The finite-groups tag has no wiki summary.

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### Largest subset of $GL_n(p)$ in which pairwise subtraction is also in $GL_n(p)$

Suppose $X\subset \mathrm{GL}_n(p)$ is a set of invertible matrices such that for every $A,B\in X$ then also $A-B\in \mathrm{GL}_n(p)\cup \{0\}$. (If anyone knows a name for such sets I would be ...

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626 views

### Is the following map from Z(G) x H^3(G, C*) --> H^2(G, C*) ever nontrivial?

Suppose that G is a finite group, then we have the following map f which takes an element z in the center of G and a 3-cohomology class w and returns a 2-cohomology class f(z,w) (for concreteness ...

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547 views

### What can be said about Schur indices, given only the character table?

Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...

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594 views

### Non-commutator in simple group?

Hi,
For a group $G$, we say that $x\in G$ is a commutator if there exists $a,b \in G$ such that $x=a^{1}b^{-1}ab$, and we say that $x$ is a non-commutator if there is no $a,b \in G$ such that ...

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913 views

### Estimate for the order of the outer automorphism group of a finite simple group

It is known (given CFSG) that all non-abelian finite simple groups have small outer automorphism groups. However, it's quite tedious to list all the possibilities. Does anyone know a reference for a ...

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votes

**4**answers

723 views

### Realizable Order Sequences for Finite Groups

My post is motivated at least in part by this MO question.
Has there been any work done on realizable order sequences for finite groups? By an "order sequence" I mean a non-decreasing list of the ...

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572 views

### Dimensions and number of complex irreducible representations for SL3(Z/pZ)

This is my first post here :)
I have the following two related questions. While looking in Conway's ATLAS (the 1985 one) for $SL_3(Z/pZ)$, where he does the cases $p=2,3,5,7$, I saw that the ...

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555 views

### Is this a well-known bound for the derived length of a finite group?

Let $cd(G)$ be the set of degrees of the irreducible complex characters of the finite group $G$.
It is conjectured that if $G$ is solvable then $dl(G)\leq |cd(G)|$ and it is a result by Gluck that ...

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**1**answer

364 views

### Group theory conjecture on hurwitz groups

Conjecture: Let $p$ be a prime.
Then the group
$G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^9, (([a,b]^4)b)^{2p} \rangle$
has a composition series of the form
${\rm PSL}(2,8) - {\rm Z}_p - ...

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809 views

### The maximum order of finite subgroups in $GL(n,Q)$

For several years people have tried to characterize finite groups of maximal order in $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$ (or $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$) and their orders.
It appear in many articles a ...

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1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

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votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Is every finite group a proper quotient of a finite primitive group?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Is there necessarily a finite primitive permutation group $P$ and a normal subgroup $N>1$ of $P$ such that $P/N \cong G$?
If not, what restrictions are there on ...

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votes

**1**answer

536 views

### In what sense is the classification of all finite groups “impossible”?

I think there is a general belief that the classification of all finite groups is "impossible". I would like to know if this claim can be made more precise in any way. For instance, if there is a ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Extension of induced reps over Z: is it a sum of induced reps?

Let $G$ be a finite group. If $L$ is a finite free $\mathbf{Z}$-module with an action of $G$, say $L$ is induced if it's isomorphic as a $G$-module to $Ind_H^G(\mathbf{Z})$ with $H$ a subgroup of $G$ ...

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488 views

### Find finite groups $G\cong Aut(G)$

I become interested in this problem because $G\cong Aut(G)$ suggests a special symmetry in $G$.
From $G/Z(G)\cong Inn(G)$ we know complete group is the anewer for the simplest case, though this class ...

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455 views

### Iterated semi-direct products

Let $G$ be a finite group. Suppose that we can write $G= A \rtimes B$ and also $A = C \rtimes D$. Further suppose that C is normal in $G$ (not just in $A$). Then can we write $G = C \rtimes E$ where ...

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858 views

### How to find more (finite almost simple) groups with a given Sylow subgroup

I'm looking for some examples of actions on Sylow p-groups, and often those actions appear in the case of finite almost simple groups. Given a finite almost simple group, I understand in principle ...

