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**18**

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1k views

### Is a group uniquely determined by the sets $\{ab,ba\}$ for each pair of elements a and b?

This is a cross-posted question, originally active here on math.stackexchange.
For a given group $G=(S,\cdot)$ with underlying set $S$, consider the function
$$
F_G:S\times ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Which finite p-groups occur as commutators of finite p-groups?

Let $p$ be a prime number. For which finite $p$-groups $H$ there is a finite $p$-group $G$ such that $[G,G] \cong H$?

**19**

votes

**1**answer

695 views

### Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups.
Below is a proposition for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### Homomorphisms from irreducible spaces to reducible spaces

Let $P_{\lambda}$ be a Young symmetriser associated to the following tableau $(a_1 a_2 a_3 b_3 ; b_1 b_2)$ where the entries seperated by the ; belong to first and second COLUMNS of the tableau. Take ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Minimum word length for an unusual set of generators of the symmetric group

Problem. Let $n\geq 2$ and let $T$ be the set of all permutations in $S_n$ of the form
$$t_k:=\prod_{1\leq i\leq k/2}(i,k-i) \qquad \hbox{for $k=3,4,\ldots,n+1$}.$$
Find the least integer ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

232 views

### Equivalence classes of (2,3)-pairs in PSL(2,q)

This may not be a research-level question, which is why I submitted it to math.stackexchange first, but so far the question there has barely been viewed, let alone answered. Apologies if submitting it ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Restricting the Steinberg representation of $SL_{2n}$ over a finite field to the symplectic group

Let $\text{St}_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$ be the Steinberg module (over $\mathbb{C}$) for $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$.
What is the irreducible decomposition of the restriction of $\text{St}_{2n}(\mathbb{F}_q)$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Is inner product preserved only by the stabiliser in a finite reflection group?

Is the following statement true for finite reflection groups?
Let $G$ be a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $x, y\in \mathbb{R}^n$
and let $z$ be in the orbit of $y$. If ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

125 views

### An epimorphism into a profinite group

Let $p$ be an odd prime number, $G$ a finitely generated nonabelian profinite group, $L \lhd_o G$ a pro-$p$ group with $[G : L] = 2$. Suppose that there is a continuous surjection from $G$ onto a free ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### A question about minimal nonnilpotent groups

Let $G$ be a minimal nonnilpotent group with cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup $P$ and normal Sylow $q$-subgroup $Q$ [see Huppert, Endlich Gruppen I]. If $Q$ is abelian and $q > 2$, then can we get that ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Variety of nilpotent Lie algebras or $p$-groups

Here's a couple of analogous questions, one in terms of finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras and one in terms of finite $p$-groups; I'd be interested in an answer to either:
1) Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Dense free subgroups

Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group (for a prime number $p$) on a finite set $X$, $\Phi$ the abstract subgroup generated by $X$, $\{1\} \neq N \lhd_c F$. Is it possible that $\Phi \cap N = \{1\}$?

**1**

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66 views

### Lower central series in a free pro-p group

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free pro-$p$ group, $H \leq_c F$ of infinite index. Denote by $\{F_n\}_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ the lower central series of $F$, and set $r_n = [F : F_nH]$.
Is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### A bound on the size of the center

Let $p$ be a prime number, $F$ a free pro-$p$ group, $H \leq_c F$ of infinite index. Can it be that $$\sup_{N \lhd_o F} |Z((F/N)/C_{F/N}(HN/N))| < \infty ?$$

**1**

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**0**answers

124 views

### Golod Shafarevich Inequality and Inequalities among higher Cohomology groups

As a consequence of Golod- Shafarevich, we get an inequality between second cohomology group of a $p$-group with coefficients in $F_p$ and the first cohomology group of a $p$-group with coefficients ...

**0**

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**0**answers

103 views

### A normal form theorem for presentations of finite $p$-groups of nilpotency class $2$?

When constructing examples of nonabelian finite $p$-groups with abelian automorphism group (and certain other desired properties), the authors of papers like http://arxiv.org/pdf/1304.1974v1.pdf leave ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### (co)homology of symmetric groups

Let $S_n=\{\text{bijections }[n]\to[n]\}$ be the n-th symmetric group. Its (co)homology will be understood with trivial action. What are the $\mathbb{Z}$-modules $H_k(S_n;\mathbb{Z})$? Using GAP, we ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

804 views

### In what sense is the classification of all finite groups “impossible”?

I think there is a general belief that the classification of all finite groups is "impossible". I would like to know if this claim can be made more precise in any way. For instance, if there is a ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### What are smallest finite images of triangle groups?

Given integers $a, b, c$ all at least 2, I would like to identify the smallest group with an element $x$ of order $a$, element $y$ of order $b$ such that the product $yx$ has order $c$. For example, ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### existence of a finite group which is the union of self normalizing subgroups

Can a finite group G be the union of self normalizing subgroups such that the intersection between any two of these subgroups is equal to the unit of the group G? I don't think so but I can't prove ...

**0**

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**0**answers

118 views

### Soluble group algebras and centralizers

Let $K$ be field with $\mathrm{char}(K) = p > 0$ and $G$ a finite group such that $KG$ is soluble. Then the $p$-Sylow-subgroup of $G$ is normal and contains the derived group of $G$ and every ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

349 views

### Sums of degrees of irreducible complex characters

The sum of the degrees of the irreducible complex characters (not the square sum which is the group order) is relevant to determine the dimension of a maximal torus of the Lie algebra associated to ...

