Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

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votes

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### What are the possible automorphism groups of Riemann surfaces of low genus?

Skipping the easy cases of genus 0 and 1, what groups can arise as the group of conformal transformations of a Riemann surfaces of genus, say, 2 or 3?
I'm frustrated because there are papers that ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

696 views

### The number of group elements whose squares lie in a given subgroup

This number is divisible by the order of the subgroup http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.2824.
The proof is short but non-trivial. Is this fact new or is it known for a long time?

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votes

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584 views

### Maximal number of maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group. I want to find an upper bound on the number of the maximal subgroups. My questions is does it possible to prove that the number of maximal subgroups of any finite group $G$ ...

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votes

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1k views

### Groups with all normal subgroups characteristic

Today in my research, I had to use fairly explicitly the rather tautological property of finite cyclic groups that every normal subgroup is characteristic, i.e. fixed by all automorphisms. This got me ...

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votes

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455 views

### factorization of the regular representation of the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{C}[S_n]$ be the regular representation of the symmetric group $S_n$, and let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be the vector representation.
Question: Does there exist a representation $V$ (of dimension ...

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votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Does O'Nan-Scott depend on CFSG?

My question is in the title. Some context: there are two versions of the O'Nan-Scott theorem. The first, weaker version, is due to O'Nan and Scott (independently) and gives the structure of the ...

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votes

**2**answers

944 views

### Number of n-th roots of elements in a finite group and higher Frobenius-Schur indicators

This is the second follow-up to this question on square roots of elements in symmetric groups and is concerned with generalisations to $n$-th roots. Let $G$ be a finite group and let $r_n(g)$ be the ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### M24 moonshine for K3

There are recent papers suggesting that the elliptic genus of K3 exhibits moonshine for the Mathieu group $M_{24}$ (http://arXiv.org/pdf/1004.0956). Does anyone know of constructions of $M_{24}$ ...

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votes

**0**answers

574 views

### What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...

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votes

**5**answers

537 views

### Results about the order of a group forcing a particular property.

Given a group of order $n$ where $n$ is either a specific number, or a number of a particular form, e.g. square-free, when does $n$ completely determine a particular group property among all groups of ...

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votes

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1k views

### Finite groups such that every irrep can be induced from trivial irrep of a subgroup ?

What are examples (general features) of the finite groups $G$, such that every irrep (irreducible representation) is contained (as constituent) in the representation induced from trivial ...

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690 views

### Reference for representation theory of SL_2(Z/n)

There are many references for the representation theory (say over $\mathbf C$) of $SL_2(\mathbf{F}_q)$ and $GL_2(\mathbf{F}_q)$, for instance lecture 5 in Fulton--Harris "Representation theory" and ...

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votes

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2k views

### determinant of the table of characters

I am certain that the answer to this question exists somewhere. It might be a classical exercise.
Let $G$ be a finite group. Its table of characters is a square matrix, whose rows are indexed by the ...

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votes

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958 views

### Restriction from $GL_n$ to $S_n$

Let $V$ be the irreducible representation of $GL_n$ with highest $\lambda$, and $|\lambda|=n$. It is well known that the representation of $S_n$ on the $(1,1,\ldots,1)$ weight space is the Specht ...

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votes

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406 views

### Explicit construction of an element of ${\rm GL}(2, p)$ of order $p+1$

It is well-known that the order of $GL(2, p)$ is $(p^2-1)(p^2-p) = (p-1)^2(p+1)p.$
It is easy to construct matrices of orders $(p-1)$ and $p$ (diagonal and parabolic, respectively), but the only way ...

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votes

**1**answer

455 views

### Why is Klein's representation of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_7)$ hard to obtain?

In his famous article [1] Klein constructs a representation of $G=PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_7)$ in $\mathbb{C}^3$ (of which the first invariant polynomial of three variables gives rise to the famous Klein's ...

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votes

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497 views

### Origin of group theory problem (bound on number of Sylow subgroups)

This problem (prove that the number of Sylow subgroups of a finite group $G$ is bounded by $\frac{2}{3}|G|$) posted on MSE proved rather difficult to solve. The OP has been silent about where the ...