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411 views

### On the order of finite simple groups

About the order of finite simple groups there exists a very interesting result which stated as follows:
Let $G$ be an non-solvable simple group of order $g$. If $p\mid g$, where $p>g^{1\over 3}$ ...

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234 views

### Crossed modules and degree-3 group cohomology

It is well known (see e.g. K. Brown, "Cohomology of groups") that a degree-3 cohomology class of a group G with coefficients in a module A can be thought of as an equivalence class of crossed modules, ...

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258 views

### Finite groups with few double cosets with respect to abelian subgroup

The following question is motivated by the study of certain tensor categories, namely integral near-group categories.
Let $G$ be a finite group and $H\subset G$ be a subgroup. Is it possible to give ...

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865 views

### Groups with all normal subgroups characteristic

Today in my research, I had to use fairly explicitly the rather tautological property of finite cyclic groups that every normal subgroup is characteristic, i.e. fixed by all automorphisms. This got me ...

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769 views

### “Antipodal” maps on regular graphs?

This question is related to Realizing the diameter of a finite regular graph
Let $X=(V,E)$ be a finite, connected, regular graph of diameter $D$. Assume that, for every vertex $x\in V$, there exists ...

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277 views

### What are smallest finite images of triangle groups?

Given integers $a, b, c$ all at least 2, I would like to identify the smallest group with an element $x$ of order $a$, element $y$ of order $b$ such that the product $yx$ has order $c$. For example, ...

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692 views

### Non-isomorphic two-transitive permutation groups with isomorphic point stabilizers

The permutation groups $A = PSL(2,7)$ with its natural action on the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{F}_7)$ and $B = A\Gamma L(1,8)$ with its natural action on the affine line $\mathbb{F}_8$ ...

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556 views

### (weak?) BN-Pair / Tits System for Sporadic Groups

The structure of finite simple groups of Lie type of arbitrary rank can be described well via BN-pairs. BN-pairs basically generalize the Bruhat decomposition of matrices into monomial $N$ and ...

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246 views

### Group cochains invariant under the action of the symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite group and $A$ an abelian group. Recall the cochain groups
$$
C^k = \{f: G^k \to A\}
$$
and the coboundary map
$$
\delta : C^k \to C^{k+1}
$$
$$
(\delta f)(g_1, \ldots, g_{k+1}) ...

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254 views

### Generating random finite groups

I would like a method to efficiently generate a random finite group of a given order $n$.
If there are $g(n)$ non-isomorphic groups of order $n$,
ideally each group would occur with probability ...

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920 views

### Sylow subgroups of projective general linear groups

What is known about the Sylow 2-subgroups of $\rm{PGL}_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$, where $q$ is any prime power? For example, according to Theorem 7.9 in Isaacs's Character Theory, these Sylow 2-subgroups ...

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521 views

### (co)homology of symmetric groups

Let $S_n=\{\text{bijections }[n]\to[n]\}$ be the n-th symmetric group. Its (co)homology will be understood with trivial action. What are the $\mathbb{Z}$-modules $H_k(S_n;\mathbb{Z})$? Using GAP, we ...

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313 views

### The cohomology group $H^{1}(GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p}), M_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p}))$

Let $M_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$ be the vector space of 2$\times$2 matrices over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ where $p$ is a prime number, and let $GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$ be the group of invertible ...

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726 views

### Can we bound degrees of complex irreps in terms of the average conjugacy class size?

This question arises when looking at a certain constant associated to (a certain Banach algebra built out of) a given compact group, and specializing to the case of finite groups, in order to try and ...

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264 views

### existence of a finite group which is the union of self normalizing subgroups

Can a finite group G be the union of self normalizing subgroups such that the intersection between any two of these subgroups is equal to the unit of the group G? I don't think so but I can't prove ...

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1k views

### Cosets and conjugacy classes

I'm interested in the following situation:
$G$ is a finite group;
$C$ is a conjugacy class in $G$;
$H$ is the centralizer of an element $h$ of $C$.
I want information on $|C\cap Hg|$ as $g$ varies ...

