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112 views

### How to evaluate this function in F_p efficiently?

For the positive prime integer $p$, Let $\mathbb{F}_p=\{0,1,\cdots, p-1\}$ be the finite field of order $p$.
For $x\in \mathbb{F}_p$, define $f_p(x)$ to be the maximum element in the set $\{ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### How to calculate log or exp of a value in GF(2^n) using log/exp table of GF((2^k)^m) where n=k*m?

Consider Galois fields $\mathbb{F}_{2^n}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$, where $n=km$, and $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$ is a ground field of $\mathbb{F}_{2^n}$.
I’d appreciate pointers to papers or suggestions on:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Reinterpreting Galois descent over finite fields

This question is indirectly related to my previous question Is an elliptic curve that is isomorphic to its Frobenius conjugate defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$?
Let $\mathbb{F}_{q^n}/\mathbb{F}_q$ be an ...

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104 views

### A $k \times n$ matrix with a lot of invertible $k \times k$ submatrices over $\mathbb{F}_2$

In the appendix of the paper by Tolhuizen (
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=841182) there is a very fast and easy probabilistic proof that for $k=cn$ where $c \in [0,1]$ is fixed, ...

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96 views

### How can I decode efficiently a triple-error-correcting binary BCH code?

In a given $\mathrm{BCH}(N,K)$, $T=3$ code over $\mathrm{GF}(2^m)$, there are ways to find the error locations in a given $N$-bit codeword directly from the syndromes without going through the normal ...

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104 views

### A question on vector space over finite field

Let $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}$ be a finite field of $\sigma$-bit elements, and use $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}^{\ell}$ to denote an $\ell$-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}$. Let $V$ be a ...

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110 views

### Order of zeros for sparse polynomials mod $p$

It is a fairly well known fact that sparse polynomials $f(x)$ cannot have large order zeros other than at $x=0$. If $f(x)=a_1x^{r_1}+\cdots+a_kx^{r_k}$ then at $c
\neq 0$, $f$ has a zero of order at ...

**2**

votes

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32 views

### Computations of some character sums/zeta function

I'm currently trying to "compute" the zeta function of some hyperelliptic curves over a finite field (of odd characteristic). Precisely, let $b\in\mathbb{F}_q^\times$ be a non zero element (I also ...

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votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Are $E_n$-operads not formal in characteristic not equal to zero?

This is a short question:
Is it just unproven folklore (yet), or is it definitively known that $E_n$-operads are not formal, if the characteristic of the underlying field is not equal to zero?

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**2**answers

206 views

### Minimal expression of 0 as a sum of kth powers in a finite field

Let $l=\min\{s\in \mathbb{N}|0\in s\cdot (\mathbb{F}_{p^n}^\times)^k\}$. Is any information known about this number already as a function of $k$? Any reference would be greatly appreciated!

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67 views

### A question about polynomial over finite field

For the positive integer $m$, let $n=\varphi(m)$ denote the totient of $m$.
Given a rational prime $p$ such that $p\equiv 1 \bmod m$, let $A=\{a_1,\cdots, a_n\}\subseteq \mathbb{F}_p$ denote the set ...

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votes

**1**answer

164 views

### When is Chevalley Warning's bound best possible?

Chevalley Warning's theorem (a form of) states that any homogeneous form over a finite field of degree $d$ in more than $d$ variables has a nontrivial zero in the field. However, for diagonal forms, ...

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255 views

### Counting abelian varieties over finite fields in a given isogeny class

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb Z[x]$ be a monic polynomial of degree $g$ with all roots having absolute value $\sqrt{q}$. How many principally polarized abelian varieties over $\mathbb F_q$ have $f(x)$ as the ...

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vote

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45 views

### About the rank of a Pell equation-related matrix

I have a question about the solution of Pell-equation over a prime field.
I want prove that the matrix $M$ is of rank $\frac{p-1}{2}$, with $M=(m_{i,j})\in\left(\mathbb{Z}/(p^p-1)\mathbb{Z} ...

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**3**answers

1k views

### A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...

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30 views

### Interpolating a polynomial when we permute part of $y_i$'s

Let $\vec{x}=[x_1,...,x_n]$ be elements of field $\mathbb{Z}_p$, where $p$ is a large prime. $x_i \neq x_j$, $x_i \in \mathbb{Z}_p$. Note $x_i$ values are NOT picked uniformly random and they are ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Number of linearly bisected subsets in finite vector space $F_2^n$

We consider the $n$-dimenstional finite vector space $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ over the finite field of two elements. For a subset $A\subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ of even size $|A|=2m$ and a linear form ...

