Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

**13**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Cohomology of central extensions of groups

Let G be a central extension of a finite group H by $Z/2$. I need an explicit description of the differentials $d_2$ and $d_3$ in the Lyndon-Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence which converges to the ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

654 views

### Automorphism Group of a p-group : Looking for a Reference

In the following post by DavidLHarden :
See Here
He quoted the following claim:
"There is a theorem that says that if $p$ is a prime and $|G|=p^n $ , then $|AutG| $ divides
$ \Pi_{k=0}^{n-1} (p^{n}-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### A question on $p$-central $p$-groups

Let $p$ be a fixed prime. A group $G$ is termed $p$-central if every element of order $p$ in $G$ lies in the center.
Having a finite $p$-group $G$ of rank $k$ (the least integer, such that every ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Finite groups of planar homeomorphsims

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of the group $H$ of orientation-preserving homeomorphisms of the plane that fix the origin. Is $G$ conjugate in $H$ to a group of rotations?
I've been told this result ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

714 views

### Maximal subgroups of a finite p-group

I want to prove the following:
Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group that is not cyclic.
Let $L \ne {1}$ be a subgroup of $G$ and $U$ be a maximal subgroup of L then there exists a maximal subgroup $...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

191 views

### Exceptional isomorphisms between finite simple Chevalley groups

Steinberg's "Lectures on Chevalley Groups"
https://math.depaul.edu/cdrupies/research/papers/chevalleygroups.pdf
contain ``a complete list of isomorphisms" among the various finite simple Chevalley ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Ring structure on cohomology of groups

Assume that $G$ is a finite group and that $A$ is an arbitrary $G$-module. Then we know that can define the cohomology groups of $G$ with coefficients in $A$ in the usual way and we denote the latter ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Finite groups with lots of conjugacy classes, but only small abelian normal subgroups?

Denote the commuting probability (the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute) of a finite group $G$ by $\operatorname{cp}(G)$. By a result of Gustafson [2], $\operatorname{cp}(G)=\...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

476 views

### Counting cyclic subgroups of order $p^{2}$: $p$ an odd prime vs. $p=2$

While playing with Frobenius' problem (about finite groups $G$ in which, for some positive integer $n \mid |G|$, there are exactly $n$ elements of order dividing $n$), I came up with the following ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Automorphism group of a finite group

I would like to ask if there exists an explicit description of $\mathrm{Aut}(G)$, the group of automorphisms of a finite group $G$, in particular, when $G$ is abelian. E.g., if $G = \mathbb{Z}/m\...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### An extension of the converse to Hall's theorem.

This is an extension of this MSE question, in which I asked whether there was a counterexample to the following statement,
Conjecture. If a finite group $G$ contains a $\lbrace p,q \rbrace$-Hall ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

662 views

### Cyclic subgroups of finite abelian groups

I learned from MO Subgroups of a finite abelian group that the problem of enumerating subgroups (not up to isomorphism) of finite abelian groups is a difficult one.
Are there simple formulas if one ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### On the Groups of Order $(p^2+1)/2$

A few days ago I asked a question (Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$) about a finite group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ and I got a lot of useful information about it. Thanks for the nice and very helpful answers....

**4**

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**3**answers

732 views

**30**

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**3**answers

2k views

### Is there a nice explanation for this curious fact about cyclic subgroups?

Here's something that I noticed that quite surprised me.
Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Consider the following expression.
$$
\nu(G) = \sum_{\substack{H \leq G \\ H \text{ is cyclic}}} |H|
$$
It ...

**5**

votes

**8**answers

719 views

### classification of $p$-groups

I have two questions regarding to $p$-groups.
A $p$-group $G$ is said to be extraspecial of $G'=Z(G)$ has order $p$. Hence extraspecial groups are examples of $p$-groups with cyclic center. Of ...

