The finite-fields tag has no wiki summary.

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### When does composing polynomials reduce the degree?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be the field of size 2. Say I have polynomials $p_1,\ldots,p_m : \mathbb{F}^n \to \mathbb{F}$ with high degree $\approx n$, and another polynomial $s : \mathbb{F}^m \to \mathbb{F}$ ...

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773 views

+300

### A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...

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**1**answer

87 views

### Enumerator Polynomials for Linear Anytime Codes

Let $C = \{c \in \mathbb{F}^n_2 : Hc=0\}$ be a binary linear code where $H \in \mathbb{F}^{k \times n}_2$ is a block lower-triangular matrix of full rank called the parity-check matrix of $C$. Clearly ...

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55 views

### Finite Ramanujan expansions over a finite field

I'm wondering if we could have an analogy in finite fields. After all, the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) has been generalized to finite fields as well (with essentially identical properties as in ...

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votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Proving inequation with ceilings in Finite Field of characteristic $p$

Take $ui = pt_i +j_i$ where $p$ is a prime number and $u(p-r) \equiv 1 $ $(\mbox{mod p})$ for positive integers $1 \le i, r, j_i\le p-1$ and $t_i \ge 0$. How can I prove that:
\begin{equation}
...

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98 views

### References for modular curves over finite fields [closed]

I'm looking for a detailed reference for modular curves over finite fields, such as $X(N)$, $X_1(N)$, and $X_0(N)$. There seems to be a lot of literature dealing with them over $\mathbb{C}$, but I'm ...

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69 views

### The significance of the Parvaresh-Vardy curve

Even though this seems like a computer science question, it is purely mathematical and concerns polynomials and curves over finite fields.
Consider the Parvaresh-Vardy list decoder.
As I understand ...

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**2**answers

259 views

### When is $f(x^d)$ irreducible?

Let $f(x)$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$ over a finite field $\mathbb F_p$. What can we say about $f(x^d)$? When is it irreducible ?

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138 views

### Obstruction to get a galois invariant cycle

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a finite field $k$, $G=Gal(\bar{k}/k)$ and $\Gamma\in CH^i(\bar{X})$ such that:
$cl(\Gamma) \in H_{et}^{2i}(\bar{X},\mathbb{Z}_l(i))^G$ and
$\exists$ ...

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49 views

### non-intersecting families of subspaces

Given $V$, a vector space over a finite field $F$ of size $k$, if $\dim(V)=m$, and $r$ divides $m$, there exists a family of $r$-dimensional subspaces, whose size is equal to $(k^m-1)/(k^r-1)$ and ...

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98 views

### How does one calculate/estimate/guarantee the girth of a non-Abelian Cayley graph?

This question is in reference to this other question,
Can someone point out references (or explain!) which give techniques of being able to prove for any Cayley graph this property of having a girth ...

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**1**answer

141 views

### An upper bound on the number of sets of parallel lines covering points in a finite plane?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field of characteristic $2$. Let $L_m$ denote the set of lines in $\mathbb{F}^2$ with slope $m\in\mathbb{F}$, that is, all parallel lines of the form $y=mx+b$. Consider a ...

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**1**answer

297 views

### Finite field “contour” sum

Let $\Bbb{F}_q$ be a finite field. Choose a non-square $\delta \in \Bbb{F}_q^*$
and form the quadratic extension $\Bbb{F}_q\big( \sqrt{\delta} \, \big)$. For
an element $z \in \Bbb{F}_q\big( ...

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votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Uncountable cardinals and Prufer $p$-groups

Let $A$ be an elementary Abelian uncountable $p$-group. Is it known if there is an action of a Prufer $q$-group (here $q$ is a prime not necessarily distinct from $p$) $C_{q^{\infty}}$ onto $A$ such ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Binary algebra, is it possible to partition the elements in GF(2^12) into 65 subgroups closed under addition?

The set of all binary vectors with 12 components forms a field with 2^12 elements containing 000000000000 and another 65*63 elements. Is it possible to partition these elements into 65 subgroups of 63 ...

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**1**answer

104 views

### What is the best known lower bound for: $\max_{2\leq i\leq p-1}(ord_n(i)) $?

Given an in integer $n$, and let $p$ be its smallest prime divisor (you can assume that $p$ is very large ). Let $ord_n(i)$ denotes the order of $i$ as an element of $\Bbb Z_n^*$ the multiplicative ...

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91 views

### Polynomial generated with primitive element modulo p

This question is equivalent to the question "Normal basis in cyclotomic number fields" that I asked recently. I am posing this question because maybe in this format somebody can have an answer:
Let ...

