The finite-fields tag has no wiki summary.

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### linear independence of orbits via a set of transformations in char p

Let $T_1, \ldots, T_n \in GL(n,\mathbb{F}_p)$. Suppose for all $\vec{v} \in \mathbb{F}_p^n$ we have $\det (T_1 \vec{v}, T_2 \vec{v}, \ldots, T_n \vec{v}) = 0$. Now, let $k$ be a finite extension of ...

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### Distribution of the powers of a primitive element of a finite field

What are known results regarding the distribution of the powers of a primitive element (generator of the multiplicative group) of a finite field? Specifically, compare the ordered list of ascending ...

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### When is PSU(2,q^2) = PSL(2,q) ?

The context for this question is from page 284 - 287 of Berger's paper: ...

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### The Lang isogeny

Let $G$ be a connected commutative algebraic group over $\mathbb{F}_q$. If $\text{Fr}_q : G \to G$ denotes the $q$-Frobenius morphism, we define the Lang isogeny $L_q$ to be the endomorphism of $G$ ...

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### Probability of summing products of irreducible polynomials in a finite field to zero

Let $f(x), g(x), h(x)$ be randomly chosen irreducible polynomials over the finite field $GF(2^n)$.
What would the probability be for $\sum_{(i,j,k:i,j,k\in\mathbb{N},i+j+k=C)} f^i(x)g^j(x)h^k(x)=0$, ...

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### Tangent space of the moduli stack of Drinfeld modules

I am going through the proof of Thm 1.5.1 of Laumon, Cohomology of Drinfeld modular varieties, which says that a certain map of stacks is smooth. To prove this, Laumon considers the tangent space of a ...

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### Does the Riemann hypothesis for liftable varieties over a finite field imply the Riemann hypothesis for all varieties over a finite field

The Riemann hypothesis for varieties over a finite field has been proven by Deligne. Still I would like to ask the following question.
A variety $X$ over a finite field $k$ is liftable if there ...

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### Number of Inverse Pairs Modulo Prime $p$

Is there a result which gives a lower bound on the number of inverse pairs $(a, a^{-1})$ modulo prime $p$ lying in the interval $[1,t]$, where $t < p$?

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292 views

### Finding a subspace disjoint from a union of subspaces

Let $k$ be a finite field (I care about $\mathbb F_p$, especially $\mathbb F_2$) and let $V_1,...,V_N\subset k^n$ be subspaces.
I want to find a subspace $S\subset k^n$ such that $S\cap V_i=0$ for ...

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### Does the Hilbert polynomial determine the weight of the Galois representation associated to a variety

Let $X$ be a curve or an abelian variety (over a finite field). Then the Galois representation associated to $X$ via the etale cohomology of $X$ (in degree $1$) is integral of weight $1$ and its ...

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### Vanishing of motivic cohomology with finite coefficients in negative degrees

I wonder whether the "finite coefficient version" of Beilinson-Soule conjecture i.e. the following statement holds or not.
STATEMENT:
Let $X$ be a smooth and projective scheme over a finite field ...

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### Special values of zeta functions and extensions of base fields.

Let $X$ be a scheme of finite type over a finite field $k=\mathbb{F}_{q}$ of $q$ elements.
Then, one can define the zeta function $Z_{X/k}(T)$ of $X$ ovet $k$ as $\prod_{x\in ...

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### Primitive $k$th root of unity in a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$

I am given a prime $p$ and another number $k$ ($k$ is likely a power of $2$). I want an efficient algorithm to find the $k$th root of unity in the field $\mathbb{F}_p$. Can someone tell me how to do ...

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### Abelianized fundamental group of a curve over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, and geometrically connected curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a geometric point $\overline{x} : \text{Spec } \overline{\mathbb{F}_q} \to X$. Then there ...

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### Number of solutions of an equation over finite fields

Does anyone know of any result that deals with the following problem of counting the number of solutions of a certain algebraic equation over a finite field?
Let $p$ be an odd prime and ...

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### Algorithms to find irreducible polynomials of a given degree

I need to know what are the efficient algorithms to find all the irreducible polynomials of a given degree, say $d$ over a given finite field, say $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}.$
One way is to factorize the ...

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### Small geometric progression modulo N

An problem related to integer factorization using the General Number Field Sieve is the following:
Let $N$ be a composite. Must there exist a 5-term geometric progression $\lbrace ...

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### computer algebra system for polynomial algebras over finite fields

Is there a computer algebra system that can do arithmetic over polynomial algebras over finite fields where I can specify the extension?
Exempli gratia, if $f(x), g(x) \in ...