**28**

votes

**3**answers

983 views

### Richness of the subgroup structure of p-groups

Given a prime $p$ and $n \in \mathbb{N}$, let $f_p(n)$ be the smallest
number such that there is a group of order $p^{f_p(n)}$ which all groups of
order $p^n$ embed into. What is the asymptotic growth ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

264 views

### Which finite p-groups occur as commutators of finite p-groups?

Let $p$ be a prime number. For which finite $p$-groups $H$ is there a finite $p$-group $G$ such that $[G,G] \cong H$?

**20**

votes

**1**answer

921 views

### Number of 2-dimensional irreducible representations of a finite group ?

Question: What is the number of two-dimensional irreducible representations of a finite group ? How it can be expressed in groups-theoretic terms ? (Number of 1-dimensional irreps is |G/[G,G]| ).
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

511 views

### Finite groups with a character having very few nonzero values?

A number theorist I know (who studies Galois representations) raised a question recently:
Which finite groups can have an irreducible character of degree at least 2 having only $n=2, 3$, or 4 ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### Non-vanishing of the Tate-Shafarevich kernel in group cohomology

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $M$ be a finite $G$-module (a finite abelian group with an action of $G$).
We consider a special kind of $G$-modules; in particular, our $M$ is a finite dimensional ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Sum of Young symmetrisers of a given shape

Preliminaries and notation:
Let $n\in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}$ and $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_s)\vdash n$ be a partition. Given a Young diagram of shape $\lambda$, we can associate it ...

**35**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How much of the ATLAS of finite groups is independently checked and/or computer verified?

In a recent talk Serre made some comments about proofs that rely on the classification of finite simple groups (CFSG) and on the ATLAS of Finite Groups. Namely, he said that a proof that relied on the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Is $(G\rtimes H,H)$ a Gelfand pair iff $G$ is abelian?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $K \subset G$ a subgroup. Then $(G,K)$ is a Gelfand pair if the double coset Hecke algebra $\mathbb{C}(K \backslash G / K)$ is commutative.
Let $H$ be a subgroup of $...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Must normalizing field outer automorphisms “divide” the dimension?

Imprecise question: To get a normalizing field outer automorphism of
order $r$, must we multiply the dimension by $r$?
Precise hypothesis: Let $p\geqslant 5$ be a prime, let $q$ be a power of $p$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Is there an interval of finite groups, at index n, with strictly more elements than the subgroup lattice of any group, of order n?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\mathcal{L}(G)$ its subgroup lattice.
Let $s(n):= max\{|\mathcal{L}(G)| \text{ for } |G|=n \}$.
There is an OEIS page for the sequence $s(n)$: A018216
1, 2, 2, 5, 2, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

132 views

### Do the irreducible modules of this finite group preserve a tensor product structure?

I am interested in a particular group $G$, where
$$ (A_4\times C_\ell) \lhd G \lhd S_4 \times D_\ell$$
Here, $C_\ell$ is cyclic, $D_\ell$ is dihedral of order $2\ell$, and the two inclusions both have ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### On self-dual group-subgroup subfactors

Let $(N \subset M)$ be a finite index inclusion of ${\rm II}_1$ factors, and $N \subset M \subset M_1$ the basic construction.
The subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is called self-dual if it is isomorphic to ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Subgroup ranks of the symmetric group

It's well known that every subgroup $G$ of $S_n$ has a generating set of size at most $n-1$ and that this generating set can be found algorithmically (by Jerrum's filter)
I have heard many times a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

230 views

### A good upper-bound for the cardinal of an interval of finite groups

This post is a relative version of General bound for the number of subgroups of a finite group
Let $[H,G]$ be a interval of finite groups with $|G:H| = n$.
Question: What is a good upper-bound of $|[...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Is it known whether every symmetric pair of finite groups of Lie type is a Gelfand pair?

