Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

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1answer
83 views

On Sylow subgroup of a finite group [closed]

Let $p\mid n$, then by $n_p$ we mean the $p$-part of $n$, i.e. $n_p = p^k$ if $p^k\mid n$ but $p^{k+1}\nmid n$. Let $G$ be a finite group, $M\leq G$ and $P\in Syl_p(G)$. Is It true that $|M\cap ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Classification of finite abelian hypergroups and table algebras

Update: Originally, I formulated this question for finite abelian hypergroups, but in a discussion with Geoff Robinson below I realized that the abelian hypergroups defined below are equivalent to ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

Classification of finite group schemes over a field

What is known about the classification of finite group schemes over a field? By a finite group scheme I mean $Spec A$ where $A$ is a finite-dimensional algebra over a field. Is there a full ...
6
votes
2answers
357 views

How simple does a $\mathbb{Q}$-simple group remain after base change to $\mathbb{Q}_{\ell}$?

Of course the general answer to the question in the title is: not very simple. I could not think of a better title, so let me explain my question in more detail. I have a number field $E/\mathbb{Q}$, ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

When is a group generated by three involutions two of which commute a Coxeter group?

Let's say the group is generated by three involutions $a$, $b$, and $c$ such that $ord(ab)= 2$, $ord(bc)=3$, and $ord(ac)=m$. Under which conditions is it isomorphic to the rank 3 Coxeter group $(2, ...
2
votes
4answers
190 views

Are the orders of the generators of a group and the product of pairs of thereof enough for this group to be isomorphic to a Coxeter group?

Let's say we have $n$ generators $x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_n$ along with the following facts concerning their orders: \begin{eqnarray*} ord(x_i) &=& 2 \text{ for } i = 1, 2, \cdots, n \\ ord(x_i ...
9
votes
0answers
192 views

On shifted symmetric power sums

The functions $p^*_k(x)=\sum_{i=1}^N ((x_i-i)^k-(-i)^k)$ are analogues of power sum symmetric functions, called shifted symmetric by Okounkov and Olshanski. Define ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

embedding of finite groups into product

Our situation is following. Assume that we have free product $\star_{i<n} G_i$ each $G_i$ finite group and assume that we have normal subgroup $K$ such that composition of canonical embedding and ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

What is a good program for matrix groups computations?

I need a computer program, to help me with some very basic group computations. Specifically, I want to know if some group generated by a few small matrices over a finite field is solvable. Is there a ...
4
votes
0answers
204 views

Non averaging sequences in finite groups

Let us say that a non averaging sequence in a group $G$ is a sequence $x_1, \dots, x_n$ such that $$x_i^2 \neq x_j x_k$$ for any indices $i, j, k$ such that two at least are distinct. My question is: ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Commutator subgroup of rotational symmetries of the hypercube

I would like to know which is the commutator subgroup of the group of rotational isometries of the $n$-dimensional cube. The group i am talking about is the subgroup of $\{ \pm 1 \} \wr S_n$ ...
1
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0answers
116 views

Classification of Automorphism set of a Regular graph

Let $A$ be the adjacency matrix of an $r$-regular graph $G$ with $n$ vertices (Not complete or cycle graph) . Also, let $Aut(G)$ be the set of all its automorphisms (i.e. set of permutation ...
5
votes
2answers
439 views

What is the permutation group generated by those three given morphisms of the affine space $\mathbb{F}_q^3$?

Let $\mathbb{A}^3 = \mathbb{F}_q^3$. Consider the following three functions $\mathbb{A}^3\to\mathbb{A}^3$: \begin{eqnarray*} h: (x, y, z) &\mapsto& (x, y, xy - z) \\ u: (x, y, z) ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Generalization of a theorem of Steinberg

Steinberg has a beautiful theorem counting $F$-stable maximal tori in a reductive group. Here's the version of the result that you can find as Theorem 3.4.1 of Carter's Finite groups of Lie type: ...
8
votes
1answer
746 views

Which finite groups have no irreducible representations other than characters?

A classical result states that all the irreducible representations of a finite group over $\mathbb{C}$ are characters if and only if $G$ is abelian. I would like to know what happens if we consider a ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Involutive automorphisms of a finite abelian p-group

First, let $A$ be a finitely generated free abelian group, and $s$ an automorphism of order $2$ of $A$. Set $G=\{1,s\}$. Then we know that $A$ is a sum of indecomposable $G$-lattices $A_i$, where ...
6
votes
4answers
445 views

SO$(4)$ (& SO$(n)$) characterization?

