Forcing is a method first used to prove the continuum hypothesis is independent of the classical axioms of set theory

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Similarities between Post's Problem and Cohen's Forcing

Remark: I have since learned that G.H. Moore addresses this question in the third reference listed at the end of this post, beginning on p. 157 in which he cites a letter from Kreisel to Gödel dated ...
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Resembling the Levy Collapse

Suppose $\kappa$ is a weakly compact cardinal. Is there a $\kappa$-c.c. forcing $\mathbb{P}$ such that $\mathbb{P} \subseteq V_\kappa$ and $\Vdash_{\mathbb{P}} \kappa = \aleph_1$, where $\mathbb{P}$ ...
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Forcing as a tool to prove theorems

It is often mentioned the main use of forcing is to prove independence facts, but it also seems a way to prove theorems. For instance how would one try to prove Erdös-Rado, $\beth_n^{+} \to ...
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Is it possible for countably closed forcing to collapse $\aleph_2$ to $\aleph_1$ without collapsing the continuum?

Suppose the continuum is larger than $\aleph_2$. Does there exist a countably closed notion of forcing that collapses $\aleph_2$ to $\aleph_1$, but does not collapse the continuum to $\aleph_1$? ...
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Questions about $\aleph_1-$closed forcing notions

"Foreman`s maximality principle" states that every non-trivial forcing notion either adds a real or collapses some cardinals. This principle has many consequences including: 1) $GCH$ fails ...
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A proposed axiom of Laver (updated)

A few months back, I posted a question asking about a proposed axiom of Laver's and I, unfortunately, left out a critical piece. Here is the full axiom: (L) Some elementary embedding ...
7
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Is there a forcing closure?

The main theorem of forcing says that for any c.t.m of $ZFC$ like $M$ and for all partial order $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{P}$-generic $G$ over $M$, there is a c.t.m of $ZFC$, like $N$ such that $N$ is ...
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On intermediate transitive models for ZFC between M an M[G]

Let $P$ be a forcing notion. Let $B(P)$ be the boolean completion of $P$ and $i : P \rightarrow B(P)$ be the corresponding dense embedding (in $B(P)^{+}$). Let $G$ be $B(P)$-generic over $M$, the ...
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Mutually generics

Given posets $P,Q\in M$, I would like to know under what circumstances there are mutually generic filters $G\subseteq P$ and $H\subseteq Q$ (generic over $M$). Also, what are the characterizations of ...
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Examples of ZFC theorems proved via forcing

This is an old suggestion of Joel David Hamkins at the end of his answer to this question: Forcing as a tool to prove theorems I just noticed it while trying to understand his answer. But indeed it ...
27
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Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations, where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...
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Two versions of “absolutely ccc”

I have recently been slogging my way through Shelah's "Large continuum, oracles". Essentially from the start there has been a question needling me which I cannot seem to answer. In the paper, ...
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Forcing in Homotopy Type Theory

I apologize if this question doesn't make any sense. I'll just go ahead and delete it if that's the case. But the question is just the title. Is there a notion of forcing in homotopy type theory? ...
10
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Reals added after Cohen forcing

Let $V_1$ be a generic extension of $V\models GCH$ obtained by adding $\aleph_{\omega}-$many Cohen reals. Then we have the following: 1- In $V_1$ there are $\aleph_{\omega+1}-$many reals, 2- In ...
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4answers
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Forcing over models without the axiom of choice

In the vast majority of papers forcing is always developed over ZFC. Not surprisingly too, since infintary combinatorial principles are often used to prove results based on properties such as chain ...
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Failure of diamond at large cardinals

What is known about the failure of $\Diamond_{\kappa}$ (diamond at $\kappa$) for $\kappa$ (the least) inaccessible, (the least) Mahlo and (the least) weakly compact. Remark. The problem of forcing ...
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When does the choice of the generic matter?