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**2**answers

863 views

### Does $\mathbb{K}[G]\simeq\mathbb{K}[H]$ for some field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $p$, imply $\mathbb{F}_p[G]\simeq\mathbb{F}_p[H]$?

Due to the first (and very helpful) answer I received, I've reformulated the question a little: $G$ and $H$ are now assumed to be $p$-groups.
Let $p$ be a prime, and let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the field ...

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**6**answers

3k views

### How to recognise that the polynomial method might work

A couple of days ago I was at a nice seminar given by Christian Reiher, during which he told us about a short proof of the following special case of a theorem of Olson.
Theorem. Let ...

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**2**answers

211 views

### Conjugation in associative algebras over finite fields

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional associative algebra (with unity) over a finite field $F$. Let $L$ be a field extension of $F$. Suppose that after extending scalars to $L$, two elements $a,b$ of $A$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Can we define a height function for a variety over a finite field?

That is, is there a way to measure the complexity of a point over a finite field the same way we do it over number fields?

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435 views

### What is the permutation group generated by those three given morphisms of the affine space $\mathbb{F}_q^3$?

Let $\mathbb{A}^3 = \mathbb{F}_q^3$. Consider the following three functions $\mathbb{A}^3\to\mathbb{A}^3$:
\begin{eqnarray*}
h: (x, y, z) &\mapsto& (x, y, xy - z) \\
u: (x, y, z) ...

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vote

**1**answer

191 views

### Solutions to system of polynomial equations over finite fields

If $P_1$, $P_2$, ..., $P_m$ are $n$-variate homogeneous polynomials of degree d over a finite field $F_q$, where $q$ is much larger than $d$, but much smaller than $n$, then do we know good lower ...

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226 views

### When does composing polynomials reduce the degree?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be the field of size 2. For a function $f : \mathbb{F}^n \to \mathbb{F}$, let $d(f)$ be the smallest integer such that there exists a degree-$d(f)$, $n$-variate, multilinear ...

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265 views

### formal group laws of Abelian varieties in positive characteristic

Let $G$ be an algebraic group defined over an (algebraically closed) field $k$. Then one can obtain a formal group law by completing the multiplication map $m: G \times G \to G$ at the unit of $G$.
...

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**1**answer

107 views

### Enumerator Polynomials for Linear Anytime Codes

Let $C = \{c \in \mathbb{F}^n_2 : Hc=0\}$ be a binary linear code where $H \in \mathbb{F}^{k \times n}_2$ is a block lower-triangular matrix of full rank called the parity-check matrix of $C$. Clearly ...

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61 views

### Finite Ramanujan expansions over a finite field

I'm wondering if we could have an analogy in finite fields. After all, the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) has been generalized to finite fields as well (with essentially identical properties as in ...

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**4**answers

1k views

### Non-split extensions of $GL_n(F_q)$ by $F_q^n$ ?

A very naive question :
I just learned that there is a non-split extension of $GL_3(F_2)$ by $F_2^3$ (with standard action). It can be realized as the subgroup of the automorphism group $G_2$ of ...

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**1**answer

130 views

### Proving inequation with ceilings in Finite Field of characteristic $p$

Take $ui = pt_i +j_i$ where $p$ is a prime number and $u(p-r) \equiv 1 $ $(\mbox{mod p})$ for positive integers $1 \le i, r, j_i\le p-1$ and $t_i \ge 0$. How can I prove that:
\begin{equation}
...

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110 views

### References for modular curves over finite fields [closed]

I'm looking for a detailed reference for modular curves over finite fields, such as $X(N)$, $X_1(N)$, and $X_0(N)$. There seems to be a lot of literature dealing with them over $\mathbb{C}$, but I'm ...

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76 views

### The significance of the Parvaresh-Vardy curve

Even though this seems like a computer science question, it is purely mathematical and concerns polynomials and curves over finite fields.
Consider the Parvaresh-Vardy list decoder.
As I understand ...

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**1**answer

204 views

### Covering all, but $k$ points with affine subspaces

For non-negative integer $d\le n$ and $k\le 2^n$, how many affine subspaces of co-dimension $d$ are needed to cover all, but exactly $k$ elements of the vector space ${\mathbb F}_2^n$, and what are ...

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272 views

### When is $f(x^d)$ irreducible?

Let $f(x)$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$ over a finite field $\mathbb F_p$. What can we say about $f(x^d)$? When is it irreducible ?

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146 views

### Obstruction to get a galois invariant cycle

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a finite field $k$, $G=Gal(\bar{k}/k)$ and $\Gamma\in CH^i(\bar{X})$ such that:
$cl(\Gamma) \in H_{et}^{2i}(\bar{X},\mathbb{Z}_l(i))^G$ and
$\exists$ ...