A pair of groups $(G,H)$ is called a symmetric pair if $H$ is the group of fixed points of an involutive automorphism of $G$, for example $(GL(2n,\mathbb{F}_q),Sp(2n,\mathbb{F_q}))$ is a symmetric ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Index of agemo subgroups in $p$-groups

Having a finite $p$-group $G$ ($p$ odd). we denote by $\Omega_1(G)$ the subgroup generated by all the elements of $G$ of order dividing $p$.
Is there an example of such a group $G$, such that $|G:...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Can a finite group have its third cohomology determined by a quotient group?

Does there exist a finite group $G$ satisfying either of the following?
$G$ admits a non-trivial, proper, central subgroup $A$ such that every (normalized) 3-cocycle of $G$ is cohomologous to a (...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

271 views

### Subgroups of the union of conjugates

This question is an attempt to find a version of this question with a positive answer. In this question, we ask if one can find big subgroups in the union of conjugtes of small subgroups of finite $p$-...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Nonvanishing of the dual Euler totient on boolean intervals of finite groups

The rank $n$ boolean lattice $B_n$, is the subset lattice of $\{1,2, \dotsm n \}$.
Let $[H,G]$ be a boolean interval of finite groups. Its Euler totient is defined by $$\varphi(H,G):=\sum_{K \in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

562 views

### Positivity of the alternating sum of indices for boolean interval of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup such that the interval $[H,G]$ is a boolean lattice.
Let $L_1, \dots , L_n$ be the maximal subgroups of $G$ containing $H$.
Let the alternative sum ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

835 views

### A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved:
Theorem: $\mathcal{L}(H\subset G)$ ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Classification of finite groups of isometries

Consider the problem of classifying the finite groups of isometries of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
For $n=2$ it is cyclic and dihedral groups.
For $n=3$ they are well known, probably from Kepler and are related ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

75 views

### p-groups as finite union of disjoint normal abelian subgroups

I was interested in knowing if groups with following property have been studied( like what can be said about structure of the group) :
"$G$ can be written as disjoint union of a given number of ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying
$1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$
whose product has order ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Modularisation on group representations with arbitrary braiding

Applying the modularisation/deequivariantisation procedure to the representation category $\operatorname{Rep}_G$ of a finite group $G$ with trivial braiding gives the fibre functor to vector spaces. ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### Cohomology of $T^n/W$ for compact Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compact, connected and simply connected Lie group.
Let $T\subset G$ be a maximal torus and let $W$ be the corresponding
Weyl group.
Then we have the diagonal action of $W$ on $T^{n}$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### The number of subgroups of ${\frak S}_n$

Because of my interest in this question, I listed the subgroups of ${\frak S}_n$ for $1\le n\le4$. I found that the number of subgroups are, respectively, $1,2,6,24$. It might be a coincidence, or it ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Primary invariants

This question is related to the earlier question which is in the given link:
Primary invariants of a finite group
Let $G$ be a finite group and $V$ a complex representation of degree $n$, and let $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Chief factors and local formation

Every thing below is concerned with finite groups.
My question is about this paper
A class of groups is a collection $\mathcal{X}$ of groups with the property that
if $G \in \mathcal{X}$ and if $H \...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

296 views

### Finite groups inside an infinite group with the same homology

Suppose we have a triple of groups $G,H,K$ verifying the follwing conditions
$G$ and $H$ are finite groups and $K$ an infinite group.
there exists two monomorphisms $G\rightarrow K\leftarrow H$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Computing characters of $\alpha$-projective representations

Given a finite group $G$, a finite cyclic group $A$ (viewed as a subgroup of $\mathbb{C}^{\times}$, i.e. generated by a $|A|$-th root of unity), and a 2-cocycle $\alpha\in Z^{2}(G,A)$. Recall that an $...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Quotient of Coxeter complex in terms of double cosets?

In Victor Reiner's Quotients of Coxeter Complexes and $P$-Partitions, we have the below definition for the quotient complex of a Coxeter complex by a finite subgroup of the Coxeter group. I think ...