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20
votes
1answer
848 views

Monstrous moonshine for $M_{24}$ and K3?

An important piece of Monstrous moonshine is the j-function, $$j(\tau) = \frac{1}{q}+744+196884q+21493760q^2+\dots\tag{1}$$ In the paper "Umbral Moonshine" (2013), page 5, authors Cheng, Duncan, and ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Finite subgroups of compact simple Lie groups [duplicate]

The finite subgroups of $SU(2)$ consist of the symmetry groups of the Platonic solids plus the finite subgroups of $O(2)$. I would like to know if there are any results concerning $SU(3)$. In ...
8
votes
1answer
263 views

A question about representations of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $V$ be an irreducible complex representation of $G$. Does there exist an element $g \in G$ which acts on $V$ with distinct eigenvalues? If true, can you provide a ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Subgroups of finite reflection groups that do not fix a point

Let $(W,S)$ be a finite irreducible Coxeter-System of rank $n$ and $E$ be a real reflection representation of $W$. Let $x\in E$ and suppose that the isotropy group of $x$ is generated by one element ...
8
votes
1answer
219 views

Obstruction to extension of non-abelian groups - finite example?

Let $G$ be a non-abelian group, let $\Pi$ be a group, and let $\eta: \Pi\rightarrow Out(G)$ be a homomorphism, where $Out(G)$ is the group of automorphisms of G modulo the normal subgroup of inner ...
6
votes
1answer
471 views

Automorphism group of a finite group

I would like to ask if there exists an explicit description of $\mathrm{Aut}(G)$, the group of automorphisms of a finite group $G$, in particular, when $G$ is abelian. E.g., if $G = ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

a question about the semidihedral group?

My question is simple: If a group $G$ has the same character table with the semidihedral group $SD_{2n}$, are $G$ and $SD_{2n}$ isomorphic ?
11
votes
1answer
234 views

Crossed modules and degree-3 group cohomology

It is well known (see e.g. K. Brown, "Cohomology of groups") that a degree-3 cohomology class of a group G with coefficients in a module A can be thought of as an equivalence class of crossed modules, ...
0
votes
0answers
164 views

character table and subgroups

As we know, the normal subgroups can be found by inspection from the character table of a group G,my question is if all subgroups can be found by the character table of a group G, if not, then what ...
6
votes
3answers
346 views

character degree and solvability

There is an unsolved problem in Berkovich's book "Characters of Finite Groups Part 2" I state here: Is $G$ solvable if $\chi(1)^2$ divides $|G|$ for all $\chi \in {\rm Irr}(G)$? Can any one tell me ...
6
votes
1answer
270 views

Centralizers of elements in general linear group over Z mod prime power

I would like to know for which elements $x$ in $G:=Gl_n(\mathbb{Z}/\ell^e\mathbb{Z})$ their centralizers $C_G(x):=\{ y \in G \mid xy=yx\}$ are abelian groups. Here, $n$ is an integer $\geq 2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Non left $k$-Engel elements in a nilpoent group always generate this group

Given a finite nilpotent group $G$ and let us denote by $L_n(G)$ the set of left $n$-Engel elements in $G$. Assume that $n$ is the smallest positive integer such that $L_n(G)=G$. Is it true that $G$ ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

On some endomorphisms of finite groups of odd order

Let $G$ be a group of odd order. It is known that if every central automophism of $G$ acts trivially on the center, then $G$ is purely non-abelain, this amounts to saying that every central ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

Generalizing the Notion of Nilpotent/Abelian/Cyclic Numbers

Let us call a number $n\in\mathbb{N}$ nilpotent if $$n=p_1^{e_1}\cdots p_m^{e_m}$$ with $p_i^k\not\equiv 1\mod p_j$ for $i,j\in\{1,\ldots,m\}$ and $1\leqslant k\leqslant e_i$. A cute theorem says ...
19
votes
0answers
255 views

Uniform proof that a finite reflection group is determined by its degrees?

