5
votes
1answer
168 views

Over a finite field, does a torsor under the component group of G lift to a torsor under G?

Let $k$ be a finite field and $G$ a finite type smooth $k$-group scheme. Let $G^0$ and $\Gamma$ be the connected component of identity and the component group of $G$, so there is an exact sequence $1 ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Degrees of factors of polynomial $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$

I’m facing the problem of factoring polynomials of type $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$ and the degrees of factors seem to be quite special. For example, according to my experimental results ...
9
votes
1answer
252 views

Motives over finite field not generated by hyperelliptic curves

So the question is that, over a finite field, does there exist an abelian variety $A$ for which there does not exist a generically one-to-one morphism from a hyperelliptic curve $C$ to $A$. p.s. A ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

When are arithmetic and geometric monodromy equal?

Let $f: Y\to X$ be a finite separable morphism of curves over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. Is there a simple condition under which the arithmetic and geometric monodromy of the covering are equal ...
1
vote
2answers
379 views

Equations of elliptic curves

First part of question I have asked on mathoverflow already: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/467088/explict-form-of-the-equation-of-elliptic-curve 1) Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic ...
4
votes
2answers
828 views

Calculus over finite fields

$P(x,y,z)$ is a polynomial function on an algebraic surface $S$ in $F_{q}^{3}$. Suppose that the derivative of $P$ along any tangent vector of $S$ is zero. Can we say that $P$ is constant on $S$? ...
3
votes
1answer
530 views

Does there exist a polar decomposition of matrices over finite fields?

There exists a polar decomposition for matrices over the reals. What I would like to know is if an analog has been shown for groups of matrices over finite fields. If not, it would be great to get ...
9
votes
0answers
224 views

Noether-Lefschetz over finite fields

The classical Noether-Lefschetz theorem asserts the following: Over the complex numbers, a very general surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has Picard number 1 (that is, $Pic(S)\simeq \mathbb Z$), ...
3
votes
1answer
486 views

Trivializing principal bundles on a curve over a finite field

This is related to my question Adelic description of moduli of $G$-bundles on a curve. Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, and geometrically connected curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and $G$ a ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Family with a fixed special fiber over finite fields

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$. What are the conditions for the existence of a projective variety $X'$ over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ such that $X$ is a special fiber ...
3
votes
2answers
348 views

The Lang isogeny

Let $G$ be a connected commutative algebraic group over $\mathbb{F}_q$. If $\text{Fr}_q : G \to G$ denotes the $q$-Frobenius morphism, we define the Lang isogeny $L_q$ to be the endomorphism of $G$ ...
4
votes
0answers
236 views

Tangent space of the moduli stack of Drinfeld modules

I am going through the proof of Thm 1.5.1 of Laumon, Cohomology of Drinfeld modular varieties, which says that a certain map of stacks is smooth. To prove this, Laumon considers the tangent space of a ...
4
votes
0answers
300 views

Does the Riemann hypothesis for liftable varieties over a finite field imply the Riemann hypothesis for all varieties over a finite field

The Riemann hypothesis for varieties over a finite field has been proven by Deligne. Still I would like to ask the following question. A variety $X$ over a finite field $k$ is liftable if there ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Does the Hilbert polynomial determine the weight of the Galois representation associated to a variety

Let $X$ be a curve or an abelian variety (over a finite field). Then the Galois representation associated to $X$ via the etale cohomology of $X$ (in degree $1$) is integral of weight $1$ and its ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Special values of zeta functions and extensions of base fields.

Let $X$ be a scheme of finite type over a finite field $k=\mathbb{F}_{q}$ of $q$ elements. Then, one can define the zeta function $Z_{X/k}(T)$ of $X$ ovet $k$ as $\prod_{x\in ...
3
votes
1answer
274 views

Abelianized fundamental group of a curve over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective, and geometrically connected curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a geometric point $\overline{x} : \text{Spec } \overline{\mathbb{F}_q} \to X$. Then there ...
3
votes
0answers
359 views

Finite Field Varieties and the de Rham Complex of Kähler Differentials

In an answer to a previous question I asked, where the Kahler differentials of a variety over a finite field were discussed, it was stated that: You can certainly define de Rham cohomology using ...
7
votes
3answers
808 views

Quadratic reciprocity and Weil reciprocity theorem

I was told that Weil reciprocity theorem (one has two meromorphic function $f,g$ on a complex curve $C$, so $\prod\limits_{x\in C} g(x)^{ord_xf}=\prod\limits_{x\in C}f(x)^{ord_xg} \ $ where $ord_xf$ ...
4
votes
1answer
385 views

Finite Field Grassmannians as Homogeneous Spaces

For the real Grassmannian Gr$(N,k)$ we have the well-known isomorphism $$ \text{Gr}(N,k) = O(N)/(O(k) \times O(N-k)) $$ For the complex case, we have $$ \text{Gr}(N,k) = U(N)/(U(k) \times U(N-k)) $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
282 views

Counting points over over an algebraic set over finite field.

Let $q=p^n$. Let $C$ be an Artin schierer curve defined by $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $f(x) \in \mathbb{F}_{q}[x]$. Let $C_g$ be $y^p-y=f(x)$ where $x \in g(\mathbb{F}_{p^{n}})$ for some $g \in ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Proofs in the same vein as Ax-Grothendieck

I would like to see other examples of (ideas of) proofs and results in the same vein as the proof of the Ax-Grothendieck theorem. To explain what I mean by "in the same vein", I will quote from the ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

How does Tate verify his own conjecture for the Fermat hypersurface?

