The finite-groups tag has no wiki summary.

**11**

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### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### Examples of finite groups with “good” bijection(s) between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations?

For symmetric group conjugacy classes and irreducible representation both are parametrized by Young diagramms, so there is a kind of "good" bijection between the two sets. For general finite groups ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Products of maximal inclusions of finite groups with a non-obvious intermediate

Let $(H_1 \subset G_1)$ and $(H_2 \subset G_2)$ be core-free maximal inclusions of finite groups.
Their product, the inclusion $(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$, admits four obvious ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there.
Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are there “real” vs. “quaternionic” conjugacy classes in finite groups?

The complex irreps of a finite group come in three types: self-dual by a
symmetric form, self-dual by a symplectic form, and not self-dual at all.
In the first two cases, the character is real-valued, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

633 views

### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

516 views

### Number of isomorphism types of finite groups

Are there some good asymptotic estimations for the number $F(n)$ of non-isomorphic finite groups of size smaller than $n$?

**9**

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**1**answer

337 views

### Factorization of a finite group by two subsets

I want to write a GAP program for checking the following question.
Let $G$ be a given finite group with order $n$. Is it true that for every factorization $n=ab$ there exist subsets $A$ and $B$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup.
The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$
Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

347 views

### A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...

**22**

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**7**answers

4k views

### The finite subgroups of SU(n)

This question is inspired by the recent question "The finite subgroups of SL(2,C)". While reading the answers there I remembered reading once that identifying the finite subgroups of SU(3) is still an ...

**28**

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**14**answers

3k views

### Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### For which $n$ is there only one group of order $n$?

Let $f(n)$ denote the number of (isomorphism classes of) groups of order $n$. A couple easy facts:
If $n$ is not squarefree, then there are multiple abelian groups of order $n$.
If $n \geq 4$ is ...

**24**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### How many groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And what of rings, fields, graphs, partial orders, etc.?

Question. How many (isomorphism types of) finite groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And the same question for rings,
fields, graphs, partial orders, etc.
...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying
$1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$
whose product has order ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

301 views

### If all real conjugacy classes are strongly real, then all real irreps are “strongly real”(symmetric), true ?

Question Is true that if all real conjugacy classes of a finite group are strongly real, then all its real irreducible representations (irreps) are "strongly real"(symmetric) ? And vice verse ?
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

566 views

### Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring.
A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

162 views

### bounding from below the cardinality of a set of generators of the $n$-fold cartesian product group of a finite group

Let $G$ be a non-trivial finite group. Let $n\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$ and let $G^n$ be the $n$-fold cartesian group product of $G$. Let $S\subseteq G^n$ be a generating set of $G^n$.
Q: Is $|S|\geq ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

547 views

### Decomposing representations of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group, $p$ a prime number. We denote by $\mathbb{F}_p$ the field of cardinality $p$. Let $V$ be an infinite dimensional representation of $G$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$.
Must there be ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

348 views

### Decomposing the conjugacy representation of Sym$(n)$ for small $n$

I am trying to compute the decomposition of the conjugacy representation of some small symmetric groups. Perhaps someone has undertaken a similar calculation.
My own calculations are quite slow, ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

524 views

### Structure of the adjoint representation of a (finite) group (Hopf algebra) ?

Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.
Question 1: what is known about this representation ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Reference for embeddings of reflection groups (related to folding ADE Coxeter graphs?

There are a couple of indirect methods, using Lie theory or Springer's general theory of regular elements in (real, complex) reflection groups, to construct natural embeddings among certain Weyl ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

169 views

### $\mathcal{L}(H_i \subset G_i)$ distributive $\Rightarrow$ $\mathcal{L}(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$ modular?

Let $\mathcal{L}( G)$ be the lattice of subgroups of $G$ and $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G)$ the lattice of intermediate subgroups.
Definitions: A lattice $(L, \wedge, \vee)$ is distributive if, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### relatively free groups in $Var(S_3)$

Suppose $S_3$ is the symmetric group of order 6. Which elements of the variety $Var(S_3)$ are relatively free?
This question is related to my previous question
Relatively free algebras in a variety ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Measures of non-abelian-ness

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian group of $n$ elements.
I would like a measure that intuitively captures the
extent to which $G$ is non-commutative.
One easy measure is a count of the non-commutative ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

747 views

### Definition of “finite group of Lie type”?

The list of finite simple groups of Lie type has been understood for half a century, modulo some differences in notation (and identifications between some of the very small groups coming from ...

**16**

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**3**answers

1k views

### Which groups have only real and quaternionic irreducible representations?

Consider a continuous irreducible representation of a compact Lie group on a finite-dimensional complex Hilbert space. There are three mutually exclusive options:
1) it's not isomorphic to its dual ...