I believe it is the case that any finite subgroup of SO$(3)$ (the $3 \times 3$ orthogonal matrices of determinant $1$) is either a cyclic group $C_n$, or a dihedral group $D_n$, or one of the groups ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Counting elements with certain word length in abelian groups

Given a (finite) abelian group $G = \langle S \mid R \rangle$, has the problem of counting the number of elements which can be expressed as a word (in $S$) of length $\leq k$ been studied? If so, ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Is there a way to find an efficient set of relations for presenting the subgroup generated by two matrices in $SL(2, q)$?

Given two elements $a, b \in SL(2, \mathbb{F}_q)$, is there a way to find an efficient presentation $$\langle x, y \mid \text{relations}\rangle$$ of the subgroup $\langle a, b \rangle$? My intention ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

What are the 2-generated subgroups of the special linear group $SL(2, q)$ over a finite field?

What is the subgroup structure of the subgroups $\langle a, b\rangle$ where $a, b \in SL(2, q)$?
6
votes
1answer
237 views

Is every nonabelian finite simple group a quotient of a triangle group $(a,b,c)$ with $a,b,c$ coprime?

Here by triangle group $(a,b,c)$ I mean the group with presentation $$\langle x,y \;|\; x^a = y^b = (xy)^c = 1\rangle$$ In other words, for every finite simple nonabelian group $G$, do there exist ...
4
votes
1answer
534 views

Is there a structure theorem or group law for finite groups generated by two elements?

Say that $a, b \in G$ are two elements of a finite group $G$. Is there a structure theorem for the structure of $\langle a,b\rangle$? Is there a way to derive group laws for the group operation in the ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

A representation of a finite group where every nonzero vector has a trivial stabilizer [duplicate]

What are the finite groups which admit a non-zero representation in char 0 where every non-zero vector has stabilizer equal to $\left<1\right>$? Cyclic groups of prime order is one obvious ...
5
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0answers
218 views

A class 3 group of order 243

Let G be a group of order $243=3^5$. We denote by $(G_i)$ its lower central series and assume that $G$ has class $3$ and that $|G:G_2|=|G_3|=9$. We assume moreover that the cubing map factors as a ...
50
votes
1answer
4k views

Why can't a nonabelian group be 75% abelian?

This question asks for intuition, not a proof. An earlier question, Measures of non-abelian-ness was thoroughly answered by Arturo Magidin. A paper by Gustafson1 proves that, for a nonabelian group, ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Is there a non-solvable integral fusion category of square-free dimension?

A finite group of square-free order is solvable (see here). You can find the definition for a solvable fusion category in this paper. Question: Is there a non-solvable integral fusion category of ...
2
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0answers
203 views

Does knowing $g, g^r, g^{r^2}, g^{r^3}, \dotsc$ sometimes offer a significant advantage in finding $r$?

Is there a cyclic group $\mathcal G$ with generator $g$ for which the discrete log problem is assumed to be hard, but knowing $g, g^r, g^{r^2}, g^{r^3}, \dotsc$ for random $r$ makes finding $r$ easy? ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

Isotropic subspaces in a symplectic vectorspace over $GF(q)$

Let $V$ be a symplectic vectorspace of dimension $2n$, and $r\mid n$. Is this statement true?"There is an isotropic spread of $r$ dimensional subspaces in $V$". By an isotropis subspace I mean a ...
1
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2answers
272 views

Subgroup of Projective general linear group on complete discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be a complete dvr and $k$ its residue field of positive characteristic. Let $H$ be a finite subgroup of $PGL_2(k)$ such that the order of $H$ is prime with $char(k)$. Is there some ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Asymptotic of min(#generators times diameter), for a Cayley graph of Sn

This post is a sequel of Diameter of symmetric group. Let $\Sigma$ a generating subset of $S_n$, $\Gamma(S_n, \Sigma)$ the Cayley graph and $d_{\Sigma}$ the diameter of $\Gamma(S_n, \Sigma)$. Let ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Permutation covering of a $G$-lattice

Let $G$ be a finite group. By a $G$-lattice we mean a finitely generated free abelian group $L$ with an action of $G$. We say that $L$ is a permutation $G$-lattice if $L$ has a ${{\mathbf{Z}}}$-basis ...
3
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0answers
261 views

On Thompson conjecture

Let $N(G)$ be the set of conjugacy class sizes of finite group $G$. Let $G$ be a finite group for which $N(G)=N(A_n)$, where $A_n$ is the alternating group of degree $n$. Let $p$ and $q$ be distinct ...
22
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0answers
525 views

Next steps on formal proof of classification of finite simple groups

While people are steaming ahead on finessing the proof of the classification of finite simple groups (CFSG), we have a formal proof in Coq of one of the first major components: the Feit-Thompson ...
0
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0answers
128 views

Representation of finite group

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite index subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\pi$ be a natural covering from $\Gamma\backslash\mathbb{H}$ to $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})\backslash\mathbb{H}$. Denote by $\text{Deck}(\pi)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Finite groups which have elements $g$ of order $pq$ such that the sizes of the conjugacy classes of $g^p$, of $g^q$ and of $g^{q-p}$ coincide [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $g \in G$ be an element of order $pq$, where $p < q$ are prime numbers. Denote by $g^G$ the conjugacy class of $g$ in $G$. Under which conditions does the ...
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0answers
165 views

Are the finite groups inclusions, almost all relatively cyclic?

