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0
votes
0answers
16 views

A fredholm index associated with two vector fields generating a 2 dimensional foliation

Let $M$ be a compact manifold and $X,Y$ be two independent vector fields on $M$ with $[X,Y]=0$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be the 2 dimensional foliation associated with the distribution ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Topology of the space of foliations on a 3-manifold

Denote by $\mathcal{P} (M)$ the space of smooth plane fields(oriented and transversely oriented) on a given closed and orientable 3-manifold $M$ with the $C^{\infty}$ topology, and by $\mathcal{F}(M)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

When does a leaf space admit a (non-Hausdorff) manifold structure?

If $f:M \to N$ is a submersion with connected fibers, then the fibers of $f$ foliate $M$. This is called a simple foliation of $M$ and the leaf space can be identified with $N$. Suppose that a ...
0
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0answers
81 views

Classification of complex Kronecker foliations

Let $\theta \in \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed complex number. The submersion $f:\mathbb{C}^{2}\to \mathbb{C}\; \text{with}\; f(x,y)=y-\theta x$ defines a complex foliation on $\mathbb{C}^{2}$. Consider the ...
2
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0answers
92 views

A (different) foliation arising from Hopf fibration

In this question, first we fix an isomorphism between $TS^{3}$ and $S^{3}\times \mathbb{R}^{3}$.(To be more precise we consider the global trivialization of $TS^{3}$ with help of $3$ global ...
2
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0answers
116 views

A special non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$

Is there a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ with an infinite family $T_{\lambda}$ of invariant torus such that each $T_{\lambda}$ has an structure of a Kronecker foliation but for ...
0
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0answers
169 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

On the realization of a compact surface as a leaf of an analytic foliation

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$. Is there any transversely real (or complex) analytic codimension one foliation $\mathcal{F}$ such that $\mathcal{F}$ has $S$ as a leaf with ...
0
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0answers
38 views

One dimensional foliation of surfaces with prescribed graph of foliation

According to the definition of the graph of a foliation by Winkelnkemper we ask the following questions: Let $G$ be one of the following non hausdorff 3 dim manifold 1) $G$ is a ...
2
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2answers
88 views

Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Characterization of certain analytic vector fields on $S^{2}$

Let $X$ be a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which satisfies: $X$ has a finite number of singularities on $S^{2}$ The equator is invariant under flow of $X$ 3.$g_{*}X=X\; ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Are codimension one foliations of $\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$ with compact leaves, stable at origin?

Assume that we have a codimension one foliation of $\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$ with compact leaves. Is it true to say that the foliation is stable at origin:That is: for every neighborhood $V$ of ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

“The” kronecker foliation or “a” kronecker foliation?

Consider the following two foliations of torus: 1)The Kronecker foliation with slope $\sqrt{2}$ 2)The Kronecker foliation with slope $\pi$ As I learn from the literature, these two foliations are ...
0
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0answers
100 views

The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$ It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Holomorphic Foliations having transverse sections

In the introduction to the paper "On the Geometry of Holomorphic Flows and Foliations Having Transverse Sections" by Ito and Scardua, one reads the following "a holomorphic codimension one foliation ...
3
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0answers
60 views

Hessian eigenspaces form integrable distributions on a Riemannian manifold?

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ a differentiable function. I can form the Hessian $H$ of $f$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection); this is a symmetric bilinear ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis? Please see this related post Added : According to their method, what of the following ...
1
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0answers
133 views

Foliation of the tangent bundle of $n$-sphere

Is there a smooth $n$-dimensional foliation of $TS^{n}$,( here $n\neq1,3,7$) such that the zero section be a leaf of this foliation?
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Anti_symplectic 2-forms

A two form $\alpha$ on a n- manifold $M$ is called anti symplectic if for every $x\in M$, $\{ v\in T_{x} M \mid i_{v} \alpha=0 \}$ is a $n-2$ dimensional subspace of $T_{x}M$. So we obtain a $n-2$ ...
4
votes
2answers
491 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesible flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$: \begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation} This equation defines a foliation on ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Extendability of Contact Structures; Foliations of $S^2$

I am currently reading Eliashberg's paper on the classification of overtwisted contact structures (http://bogomolov-lab.ru/G-sem/eliashberg-tight-overtwisted.pdf). In it, there is the following ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Can an analytic set admit such a foliation?

