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### (A very limited instance of) Lagrange's Theorem's converse and A_5

Suppose $G$ is a finite simple group and $|G|$ is a multiple of $60$. Does it follow that $G$ has a subgroup isomorphic to $A_{5}$? If so, can this be proven without using the Classification?

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### Embeddings of finite groups into GL(n,Q_p)

This question is inspired by some interesting comments on this recent question.
Fix an integer $n \geq 1$ and a finite subgroup $G$ of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbf{C})$. It is known that there are ...

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754 views

### Groups which satisfy Mal'cev's theorem (locally residually finite)

Recall that a group $G$ is residualy finite if for every non-zero element $g\in G$ there exists a homomorphism $\sigma:G\rightarrow H$ such that $H$ is finite and $\sigma(g)\neq 0$. Mal'cev's theorem ...

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489 views

### A Perturbation problem for U(n)

Let G be a finite subgroup of U(n), the unitary group acts on $\mathbb{C}^n$. If there is a unit vector $x$ in $\mathbb{C}^n$ such that g(x) is almost orthogonal to x, for all $g\in G$ except the ...

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### Efficient presentations for finite groups

A finitely presented group which has more generators than relations has an infinite abelianization and so is an infinite group. Therefore, for a finite group, all presentations must have at least as ...

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474 views

### Finite subgroups of $PGL(3,K)$

It is well-known that finite subgroups of $PGL_2(\mathbb{C})$ are cyclic groups, dihedral groups, A4, S4 and A5 and each of these groups occurs exactly once (up to conjugacy). These facts are ...

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414 views

### Convenient reference for subgroups of a finite semidirect product?

Given a finite group $G= H \ltimes N$ (with no particular constraints on $H, N$), it's probably been known for a long time how to describe efficiently the possible subgroups of $G$. A graduate ...

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882 views

### Diameter of universal cover

Let $M$ be Riemannian manifold and $\tilde M$ be its universal cover (with induced metric).
What is the upper bound for $k=\mathop{diam}\tilde M/\mathop{diam} M$ in terms of $m=|\pi_1(M)|$ (or ...

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533 views

### A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...

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### complexity of counting homomorphisms

This is a question I have thought about and asked a number of people, but have never got an answer beyond "It should be true that..."
Given a finitely generated group $G$ (eg. a link group ...

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207 views

### Solving a set of equations in a finite symmetric group

A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

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332 views

### $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...

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566 views

### Which finite nonabelian groups have long chains of subgroups as intervals in their subgroup lattice?

Given N, what is a finite non-abelian (and preferably non-solvable) group G in whose subgroup lattice Sub[G] there is an interval that is a chain of length at least N?
Since N can be arbitrarily ...

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964 views

### Textbook source for finite group properties deducible from character table?

Various questions have been posted on MO (some answered, some not) involving the character table of a finite group $G$ over a splitting field such as $\mathbb{C}$ of characteristic 0. My basic ...

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### Leech lattice decomposition

Hello,
I am investigating the Leech lattice. Lately I have discovered following. Some lattices decompose into distinct set of orthonormal frames. For example E8 lattice which contains 240 unitary ...

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### A question on the set of element orders of a finite group

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $n$ and denote by $\pi_e(G)$ the set of element orders of $G$. What can be said about $G$ if $\pi_e(G)$ forms a sublattice of the lattice of divisors of $n$?

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### A conjecture on solvablity of finite groups

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $A$ an abelian subgroup. Suppose for some natural number $n\geq 2$, elements of $\gamma_n(G)$ have the form $[a, x]$ where $a\in A$ and $x\in G$. Then $G$ is ...

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653 views

### The powers of non-empty subset of a group that generate a subgroup

If G is a group and A and B to non-empty subsets of G, then by AB we mean the set consist of all product ab where a is in A and b is in B.(Standard definition) Similarly we can define X^m where X is a ...

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684 views

### Finite simple groups and conjugacy classes with 2p elements

Let $p$ be an odd prime number. Can a finite simple group have a conjugacy class with $2p$ elements?

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### Classification of automorphism groups of groups of order $p^4$

For the purpose of classifying another algebraic structure which is parametrised by the choice of a group and of an automorphism I need the classification up to isomorphism of automorphism groups of ...

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331 views

### Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...

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### Decomposition of induced representations / Refinement of Mackey's criterion

There are already some questions with almost the same title, but they are more restrictive.
Let $G$ be a finite group, $H$ a subgroup, $V$ an irreducible representation of $H$,
and $W=Ind_H^G V$ the ...

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### Representations of $\text{SL}(n,\mathbb{F}_p)$ and $\text{Sp}(2n,\mathbb{F}_p)$ whose dimensions are $p^k$

I should preface this by saying that I am not a representation theorist, so I apologize if this can easily be found in standard sources (but sadly I cannot seem to extract it from any of the books I ...

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### Orders of automorphism groups of p-groups

There is a theorem that says that if $p$ is a prime and $G$ is a $p$-group with $|G| = p^{n}$, $|Aut(G)|$ divides $\Pi_{k=0}^{n-1} (p^{n}-p^{k})$.
This theorem is sharp, since $\Pi_{k=0}^{n-1} ...

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332 views

### Do subgroups have “two sided bases”?

Let $H\leq G$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Define a map $E\colon \mathbb{C}[G]\to \mathbb{C}[H]$ to be the $\mathbb{C}$-linear extension of
$$
E(g)=\begin{cases}
g &\text{if } g\in H\\\
0 ...

