Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

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1
vote
1answer
238 views

Subgroups of the union of conjugates

This question is an attempt to find a version of this question with a positive answer. In this question, we ask if one can find big subgroups in the union of conjugtes of small subgroups of finite ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

For $P$ $\mathbb{Z}G$-projective, $\mathbb{Q}\otimes P$ is $\mathbb{Q}G$-free

I'm looking for a proof of a theorem of Swan [1, Theorem 3]: If $G$ is a finite group and $P$ a finitely generated projective $\mathbb{Z}G$-module, then $\mathbb{Q}\otimes_\mathbb{Z}P$ is a free ...
8
votes
1answer
789 views

A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups. This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved: Theorem: $\mathcal{L}(H\subset G)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Rank of a locally free $\mathbb Z[G]$-module

This is a basic question. Let $G$ be a finite group, $M$ a finitely generated $\mathbb Z[G]$-module so that the $\mathbb Z_p[G]$-module $M_p$ is free for all prime numbers $p$, i.e. is locally free. ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

A question on $p$-central $p$-groups

Let $p$ be a fixed prime. A group $G$ is termed $p$-central if every element of order $p$ in $G$ lies in the center. Having a finite $p$-group $G$ of rank $k$ (the least integer, such that every ...
5
votes
3answers
289 views

Character Values for Alternating Groups of degree $\geq 7$

Is it true that in each row and column of the character table of alternating groups with degree $\geq 7$ there are at most two complex values? Any reference will be highly appreciated.
2
votes
0answers
447 views

Is this group given presentation isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}_2$, and why? [migrated]

We have the group $G = \langle a, \,b \; | \; a^2b^2ab^{-1}, \, a^3b^4a^{-2}b^{-3}\rangle$. Obviously $G/G' = \mathbb{Z}_2$. Is it true that $G = \mathbb{Z}_2$ or equivalently that $G'=1$? It is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Radical and Centric not Essential P-group

I'm looking that in the Fusion System categories, the p-subgroups that are essential, are centric (by definition) and radical (by implication of the definition), but I want to know if there is an ...
5
votes
2answers
472 views

A question about (unicity of certain cycles in a Cayley graph of a) symmetric group

Let $S=\{(1,2),(1,2,3,\ldots,n),(1,2,3,\ldots,n)^{-1}=(1,n\ldots,2)\}$ be a subset of the symmetric group $S_n$. We know that $(1,2,\ldots,n)(1,2)=(2,3,\ldots,n)$, and thus ...
42
votes
0answers
2k views

Normalizers in symmetric groups

Question: Let $G$ be a finite group. Is it true that there is a subgroup $U$ inside some symmetric group $S_n$, such that $N(U)/U$ is isomorphic to $G$? Here $N(U)$ is the normalizer of $U$ in $S_n$. ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Modularisation on group representations with arbitrary braiding

Applying the modularisation/deequivariantisation procedure to the representation category $\operatorname{Rep}_G$ of a finite group $G$ with trivial braiding gives the fibre functor to vector spaces. ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

p-groups as finite union of disjoint normal abelian subgroups

I was interested in knowing if groups with following property have been studied( like what can be said about structure of the group) : "$G$ can be written as disjoint union of a given number of ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Group cohomology of the cyclic group

It is well known how to compute cohomology of a finite cyclic group $C_m=\langle \sigma \rangle$, just using the periodic resolution, $\require{AMScd}$ \begin{CD} \cdots @>N>> \mathbb ...
11
votes
3answers
612 views

Regular elements in the torus of a group of Lie type

Let $G$ be a simple linear algebraic group, and $F$ a Frobenius map, i.e. some power of $F$ is the standard Frobenius map which raises matrix entries to the $q$-th power. Then $G^F$ is a group of Lie ...
38
votes
8answers
12k views

Collecting proofs that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic

I teach elementary number theory and discrete mathematics to students who come with no abstract algebra. I have found proving the key theorem that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Exterior Powers of finite abelian group

Let $A$ be a finite $\mathbb{Z}$-module (i.e., a finite abelian group). My question is: for what $n\in \mathbb{Z}^{n\geq 2}$ the map \begin{align} \alpha_{n}:\bigwedge^nA&\to A^{\otimes n}\\ ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Finite group action on quasi-projective varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth, quasi-projective variety, $G$ be a finite group which acts freely and properly on $X$. Denote by $\alpha:X \to X/G$ the quotient. Is $\alpha$ generically etale? Also, as I am ...
5
votes
2answers
276 views

Classification of generously transitive groups

A permutation group $G \lt S_n$ is called generously transitive, if for each $i,j$ there exists a permutation that interchanges them. Is there a reasonable classification of such (finite) groups?
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Must normalizing field outer automorphisms “divide” the dimension?