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votes

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775 views

### Periodic Automorphism Towers

In Scott's classic textbook on Group Theory, he asks:
Suppose that $G$ is a finite group. Is the sequence of isomorphism types
of the groups $Aut^{(n)}(G)$ for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ eventually periodic?
...

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votes

**2**answers

580 views

### The prime divisors of a simple group

Let $G$ be a finite simple group such that $\pi (G)=\pi (A_{n})$, where $n\geq 23$ ($\pi (G)$ is the set of prime divisors of the order of $G$). Is it true that $G$ is isomorphic to an alternating ...

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votes

**1**answer

487 views

### Enumeration of $0-1$ matrices with determinant $1$

Has the number $f(n)$ of $n \times n$, $0{-}1$ matrices whose determinant is $+1$
been enumerated?
E.g., for $n{=}2$, there are $f(2)=3$ such matrices:
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{cc}
1 & 0 \\
0 ...

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votes

**0**answers

632 views

### How much has been written down about Deligne's geometric approach to the order formula for a finite group of Lie type?

This is a follow-up to a recent mathoverflow question
34387
about computing the orders of finite unitary groups and the comments made there.
Between 1955 (Chevalley's Tohoku paper) and 1968 ...

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votes

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680 views

### Non-commutator in simple group?

Hi,
For a group $G$, we say that $x\in G$ is a commutator if there exists $a,b \in G$ such that $x=a^{1}b^{-1}ab$, and we say that $x$ is a non-commutator if there is no $a,b \in G$ such that ...

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908 views

### Number of squares in a finite group

This was asked at MSE but never answered.
Let $G$ be a finite group and denote by $sq(G)$ the number of squares in $G$ i.e. the number of elements in $G$ which possess a square root. For example, if
...

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votes

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1k views

### Finite subgroups of $PGL_2(K)$ in characteristic $p$

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $p$. What are the finite subgroups of $PGL_2(K)$ whose orders are divisible by $p$? And if $G$ and $H$ are two such subgroups that are isomorphic, can one say when ...

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votes

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2k views

### Cosets and conjugacy classes

I'm interested in the following situation:
$G$ is a finite group;
$C$ is a conjugacy class in $G$;
$H$ is the centralizer of an element $h$ of $C$.
I want information on $|C\cap Hg|$ as $g$ varies ...

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votes

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1k views

### Finite groups in which every character has real values: grading the representations

Let $G$ be a finite group. Then the irreducible complex representations of $G$ come in three sorts: real, complex and symplectic=quaternionic. The type of an irreducible character $\chi$ can be read ...

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votes

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605 views

### Is this a well-known bound for the derived length of a finite group?

Let $cd(G)$ be the set of degrees of the irreducible complex characters of the finite group $G$.
It is conjectured that if $G$ is solvable then $dl(G)\leq |cd(G)|$ and it is a result by Gluck that ...

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votes

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1k views

### What is the Hilbert class field of a cyclotomic field?

In the answers to Qiaochu's post on defining representations of finite groups over the algebraic integers, it came out that which fields a representation of a finite group is defined over might depend ...

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votes

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2k views

### How many conjugacy classes of subgroups does GL(2,p) have?

How many conjugacy classes of subgroups does $\mathrm{GL}(2,p)$ have?
For instance the dihedral group of order $2n$ has $\tau(n)$ cyclic normal subgroups and $\sigma(n)$ "dihedral" subgroups (as ...

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votes

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690 views

### Wedderburn's theorem for $\mathbb{Q}G$

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $\mathbb{Q}G=M_{n_1}(D_1)\times\cdots\times M_{n_k}(D_k)$ be the decomposition of $\mathbb{Q}G$ as a product of rings of matrices over divisions rings. Let $Z_i$ be ...

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votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Largest subset of $GL_n(p)$ in which pairwise subtraction is also in $GL_n(p)$

Suppose $X\subset \mathrm{GL}_n(p)$ is a set of invertible matrices such that for every $A,B\in X$ then also $A-B\in \mathrm{GL}_n(p)\cup \{0\}$. (If anyone knows a name for such sets I would be ...

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votes

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752 views

### Find finite groups $G\cong Aut(G)$

I become interested in this problem because $G\cong Aut(G)$ suggests a special symmetry in $G$ (This kind of group describes its own symmetry).
From $G/Z(G)\cong Inn(G)$ we know complete group is the ...

