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4
votes
1answer
187 views

Normal Subgroup Growth

Let $F$ be a free group on $d$ generators. Denote by $F_{k}$ the $k$-th term in $F$'s derived series. Put $G = F/F_k$. What is the normal subgroup growth of $G$? Explicitly, for each natural number ...
9
votes
0answers
136 views
+100

$2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Simple groups and words

Let S be a finite simple nonabelian group, w a word in a finite number of variables which is not a power of another word. Must there be a substitution of elements of S in w such that the resulting ...
7
votes
0answers
223 views

Connection between two theorems on character values?

In a recent arXiv preprint here, Dipendra Prasad has revisited a 1976 theorem of Kostant (Theorem 2 in the paper On Macdonald's $\eta$-function formula, the Laplacian and generalized exponents, ...
9
votes
0answers
172 views

Non split extension isomorphic (as a group) to a split extension

$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$ Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$. Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

List of Conjugacy Classes of the General Linear group over $\mathbb{Z}/p^2\mathbb{Z}$

Does anybody know the answer to this or a good way to go about working this out? I have a list for $GL_2(Z/pZ)$ and I am trying to lift it to this; I have mostly been using fairly elementary algebraic ...
3
votes
1answer
335 views

Special automorphisms of extraspecial groups

Let $G$ be an extraspecial group of order $p^{2r+1}$ (where $p$ is an odd prime), and let $V$ be a faithful representation of $G$. Consider the normal subgroup $H$ of $Aut(G)$ consisting of all ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Two $p$-groups whose automorphism groups have isomorphic Sylow $p$-subgroups

Fix a prime $p$, and let $M$ be the unique nonabelian group of order $p^3$ and exponent $p$. Let us denote by $E_n$ the elementary abelian group of rank $n$. Is it true that $\operatorname{Aut}(M ...
3
votes
1answer
375 views

On a metric associated to certain finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group. Define $d:G\times G\longrightarrow\mathbb{N}$ by $d(x,y)=o(xy^{-1})-1, \forall\, x,y\in G$. Then $d$ is a metric on $G$ if and only if $$(*)\hspace{5mm}o(ab)<o(a)+o(b), ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Double coset relation for unique intermediate subgroup (with homogeneity)

Let $G$ be a group and $H$ a subgroup such that there is a unique (non-trivial) intermediate subgroup $K$ (i.e. $H < S < G$ implies $S=K$) and $(H \subset K) \sim (K \subset G)$ (homogeneity) ...
11
votes
1answer
398 views

Are There Always Group Generators Which Give Unimodal Growth?

Suppose $G$ is a $k$-generated finite group. Is there always a set of $k$ elements which generate the group and have a unimodal counting function? Background: The counting function, $f(n)$, is a ...
-1
votes
1answer
83 views

Action of automorphism group on Lie algebra [closed]

I want to know whether an automorphism group of a simple Lie algebra over $GF(2)$, acts transitively on non-zero elements of Lie algebra or not? How can I check this property?
16
votes
1answer
908 views

Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying $1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$ whose product has order ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Control of $p$-extensions by subgroups of index coprime to $p$

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $M$ be a $G$-module that is a finite abelian $p$-group. Suppose we have extensions $1 \rightarrow M \rightarrow E_1 \rightarrow G \rightarrow 1$ and $1 ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

a problem in character theory of finite group

I want to ask a question on character theory of finite group. Let $G$ be a finite nonablian group, and let $p$ be the minimal divisior of |G|=n. Suppose $\chi\in IRR(G)$. Let $A=Gal(Q_n/Q)$. $A$ ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there. Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Orbits of stabilizer of two points in a 2-transitive permutation group

I was doing something which needs to know sizes of all orbits of the stabilizer of two points in a 2-transitive permutation group. Since all 2-transitive permutation groups are known ans so are their ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Finite quasigroup not coming from a scrambled finite group

Given any finite group with multiplication $m(-,-)$ and three permutations $p,q,r$ on the underlying set of the group, we can obtain a quasigroup with binary operation $g*h:= p(m(q(g),r(h)))$. What is ...
7
votes
2answers
519 views

What groups have a second maximal subgroup below exactly four maximal subgroups?

I am looking for a finite group $G$ with the following property: there is a (core-free) subgroup $H < G$ such that the interval $\{ K : H < K < G\}$ in Sub[$G$] contains exactly four maximal ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors: Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

In which fixed-point free representations is the sum of every 3 elements invertible?

A representation $\rho:G\to GL_k(\mathbb{F})$ is called fixed-point free if for every $1\neq g\in G$ and every $0\neq v\in \mathbb{F}^k$, $\rho(g)v\neq v$. Stated differently, it is a representation ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Primitive, non-2-transitive groups with very large orbitals?

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group on a set $X$ with $n$ elements. Assume that $G$ is primitive, i.e., $G$ preserves no non-trivial partition of $X$. Assume as well that $G$ is not ...
15
votes
1answer
333 views

Finite groups $G$ so that $G$ has exactly two subgroups of a given order

Is there a finite group $G$ and a divisor $d$ of $|G|$ so that $G$ contains exactly two subgroups of order $d$? The motivation for this question is an old qual problem (see ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

On the Complement of a subgroup

This question was asked in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/729648. Since I did not get any answer I am asking it here. In an answer in Mathoverflow I see an answer but I could not ...
4
votes
2answers
238 views

Real representation of group of odd order

Let $G$ be a finite group of odd order. Suppose that $G$ has a real 4-dimensional faithful representation. Is it true that $G$ should be abelian in this case?
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Are the following Cayley digraphs Hamiltonian?