Imprecise question: To get a normalizing field outer automorphism of order $r$, must we multiply the dimension by $r$? Precise hypothesis: Let $p\geqslant 5$ be a prime, let $q$ be a power of $p$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Is there a characterization of CI-groups of order less than 100?

We know some benefit criterion in articles such as: C‎. ‎H‎. ‎Li‎, ‎On isomorphisms of finite Cayley graphs-a survey‎, ‎Discrete Math.‎, ‎256 (2002) 301-334‎. C‎. ‎H‎. ‎Li‎, ‎Z‎. ‎P‎. ‎Lu‎, ‎P‎. ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Is there a formula for the number of elements in $S_n$ having length $k$ with respect to the generators taken to be the transpositions?

Define the length of a permutation as the minimum number of adjacent transpositions needed to describe it. We know that there is only one element of length $0$ in $S_n$ and $n-1$ elements of length ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

A finite supersolvable group with generators of prescribed order

Let $G=\langle a,b\rangle$ be a finite supersolvable group. Is there any special information about the structure of $G$ when $o(a)=2$ and $ o(b)=2^k > 2$?
5
votes
6answers
452 views

Transitive permutation groups which all of their proper subgroups are intransitive

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group on a finite set $\Omega$. It is clear that if $G$ is regular, then every proper subgroup of $G$ is intransitive. Is there any other class of groups with this ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Gramian of a permutation group orbit

let $W\in R^{d\times k},d>k$. Suppose that the associated gramian has the following structure: $$ W^TW=(P_{1}t,\cdots,P_{k}t) $$ with the set $\{P_{i},i=1,\cdots,k\}$ forming a group of ...
26
votes
6answers
2k views

Measures of non-abelian-ness

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian group of $n$ elements. I would like a measure that intuitively captures the extent to which $G$ is non-commutative. One easy measure is a count of the non-commutative ...
8
votes
1answer
674 views

Automorphism group of a finite group

I would like to ask if there exists an explicit description of $\mathrm{Aut}(G)$, the group of automorphisms of a finite group $G$, in particular, when $G$ is abelian. E.g., if $G = ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

An optimal lower bound related to generators in a boolean interval of finite groups

Let $[H,G]$ be a rank $n$ boolean interval of finite groups (i.e. $[H,G] \simeq B_n$ as lattice). Let the set $E = \{ g \in G \ | \ \langle H,g \rangle = G \}$ Remark: If $g \in E$ then $Hg ...
49
votes
1answer
994 views

Are there $n$ groups of order $n$ for some $n>1$?

Given a positive integer $n$, let $N(n)$ denote the number of groups of order $n$, up to isomorphism. Question: Does $N(n)=n$ hold for some $n>1$? I checked the OEIS-sequence ...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

Lifting automorphisms of quotient groups

I am concerning here a natural question: Problem: Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $N$ be a characteristic subgroup of $G$. When can an automorphism $\varphi\in\mathrm{Aut}(G/N)$ be lifted to an ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Finite solvable groups with abelian Fitting subgroup

Let $G$ be any finite solvable group with Fitting subgroup $F(G)$. Which conditions on $F(G)$ makes $G$ to be supersolvable? (It is well-known that any finite solvable group with cyclic Fitting ...
15
votes
5answers
464 views

Cayley graphs of $A_n.$

Consider the Cayley graphs of $A_n,$ with respect to the generating set of all $3$-cycles. Their properties must be quite well-known, but sadly not to me. For example: what is its diameter? Is it an ...
6
votes
1answer
524 views

Positivity of the alternating sum of indices for boolean interval of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup such that the interval $[H,G]$ is a boolean lattice. Let $L_1, \dots , L_n$ be the maximal subgroups of $G$ containing $H$. Let the alternative sum ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying $1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$ whose product has order ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