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146 views

### trace cotrace Matrix

Hello I want to know whats mean (trace) cotrace matrix.
In the context, mapping a matrix (t x n) $\in$ GF($2^m$) to a cotrace matrix (tm x n) $\in$ GF($2$)?

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### Finite Field Varieties and the de Rham Complex of Kähler Differentials

In an answer to a previous question I asked, where the Kahler differentials of a variety over a finite field were discussed, it was stated that:
You can certainly define de Rham cohomology using ...

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### A mixing property for finite fields of characteristic $2$

In connection with this MO post, here is a question somewhat implicitly contained in a joint paper of S. Kopparty, S. Saraf, M. Sudan, and myself.
Let ${\mathbb F}$ be a finite field, and suppose ...

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389 views

### A mixing property of linear map over finite fields

Let $F$ be a finite field of odd size $q$, and $\phi_0 : F \mapsto F$ be any map from $F$ to itself. For each $a \in F$, set $\phi_a : x \in F \mapsto \phi_0 (x) + ax $.
When $\phi_0 : x \mapsto x^2 ...

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### Given g1(x), g2(x) minimize over p(x) Hamming weight of [p(x)g1; p(x)g2(x) ] ? (Or how to find minimal distance of convolutional code?)

Fix polynoms g1(x), g2(x) over F_2[x].
Question: How to find minimum over polynoms p(x) of the:
HammingWeight(p(x) g1(x) ) + HammingWeight(p(x) g2(x) ) ?
By HammingWeight of polynom I mean number ...

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### Orthogonal Groups over finite fields

Hello
Let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the finite field with $p$ elements. One can show that over finite fields, there are just two non-degenerate quadratic forms.
So here I want to pick
any non-degenerate ...

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### Special polynomials over finite fields

My field of research is coding theory and I am working on cyclic codes. During my research, I tackled an algebraic problem. After some simple definitions, I asked my question. I will appreciate any ...

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### Combinatorial Interpretation of an Extension of Gaussian Polynomials

It is well-known that the Gaussian polynomial (or Gaussian coefficient, q-binomial coefficient) $\binom{n}{k}_q$ counts the number of $k$-dimensional subspaces of an $n$-dimensional vector space over ...

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### How many k-nomials of deg N divisible by X^16+x^12+x^5 +1 ? (Spectrum of CRC-16-CCITT erroc-correcting code ?)

Let us consider polynoms over $F_2$.
Consider the linear SUBSPACE of polynoms divisible by $x^{16}+x^{12}+x^5 +1$ and of degree less or equal $N$ (e.g. 40).
Question: How many k-nomials belong to ...

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### Number of solutions to $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$

I need a reference for the result which gives the number of solutions to the congruence $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$. This result seems to be something that would be discussed in Gauss' ...

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### Quadratic reciprocity and Weil reciprocity theorem

I was told that Weil reciprocity theorem (one has two meromorphic function $f,g$ on a complex curve $C$, so $\prod\limits_{x\in C} g(x)^{ord_xf}=\prod\limits_{x\in C}f(x)^{ord_xg} \ $ where $ord_xf$ ...

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### Matrices whose range is equal to the column set [closed]

Is there such a thing?
I suppose there are two cases in which they may exist: over a finite field or infinite matrices (but let's stick to countable matrices then).

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### Matching a binary matrix

Given a MxN 0-1 matrix D, with the property that
both M and N are odd numbers
its row sums and column sums in the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ field are all equal to the same number (0 or 1).
How do we find M ...

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### Source for embedding multiplicative group of an algebraic closure of a finite field?

It's easy to embed the (cyclic) multiplicative group of a finite field into the multiplicative group of $\mathbb{C}$ (or other algebraically closed field of characteristic 0): assign to a generator of ...

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### Sums of powers mod p

For prime $p > 7$ with $p-1=rs$, $r>1$, $s>1$, let $A=\{x^r|x \in \mathbb{Z}_p\}$ and $B = \{x^s|x \in \mathbb{Z}_p\}$. If $g$ is a primitive root mod $p$ then $A = \{0\} \cup \{g^{ir}|0 \leq ...

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### Finite Field Grassmannians as Homogeneous Spaces

For the real Grassmannian Gr$(N,k)$ we have the well-known isomorphism
$$
\text{Gr}(N,k) = O(N)/(O(k) \times O(N-k))
$$
For the complex case, we have
$$
\text{Gr}(N,k) = U(N)/(U(k) \times U(N-k))
$$ ...