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**0**answers

86 views

### Applications of small Kakeya sets over finite fields

It was proved by Dvir that a Kakeya set in $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ has size at least $q^n/n!$, a bound which was later improved to $q^n/2^n$.
For $n = 2$ and $q$ odd the exact bound is $q(q+1)/2 + (q-1)/2$ ...

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**1**answer

142 views

### Invariant subspaces of an $F_2$-representation of the affine linear group of dimension 1

Let $p$ be an odd prime (large if it matters) and let $G= Aff(\mathbb{F}_{p^2}) \cong \mathbb{F}_{p^2} \rtimes \mathbb{F}_{p^2}^*$ be the affine linear group acting on $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$ by $x\mapsto ...

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160 views

### Does the fundamental group identify group structure on subvarieties of products of curves?

Let $C_1,\dots, C_n$ be smooth curves over $\overline{\mathbb F}_p$, not necessarily proper. Let $X$ be a subvariety of $C_1 \times \dots \times C_n$. I'm interested in the natural map:
$$ ...

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208 views

### Fixed space of the square of a symmetric matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$

Let $M$ be an invertible symmetric $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries in the finite field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Is $\mathrm{Ker}\ (M^2 - I_{2n})$ necessarily even dimensional?

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56 views

### Can we give efficiently the solution of a bilinear system of equations over a finite field?

Consider a finite field $F$ and suppose we have a system of equations
$$h_1(\alpha,\beta)=0,h_2(\alpha,\beta)=0,...,h_t(\alpha,\beta)=0$$
where $\alpha=(\alpha_1,...,\alpha_s)$ and ...

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**1**answer

112 views

### Units in a finite semisimple group algebra

Let $G$ be a finite group and $k$ a finite field, with the characteristic of $k$ not dividing the order of $G$. Then $kG$ is a finite semisimple group algebra with the interesting property that an ...

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56 views

### constant of functional equation of zeta function

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve, of geometric genus $g$, over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ and consider the zeta function $$
Z(C/\mathbb{F}_p, t)=\exp(\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} |C(\mathbb{F}_{q^n})| ...

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55 views

### Zero as a repeated permanental root for a matrix over a finite field

All,
Suppose $A \in Mat(n, \mathbb{F}_{q})$ for $q$ prime, $q \geq 5$, and $n \geq 2^{q-2}$ . Let $\pi_A(x)$ be the permanental polynomial for $A$. That is,
\begin{equation*}
\pi_{A}(x)=per(xI-A).
...

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**1**answer

216 views

### Counting couples of square-free polynomials over finite fields

I have a curve defined by the following equations over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ with $q=p^r$ with $p \geq 3$:
$$C_{h_1,h_2}:\begin{cases} y_1^2=h_1(t) & \\
y_2^2=h_2(t) ...

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212 views

### Picking codewords that are close

I posted this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1142698/picking-codewords-that-are-close a week back.
Let $[n,k,d]$ be a linear code over $\Bbb F_q$ with minimum distance $d$ and ...

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241 views

### Geometric vs combinatorial motives over Spec Z

Consider the category of reduced schemes of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$. Take the Grothendieck group of this category, i.e. the free abelian group on isomorphism classes, modulo the usual "syzygy" ...

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**1**answer

131 views

### cohomology of orthogonal (or general linear) group over finite fields

Let $\mathbb{Z}_2=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Let
$$
O(\mathbb{Z}_2^{\oplus k})=\{A\mid A \text{ is a } k\times k \text{ - matrix with entries } 0,1, det(A)=\pm 1\}
$$
What is $$
...

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151 views

### Counting points on Hessenberg varieties over a finite field

Let $G$ be an connected reductive group over finite field $k$. I will assume that $\text{char}(k)$ is very good for $G$ (or even larger, if preferred). Let $B\subset G$ be a Borel subgroup defined ...

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269 views

### Grothendieck on polyhedra over finite fields

In Grothendieck's Sketch of a Programme he spends a few pages discussing polyhedra over arbitrary rings and concludes with some intriguing remarks on specializing polyhedra over their "most singular ...

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183 views

### Polynomial existence over finite field

Denote $\mathcal{F_n}$ as collection of multiaffine polynomials $f\in\Bbb F_2[x_1,\dots,x_n]$.
Denote total degree of $f\in\mathcal{F_n}$ as $deg(f)$ (note $deg(f)\leq n$).
Denote ...

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115 views

### Number of common solutions of polynomial system

Let $ \mathbb{F}_p$ be a finite field and $\{f_j\}_{j=1}^{j=r} \subseteq \mathbb{F}_p[X_1,...,X_n]$ be a set of polynomials.
Let consider the system of equations:
$f_j(x_1,...,x_n)=0$ for $j = ...

