The finite-groups tag has no wiki summary.

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### About lower bounds on sizes of irreducible representations

If one looks at say the alternating groups $A_n$ (group of even permutations on a sequence of $n$ distinct elements) then it seems that for all of them the dimension of the smallest non-trivial ...

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### Generating finite groups using subgroups

For finite groups $L \leq K$ we define $d(L,K)$ to be the least $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which there exist $a_1, \dots, a_n \in K$ such that $\langle L, a_1 \dots, a_n \rangle = K$.
Is there some $m ...

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### Why is the polynomial relating the invariants of a binary polyhedral group fixed by an overgroup?

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and $N \triangleleft G$ a normal subgroup. Let $x, y, z$ be the fundamental invariants for the standard action of $N$ on $\mathbb{C}^2$, ...

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### Galois correspondence subgroups/subsystems

In this paper (1998) by M. Izumi, R. Longo, S. Popa, there is the following result (page 49) on compact groups:
Lemma 3.16. Let $G$ be a compact group and $Rep(G)$ the category of finite ...

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### Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle.
Assume that the eigenvalues of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...

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### For which groups |GL(d,p)| is 1 [closed]

By theorem of P. Hall, If G have a minimal generating set consisting of d elements. Then the order of Aut(G) divides p^(d(n−d))|GL(d,p)|. My question is For which groups |GL(d,p)| is 1 or more ...

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### Upper bound of |Aut(G)| for a p-group

If G is a p-group which is finitely generated with order p^n then what is the upper bound of |Aut(G)|.

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### category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems and finite group theory?

Is there a category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems?
More generally, is there an exposition of finite group theory in terms of category theory which would include Sylow theorems and little facts ...

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### Is the size of maximum matching in vertex transitive 3-uniform hyper-graph on $n$ vertices always $\Omega(n)$?

What is the best known lower bound on the size of the maximum matching in a vertex transitive $3$-uniform hyper-graph?

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### Special automorphisms of extraspecial groups

Let $G$ be an extraspecial group of order $p^{2r+1}$ (where $p$ is an odd prime), and let $V$ be a faithful representation of $G$. Consider the normal subgroup $H$ of $Aut(G)$ consisting of all ...

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### Covering a set with images of a transversal

Let $G$ be a permutation group on a finite set $\Omega$ with orbits $\Omega_1,\ldots,\Omega_k$.
By a transversal we mean a set $\lbrace\omega_1,\ldots,\omega_k\rbrace$ with $\omega_j\in\Omega_j$ for ...

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### A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces II

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$.
Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$.
Let ...

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### Results about the order of a group forcing a particular property.

Given a group of order $n$ where $n$ is either a specific number, or a number of a particular form, e.g. square-free, when does $n$ completely determine a particular group property among all groups of ...

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### Has any attempt been made to classify finite groupoids?

I recently stumbled upon the Mathieu groupoid and I found them fascinating.
It appears as a subset of $S_{13}$ which is not closed under multiplication, but it turns out to be a groupoid with 13 ...

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### About “covering” subgroups

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $S_n$ (the symmetric group with n elements). In the paper I read (cf. Thm 3.17 there), the authors define $H$ to be a covering if the following condition holds: for all ...

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### A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces I

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$.
Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$.
Let ...

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### A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved:
Theorem: $\mathcal{L}(H\subset G)$ ...

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### Is there a nonabelian finite simple group with Grothendieck ring of multiplicity one?

Let $G$ be a finite group. It admits finitely many irreducible complex representations $H_1, \dots, H_r$ which generate, for $\oplus$ and $\otimes$, the Grothendieck ring $\mathcal{G}(G)$ of $G$ (also ...

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### Fun applications of representations of finite groups

Are there some fun applications of the theory of representations of finite groups? I would like to have some examples that could be explained to a student who knows what is a finite group but does not ...

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### Unipotent orbit in adjoint group over finite field

[Editted: The assertion is wrong; see Jay's answer]
My apology if this question is too simple. I am reading Deligne-Lusztig "Reductive groups over finite fields" and at the beginning of Chap. 4, ...

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### Finite field analogue of representations in same packet have equal central character

In Kevin Buzzard's recent question, a warm up question was: if two automorphic representations are nearly equivalent, then are the central characters of their local components equal?
Working my way ...

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### Enumeration of $0-1$ matrices with determinant $1$

Has the number $f(n)$ of $n \times n$, $0{-}1$ matrices whose determinant is $+1$
been enumerated?
E.g., for $n{=}2$, there are $f(2)=3$ such matrices:
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{cc}
1 & 0 \\
0 ...

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### Matrix Elements of Real Representations

I asked this question over at Math.StackExchange and despite having had a bounty on it I did not receive an answer.
Suppose that $G$ is a finite group and we have a unitary irreducible representation ...

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### Alternating quotients of (2,3,7;10)

It was shown that the only quotient of the group $G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^{10} \rangle$ of the form PSL(2, q) is PSL(2, 41). That lead me to consider other families of simple ...

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### Finite p-groups and their fibered products

Is every finite $p$-group an epimorphic image of a fibered product of two finite $p$-groups which can be generated by $2$ elements?

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### Maximal abelian subgroup of general linear groups

Thanks for any help or comments.
Is it possible to recognize all maximal abelian subgroups of general linear group on finite field $F$ of order $q$, $GL_n(F)$.
By maximal abelian I mean if $A$ is ...

