category of Boolean-valued models associated to a model of ZFC

This is related to my previous question here, and indirectly motivated by Andreas Blass intriguing answer therein:
start from a ZF transitive model $M$, and consider the category $CBA(M)$ of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

245 views

### Substructure Argument for Chain Conditions

Once, someone showed me a nice argument using elementary substructures for proving chain conditions about forcings. It was a basic example, maybe that Cohen forcing is ccc. I've been trying to look up ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

331 views

### Is Prikry forcing minimal?

Let $M$ be a model of $\sf ZFC$ in which $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal, and $\cal U$ is a normal measure on $\kappa$. We can define the Prikry forcing (the most simple one) as the poset: $$\Bbb ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### A sequence of generic filters that does not come from an iteration

Fix a countable transitive model $M$ of ZFC.
In my answer to this question I indicated that there are forcing iterations
$((Q_\alpha:\alpha\leq\omega),(\dot P_\alpha:\alpha<\omega))$ in $M$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Failure of Cantor-Bernstein for the Levy Collapse

Related to this question, is it possible to give an example of the failure of Cantor-Bernstein for complete embeddings of forcing notions involving the Levy Collapse $Col(\omega,<\kappa)$? Suppose ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Symmetric extensions and class forcing

Suppose $V\models ZFC$ and $P\in V$ is a poset of forcing conditions.
It is a basic theorem in forcing that $V[G]\models ZFC$ for any generic extension by a $V$-generic filter $G$.
It is also known ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### Preservation of measurable cardinals in mild extensions

I would like some help with the proof of the preservation of measurable cardinals in mild extensions, as I am a bit new with forcing.
By mild extensions, I mean the generic extension produced from a ...