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votes

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911 views

### How to find more (finite almost simple) groups with a given Sylow subgroup

I'm looking for some examples of actions on Sylow p-groups, and often those actions appear in the case of finite almost simple groups. Given a finite almost simple group, I understand in principle ...

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votes

**1**answer

356 views

### Crossed modules and degree-3 group cohomology

It is well known (see e.g. K. Brown, "Cohomology of groups") that a degree-3 cohomology class of a group G with coefficients in a module A can be thought of as an equivalence class of crossed modules, ...

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votes

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653 views

### Is the following map from Z(G) x H^3(G, C*) --> H^2(G, C*) ever nontrivial?

Suppose that G is a finite group, then we have the following map f which takes an element z in the center of G and a 3-cohomology class w and returns a 2-cohomology class f(z,w) (for concreteness ...

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votes

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277 views

### Variety of nilpotent Lie algebras or $p$-groups

Here's a couple of analogous questions, one in terms of finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras and one in terms of finite $p$-groups; I'd be interested in an answer to either:
1) Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

90 views

### An inequality for the minimal number of generators of a finite group

Let $G$ be a finite group, $n(G)$ the minimal number of generators and $m(G)$ the minimal number of irreducible complex representations generating (with $\otimes$ and $\oplus$) the left regular ...

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votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Group cochains invariant under the action of the symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite group and $A$ an abelian group. Recall the cochain groups
$$
C^k = \{f: G^k \to A\}
$$
and the coboundary map
$$
\delta : C^k \to C^{k+1}
$$
$$
(\delta f)(g_1, \ldots, g_{k+1}) ...

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669 views

### What can be said about Schur indices, given only the character table?

Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...

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1k views

### Estimate for the order of the outer automorphism group of a finite simple group

It is known (given CFSG) that all non-abelian finite simple groups have small outer automorphism groups. However, it's quite tedious to list all the possibilities. Does anyone know a reference for a ...

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2k views

### Reference for this theorem in representation theory?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\chi$ be an irreducible character of
$G$ (characteristic zero algebraically closed base field). If $H$ is
the kernel of $\chi$ then the irreducible representations of ...

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votes

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773 views

### Realizable Order Sequences for Finite Groups

My post is motivated at least in part by this MO question.
Has there been any work done on realizable order sequences for finite groups? By an "order sequence" I mean a non-decreasing list of the ...

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711 views

### Dimensions and number of complex irreducible representations for SL3(Z/pZ)

This is my first post here :)
I have the following two related questions. While looking in Conway's ATLAS (the 1985 one) for $SL_3(Z/pZ)$, where he does the cases $p=2,3,5,7$, I saw that the ...

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866 views

### The maximum order of finite subgroups in $GL(n,Q)$

For several years people have tried to characterize finite groups of maximal order in $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$ (or $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$) and their orders.
It appear in many articles a ...

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votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Group theory conjecture on hurwitz groups

Conjecture: Let $p$ be a prime.
Then the group
$G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^9, (([a,b]^4)b)^{2p} \rangle$
has a composition series of the form
${\rm PSL}(2,8) - {\rm Z}_p - ...

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1k views

### Number of generators of a subgroup of a finite simple group

For a finite group $G$ we denote $d(G)$ the minimal size of a set of generators of $G$. We define $D(G) = \max( d(H) \mid H\leq G)$.
Let $S$ be a finite simple group. Are there `good' bounds on ...

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1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

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votes

**1**answer

402 views

### Is every finite group a proper quotient of a finite primitive group?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Is there necessarily a finite primitive permutation group $P$ and a normal subgroup $N>1$ of $P$ such that $P/N \cong G$?
If not, what restrictions are there on ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Extension of induced reps over Z: is it a sum of induced reps?

Let $G$ be a finite group. If $L$ is a finite free $\mathbf{Z}$-module with an action of $G$, say $L$ is induced if it's isomorphic as a $G$-module to $Ind_H^G(\mathbf{Z})$ with $H$ a subgroup of $G$ ...

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votes

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483 views

### On the order of finite simple groups

About the order of finite simple groups there exists a very interesting result which stated as follows:
Let $G$ be an non-solvable simple group of order $g$. If $p\mid g$, where $p>g^{1\over 3}$ ...