Given a finite (real) group $G$ generated by reflections acting on euclidean $n$-space, it was shown by Chevalley in the 1950s that the algebra of invariants of $G$ in the associated polynomial ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Decomposition of $G$-harmonic polynomials

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $H_G$ denote the $G$-harmonic polynomials. What is the structure of $H_G$ as a $G$-module? Is it isomorphic to the regular representation?
0
votes
1answer
127 views

The Frattini subgroup of $D_{\infty}$ [closed]

Please hint me. $\phi(D_{\infty})?$ $\phi(G)$ is Frattini subgroup of $G$, intersection of all the maximal subgroup of $G$ and $D_{\infty}=<x,y|x^2=y^2=1>$.
2
votes
0answers
371 views

A question about finite groups (a weak version of the converse of Lagrange theorem) [closed]

Let $G$ be a group of order $n$ and $d$ a positive divisor of $n$. Is it true that there exists a subgroup of $G$ with order $d$ or $n/d$? Of course this does not hold in full generality. -- In ...
6
votes
0answers
244 views

Outer group automorphisms preserving conjugacy classes of pairs of commuting elements

The following problem appears in the study of braided autoequivalences of representation categories of Drinfeld doubles of finite groups. Let $G$ be a finite group. An outer automorphism $\alpha$ of ...
11
votes
1answer
258 views

Finite groups with few double cosets with respect to abelian subgroup

The following question is motivated by the study of certain tensor categories, namely integral near-group categories. Let $G$ be a finite group and $H\subset G$ be a subgroup. Is it possible to give ...
5
votes
2answers
371 views

The number of conjugacy classes of the simple group PSL(2,q)

If $q=p^a$ , where $p$ is a prime number, then I would like to know the number of conjugacy classes related to elements of order $p$ and $2$ in the simple group $PSL(2,q)$ .
3
votes
1answer
275 views

quotient by finite group actions that are smooth

Let $X$ an affine normal scheme of finite type over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $X$ and $Y=X/G=Spec(K[X]^{G})$. We assume that ...
6
votes
4answers
778 views

Presentation of the Monster Group

I was reading about the monster group, and how hard it was to do calculations in it, and I wondered: Is there a known presentation of the monster group? I know that it is a hurwitz group, but other ...
4
votes
1answer
438 views

What natural numbers can be considered as the product of orders of elements of a finite (abelian) group

Problem A5 from putname's competition 2009 asks to prove that there is no finite abelian group such that the product of order of its elements is equal to $2^{2009}$. Starting from this problem, for ...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Quotients of Hurwitz group

Since my question at Simplicity of infinite groups was not answered (well, at least, my second question), instead of trying to find the isomorhism type of those groups, I will instead try to find the ...
11
votes
3answers
575 views

Dimensions and number of complex irreducible representations for SL3(Z/pZ)

This is my first post here :) I have the following two related questions. While looking in Conway's ATLAS (the 1985 one) for $SL_3(Z/pZ)$, where he does the cases $p=2,3,5,7$, I saw that the ...
1
vote
1answer
287 views

Help understanding a group

I was experimenting with various presentations for groups, and I stumbled upon $G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [aba,b]^6 \rangle$. I found that it has order 11741184, but the magma ...
-2
votes
1answer
218 views

A generalization of an old group problem [closed]

Here is an old exercise in group theory: (1) If $G$ is a group of order $2n$ with $n$ odd then $G$ is not simple and in fact $G$ has a normal subgroup of order $n$. I am going for one straight ...
8
votes
2answers
620 views

Easier reference for material like Diaconis's “Group representations in probability and statistics”

I'm teaching a class on the representation theory of finite groups at the advanced undergrad level. One of the things I'd like to talk about, or possibly have a student do any independent project on ...
7
votes
3answers
522 views

Is there a Cayley graph of a non-abelian group that is not isomorphic to any Cayley graph of any abelian group?

