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### Normalizers in symmetric groups

Question: Let $G$ be a finite group. Is it true that there is a subgroup $U$ inside some symmetric group $S_n$, such that $N(U)/U$ is isomorphic to $G$? Here $N(U)$ is the normalizer of $U$ in $S_n$.
...

**23**

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388 views

### Class function counting solutions of equation in finite group: when is it a virtual character?

Let $w=w(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a word in a free group of rank $n$. Let $G$ be a finite group. Then we may define a class function $f=f_w$ of $G$ by
$$ f_w(g) = |\{ (x_1,\dots, x_n)\in G^n\mid ...

**21**

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743 views

### Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$?

I. As a background, in Traces of Singular Moduli (p.2), Zagier defines the modular form of weight 3/2,
$$g(\tau) = \frac{\eta^2(\tau)}{\eta(2\tau)}\frac{E_4(4\tau)}{\eta^6(4\tau)}=\vartheta_4(\tau)\, ...

**19**

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255 views

### Uniform proof that a finite reflection group is determined by its degrees?

Given a finite (real) group $G$ generated by reflections acting on euclidean $n$-space, it was shown by Chevalley in the 1950s that the algebra of invariants of $G$ in the associated polynomial ...

**19**

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541 views

### Is there a Mathieu groupoid M_31?

I have read something which said that the large amount of common structure between the simple groups $SL(3,3)$ and $M_{11}$ indicated to Conway the possibility that the Mathieu groupoid $M_{13}$ might ...

**18**

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683 views

### Given a lattice L with n elements, are there finite groups H < G such that L $\cong$ the lattice of subgroups between H and G?

If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...

**17**

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421 views

### Density of first-order definable sets in a directed union of finite groups

This is a generalization of the following question by John Wiltshire-Gordon.
Consider an inductive family of finite groups:
$$
G_0 \hookrightarrow G_1 \hookrightarrow \ldots \hookrightarrow G_i ...

**16**

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409 views

### Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups.
Below is a proposition for ...

**16**

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348 views

### Applications of the surjectivity of Brauer's decomposition map over arbitrary fields?

Recently I've been going over some of Serre's reformulation of Brauer theory with a student, following the influential treatment in Part III of Serre's lectures (revised 1971 French edition) later ...

**15**

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259 views

### Maximum automorphism group for a 3-connected cubic graph

The following arose as a side issue in a project on graph reconstruction.
Problem: Let $a(n)$ be the greatest order of the automorphism group of a 3-connected cubic graph with $n$ vertices. Find a ...

**14**

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**0**answers

491 views

### What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...

**13**

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521 views

### How much has been written down about Deligne's geometric approach to the order formula for a finite group of Lie type?

This is a follow-up to a recent mathoverflow question
34387
about computing the orders of finite unitary groups and the comments made there.
Between 1955 (Chevalley's Tohoku paper) and 1968 ...

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556 views

### What can be said about Schur indices, given only the character table?

Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...

**11**

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266 views

### Generating random finite groups

I would like a method to efficiently generate a random finite group of a given order $n$.
If there are $g(n)$ non-isomorphic groups of order $n$,
ideally each group would occur with probability ...

**10**

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294 views

### $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...

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241 views

### Non split extension isomorphic (as a group) to a split extension

$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$.
Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...

**9**

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413 views

### How many sporadic simple groups are there, really?

I attended a talk by John Conway recently where he explained to us that the usual number, 26, was wrong, that there are in fact 27 sporadic simple groups. His reason was that the Tits group, which is ...

**7**

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186 views

### A strong sum-product “for translates” in finite fields

In the course of some recent research, I've sketched out a proof of the following result. My basis question is: is the result interesting?
Proposition There exists an absolute constant $c$ such ...

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253 views

### Connection between two theorems on character values?

In a recent arXiv preprint here, Dipendra Prasad has revisited a 1976 theorem of Kostant (Theorem 2 in the paper On Macdonald's $\eta$-function formula, the Laplacian and generalized exponents, ...