**1**

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**0**answers

67 views

### breadth of a ﬁnite p-group

The breadth of an element $x$ in a ﬁnite $p$-group G is deﬁned to be that integer $b = br(x)$ such that $p ^b = |G : C_ G (x)|$, while the breadth $br(G)$ of $G$ is the
supremum of $\{br_ G (x) | x ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$.
We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

952 views

### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### Prime order elements in $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$

What is known about the elements of prime order $p$ in $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$? All I know at this point is that $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ has an element of prime order $p$ iff $p-1\leq n$ and that there are only ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Irreducible representation of Heisenberg group with characteristic 2?

As we all know that the irreducible representation for Heisenberg group can be classified easily when the group is over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, where $q=p^n$ and $p$ is a prime greater than ...

**5**

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97 views

### Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of inclusions of finite groups

This post is a generalization of Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of finite groups.
Here we look inclusions of finite groups $(H \subset G)$ instead of just finite groups.
Definition: ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Absolute irreducibility of a symmetric square?

This is a question I received today by email, which somebody more experienced with finite group representations can probably answer directly. Take $F:=\mathbb{F}_q$ for some prime power $q$, so ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Existence of finite nonabelian groups satisfying certain identities

Is there a finite nonabelian group satisfying all of the following identities?
$$
(x^py^p)^2 = (y^px^p)^2, \quad p = 2,3,5,7,11,\ldots (\text{primes})
$$
I thank you all in advance.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### The coproduct on the 2-boxes space of the group-subgroup subfactor planar algebras

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
Let the subfactor $(\mathcal{R} \rtimes H \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes G)$ with $\mathcal{R}$ the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factor, and its planar ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Questions on invariant operators of finite group representations

1) Is there an equivalent of the Casimir operator for an irreducible representation of a finite group?
2) Given an invariant operator of a certain group, can I check if it is invariant under only ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### Asymptotic density of finite abelian and solvable groups

For every natural number n, let:
Gn be the number of distinct group structures with at most n elements;
An be the number of distinct abelian group structures wit at most n elements;
Sn be the number ...

**3**

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**0**answers

266 views

### What's the ratio of inclusions of finite groups with a distributive lattice?

Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, $(A \subset B) \sim (C \subset D)$, if: $(A/A_B \subset B/A_B) \simeq (C/C_D \subset D/C_D)$ with $A_B$ the normal core of $A$ in $B$.
...

**5**

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**1**answer

193 views

### Special linear groups contained in symplectic groups

Let $q$ be a power of prime $p$, and $n, m, k$ positive integers such that $mk=2n$ and $2\leq m<2n$. Let $\mathrm{Sp}(2n,q)$ be the symplectic group of dimension $2n$ over $\mathrm{GF}(q)$ and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### orthogonal group in characteristic 2

Let $O(2,\mathbb{Z}_2)$ be the orthogonal group of order two matrices. On $\mathbb{Z}_2$ there should exist just one odd quadratic form, hence the stabilizer subgroup $O^-$ of an odd quadratic for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### Successive Schur covers

Let $G_0$ be a finite group and $G_j$ a Schur cover of $G_{j-1}$ for $j=1,2,3\ldots$. Is $G_2$ equal to $G_1$? If not, will the sequence stop after finite steps in general?

**1**

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106 views

### Combination of two recent problems about finite groups of square orders

Is there any finite group $G$ of order $n=m^2$ satisfying the following conditions?
(a) There is no subgroup of order $m$;
(b) There exist subsets $A$, $B$ such that $|A|=|B|=m$ and $G=AB$.
...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

161 views

### Possible degrees of faithful projective representations of $\mathrm{PSL}(k,q)$ and $\mathrm{Sp}(2k,q)$ over complex numbers

Let $q$ be a prime power and $k$ a positive integer. What are the possible degrees of faithful projective representations of the projective special linear group $\mathrm{PSL}(k,q)$ (over the Galois ...

**10**

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**4**answers

336 views

### The cohomology group $H^{1}(GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p}), M_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p}))$

Let $M_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$ be the vector space of 2$\times$2 matrices over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ where $p$ is a prime number, and let $GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$ be the group of invertible ...

**3**

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**1**answer

242 views

### A question on conjugacy classes of central involutions in a finite group

An involution $a$ of a group $G$ is called central if there exists a sylow $2$-subgroup $H$ of $G$ such that $a \in C_G(H)$, or equivalently if the centralizer of $a$ contains a sylow $2$-subgroup.
...

**6**

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**1**answer

262 views

### Generalization of Frobenius groups

Frobenius group is a transitive permutation group on a finite set, such that no non-trivial element fixes more than one point and some non-trivial element fixes a point.
In other words, if in a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Self-duality of the subgroup lattice of $G\times H$

Let $G$ and $H$ be finite groups and $\gcd(|G|,|H|)=1$.
Suppose the lattice of all subgroups of $G\times H$ is self-dual. Is the lattice of all subgroups of $G$ self-dual?

**2**

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**1**answer

149 views

### Classification of 2-groups with center of index 4

Can one obtain a classification of 2-groups with center of index 4, analogous to the classification of 2-groups with derived subgroup of index 4?

**2**

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**0**answers

141 views

### Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of
Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?
I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content,
...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

186 views

### quasiprimitive non-solvable groups

I'm looking for the reference about quasiprimitive unsoluble groups. Actually we can find a lot of useful things about quasiprimitive solvable groups in "Representations of solvable groups by Manz and ...

**9**

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**1**answer

352 views

### Factorization of a finite group by two subsets

I want to write a GAP program for checking the following question.
Let $G$ be a given finite group with order $n$. Is it true that for every factorization $n=ab$ there exist subsets $A$ and $B$ ...

**3**

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**1**answer

260 views

### Generating finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group possessing a generating set of order $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Let $H \leq G$ and $x_1, \dots, x_n \in G$ for which $\langle H, x_1, \dots, x_n \rangle = G$. Must there be $h_1, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

640 views

### Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring.
A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...

**14**

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**0**answers

560 views

### What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...