I confess to be not an expert of analytic geometry, but I have come across the following problem, for which I need an help from experts in this specific field. I was wondering myself if it is ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

An absolutely continuous foliation, which is not transversely absolutely continuous

Currently I'm studying "Introduction to dyamical systems" by Stuck and Brin. In chapter 6 they define absolutely continuous and transversely absolutely continuous foliations. By proposition 6.2.2 if ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Foliation of surface all of whose leaves are circles

I'm having trouble locating a reference for the following basic fact. Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface with boundary. Assume that $\mathcal{F}$ is a foliation of $S$ all of whose leaves are ...
0
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0answers
115 views

A question on lie groups( Lie algebras)

What is an example of a compact Lie group $G$ which is not isomorphic to a product of two nontrivial lie groups and satisfies the following property: There are two non zero vector fields $X, Y \in ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Foliation values of Exotic spheres

In the following question, we defined the foliation values of an smooth manifold; Foliation values of a manifold Let $S_{i}$'s, $i\in \{0,1,\ldots,27\}$, be the smooth structures of topological ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Foliation values of a manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth n dimensional manifold. The foliation values of $M$, denoted by $F(M)$, is defined as \begin{equation} F(M)=\{ 1\leq k\leq n\mid \text{there exist an smooth $k$ dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Frobenius rank of a manifold

The rank of an smooth manifold M is defined by Milnor, as follows: "The maximum number of independent commuting vector fields on M" For example it is well known that the rank of $S^{3}$ is 1 (Lima, ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

the union of local stable manifolds along local unstable manifolds

Let $f:M\rightarrow M$ be a $C^2$ hyperbolic diffeomorphism on compact connected riemannian manifold $M$. then there are local stable and unstable manifolds at each point denoted by $W^s_\delta(x), ...
8
votes
2answers
461 views

Can we foliate the punctured space by tori?

Is it possible to have a 2 dimensional foliation of $\mathbb{R}^{3}-\{0\}$ such that each leaf is homeomorphic to the torus? what algebraic topological obstruction exist? Another question: is there ...
11
votes
2answers
184 views

Is $\mathbb{H}^n$ quasi-isometric to a leaf of a codimension 1 foliation of a compact manifold?

If we extend the action of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g), g\geq 2,$ from $\mathbb{H}^2$ to its boundary $\partial_{\infty}\mathbb{H}^2=S^1$, the surface bundle corresponding to this action of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$ on ...
6
votes
3answers
428 views

Deformation of foliation

Suppose $\kappa$ is a no-where vanishing 1-form, then its kernel is integrable is equivalent to condition $d\kappa \wedge \kappa = 0$. My question is, can such foliation smoothly deformed such that ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Existence of bundle-like metrics to a given foliation

Let $(M, \cal F)$ be a (compact) foliated smooth manifold. I would like to know if there always exists a bundle-like Riemannian metric $g$ for $\cal F$ (i.e. $({\cal L}_U g)(X,Y) = 0$ for all $U \in ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

Unstable Foliations

Let $M$ be a closed compact Riemannian manifold, $\mathcal{F}$ be a $C^1$ foliation on $M$. Let $F(x)\in\mathcal{F}$ be the leaf containing $x$. Definition. $\mathcal{F}$ is said to be a unstable ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

taut foliations and the existence of total transversals

A codimension one foliation $\cal F$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is taut if every leaf of $\cal F$ meets a closed transversal (i.e., a simple closed curve that is everywhere transversal to the leaves of ...
10
votes
3answers
484 views