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114 views

### Fusion pattern in a cyclic subgroup of order 8

Can a finite simple group $G$ have an element $x$ of order 8 such that $x^2$ is conjugate to $x^{-2}$ but $x$ is not conjugate to any element of $\{x^3,x^5,x^7\}$?
In other words, does this fusion ...

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390 views

### Cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup in finite simple groups

Hello,
I came accross a beautiful and "simple" (no pun intended) theorem, mentioned here in slide 14 by Jack Schmidt.
All finite simple groups have a cyclic
Sylow $p$-subgroup for some $p$
I ...

**7**

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230 views

### Why would dim primitive irrep divide size of some conjugacy class ?

From Isaacs et.al. 2005
Conjecture C. Let χ be a primitive
irreducible character of an arbitrary
ﬁnite group G. Then χ(1) divides |
clG(g)| for some element g ∈ G.
Here, of course, we ...

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324 views

### The maximal order of an element in orthogonal groups over finite fields of characteristic 2

Let $q$ be a power of $2$ and let $(V,Q)$ be a
quadratic space of dimension $2m$ over $\mathbb{F}_q$. Up to isometry, we know that we have exactly two classes of such quadratic spaces: the plus type ...

**6**

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248 views

### Outer group automorphisms preserving conjugacy classes of pairs of commuting elements

The following problem appears in the study of braided autoequivalences of representation categories of Drinfeld doubles of finite groups.
Let $G$ be a finite group. An outer automorphism $\alpha$ of ...

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167 views

### A constant associated to the character table of a finite group

Following on from some of myprevious MO questions on finite group theory...
$\newcommand{\Irr}{\operatorname{Irr}}\newcommand{\Conj}{\operatorname{Conj}}\newcommand{\AMZL}{{\rm AM}_{\rm Z}}$
Let $G$ ...

**6**

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205 views

### Intersections of anisotropic tori with split Levi subgroups

Let G be a connected reductive group defined and split over a finite field k with Frobenius morphism F. Let T be an F-stable minisotropic maximal torus. Let P be an F-stable proper parabolic ...

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236 views

### Recovering a group from its number of symmetric embeddings?

Fix a finite group $G$, and let $f_G:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{N}$ be defined by setting $f_G(n)$ to be the largest $m$ such that $S_n$ contains $m$ disjoint (pairwise-intersecting at 1) copies of ...

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148 views

### Finding a database of representations as matrices

Sorry if this would be more appropriate as a stackoverflow and not a mathoverflow question, but I think it's more likely to be known in this community.
There are plenty of places on the internet or ...

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212 views

### Cohomology of T^{n}/W for compact Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compact, connected and simply connected.
Let $T\subset G$ be a maximal torus and let $W$ be the corresponding
Weyl group.
Then we have the diagonal action of $W$ on $T^{n}$ for $n\ge ...

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398 views

### Jordan's Theorem on primitive permutation groups

The theorem I am referring to in the title is this:
Theorem. If $p$ is a prime and $n$ is an integer with $n \geq p+3$, then the only primitive permutation groups on $n$ points containing a ...

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489 views

### When is Hom(G, H) the same size as Hom(H, G)?

Let $G$ and $H$ be finite groups. Consider the ratio
$$r_{G, H} \equiv {|Hom(G, H)| \over{|Hom(H,G)|}}$$
My question is
When is $r_{G, H} = 1$? Can we characterize the pairs of groups $(G, H)$ ...

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69 views

### Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of inclusions of finite groups

This post is a generalization of Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of finite groups.
Here we look inclusions of finite groups $(H \subset G)$ instead of just finite groups.
Definition: ...

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111 views

### Self-duality of the subgroup lattice of $G\times H$

Let $G$ and $H$ be finite groups and $\gcd(|G|,|H|)=1$.
Suppose the lattice of all subgroups of $G\times H$ is self-dual. Is the lattice of all subgroups of $G$ self-dual?

**5**

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80 views

### representable functions on FinGrp

We look at functions $f: \text{FinGrp} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that $f$ is constant on isomorphism classes.
Let's say that $f$ is representable if there is a (possibly infinite) group $K$ such ...