It is a somewhat curious phenomenon that, in forcing arguments, one usually doesn't care about any particular properties of the generic filter being used (this isn't strictly true; there are cases ...
18
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Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...
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Woodin's unpublished proof of the global failure of GCH

An unpublished result of Woodin says the following: Theorem. Assuming the existence of large cardinals, it is consistent that $\forall \lambda, 2^{\lambda}=\lambda^{++}.$ In the paper "The ...
14
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1answer
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Is every class that does not add sets necessarily added by forcing?

We know there are many situations in which we can force over a model $M$ of GBC to add a class $G$ without adding any sets. That is, the extension $M[G]$ satisfies GBC and has the same sets as $M$. ...
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3answers
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A limit to Shoenfield Absoluteness

Shoenfield's Absoluteness Theorem states that if $\phi$ is any $\Sigma^1_2$ sentence of second-order arithmetic, then $\phi$ is absolute between any two models of $ZF$ which share the same ordinals. ...
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1answer
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Iterated forcing and CH

I need some help with this theorem: if $P_\beta=\langle P_\alpha,\dot{Q}_\alpha:\alpha\leq\beta\rangle$, $\beta<\omega_2$, is a CSI of proper forcings, $P_\alpha\Vdash \lvert ...
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Tractability of forcing-invariant statements under large cardinals

It is usual to mention theorems of the kind: Th. Assume there is a proper class of Woodin cardinals, $\mathbb{P} $ is a partial order and $G \subseteq \mathbb{P}$ is V-generic, then $V \models \phi ...
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2answers
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Singularizing forcing of “small” cardinality?

Can there be a large cardinal $\kappa$ and a forcing of size $\kappa$ that makes $\kappa$ a singular cardinal? The motivation is that the standard Prikry forcing does not have a dense set of size ...
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Cantor-Bernstein for notions of forcing

For forcing notions $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ let us write $\mathbb{P}\triangleleft\mathbb{Q}$ if forcing with $\mathbb{Q}$ always adds a $\mathbb{P}$-generic filter over $V$. In other words, ...
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Which forcings preserve (some) determinacy?

The question is exactly as in the title. I'm interested in general in all questions of the form "which forcings preserve property P?" for any P, but determinacy assumptions occupy a special place in ...
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Definability of ground model

I have seen mentioned that by a result of Laver, the ground model is definable in any set forcing extension (using parameters). Does the same hold for class forcing? If it does, in order to establish ...
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1answer
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Is there any forcing free proof for hard independence results?

We are forced to use forcing for almost all "hard" independence results such as: $Con(ZFC)\longrightarrow Con (ZFC+\neg CH) $. The question simply is: Primary Question: Is there any "forcing free" ...
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Making all cardinals countable and its HOD

Suppose that $G$ is $Col(\omega, <Ord)$-generic over $V$ and let $W=HOD^{V[G]}$. Is $CH$ true in $W$? In general, what can we say about the behaviour of the power function in $W$? Update. Are the ...
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Existence of a regular subposet which collapses everything except the top cardinal

Suppose $\delta$ is an inaccessible cardinal, and $\mathbb{P}$ is the Levy Collapse $\text{Col}(\kappa, \delta)$ which adds a surjection from $\kappa \to \delta$ (for some regular $\kappa < ...
9
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1answer
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Can we change the Lebesgue measure by forcing?

Suppose $M$ is a model of ZFC, and $\mu^M$ is the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb R^M$ such that $\mu^M(\mathbb R^M)=1$. It is known that if $r$ is a Cohen real over $M$ and $N=M[r]$ then $\mu^N(\mathbb ...
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Probabilities independent of ZFC?