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94 views

### Polynomial generated with primitive element modulo p

This question is equivalent to the question "Normal basis in cyclotomic number fields" that I asked recently. I am posing this question because maybe in this format somebody can have an answer:
Let ...

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**2**answers

575 views

### Seeking conceptual explanation of these nice bijections on roots of unity

I proved the following facts by unenlightening calculations. Since the statements are quite clean, I think there should be a conceptual explanation for them, which my proof certainly is not.
Let $q$ ...

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407 views

### On the number of polynomials that divide $x^{q-1}-1$ in some subspaces of $\mathbb F_q[x]$

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be a finite field (where $q$ is in general a power of a prime), and let $e, k$ be positive integers with $k \leq e < q-1$. Let $f_0(x), \ldots,
f_k(x) \in \mathbb F_q[x]$ be ...

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53 views

### non-intersecting families of subspaces

Given $V$, a vector space over a finite field $F$ of size $k$, if $\dim(V)=m$, and $r$ divides $m$, there exists a family of $r$-dimensional subspaces, whose size is equal to $(k^m-1)/(k^r-1)$ and ...

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629 views

### Quotient of $Z[x_1,…,x_n]$ by a maximal ideal is a finite field [duplicate]

I am seeing the proof of the Ax-Groethendieck theorem from commutative algebra and I have a problem. How can I prove that if $x_1,...,x_n$ are complex numbers and $I$ is a maximal ideal of ...

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267 views

### On MDS code property

Is there a code that is Maximum Distance Separable and not isomorphic to Reed Solomon Codes? When is a MDS code isomorphic to Reed Solomon Code?
Is there an easy test? If so, could someone provide ...

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**1**answer

145 views

### An upper bound on the number of sets of parallel lines covering points in a finite plane?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field of characteristic $2$. Let $L_m$ denote the set of lines in $\mathbb{F}^2$ with slope $m\in\mathbb{F}$, that is, all parallel lines of the form $y=mx+b$. Consider a ...

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113 views

### How does one calculate/estimate/guarantee the girth of a non-Abelian Cayley graph?

This question is in reference to this other question,
Can someone point out references (or explain!) which give techniques of being able to prove for any Cayley graph this property of having a girth ...

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**1**answer

312 views

### Finite field “contour” sum

Let $\Bbb{F}_q$ be a finite field. Choose a non-square $\delta \in \Bbb{F}_q^*$
and form the quadratic extension $\Bbb{F}_q\big( \sqrt{\delta} \, \big)$. For
an element $z \in \Bbb{F}_q\big( ...

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votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Uncountable cardinals and Prufer $p$-groups

Let $A$ be an elementary Abelian uncountable $p$-group. Is it known if there is an action of a Prufer $q$-group (here $q$ is a prime not necessarily distinct from $p$) $C_{q^{\infty}}$ onto $A$ such ...

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**1**answer

95 views

### Binary algebra, is it possible to partition the elements in GF(2^12) into 65 subgroups closed under addition?

The set of all binary vectors with 12 components forms a field with 2^12 elements containing 000000000000 and another 65*63 elements. Is it possible to partition these elements into 65 subgroups of 63 ...

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votes

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606 views

### homogeneous polynomials over a finite field

Let $P(x_1, \ldots , x_n)$ be a homogeneous polynomials over a finite field with $q$ elements. Is there any way to count all the roots of $P$?

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**1**answer

110 views

### What is the best known lower bound for: $\max_{2\leq i\leq p-1}(ord_n(i)) $?

Given an in integer $n$, and let $p$ be its smallest prime divisor (you can assume that $p$ is very large ). Let $ord_n(i)$ denotes the order of $i$ as an element of $\Bbb Z_n^*$ the multiplicative ...

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97 views

### Applications of small Kakeya sets over finite fields

It was proved by Dvir that a Kakeya set in $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ has size at least $q^n/n!$, a bound which was later improved to $q^n/2^n$.
For $n = 2$ and $q$ odd the exact bound is $q(q+1)/2 + (q-1)/2$ ...

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**1**answer

144 views

### Invariant subspaces of an $F_2$-representation of the affine linear group of dimension 1

Let $p$ be an odd prime (large if it matters) and let $G= Aff(\mathbb{F}_{p^2}) \cong \mathbb{F}_{p^2} \rtimes \mathbb{F}_{p^2}^*$ be the affine linear group acting on $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$ by $x\mapsto ...

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166 views

### Does the fundamental group identify group structure on subvarieties of products of curves?

Let $C_1,\dots, C_n$ be smooth curves over $\overline{\mathbb F}_p$, not necessarily proper. Let $X$ be a subvariety of $C_1 \times \dots \times C_n$. I'm interested in the natural map:
$$ ...