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### Invariant subspaces of an $F_2$-representation of the affine linear group of dimension 1

Let $p$ be an odd prime (large if it matters) and let $G= Aff(\mathbb{F}_{p^2}) \cong \mathbb{F}_{p^2} \rtimes \mathbb{F}_{p^2}^*$ be the affine linear group acting on $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$ by $x\mapsto ...

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### Subgroups of index 2 in a fibered product

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $M,N \lhd G$ be normal subgroups with a trivial intersection. Suppose that $G$ has a subgroup of index $2$. Must $G$ have a subgroup of index $2$ which contains ...

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### How do you *state* the Classification of finite simple groups?

From the point of view of formal math, what would constitute an appropriate statement of the classification of finite simple groups? As I understand it, the classification enumerates 18 infinite ...

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### About the set of Sylow-$p$ subgroups of $G$

Let G be a finite group and S be the set of Sylow p-subgroups of G for a
prime p dividing the order of G. Assume that |S|>1.
Let U and V be two disjoint non-empty subsets of S such that,
...

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### Experimenting with the spider relator

The Monster group (actually the bimonster) has a presentation as Y555. Y555 is the quotient of a coxeter group (the coxeter diagram is a central node with three "spokes" coming out of it with length ...

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### finite p-group subgroup of infinite p-group

is there any finite p-group G that is subgroup or minimal/maximal subgroup of infinite p-group H?
if yes what is the limits? can this happen with different p's?
i'm more interested in being maximal ...

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### permutation action on cohomology of Stiefel manifolds

Let $V_k(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be Stiefel manifolds.
In the paper The cohomology rings of real Stiefel manifolds with integer coefficients, Martin Čadek, Mamoru Mimura, and Jiří Vanžura, J. Math. Kyoto ...

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### Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...

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### Deligne-Lusztig and Character sheaves

Consider: $G$ - a nice group ($GL_n$) over a finite field $F$. $X$ - the flag variety. Consider a nice $G$-equivariant $l$-adic sheaf $\mathcal{M}$ on $X \times X$, equipped with Weil structure.
Fix ...

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### (co)homology of symmetric groups

Let $S_n=\{\text{bijections }[n]\to[n]\}$ be the n-th symmetric group. Its (co)homology will be understood with trivial action. What are the $\mathbb{Z}$-modules $H_k(S_n;\mathbb{Z})$? Using GAP, we ...

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### Similarity about unitary matrices

Suppose $G_1, \ldots, G_k$ are unitary, Hermitian, and anti-commuting matrices, and assume the same for $F_1, \ldots, F_k$. Suppose these matrices are similar, i.e. there exists $T \in ...

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### In what sense is the classification of all finite groups “impossible”?

I think there is a general belief that the classification of all finite groups is "impossible". I would like to know if this claim can be made more precise in any way. For instance, if there is a ...

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### Irreducible constituent in a normal subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite group and $N$ be a normal subgroup of G.
Suppose that $\chi \in Irr(G)$. If $\theta, \lambda \in Irr(N)$ satisfy $[\chi_{N}, \theta] > 0$ and $[\chi_{N}, \lambda] > 0$, is ...

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### Algorithm to check is representation irreducible ? Algorithm to decompose the reducible one ?

Question 1 Given a representation of a finite group, what algorithm can be used to check is it irreducible or not ?
(Main case - complex numbers, comments on other cases are also welcome. "Given" ...

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### Solving a set of equations in a finite symmetric group

A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

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### Which finite groups are not the automorphism group of some rooted finite tree?

The question is as given in the title:
Which finite groups are not the automorphism group of some rooted finite tree?
A rephrasing could be: Is any finite group representable as the automorphism ...

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### A bijection between Lusztig series induced by inflation

Context:
Let $\pi: \widehat{G} \rightarrow G$ be a surjective morphism between connected reductive groups defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ whose kernel is a central torus. Then $\pi : \widehat{G}^F ...

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### Reference for Clifford theory of algebras

Clifford theory relates the representation theory of a group to that of a normal subgroup. A good reference for this is Curtis and Reiner's "Methods in Representation theory II", Theorem 11.1.
...

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### Does SL(3,q) have a subgroup of order $q^3.(q^3-1)$ [closed]

Let $q=p^n$ for $p>3$.I want to know whether the group $G_2(q)$ has a subgroup of order $q^3.(q^3-1)$. First I look the paper of Peter Kleidman. In this paper Kleidman determined all maximal ...

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### What is the growth of the rank of a power of a finite simple group?

Which asymptotic bounds (upper and lower) are known for $s_n$ - the minimal number of generators of $S^n$ where $S$ is a nonabelian finite simple group?

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### If d(“G/H”) < d(G) = 2, must H contain a primitive element?

Let $G$ be a finite group that can be generated by $2$ elements, and let $H \leq G$ be a (not necessarily normal) subgroup for which there exists some $g \in G$ such that $H \langle g\rangle = G$. ...

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### Covering finite groups by kernels

Let $G$ be a finite group. When does there exist a finite group $H$ such that every $h\in H$ is in the kernel of some epimorphism $H\to G$?
This is well-known to be true for $G$ abelian, for example ...

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### Good effective versions of theorems of Artin and Brauer

The theorem of Artin and Brauer of the title are the famous theorem in the theory of representation of finite groups.
For example, Artin's theorem is the statement that for every character $\chi$ of ...

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### Improvements of the Reidemeister-Schreier index formula for particular classes of groups

I have a couple of questions regarding possible improvements of the Reidemeister-Schreier index formula: let $G$ be a $d$-generated group and let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$, then
$$d(H) \le (d-1) ...