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### A Realization Problem for Character Tables

Given an $n\times n$ table of complex numbers, are there known sufficient conditions for the table to be the character table of a finite group? Representation theory gives plenty of necessary ...

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344 views

### Factorization of a finite group by two subsets

I want to write a GAP program for checking the following question.
Let $G$ be a given finite group with order $n$. Is it true that for every factorization $n=ab$ there exist subsets $A$ and $B$ ...

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### Variety of nilpotent Lie algebras or $p$-groups

Here's a couple of analogous questions, one in terms of finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras and one in terms of finite $p$-groups; I'd be interested in an answer to either:
1) Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...

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### Periodic Automorphism Towers

In Scott's classic textbook on Group Theory, he asks:
Suppose that $G$ is a finite group. Is the sequence of isomorphism types
of the groups $Aut^{(n)}(G)$ for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ eventually periodic?
...

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### Vertex-primitive graphs with two vertices having almost the same neighbourhood

Hypothesis: Let $\Gamma$ be a vertex-primitive graph with two vertices $u$ and $v$ such that $$|N(u) \cap N(v)|=|N(v)|-1$$
Question: Is it true that $\Gamma$ must either be a complete graph or have ...

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### Non split extension isomorphic (as a group) to a split extension

$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$.
Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...

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### How many sporadic simple groups are there, really?

I attended a talk by John Conway recently where he explained to us that the usual number, 26, was wrong, that there are in fact 27 sporadic simple groups. His reason was that the Tits group, which is ...

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### Certain signed sum over $S_n$

The following question appeared in my research:
Let $G_1,G_2,G_3$ all be subgroups of $S_n$, and consider the sum
$$
\sum_{g_i \in G_i, g_1g_2g_3 = id} \epsilon(g_1)
$$
that is, we only consider ...

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### A question about representations of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $V$ be an irreducible complex representation of $G$.
Does there exist an element $g \in G$ which acts on $V$ with distinct eigenvalues?
If true, can you provide a ...

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330 views

### Sums of degrees of irreducible complex characters

The sum of the degrees of the irreducible complex characters (not the square sum which is the group order) is relevant to determine the dimension of a maximal torus of the Lie algebra associated to ...

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353 views

### Can any finite lattice be realized as an intermediate subgroups lattice?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup.
Let $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G )$ be the lattice of all the intermediate subgroups between $H$ and $G$.
Question: Can any finite lattice be realized as ...

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### What does the typical non-solvable group look like?

According to a result of Higman and Sims (which I learned about in this paper of Poonen's) the typical p-group is 3-step nilpotent of a particular form. In particular the typical group is a 3-step ...

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### Incompressible surfaces in an open subset of R^3

Let $U$ be a connected open subset of $\mathbb R^3$. Furthermore, we have:
$\mathbb R^3\setminus U$ has exactly two connected components (thus by Alexander duality, $H_2(U;\mathbb Z)=\mathbb Z$).
...

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### Which finite groups are generated by n involutions?

One of the interesting problems in abstract polytope theory is to determine, for a given finite group, when that group is the automorphism group of a regular abstract polytope. This is equivalent to ...

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### Easier reference for material like Diaconis's “Group representations in probability and statistics”

I'm teaching a class on the representation theory of finite groups at the advanced undergrad level. One of the things I'd like to talk about, or possibly have a student do any independent project on ...

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### Applications of fusion systems

What are the applications of theory of fusion systems to finite group theory
or representation theory of finite groups? More concretely, is there any important
result in finite group theory or ...

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### Obstruction to extension of non-abelian groups - finite example?

Let $G$ be a non-abelian group, let $\Pi$ be a group, and let $\eta: \Pi\rightarrow Out(G)$ be a homomorphism, where $Out(G)$ is the group of automorphisms of G modulo the normal subgroup of inner ...

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### When Cayley graphs of the symmetric group wrt generating sets of transpositions are isomorphic?

Dear All,
I thought the following question might be well-known, but couldn't find anywhere, so decided to ask here:
Let $A$ and $B$ be two generating sets for $S_n$, consisting of transpositions.
...

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359 views

### Radical of $F_p[SL(2,p)]$

Let $G=SL(2,p)$. Does anyone know what is the radical of the group algebra $F_p[G]$?
Does there exists any book/paper where it is calculated?
By radical here I mean maximal ideal I of $F_p[G]$ such ...

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238 views

### Characterization of Frobenius complements

I have learned that Frobenius complements are characterized (among finite groups) by having a fixed point free complex representation.
That is, a finite group $G$ is a Frobenius complement if and only ...

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### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

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258 views

### 3-cocycle representatives for the dihedral group $D_{2n}$?

I am looking for a reference for a complete list of 3-cocycle representatives for $H^3(D_{2n},\mathbb{C}^\times)$, where
$$
D_{2n}=\langle a, b\mid a^2=b^2=(ab)^n=e\rangle
$$
is the dihedral group of ...

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### An extension of the converse to Hall's theorem.

This is an extension of this MSE question, in which I asked whether there was a counterexample to the following statement,
Conjecture. If a finite group $G$ contains a $\lbrace p,q \rbrace$-Hall ...

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### Parker-like loop of order 2187?

The Parker loop has order $2^{13}$, and reducing it modulo its 'center' yields -- not just a $12$-dimensional $\mathbb{Z} /(2)$-vector space, but one which can be naturally identified with the ...

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### Groups with an automorphism of order two fixing only two elements

It is well known that a finite group admitting an automorphism of order 2 that fixes only the identity is abelian and has odd order. Moreover, the automorphism is inversion.
Is anything known about ...