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582 views

### Is the Gelfand-Graev character isomorphic to a cohomology group for some sheaf on a Deligne-Lusztig variety?

Deligne-Lusztig theory
is awesome. You take a maximal torus $T$, you take a character $\theta$, construct a variety $X_T$$^*$, take etale cohomology, get a virtual character $R_T^\theta$, maybe it's ...

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451 views

### Does every automorphism of G come from an inner automorphism of S_G?

I feel sort of silly asking this question. Unless I'm very much mistaken the paper I'm reading assumes the following statement:
Let $G$ be a finite group. We may embed it via the Cayley embedding ...

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256 views

### Which finite nonabelian groups have all their quaternionic representations of degree one?

A finite group $G$ has a finite set of irreducible representations over the complex numbers. All of these representations are linear (that is, are maps in 1x1 complex matrices) if and only if $G$ is ...

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943 views

### Can we always find such an irreducible polynomial of degree n where degree(p(x)-x^n)<= n/2?

Consider unitary polynomials of degree $n$ over $GF(2)$. That is, polynomials of the form $p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n a_i x^i$ where $a_i\in GF(2)$ and $a_n=1$.
Can we always find such an irreducible ...

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855 views

### (A very limited instance of) Lagrange's Theorem's converse and A_5

Suppose $G$ is a finite simple group and $|G|$ is a multiple of $60$. Does it follow that $G$ has a subgroup isomorphic to $A_{5}$? If so, can this be proven without using the Classification?

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559 views

### Embeddings of finite groups into GL(n,Q_p)

This question is inspired by some interesting comments on this recent question.
Fix an integer $n \geq 1$ and a finite subgroup $G$ of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbf{C})$. It is known that there are ...

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843 views

### Number of generators of a subgroup of a finite simple group

For a finite group $G$ we denote $d(G)$ the minimal size of a set of generators of $G$. We define $D(G) = \max( d(H) \mid H\leq G)$.
Let $S$ be a finite simple group. Are there `good' bounds on ...

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701 views

### Groups which satisfy Mal'cev's theorem (locally residually finite)

Recall that a group $G$ is residualy finite if for every non-zero element $g\in G$ there exists a homomorphism $\sigma:G\rightarrow H$ such that $H$ is finite and $\sigma(g)\neq 0$. Mal'cev's theorem ...

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487 views

### A Perturbation problem for U(n)

Let G be a finite subgroup of U(n), the unitary group acts on $\mathbb{C}^n$. If there is a unit vector $x$ in $\mathbb{C}^n$ such that g(x) is almost orthogonal to x, for all $g\in G$ except the ...

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757 views

### Efficient presentations for finite groups

A finitely presented group which has more generators than relations has an infinite abelianization and so is an infinite group. Therefore, for a finite group, all presentations must have at least as ...

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443 views

### Finite subgroups of $PGL(3,K)$

It is well-known that finite subgroups of $PGL_2(\mathbb{C})$ are cyclic groups, dihedral groups, A4, S4 and A5 and each of these groups occurs exactly once (up to conjugacy). These facts are ...

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354 views

### Convenient reference for subgroups of a finite semidirect product?

Given a finite group $G= H \ltimes N$ (with no particular constraints on $H, N$), it's probably been known for a long time how to describe efficiently the possible subgroups of $G$. A graduate ...

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871 views

### Diameter of universal cover

Let $M$ be Riemannian manifold and $\tilde M$ be its universal cover (with induced metric).
What is the upper bound for $k=\mathop{diam}\tilde M/\mathop{diam} M$ in terms of $m=|\pi_1(M)|$ (or ...

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515 views

### A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...

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1k views

### Mystery of the Monstrous Moonshine

There's a very famous group, the largest sporadic simple finite group, sometimes called a monster whose size is quoted below. What's the explanation that the primes appearing in it,
...

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**1**answer

449 views

### complexity of counting homomorphisms

This is a question I have thought about and asked a number of people, but have never got an answer beyond "It should be true that..."
Given a finitely generated group $G$ (eg. a link group ...

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276 views

### $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...