Generating finite simple groups with $2$ elements

Here is a very natural question: Q: Is it always possible to generate a finite simple group with only $2$ elements? In all the examples that I can think of the answer is yes. If the answer is ...
6
votes
2answers
179 views

Finding an “optimal” quotient in a free group

Consider the abelian free group $G = \mathbf{Z}^n$ of rank $n$ and a finite subset $A \subset G \setminus \{0\}$. Since $G$ is residually finite, there is a subgroup $H \subset G$ such that $A \cap H ...
7
votes
3answers
226 views

Signs in Chevalley's commutator formula

I am trying to understand presentations of twisted groups of Lie type (specifically $^2D_5$) over finite fields using Steinberg's presentations (for instance from Gorenstein, Lyons and Solomon, Number ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Intransitive finite irreducible linear groups whose orbits are all large

I am interested in intransitive irreducible linear subgroups $G\subseteq\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{F}_p)$ acting on $V-\{0\}=\mathbb{F}_p^n-\{0\}$ in the natural way, such that all of the orbits are very ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

A question about $p$-solvable groups

$H$ is called $s$-permutable in $G$ if it permutes with every Sylow subgroup of $G$. $H$ is called $s$-permutably embedded in $G$ if each Sylow subgroup of $H$ is a Sylow subgroup of some ...
10
votes
1answer
366 views

Perfect group of order 190080

I need to know some properties of the perfect group of order $190080$ which is the Schur cover of the Mathieu group ${\rm M}_{12}$, but when using ...
9
votes
0answers
154 views

Detecting a module for the free group algebra on a finite quotient

Let $F_2$ be the free group on two generators $x,y$ and let $R$ be the group algebra $\mathbf{Q}[F_2]$. Let $a,b,c$ be integers. Then define a right $R$-module $M = R / (ax + by + c) R$. I am ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Are there familiar expressions for (finite) joins of finite groups?

Milnor construction of the classifying space of a topological group $G$ is given in terms of infinite joins of $G$. Schwarz then proved that the $k+1$ iterated self join of a group $G$ classifies ...
8
votes
0answers
176 views

Cohomology of central extensions of groups

Let G be a central extension of a finite group H by $Z/2$. I need an explicit description of the differentials $d_2$ and $d_3$ in the Lyndon-Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence which converges to the ...
9
votes
0answers
181 views

Weyl Groups as Galois groups

I am looking for explicit examples (for all positive integers $n \ge 5$) of degree $2n$ even polynomials $f(x)=h(x^2)$ over the field $\mathbb{Q}$ of rational numbers such that the Galois groups of ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

A question on the commutativity degree of the monoid of subsets of a finite group

The commutativity degree $d(G)$ of a finite group $G$ is defined as the ratio $$\frac{|\{(x,y)\in G^2 | xy=yx\}|}{|G|^2}.$$It is well known that $d(G)\leq5/8$ for any finite non-abelian group $G$. If ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

A decomposition of $w_0$ which is similar to the reduced decomposition

Some basic definitions about reduced decomposition: In the symmetric group $S_n$, let $s_i$ denote the adjacent transposition $(i,i+1),i\in \{1,2,\cdots,n-1\}.$ Since $S_n$ is generated by adjacent ...
37
votes
14answers
5k views

Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...
7
votes
3answers
434 views

Which groups are Galois over some p-adic field?

Suppose I have some finite $p$-group $G$, or a little extension of it. How do I know if there exists a prime $l$ and a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}_l$ such that $G$ is the Galois group of ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

Does the Fano plane “embed” in the complex projective plane?

$PSL(2,7)$ acts on the projective plane over $\mathbb{F}_2$ (the Fano plane) through its identification with $GL(3,2)$. It also acts on the projective plane over $\mathbb{C}$ through either of its ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

Cocycle condition for 2-groups

I know that if $\omega_d(g_1, \ldots, g_d)$ is an d-cocycle characterized by $H^d(G,U(1))$, it satisfies the co-cycle condition $(d\omega_d)(g_1, \ldots, g_{d+1}) = g_1.\omega_d(g_2,\ldots,g_{d+1}) + ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

On the structure of groups according to their conjugacy classes

A finite group $G$ satisfies property $P_n$ if for every prime integer $p$, $G$ has at most $(n-1)$ non-central conjugacy classes the order of the representative element of which is a multiple of $p$. ...