**10**

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**2**answers

517 views

### A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...

**19**

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**5**answers

2k views

### Generating a finite group from elements in each conjugacy class

Is there a finite group such that, if you pick one element from each conjugacy class, these don't necessarily generate the entire group?

**18**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Generating finite simple groups with $2$ elements

Here is a very natural question:
Q: Is it always possible to generate a finite simple group with only $2$ elements?
In all the examples that I can think of the answer is yes.
If the answer is ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

889 views

### Non-split extensions of $GL_n(F_q)$ by $F_q^n$ ?

A very naive question :
I just learned that there is a non-split extension of $GL_3(F_2)$ by $F_2^3$ (with standard action). It can be realized as the subgroup of the automorphism group $G_2$ of ...

**18**

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**0**answers

683 views

### Given a lattice L with n elements, are there finite groups H < G such that L $\cong$ the lattice of subgroups between H and G?

If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...

**8**

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**3**answers

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### Algorithm to check is representation irreducible ? Algorithm to decompose the reducible one ?

Question 1 Given a representation of a finite group, what algorithm can be used to check is it irreducible or not ?
(Main case - complex numbers, comments on other cases are also welcome. "Given" ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

### Generating random finite groups

I would like a method to efficiently generate a random finite group of a given order $n$.
If there are $g(n)$ non-isomorphic groups of order $n$,
ideally each group would occur with probability ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Subgroups of p-groups

If $G$ is a (non-abelian) $p$-group, $|G|=p^n$, $n>3$, then it is elementary that $G$ contains a (normal) abelian subgroup of order $p^2$. It is also true that $G$ necessarily contains a normal ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

915 views

### Highly transitive groups (without assuming the classification of finite simple groups)

What is known about the classification of n-transitive group actions for n large without using the classification of finite simple groups? With the classification of finite simple groups a complete ...

**13**

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**4**answers

2k views

### Has any attempt been made to classify finite groupoids?

I recently stumbled upon the Mathieu groupoid and I found them fascinating.
It appears as a subset of $S_{13}$ which is not closed under multiplication, but it turns out to be a groupoid with 13 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### smooth quotient out of a singular variety?

If $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $G$ is a finite group acting faithfully on $X$, then the Shepard-Todd theorem gives us some criterion for $X/G$ to be smooth.
My ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

743 views

### Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$?

I. As a background, in Traces of Singular Moduli (p.2), Zagier defines the modular form of weight 3/2,
$$g(\tau) = \frac{\eta^2(\tau)}{\eta(2\tau)}\frac{E_4(4\tau)}{\eta^6(4\tau)}=\vartheta_4(\tau)\, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

475 views

### Periodic Automorphism Towers

In Scott's classic textbook on Group Theory, he asks:
Suppose that $G$ is a finite group. Is the sequence of isomorphism types
of the groups $Aut^{(n)}(G)$ for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ eventually periodic?
...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

695 views

### Product of conjugacy classes - is there an analog of Tanaka-Krein reconstruction ?

Consider a finite group G. The product of conjugacy classes can be defined in natural way just by multiplying the representatives and counting multiplicities (see e.g. MO 62088). So we get ring with ...

**18**

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**2**answers

610 views

### Reference for the triple covering of A_6

I would like to ask for a reference (book, paper ...) for the following nice construction, which I have found as an exercise in some notes of a course by R. Borcherds. For $n=6$ or $7$ (and only in ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

603 views

### Non-commutator in simple group?

Hi,
For a group $G$, we say that $x\in G$ is a commutator if there exists $a,b \in G$ such that $x=a^{1}b^{-1}ab$, and we say that $x$ is a non-commutator if there is no $a,b \in G$ such that ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### Is every finite group a proper quotient of a finite primitive group?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Is there necessarily a finite primitive permutation group $P$ and a normal subgroup $N>1$ of $P$ such that $P/N \cong G$?
If not, what restrictions are there on ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

814 views

### The maximum order of finite subgroups in $GL(n,Q)$

For several years people have tried to characterize finite groups of maximal order in $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$ (or $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$) and their orders.
It appear in many articles a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

228 views

### Why would dim primitive irrep divide size of some conjugacy class ?

From Isaacs et.al. 2005
Conjecture C. Let χ be a primitive
irreducible character of an arbitrary
ﬁnite group G. Then χ(1) divides |
clG(g)| for some element g ∈ G.
Here, of course, we ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

584 views

### Classification of $p$-groups of order $p^n$ with rank $n-1$

Hello,
i've been looking for a way to classify the non-trivial $p$-groups $G$ that live in an exact sequence of the form
$ 0 \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z} \rightarrow G \rightarrow ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Which finite groups can be characterized by their subgroup orders?

Given a finite group $G$, we denote by $\pi_s(G)$ the set of orders of its subgroups. Which finite groups $G$ can be characterized by the set $\pi_s(G)$, i.e. $\pi_s(H)=\pi_s(G)$ implies $H\cong G$? ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of
Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?
I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content,
...