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6
votes
2answers
1k views

Algorithms to find irreducible polynomials of a given degree

I need to know what are the efficient algorithms to find all the irreducible polynomials of a given degree, say $d$ over a given finite field, say $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}.$ One way is to factorize the ...
2
votes
0answers
191 views

Small geometric progression modulo N

An problem related to integer factorization using the General Number Field Sieve is the following: Let $N$ be a composite. Must there exist a 5-term geometric progression $\lbrace ...
5
votes
4answers
870 views

computer algebra system for polynomial algebras over finite fields

Is there a computer algebra system that can do arithmetic over polynomial algebras over finite fields where I can specify the extension? Exempli gratia, if $f(x), g(x) \in ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

trace cotrace Matrix

Hello I want to know whats mean (trace) cotrace matrix. In the context, mapping a matrix (t x n) $\in$ GF($2^m$) to a cotrace matrix (tm x n) $\in$ GF($2$)?
3
votes
0answers
366 views

Finite Field Varieties and the de Rham Complex of Kähler Differentials

In an answer to a previous question I asked, where the Kahler differentials of a variety over a finite field were discussed, it was stated that: You can certainly define de Rham cohomology using ...
17
votes
4answers
915 views

A mixing property for finite fields of characteristic $2$

In connection with this MO post, here is a question somewhat implicitly contained in a joint paper of S. Kopparty, S. Saraf, M. Sudan, and myself. Let ${\mathbb F}$ be a finite field, and suppose ...
8
votes
2answers
384 views

A mixing property of linear map over finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field of odd size $q$, and $\phi_0 : F \mapsto F$ be any map from $F$ to itself. For each $a \in F$, set $\phi_a : x \in F \mapsto \phi_0 (x) + ax $. When $\phi_0 : x \mapsto x^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

Given g1(x), g2(x) minimize over p(x) Hamming weight of [p(x)g1; p(x)g2(x) ] ? (Or how to find minimal distance of convolutional code?)

Fix polynoms g1(x), g2(x) over F_2[x]. Question: How to find minimum over polynoms p(x) of the: HammingWeight(p(x) g1(x) ) + HammingWeight(p(x) g2(x) ) ? By HammingWeight of polynom I mean number ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Orthogonal Groups over finite fields

Hello Let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the finite field with $p$ elements. One can show that over finite fields, there are just two non-degenerate quadratic forms. So here I want to pick any non-degenerate ...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

Special polynomials over finite fields

My field of research is coding theory and I am working on cyclic codes. During my research, I tackled an algebraic problem. After some simple definitions, I asked my question. I will appreciate any ...
0
votes
0answers
239 views

Combinatorial Interpretation of an Extension of Gaussian Polynomials

It is well-known that the Gaussian polynomial (or Gaussian coefficient, q-binomial coefficient) $\binom{n}{k}_q$ counts the number of $k$-dimensional subspaces of an $n$-dimensional vector space over ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

How many k-nomials of deg N divisible by X^16+x^12+x^5 +1 ? (Spectrum of CRC-16-CCITT erroc-correcting code ?)

Let us consider polynoms over $F_2$. Consider the linear SUBSPACE of polynoms divisible by $x^{16}+x^{12}+x^5 +1$ and of degree less or equal $N$ (e.g. 40). Question: How many k-nomials belong to ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Number of solutions to $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$

I need a reference for the result which gives the number of solutions to the congruence $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$. This result seems to be something that would be discussed in Gauss' ...
7
votes
3answers
857 views

Quadratic reciprocity and Weil reciprocity theorem

I was told that Weil reciprocity theorem (one has two meromorphic function $f,g$ on a complex curve $C$, so $\prod\limits_{x\in C} g(x)^{ord_xf}=\prod\limits_{x\in C}f(x)^{ord_xg} \ $ where $ord_xf$ ...
0
votes
2answers
154 views

Matrices whose range is equal to the column set [closed]

Is there such a thing? I suppose there are two cases in which they may exist: over a finite field or infinite matrices (but let's stick to countable matrices then).
4
votes
0answers
292 views

Matching a binary matrix

Given a MxN 0-1 matrix D, with the property that both M and N are odd numbers its row sums and column sums in the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ field are all equal to the same number (0 or 1). How do we find M ...
5
votes
3answers
351 views

Source for embedding multiplicative group of an algebraic closure of a finite field?