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213 views

### A particular example of solvable group

Let be $m$ an integer, $m>0$, $n=p_1^{a_1}...p_t^{a_t}$. Define $f(n)=a_1+...+a_t$.
Let $G$ be a finite group and define $f(G)=\max\left\{\,f(\lvert g\rvert):g\in G\,\right\}$.
Is there a finite ...

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107 views

### Information about permutation character from local action

Let $G$ be a finite permutation group acting transitively, but not regularly, on a set $V$. Let $H$ be the stabilizer of some point $v\in V$, and suppose that $H$ acts 2-transitively on one of its ...

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257 views

### Vanishing sums of powers modulo n

Is it possible to describe all positive integer sequences $\{x_i\}$ such that
$$
\sum_i x_i=n
\quad
\hbox{and}
\quad
\sum_i x_i^k\equiv 0\pmod n
\quad
\hbox{for all $k$ (and a given $n$)?}
$$
...

**5**

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141 views

### Subgroups of M-groups

Let $G$ be an M-group. Let $\chi$ be an irreducible character of $G$ and set $$A_{\chi} =
\{ H\leq G\ |\ \exists \psi\in\textrm{Lin}(H): \psi^G = \chi\}$$
Since $G$ is an M-group, this set is ...

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336 views

### What are the relation between Rep(G) and Rep(S_n)?

Let G be a finite group. We know it can be written as a subgroup of S_n. On the other hand, people sometimes say Rep(G) --- the category of all finite dimensional representations, are more interesting ...

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78 views

### Automorphisms with an orbit “transversal” to a subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite group, $H$ be a subgroup of index $2$, $\phi\colon G\to G$ an automorphism. For $d\in \mathbb N$ let us say that $\phi$ is $d$-transversal to $H$ iff there is $h\in H$ such that
...

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318 views

### More on Moonshine for the Thompson group and weakly holomorphic weight one half modular forms

This question is a follow-up to
Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$?
and is based on various comments to that question, in particular S. Carnahan's mention of the
connection to known ...

**4**

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**0**answers

246 views

### nilpotent fixed-point-free groups of automorphisms

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ be a nilpotent subgroup of
$Aut(G)$. If $C_{G}(H)=1$, is $G$ solvable?

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130 views

### What is known about 2-modular representations of Ree groups of type $F_4$?

A too-vaguely worded question posted today about Suzuki and Ree groups reminds me to revisit a concern I never followed up years ago when assembling information about modular representations of finite ...

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197 views

### Interplay between two definitions of the transfer homomorphism.

The transfer homomorphism can be defined in a couple of ways. For the purposes of this question, assume that all groups are finite.
Defintion 1. Let $1\leqslant K'\leqslant L \leqslant K\leqslant ...

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244 views

### Can one characterize a permutation character from properties of the character table?

Sufficient conditions would establish the existence of a subgroup
stabilizing a point in the permutation representation.

**4**

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177 views

### Arithmetic relations between degrees of irrchar and cardinals of conjugacy classes

Perhaps this question arose already in MO. If so, then I'm ready to delete it.
If $G$ is a finite group, I denote c $=(c_1,\ldots,c_r)$ the cardinals of its congacy classes and m $=m_1,\ldots,m_s$ ...

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244 views

### What's the ratio of inclusions of finite groups with a distributive lattice?

Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, $(A \subset B) \sim (C \subset D)$, if: $(A/A_B \subset B/A_B) \simeq (C/C_D \subset D/C_D)$ with $A_B$ the normal core of $A$ in $B$.
...

**3**

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182 views

### Profinite groups, completions, and Schreier's formula

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, and $H \leq_o G$. We say that $H$ satisfies Schreier's formula in $G$ if $d(H) - 1 = (d(G)-1)[G:H]$. We say that $G$ satisfies Schreier's formula if ...

**3**

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**0**answers

99 views

### Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?

**3**

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82 views

### Double coset relation for unique intermediate subgroup (with homogeneity)

Let $G$ be a group and $H$ a subgroup such that there is a unique (non-trivial) intermediate subgroup $K$ (i.e. $H < S < G$ implies $S=K$) and $(H \subset K) \sim (K \subset G)$ (homogeneity) ...