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### homogeneous polynomials over a finite field

Let p(x_1, \ldots , x_n) be a homogeneous polynomials over a finite field with p^k elements (p a prime). Is there any way to count all the roots of p?

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### Vandermonde matrices and general position

I was wondering if it is known whether a Vandermonde matrix over a sufficiently large finite field is in general position with respect to intersections of subspaces spanned by subsets of
columns, i.e. ...

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### Probability of a set of random vectors over finite field being a spanning set

Suppose I have a set of random vectors $f(a_1, \ldots, a_\ell) := (v_1, \ldots, v_m) \subset F_p^n$, $m \ge n$, given by a matrix valued polynomial function $f$, where the $a_i$'s are independent, ...

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### Counting points over over an algebraic set over finite field.

Let $q=p^n$. Let $C$ be an Artin schierer curve defined by $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $f(x) \in \mathbb{F}_{q}[x]$.
Let $C_g$ be $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $x \in g(\mathbb{F}_{p^{n}})$ for some $g \in ...

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### Proofs in the same vein as Ax-Grothendieck

I would like to see other examples of (ideas of) proofs and results in the same vein as the proof of the Ax-Grothendieck theorem. To explain what I mean by "in the same vein", I will quote from the ...

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### request sources about self-dual cyclic codes

X. Kai and S. Zhu in the paper "On cyclic self-dual codes", AAECC, vol. 19, pp. 509-525, 2008, at page 510 in line 6 said that, It is well Known that there are no cyclic self-dual codes over $F_q$ ...

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### Aschbacher classes and $\mathbb{F}_p$-subspace stabilizers in classical linear groups

I am reading the Kleidman-Liebeck book ("The subgroup structure of the finite classical groups") which is about the Aschbacher classification of maximal subgroups of the classical almost simple ...

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### Is there an analogue of finite fields for products of two prime powers?

The collection of prime powers can be characterized in the following way:
There is a field with $q$ elements if and only if $q$ is a prime power. Furthermore if it exists then this field is unique ...

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### Truncated Exponential Series Modulo $p$: Deeper meaning for a Putnam Question.

Apparently B6 of the Putnam this year asked:
Suppose $p$ is an odd prime. Prove that for $n\in \{0,1,2...p-1\}$, at least $\frac{p+1}{2}$ of the numbers $\sum^{p-1}_{k=0} k! n^{k}$ are not ...

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### Can we always find such an irreducible polynomial of degree n where degree(p(x)-x^n)<= n/2?

Consider unitary polynomials of degree $n$ over $GF(2)$. That is, polynomials of the form $p(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n a_i x^i$ where $a_i\in GF(2)$ and $a_n=1$.
Can we always find such an irreducible ...

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### reference-request for connection between numerator of zeta-function and characteristic polynomial of Frobenius on hyperelliptic curves over finite fields

Let $H$ be a hyperellipitic curve of genus $g$ defined over
$\mathbb{F}_q$. The Frobenius endomorphism operates on the divisor class
group of $H$ and satisfies a characteristic polynomial ...

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### Multiplication of matrices in GF(2) and R

$H$ is an $n \times n$ matrix with elements in $ \{ -1,1 \}$
$G$ is an $n \times k$ matrix with elements in $GF(2)$ and also upper triangular, invertable
$m$ is an $k \times 1$ vector with elements ...

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### Cases of almost-linear time solvable linear systems

Let a square $n\times n$ real matrix ${\bf A}$ and two vectors ${\bf x}$ and ${\bf b}$ of length $n$, such that $${\bf A}{\bf x}={\bf b}.$$
Solving for ${\bf x}$ through standard Gaussian Elimination ...

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### Low degree approximation of the polynomial extension of the logical-or function

Let $x\in\{0,1\}^n$ be a binary vector of dimension $n$, and let $OR(x)$ be the "logical or" function (i.e., returns $1$ if at least one of the coordinates is $1$ and otherwise returns $0$).
Consider ...

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### Finding an embedding efficiently in field extension of finite field

We know that $GF(p^c)$ is a subfield of $GF(p^{cn})$. Also we know that elements in $GF(p^c)$ can be represent by degree $c$ polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb Z_p$, where multiplication is ...

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### Exponential sums over finite fields with even characteristic

I am looking for an elementary evaluation (if one exists) of the exponential sum
$$
G_r(a,b) = \sum_{x \in \mathbb{F}_{2^r}} \psi(ax^2 + bx),
$$
where $a,b \in \mathbb{F}_{2^r}^*$ are both units, ...