It's easy to embed the (cyclic) multiplicative group of a finite field into the multiplicative group of $\mathbb{C}$ (or other algebraically closed field of characteristic 0): assign to a generator of ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Sums of powers mod p

For prime $p > 7$ with $p-1=rs$, $r>1$, $s>1$, let $A=\{x^r|x \in \mathbb{Z}_p\}$ and $B = \{x^s|x \in \mathbb{Z}_p\}$. If $g$ is a primitive root mod $p$ then $A = \{0\} \cup \{g^{ir}|0 \leq ...
4
votes
1answer
409 views

Finite Field Grassmannians as Homogeneous Spaces

For the real Grassmannian Gr$(N,k)$ we have the well-known isomorphism $$ \text{Gr}(N,k) = O(N)/(O(k) \times O(N-k)) $$ For the complex case, we have $$ \text{Gr}(N,k) = U(N)/(U(k) \times U(N-k)) $$ ...
2
votes
3answers
443 views

homogeneous polynomials over a finite field

Let p(x_1, \ldots , x_n) be a homogeneous polynomials over a finite field with p^k elements (p a prime). Is there any way to count all the roots of p?
4
votes
2answers
840 views

Vandermonde matrices and general position

I was wondering if it is known whether a Vandermonde matrix over a sufficiently large finite field is in general position with respect to intersections of subspaces spanned by subsets of columns, i.e. ...
5
votes
1answer
375 views

Probability of a set of random vectors over finite field being a spanning set

Suppose I have a set of random vectors $f(a_1, \ldots, a_\ell) := (v_1, \ldots, v_m) \subset F_p^n$, $m \ge n$, given by a matrix valued polynomial function $f$, where the $a_i$'s are independent, ...
2
votes
0answers
286 views

Counting points over over an algebraic set over finite field.

Let $q=p^n$. Let $C$ be an Artin schierer curve defined by $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $f(x) \in \mathbb{F}_{q}[x]$. Let $C_g$ be $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $x \in g(\mathbb{F}_{p^{n}})$ for some $g \in ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Proofs in the same vein as Ax-Grothendieck

I would like to see other examples of (ideas of) proofs and results in the same vein as the proof of the Ax-Grothendieck theorem. To explain what I mean by "in the same vein", I will quote from the ...
6
votes
2answers
381 views

request sources about self-dual cyclic codes

X. Kai and S. Zhu in the paper "On cyclic self-dual codes", AAECC, vol. 19, pp. 509-525, 2008, at page 510 in line 6 said that, It is well Known that there are no cyclic self-dual codes over $F_q$ ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Aschbacher classes and $\mathbb{F}_p$-subspace stabilizers in classical linear groups

I am reading the Kleidman-Liebeck book ("The subgroup structure of the finite classical groups") which is about the Aschbacher classification of maximal subgroups of the classical almost simple ...
4
votes
4answers
905 views

Is there an analogue of finite fields for products of two prime powers?

The collection of prime powers can be characterized in the following way: There is a field with $q$ elements if and only if $q$ is a prime power. Furthermore if it exists then this field is unique ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Truncated Exponential Series Modulo $p$: Deeper meaning for a Putnam Question.

Apparently B6 of the Putnam this year asked: Suppose $p$ is an odd prime. Prove that for $n\in \{0,1,2...p-1\}$, at least $\frac{p+1}{2}$ of the numbers $\sum^{p-1}_{k=0} k! n^{k}$ are not ...
10
votes
3answers
948 views

Can we always find such an irreducible polynomial of degree n where degree(p(x)-x^n)<= n/2?

Consider unitary polynomials of degree $n$ over $GF(2)$. That is, polynomials of the form $p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n a_i x^i$ where $a_i\in GF(2)$ and $a_n=1$. Can we always find such an irreducible ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

reference-request for connection between numerator of zeta-function and characteristic polynomial of Frobenius on hyperelliptic curves over finite fields

Let $H$ be a hyperellipitic curve of genus $g$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$. The Frobenius endomorphism operates on the divisor class group of $H$ and satisfies a characteristic polynomial ...
0
votes
1answer
464 views

Multiplication of matrices in GF(2) and R

$H$ is an $n \times n$ matrix with elements in $ \{ -1,1 \}$ $G$ is an $n \times k$ matrix with elements in $GF(2)$ and also upper triangular, invertable $m$ is an $k \times 1$ vector with elements ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Cases of almost-linear time solvable linear systems

Let a square $n\times n$ real matrix ${\bf A}$ and two vectors ${\bf x}$ and ${\bf b}$ of length $n$, such that $${\bf A}{\bf x}={\bf b}.$$ Solving for ${\bf x}$ through standard Gaussian Elimination ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

Low degree approximation of the polynomial extension of the logical-or function

Let $x\in\{0,1\}^n$ be a binary vector of dimension $n$, and let $OR(x)$ be the "logical or" function (i.e., returns $1$ if at least one of the coordinates is $1$ and otherwise returns $0$). Consider ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Finding an embedding efficiently in field extension of finite field