Consider the Cayley graphs $A'G_n$ on the alternating group $A_n$ with generating set $S = \{(1i2) : 3 \leq i \leq n\}$, for $n \geq 4$. See the following page on Alternating Group Graphs for ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

The best upper bound for the number of involutions in a finite non-abelian simple group

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian simple group and $t$ is equal to the number of involutions of $G$. We know that $t<|G|/3$ or $3t+1 \leq |G|$. Is this the best upper bound for the number of ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Max order for which connected Cayley Graphs are known to be Hamiltonian

There is a well-known conjecture that all connected Cayley graphs are Hamiltonian. For how large a value of n has the conjecture been verified (i.e., for all groups whose order is at most n)?
2
votes
1answer
201 views

In which finite groups is there a non-central g such that, for all irreducible characters, Chi(i)(g) <> zero?

What is the character of Pi(G), the tensor product of all inequivalent irreducible representations of G?
5
votes
3answers
425 views

Exponent of Sylow $p$-subgroup of classical groups over a field of characteristic $p$

Let $G$ be a classical group of dimension $n$ over $GF(q)$ where $q=p^f$ is a prime power, and $P$ be a Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$. What is the maximal order of elements, i.e. the exponent, of $P$? ...
11
votes
1answer
457 views

Find finite groups $G\cong Aut(G)$

I become interested in this problem because $G\cong Aut(G)$ suggests a special symmetry in $G$. From $G/Z(G)\cong Inn(G)$ we know complete group is the anewer for the simplest case, though this class ...
2
votes
1answer
318 views

A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Automorphisms with an orbit “transversal” to a subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite group, $H$ be a subgroup of index $2$, $\phi\colon G\to G$ an automorphism. For $d\in \mathbb N$ let us say that $\phi$ is $d$-transversal to $H$ iff there is $h\in H$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

On the character degrees of a finite group with special structure

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $G$ has a normal subgroup $N$ of order $p(p^2+1)/2$, where $p>13$ is an odd prime and $p\ne 239$. Also $G/N\cong \text{PSL}(2,p)$. Can we say that there exists a ...
4
votes
0answers
255 views

More on Moonshine for the Thompson group and weakly holomorphic weight one half modular forms

This question is a follow-up to Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$? and is based on various comments to that question, in particular S. Carnahan's mention of the connection to known ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Brauer characters of finite simple group $E_8(5)$

I would like to find the irreducible characters of the group $E_8(5)$ (mod 2)? Can anyone help? (I am elementary in working with Brauer characters) Many thanks
7
votes
2answers
343 views

How many finite loops?

How many finite loops of order $n$ are there? I am interested in the exact values ​​of $n$ if $n <40$ or even reasonable estimates. I am also interested in formulae or bounds for all $n$. Note ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

The tallest possible lattice?

Let O be a complete discrete valuation ring and G a finite group. Recall that a finitely generated O-free OG-module $M$ such that the traces of the invertible endomorphisms of $M$ generate a strictly ...
-5
votes
1answer
148 views

on the solvable groups of order $p^aq^b$ [closed]

We know that if $ p$ is a prime number then $ O^p (G) $ is the smallest normal subgroup of $ G $ such that $ G/O^p (G) $ is a $ p $-group. Now let $ G $ be a finite group of order $ p^aq^b $ where $ ...
5
votes
1answer
335 views

Finite groups for which the element orders form an arithmetic progression

Which are the finite groups $G$ such that the element orders of $G$ form an arithmetic progression? Several remarks: $S_3$, $A_4$ and any $p$-group of exponent $p$ satisfy this property. If $G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$ Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

n-cocycles of finite abelian groups from cohomology group

Question: Given a generic finite abelian group $G=\mathbb{Z}_{N^{(1)}} \times \cdots \times \mathbb{Z}_{N^{(k)}}$. (1) What is the explicit forms of its cohomology group (see my definition) in a ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

on the prime divisors of $(p^2+1)/2 $

The following question is equivalent to a problem in group theory. Let $ p > 13$ be a prime number distinct from 239. Let $ a=(p^2+1)/2 $. Is there any prime divisor $r$ of $a$ such that $r\mid ...
11
votes
1answer
233 views

Group cochains invariant under the action of the symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite group and $A$ an abelian group. Recall the cochain groups $$ C^k = \{f: G^k \to A\} $$ and the coboundary map $$ \delta : C^k \to C^{k+1} $$ $$ (\delta f)(g_1, \ldots, g_{k+1}) ...
3
votes
0answers
217 views

On the Groups of Order $(p^2+1)/2$

A few days ago I asked a question (Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$) about a finite group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ and I got a lot of useful information about it. Thanks for the nice and very helpful ...
5
votes
5answers
710 views

Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$

It seems that when $p>3$ is a prime, then each group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ is abelian as I checked by Gap for small $p$. Is it true for each $p$? Thanks for your answers
21
votes
0answers
640 views

Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$?

I. As a background, in Traces of Singular Moduli (p.2), Zagier defines the modular form of weight 3/2, $$g(\tau) = \frac{\eta^2(\tau)}{\eta(2\tau)}\frac{E_4(4\tau)}{\eta^6(4\tau)}=\vartheta_4(\tau)\, ...
6
votes
5answers
367 views

Reference requested: Random walk on groups

I am looking for a good reference to learn about random walks on groups (either finite groups or Lie groups). Ideally, I would like a reference for general theory of random walks on groups that is ...
14
votes
2answers
526 views

Maximal number of maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group. I want to find an upper bound on the number of the maximal subgroups. My questions is does it possible to prove that the number of maximal subgroups of any finite group $G$ ...