Foliations by holomorphic curves on complex surfaces

On a complex surface, does there exist a non-singular foliation by holomorphic curves that is NOT a holomorphic foliation, i.e. transversally holomorphic foliation? The surface should be compact and ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

A parametrix for the $\bar\partial$ operator adapted to a holomorphic foliation

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold with (regular) holomorphic foliation given by a holomorphic subbundle $\mathcal F$ of the tangent bundle. The foliation induces a filtration on differential ...
3
votes
1answer
414 views

C* Algebras, Foliations and Dynamical Systems

I am a Ph.D student involved in topics like integrability of foliations arising from center stable bundles of partially hyperbolic dynamical systems. These are generally only continuous bundles so one ...
8
votes
3answers
356 views

twisted Poisson structures, degenerate metrics and integrability properties of (2,0)-tensors

Given a regular (constant rank) bi-vector $\Pi \in \Gamma(\bigwedge^2TM)$ on a smooth manifold $M$ the necessary and sufficient condition for the image of $\Pi^\sharp:T^*M\to TM$ to be an integrable ...
0
votes
0answers
130 views

Foliation over characteristic positive

Ekedahl wrote about foliation in characteristic positive, over the field $/frac{Z}{pZ}$ as a subsheaft of the tangent sheaft, that is closed over involution and $p$-power, My question is if there ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Smooth functions tangent to the leaves of a foliation

Given two smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$, it is known that if $M$ is compact, then $C^\infty(M,N)$ is a Fréchet manifold whose tangent space at $f \in C^\infty(M,N)$ is the space $$T_f C^\infty(M,N) = ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

When are $k$-sectors of a Lie groupoid a manifold?

Let ${\mathcal{G} = \lbrace s,t:G_1 \to G_0 \rbrace}$ be a Lie groupoid. Define $$(\mathcal{G}^k)_0:=\lbrace (a_1,\dots,a_k) \in G_1^k\mid s(a_1)=t(a_1)=\dots=s(a_k)=t(a_k) \rbrace$$ (This is the ...
8
votes
1answer
395 views

A concept of dynamical coherence

I'm trying to make an overview of the study of partial hyperbolicity and there is an interesting concept of dynamical coherence which appears there. Some call it mild (see the Thesis of Pablo ...
5
votes
3answers
747 views

Examples and non-examples of Riemannian foliations

Recall a tranverse metric on a (regular) foliated manifold $(M,F)$ is a positive symmetric $C^\infty (M)$-bilinear form $g$ such that 1) $Ker(g_x)=T_x F$ 2) It is invariant with respect to lie ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

Linearization of singular foliation in the plane

Hello, I would like to obtain a smooth model around a singular point of a foliation (in my case the model should be the linearization of the foliation). It seems that the answer could be hidden in ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

Kähler Cones in $\mathbb{C}^4$ and a foliation of $\mathbb{P}^3$

Take the 3-dimensional complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^3$. Consider the action of the group $SU(2)\times SU(2)$. I have read in physics related articles that these group gives a singular ...
10
votes
1answer
902 views

Question about Thurston's paper “A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds”

I have a question about the proof of Theorem 5 in Thurston's paper "A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds". It's the theorem that asserts that the fibered faces are, well, fibered. More precisely, ...
2
votes
1answer
511 views

Orbits of Lie Algebra Actions

It is well known that the image of a free Lie algebra action $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\to\mathfrak{X}^1(M)$ on a manifold $M$ is an integrable distribution of constant rank $(=\rm{dim}\;\mathfrak{g})$. Thus ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

extended forms from foliations [closed]

hi, i have the following question: Let $M$ be a n-dimensional manifold (or riemannian or everything thats nice ...) and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a foliation of $M$ by surfaces. Assume, furthermore, that ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

Extension of integrable distribution over a subset

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and $G_k(M)$ be the $k$-dimensional Grassmian bundle of $M$. Let $K\subset M$ be a compact subset and $E:K\to G_k(M)$ be a continuous distribution on $K$. We say $E$ is ...