This question is about Tate's 1963 paper "Algebraic Cycles and Poles of Zeta Functions". Here he announces a conjecture (now known as "the Tate conjecture") which states that certain classes in the ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Quadratic forms without common zeroes

A question which, I suppose, is as easy as abc for an expert. For a given finite field $F$ of odd characteristic (if needed, the characteristic is $3$ and the size of $F$ is large), do there exist two ...
20
votes
2answers
831 views

Does the etale fundamental group of the projective line minus a finite number of points over a finite field depend on the points?

Clearly the etale fundamental group of $\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{C}} \setminus \{a_1,...,a_r\}$ doesn't depend on the $a_i$'s, because it is the profinite completion of the topological fundamental group. ...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

A silly question: is the number of points on a Jacobian (of a curve, over a finite field) known?

In a cryptography book I read that people does not known how to compute the number of points on a Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ over a finite field $F_q$? Is this true? It seems easy to ...
12
votes
1answer
708 views

A family of hypersurfaces with many points

This question is a sequel to an earlier question, which asked about the zeta function of a certain affine variety over a finite field $k$. The unusual thing about this variety is that it had the ...
2
votes
2answers
462 views

Polynomials over Z evaluated with finite field arguments

A) Given a non-constant polynomial $q\in\mathbb{Z}[\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n],$ if we pick random $\omega_i\in\mathbb{F}$ (a finite field) uniformly and independently across $1\leq i\leq n,$ ...
2
votes
1answer
496 views

Existence question on rational points on a curve

I am puzzled about the following question: Let C be a smooth, projective, absolutely irreducible curve defined over GF(q) and let g denote the genus of C. O is a rational point on C, and the divisor ...
3
votes
3answers
565 views

how to generate the n-torsion group

Hello, I was curious about the following sentence: "then the $n$-torsion on $E(\overline{K})$ has known structure, as a Cartesian product of two cyclic groups of order $n$" (found at ...
2
votes
2answers
473 views

Elliptic curves over proper variety over $\mathbf{F}_q$ isotrivial

Why is every elliptic curve over a proper (edit: smooth and geometrically connected) base over $\mathbf{F}_q$ isotrivial, i.e. is constant after base changing with $\bar{\mathbf{F}}_q$? If the moduli ...
1
vote
1answer
767 views

Hartshorne Exercise III.4.7 (cohomology of closed subschemes in $\mathbb{P}^2$)

I have some questions about the following exercise in Hartshorne (III.4.7): Let $f \in k[x_0,x_1,x_2]$ be a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d \geq 1$ and $f \neq 0$ and let $X$ be the closed ...
7
votes
1answer
694 views

étale cohomology with G_m coefficients

Most calculations of étale cohomology in Milne's book deal with constructible or torsion sheaves. Are there references where the cohomology of varieties with $\mathbf{G}_m$ coefficients are ...
7
votes
1answer
311 views

algorithm for calculating the Chow groups of a variety over a finite field

Is there an algorithm for calculating the Chow groups of a variety over a finite field? It is know that $H^{2i,i}_\mathrm{mot}(X,\mathbf{Z}) = CH^i(X)$. In how many cases does this help us?
21
votes
3answers
595 views

A hypersurface with many points

Ok, it's time for me to ask my first question on MO. Consider the affine curve $Y+Y^q=X^{q+1}$ over the finite field $\mathbf{F}_q$. It's interesting because it has the largest number of points over ...
2
votes
2answers
682 views

Weil Conjectures for Grassmannians

To establish the Weil conjectures for $n$-dimensional projective space over a finite field is elementary. Does there exist a simple direct proof of the conjectures for finite field Grassmannians?
4
votes
1answer
430 views

Counting solutions to x^{p+1}=y^4 in a finite field

I need to compute the number of solutions to the equation $x^{p+1} = y^4$ in the field with $p^2$ elements (for p sufficiently large). The form of the equation suggests to me that the solution would ...
7
votes
2answers
463 views

Richardson varieties over finite fields

Let me start with some background to set the notation before I ask my question. Let G be a semisimple algebraic group over some algebraically closed field K, and suppose we have fixed a Borel ...
11
votes
4answers
521 views

Behaviour of Zeta-function under Finite Morphism

Let X ---> Y be a finite surjective morphism of smooth, projective, connected varieties over a finite field F_q. Can one describe the zeta function Z(X, t) in terms of the zeta-function Z(Y,t) of ...
9
votes
2answers
810 views

A comprehensive overview of finite fields

I've read numerous introductions to finite fields, but I feel like my intuition about them is fairly lacking. Considering that finite fields are the the most "inert" objects in algebraic geometry, I ...
7
votes
2answers
899 views

What is an example of a smooth variety over a finite field F_p which does not lift to Z_p?

Somebody answered this question instead of the question here, so I am asking this with the hope that they will cut and paste their solution.
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Equivalent Statements of Riemann Hypothesis in the Weil Conjectures

In the cohomological incarnation, the Riemann hypothesis part of the Weil conjectures for a smooth proper scheme of finite type over a finite field with q elements says that: the eigenvalues of ...