We know that $GF(p^c)$ is a subfield of $GF(p^{cn})$. Also we know that elements in $GF(p^c)$ can be represent by degree $c$ polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb Z_p$, where multiplication is ...
6
votes
1answer
587 views

Exponential sums over finite fields with even characteristic

I am looking for an elementary evaluation (if one exists) of the exponential sum $$ G_r(a,b) = \sum_{x \in \mathbb{F}_{2^r}} \psi(ax^2 + bx), $$ where $a,b \in \mathbb{F}_{2^r}^*$ are both units, ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

Minimum Growth Rate of Hamming Weight of Multiples of Primitive Polynomials

Let $F_2[x]$ denote the ring of polynomials over the field of 2 elements. Richard Brent has a page on finding primitive trinomials in $F_2[x]$ of huge degree at ...
8
votes
2answers
461 views

Invariant functor for admissible representations of reductive groups over local fields

Hello, I have a question concerning a certain functor between represention categories. I'm rather sure this is already known, but I could not find a reference. Let $F$ be a local non-archimedean ...
4
votes
3answers
598 views

Field with cyclic product group

If a field has a cyclic multiplicative group, is it necessarily finite?
4
votes
3answers
734 views

Fast Vandermonde matrix multiplication over finite field

Let $V_{i,j}=x_i^j$ where $x_i\in\mathbb F_q$ for $1\le i\le n,1\le j\le n$ be a Vandermonde matrix over finite field $\mathbb F_q$. I wish to know the currently known fastest algorithms for ...
1
vote
0answers
316 views

non-split Frobenius map

there are 3 simple groups arising from $SO(8)$, i.e.$ SO(8,F_{q})$, $2D_4(q,q^2)$,$3D_4(q,q^3),$ so I want to know For the $3D_4(q,q^3),$, what is the corresponding Frobenius?
1
vote
0answers
237 views

Sums of three squares in $GF(q)[t]$

Let $q$ be a power of an odd prime number $p>3,$ say $q=p^r$ with $r \geq 1.$ It is known that every polynomial $M$ in $GF(q)[t]$ is a sum of at most $3$ squares with some conditions on degrees. ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

A kind of `pell` equation in characteristic $2.$

Given polynomials $a(t),b(t) \in K[t]$ where $K$ is a finite extension of $GF(2)$, with $$ a(t) \neq 0, $$ we consider the equation $$ x^2+axy+by^2=1 $$ with unknowns $x,y$ also polynomials in ...
3
votes
2answers
514 views

Reducible trinomials $x^{odd}+x^2+s(t)$ in characteristic $2$

Let $F$ be a finite field of characteristic $2$. Let $m \geq 2 $ be a positive integer. Seems unknown if the trinomial $$ T(t,x) = x^{2m+1}+x^2+s(t) \in F[t][x] $$ (more explicitly, the ...
6
votes
2answers
383 views

How do the number of plane curves over a finite field of a fixed genus increase with the degree?

Let $k$ be a finite field. We define $N(d,g)$ to be the number of plane curves $f(x,y)$ defined over $k$ of degree $d$ with (geometric) genus $g$. If $D(d) := (d-1)(d-2)/2$ (the maximum possible ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

How does Tate verify his own conjecture for the Fermat hypersurface?

This question is about Tate's 1963 paper "Algebraic Cycles and Poles of Zeta Functions". Here he announces a conjecture (now known as "the Tate conjecture") which states that certain classes in the ...
1
vote
2answers
561 views

best deterministic complexity for factoring polynomials over finite field

I would like to know currently what's the best deterministic complexity for factoring polynomials over finite field (without the assumption of GRH)? I have searched on google, there are many source, ...
12
votes
1answer
493 views

Does $\mathbb{K}[G]\simeq\mathbb{K}[H]$ for some field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $p$, imply $\mathbb{F}_p[G]\simeq\mathbb{F}_p[H]$?

Due to the first (and very helpful) answer I received, I've reformulated the question a little: $G$ and $H$ are now assumed to be $p$-groups. Let $\{p}$ be a prime, and let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the ...
6
votes
7answers
552 views

Classifications of finite simple objects

I'm curious to know if other classifications are known of "finite simple structures" in the same spirit of the monumental classification of finite simple groups. Here I mean "classification" in the ...
0
votes
1answer
711 views

nontrivial cube root of unity [closed]

Hi, I have a finite field Fp with p = 11 mod(12) and I am trying to get the third nontrivial root of unity in Fp^2 = Fp^2[x]/(x^2+1). So, i need x where x^3=1. Somehow I came into a source saying ...
0
votes
1answer
618 views

Elliptic curve over finite field: scalar multiplication

I'm implementing arithmetics for elliptic curves over secp256r1 as a homework assignment. For scalar multiplication, the assignment specifically specifies that $k$ is "any hexidecimal encoded ...