It's the first question I post here :) I'm sorry if the question is too specific or if it's somehow repeating others. In other words, my question is the following. Consider a Cayley graph $\Gamma$ of ...
-4
votes
1answer
427 views

A question on the number of subgroups of symmetric groups

Let $G$ be a finite group. Several recent papers (see e.g. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2695441) deal with the following notion: $G$ is called a group with perfect order subsets or briefly, a ...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Automorphism group action leads to a “quotient graph”

Let $G$ be a simple (finite) graph. Consider the next natural equivalence relation $\sim$ on $V(G)$: $u\sim v$ iff there exists and automorphism $\phi\in Aut(G)$, such that $\phi(u)=v$. Define a new ...
11
votes
1answer
366 views

Group theory conjecture on hurwitz groups

Conjecture: Let $p$ be a prime. Then the group $G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^9, (([a,b]^4)b)^{2p} \rangle$ has a composition series of the form ${\rm PSL}(2,8) - {\rm Z}_p - ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

Index of $Z(G)$ in the centralizer of an element of a finite 2-group

Let $G$ be a finite 2-group. Let $x$ be a non-central element of $G$ such that $C_G(x)\leq cl(x)\cup Z(G)$ where $cl(x)$ denotes the conjugacy class of $x$ in $G$. Is it true that $|C_G(x):Z(G)|=2$? ...
6
votes
0answers
167 views

A constant associated to the character table of a finite group

Following on from some of myprevious MO questions on finite group theory... $\newcommand{\Irr}{\operatorname{Irr}}\newcommand{\Conj}{\operatorname{Conj}}\newcommand{\AMZL}{{\rm AM}_{\rm Z}}$ Let $G$ ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

How hard is it to compute the diameter and the growth function of a finite permutation group of small degree?

Let $G \leq {\rm S}_n$ be a finite permutation group, and let $S = \{g_1, \dots, g_k\}$ be a generating set for $G$ which is closed under inversion and which does not contain the identity. The growth ...
9
votes
2answers
308 views

Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Number of generators of the automorphism group of an abelian group

Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group. What is known about the minimal number of generators of a $p$-sylow of $Aut(G)$? is it bounded in terms of $d(G)$ the minimal number of generators of $G$ (and ...
5
votes
2answers
606 views

Orthogonal orthomorphisms of order 2

EDIT: There is an additional requirement that the composition of the orthomorphisms will also be order 2 (see my answer below). A full proof is not needed, I will be happy with any argument which ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

The action of graph automorphism of finite symplectic group on maximal subgroups

Let $G=Sp(4,2^f)$ with $f>1$. Based on the facts when $f$ is small, I would feel the following: $G$ has two conjugacy classes of subgroups isomorphic to $SO^+(4,2^f)$. One is in Aschbacher's class ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Reference for embeddings of reflection groups (related to folding ADE Coxeter graphs?

There are a couple of indirect methods, using Lie theory or Springer's general theory of regular elements in (real, complex) reflection groups, to construct natural embeddings among certain Weyl ...
32
votes
3answers
596 views

Word evaluating to a group element and its inverse with different frequency

I'm supervising an undergraduate research project. Among other things, I've got the student to look at this paper of Gene Kopp and John Wiltshire-Gordon. This question arose from a missing complex ...
15
votes
0answers
256 views

Maximum automorphism group for a 3-connected cubic graph

The following arose as a side issue in a project on graph reconstruction. Problem: Let $a(n)$ be the greatest order of the automorphism group of a 3-connected cubic graph with $n$ vertices. Find a ...
19
votes
2answers
733 views

Definition of “finite group of Lie type”?

The list of finite simple groups of Lie type has been understood for half a century, modulo some differences in notation (and identifications between some of the very small groups coming from ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Soluble subgroups of 8-dimensional orthogonal groups over GF(4) transitive on nondegenerate 1-subspaces

Let $V$ be an $8$-dimensional vector space over $GF(4)$ equipped with a nondegenerate plus type quadratic form, $G$ be an almost simple group with socle $L=\Omega^+(V)$, and $H$ be a soluble subgroup ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Subgroup structure of orthogonal groups of small dimension over finite fields

How much is known about the subgroup structure of the orthogonal groups (of dimension n<=7, say) over finite fields? Can anyone point me in the direction of a good reference? I'm aware of a book by ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Generalized system normalizer for insoluble finite groups

For a finite group $G$ is there a subgroup $H$ such that for every chief factor $K/L$ of $G$ one has: $G = K C_G(K/L)$ and $K \leq HL$ (so $K/L$ is inner and covered by $H$) $G \neq K C_G(K/L)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups. I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone. A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors: Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

non-split extension and Schur multiplier

Let $G$ be a central extension of the group $K$ by the group $H$. If we know that this extension is non-split, is it true that the order of $K$ must divide the Schur multiplier of the group $H$?