Hi guys, is it possible to change the probability of an event via forcing? More precisely, is there an innocent looking question on the probability of "something" whose answer is independent of ZFC? ...
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Consistency results using nonstandard models

Are there any consistency results in set theory (or in mathematics) that can be proved using nonstandard models of ZFC but not using transitive models of ZFC?
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Bad subforcings of nice forcing notions

Let $\mathbb{P}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ be two forcing notions. Recall that we say $\mathbb{Q}$ is a subforcing of $\mathbb{P}$ if there exists a regular embedding $\mathbb{Q} \to \text{r.o.}(\mathbb{P}).$ ...
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A Question on Special Forcings

The usual use of forcing begins with a "countable" and "transitive" ground model of $ZFC$ and reaches to a "countable" and "transitive" generic model of $ZFC$ with the "same ordinals". In a discussion ...
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Questions about Prikry forcing and Cohen forcing

I have some questions. The first one is about the product of Prikry's forcing. Let $\kappa$ be a measurable cardinal, $U_1, U_2$ be normal measures on $\kappa$ and let $\mathbb{P}_{U_1}, ...
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Does forcing with recursively pointed perfect trees add a Turing degree that is minimal over $V$?

A tree $T$ on $\omega$ is recursively pointed if it is recursive in each of its branches. We can consider a variant of Sacks forcing where the conditions are recursively pointed perfect trees ordered ...
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Applications of forcing in model theory

What are the major applications of (set theoretic) forcing in model theory?
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How can I collapse all cardinals of ground model except one of them?

Let $\kappa$ be an uncountable cardinal of a c.t.m $M$ of $ZFC$. Is there a generic extension of $M$ like $M[G]$ such that all uncountable cardinals of ground model collapse except $\kappa$?
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Which notions of forcing add a cofinal branch to an $\omega_1$-tree?

I'd like to know more about forcing to add a cofinal branch to an $\omega_1$-tree. Question 1: What kinds of forcings add cofinal branches to $\omega_1$-trees? What kinds of forcings cannot? ...
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“name” for the ground model

I am a beginner of forcing, often I read from some articles something like "$p \Vdash \dot{G}$ is $P$-generic over $\check{M}$" (where $M$ is a countable transitive model, for instance). Q1. I ...
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The category of Boolean-valued models associated to a model of ZFC

This is related to my previous question here, and indirectly motivated by Andreas Blass intriguing answer therein: start from a ZF transitive model $M$, and consider the category $CBA(M)$ of ...
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Substructure Argument for Chain Conditions

Once, someone showed me a nice argument using elementary substructures for proving chain conditions about forcings. It was a basic example, maybe that Cohen forcing is ccc. I've been trying to look up ...
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Is Prikry forcing minimal?

Let $M$ be a model of $\sf ZFC$ in which $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal, and $\cal U$ is a normal measure on $\kappa$. We can define the Prikry forcing (the most simple one) as the poset: $$\Bbb ...
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Namba forcing and semiproperness

This question is the result of leaving "Proper and Improper Forcing" on my nightstand by accident. Is the statement "Namba forcing is semiproper" known to be equiconsistent with some more standard ...
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Forcing Diamond

It is well known that adding a subset of a regular cardinal $\kappa$ with partial functions of size $< \kappa$ forces $\Diamond_\kappa$. One can also see that if $S \in V$ is a stationary subset ...
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A sequence of generic filters that does not come from an iteration

Fix a countable transitive model $M$ of ZFC. In my answer to this question I indicated that there are forcing iterations $((Q_\alpha:\alpha\leq\omega),(\dot P_\alpha:\alpha<\omega))$ in $M$ and ...
6
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Failure of Cantor-Bernstein for the Levy Collapse

Related to this question, is it possible to give an example of the failure of Cantor-Bernstein for complete embeddings of forcing notions involving the Levy Collapse $Col(\omega,<\kappa)$? Suppose ...
6
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1answer
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If there is a non-constructible real, is there an $L$-generic real?

If we assume that $\Bbb R^V\neq\Bbb R^L$, can we deduce that there is some $x\in\Bbb R^V$ which is $L$-generic? Of course if $V$ is a generic extension of $L$ this is true, but if $V=L[0^\#]$ this is ...
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Symmetric extensions and class forcing

Suppose $V\models ZFC$ and $P\in V$ is a poset of forcing conditions. It is a basic theorem in forcing that $V[G]\models ZFC$ for any generic extension by a $V$-generic filter $G$. It is also known ...