Definition: An inclusion of finite groups $(A \subset B)$ is relatively cyclic if $\exists b \in B$ such that $\langle A,b \rangle = B$. Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Groups with many vanishing elements

It is well-known that every non-linear character $\chi$ of a finite group $G$ vanishes on some elements of $G\setminus Z(\chi)$. The question is What can be said about a finite group $G$ for which ...
13
votes
2answers
512 views

Origin of group theory problem (bound on number of Sylow subgroups)

This problem (prove that the number of Sylow subgroups of a finite group $G$ is bounded by $\frac{2}{3}|G|$) posted on MSE proved rather difficult to solve. The OP has been silent about where the ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Finite quotients of an infinite product of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group. Consider the direct product $\Gamma=\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}G$ of (countably) infinitely many copies of $G$. For every finite set of numbers $\{i_1,\ldots,i_n\}$ we have the ...
17
votes
2answers
594 views

Is there a big solvable subgroup in every finite group?

Definition: Let $G$ be a group, and let $H \leq G$ be a subgroup. We say that $H$ is big in $G$ if for every intermediate subgroup $H \leq L \leq G$ there exists some $x \in L$ such that $\langle H ...
0
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0answers
112 views

Subgroups of powers of the alternating group on 5 elements

Definition: Let $G$ be a group, and let $H \leq G$ be a subgroup. We say that $H$ is big in $G$ if for every intermediate subgroup $H \leq L \leq G$ there exists some $x \in L$ such that $\langle H ...
2
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0answers
67 views

When does a finite group have a lower-dimensional representation than one of its quotients?

The minimal dimension of a nontrivial representation of a central extension of a group $G$ can be smaller than the minimal dimension of a nontrivial representation of $G$. What about non-central ...
17
votes
2answers
606 views

divisors of $p^4+1$ of the form $kp+1$

In group theory the number of Sylow $p$-subgroups of a finite group $G$, is of the form $kp+1$. So it is interesting to discuss about the divisors of this form. As I checked it seems that for an odd ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

The groups with symmetric subgroups lattice

Let $G$ be a group and $\mathfrak{L}(G)$ be set of all subgroups of $G$. Clearly, $\mathfrak{L} (G)$ is a lattice. If we know that $\mathfrak{L} (G)$ is symmetric then what can be said about the ...
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1answer
193 views

Is a prime index inclusion of finite groups, separating?

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Let $\{ g_i \ \vert \ i \in I=[1, \dots ,n] \}$ a subset of $G$ of double coset representatives, i.e. $$G = \coprod_{i \in I} Hg_iH$$ On the ...
4
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0answers
61 views

Minimal rank of a permutation resolution of a $G$-lattice

Let $G$ be a finite group. By a $G$-lattice I mean a finitely generated free abelian group $L$ with an action of $G$. One says that $L$ is a permutation lattice if $L$ has a $\mathbb{Z}$-basis ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

The lower bound of a group with characters of special degrees

Is there any lower bound for the order of a group with an irreducible character of degree $p$, where $p$ is a prime. Is there any similar result for $p^2$ or $p^3$ instead of $p$? Thanks for your ...
4
votes
7answers
644 views

classification of $p$-groups

I have two questions regarding to $p$-groups. A $p$-group $G$ is said to be extraspecial of $G'=Z(G)$ has order $p$. Hence extraspecial groups are examples of $p$-groups with cyclic center. Of ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Is there a better rank bound for fibered products?

Let $G$ be a profinite group of rank $d \geq 2015$, which is a fibered product of two groups of rank at most $2$. That is, there exist closed normal subgroups $N_1, N_2 \lhd_c G$ with $N_1 \cap N_2 = ...
-1
votes
1answer
249 views

A simple group that its order divide order of an alternating group

Let $G$ be a simple group such that 1) $|G|\mid|\mathrm{Alt}_{p}|$ 2) $p\mid | G|$, and $p>13$ is prime. 3) $G$ hasn't any elements of order $rp$ for every prime number $r$. My question: ...