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120 views

### Groupoid cardinality of DM stack and point counting on coarse moduli spaces

Let $X$ be a finite type DM stack over a finite field $k$ with a coarse moduli space $X_c$. (We only assume $X_c$ is an algebraic space and $X$ might have infinite inertia stack.)
Under which ...

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129 views

### How many roots can $P(x):=\sum_s(x-s)^{(p-1)/2}$ have in ${\mathbb F}_p$?

For a prime $p$ and a set $S\subset{\mathbb F}_p$ of size $n:=|S|\approx \sqrt p$, what is the largest possible number of roots that the polynomial
$$ P(x) := \sum_{s\in S} ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### Chebyshev polynomials factoring uniformly modulo all primes

Consider the Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind $T_n(x)$ and its factorization in $\mathbb F_p$ for a given prime $p$. Most often, this factorization is not uniform (meaning that the irreducible ...

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### Uniqueness of an embedding theorem for Real differential fields

I will follow a preliminary exposition for the problem in question, which will essentially follow the format on http://www4.ncsu.edu/~singer/papers/model_diff_fields.pdf [pg. 87]:
Let $K$ be a real ...

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**1**answer

168 views

### Which criteria for “uniformly splitting” polynomials?

Let $P(x)$ be an irreducible monic polynomial of degree $\ge4$ with integer coefficients. We all know that over a finite field $\mathbb F_p$, $P$ will often split, and I am interested in polynomials ...

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**1**answer

185 views

### Dihedral subgroups of $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field with $q=p^f$ elements. I need to know when $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ contains the group $D_{(q+1)/2}$, where by $D_n$ I mean the dihedral group of order $2n$. ...

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234 views

### Representation of GL(n, F_p) over F_p, for n small

The question is related to this post
Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field
However, I am asking for more detailed references for n small, for example, for n=2, ...

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**1**answer

610 views

### Roots of a polynomial in a finite field related to Fermat's Last Theorem

In my class, we proved the following condition: define the polynomial $P_l(x)$ as
$$P_l(x) = \sum_{r=1}^{l-1}{\frac{1}{r}x^{l-1-r}}$$
Then if for all $a \in \mathbb{Z}/l\mathbb{Z}-\{0,1\},$ ...

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### Dimensions of two spaces

Let $R=\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I$ and $Z=\mathsf Z(I)$ where $\Bbb K$ is any field with $char(\Bbb K)\neq 2$.
Is there a way to describe space of $f_1,f_2\in R$ that satisfies $$f_1+f_2\neq 0,\mbox{ ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Algebraic dependency over $\mathbb{F}_{2}$

Let $f_{1},f_{2},\ldots,f_{n}$ be $n$ polynomials in $\mathbb{F}_{2}[x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n}]$
such that $\forall a=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n)\in\mathbb{F}_{2}^{n}$ we have $\forall ...

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206 views

### Eigenvalue of a linear map over finite field

Let $ F_q $ be a finite field with $ q $ elements.
Let $ g $ be a multiplicative generator of $ F_{q^2}^* $.
It implies that
$ <g^{q+1}> = F_q^* $.
Let $ l $ be a prime greater than $ q^2-1 ...

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**1**answer

195 views

### Distribution of the permanent modulo $p$

We know that the order of $SL_n({\mathbb F}_p)$ is
$$p^{n(n-1)/2}(p^n-1)(p^{n-1}-1)\cdots(p^2-1).$$
Dividing by $p^{n^2}$, we deduce the probability that $\det$ takes the value $1$ over $M_n({\mathbb ...

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**3**answers

400 views

### An infinite product associated with random matrices

Motivation
Let ${\mathbb F}_q$ be the field with $q$ (a power of some prime number) elements. Then the order of $GL_n({\mathbb F}_q)$ is
$$(q^n-1)(q^n-q)\cdots(q^n-q^{n-1}).$$
The fact that this ...

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**1**answer

146 views

### Sylow-subgroups of the group of units of a finite field [closed]

Let $K$ be a finite field with $p^n$ elements. Then the group of unit is cyclic of order $p^n-1$. What are the primes which are dividing $p^n-1$? What are the Sylow-subgroups of the group of units of ...

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312 views

### Is there a proof of Warning's Second Theorem using p-adic cohomology?

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field, $n \in \mathbb{Z}^+$, and $f_1,\ldots,f_r \in \mathbb{F}_q[t_1,\ldots,t_n]$ with $\operatorname{deg}(f_i) = d_i$. Put $d = \sum_{i=1}^n d_i$ and suppose $d< ...

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**3**answers

1k views

### Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...

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145 views

### Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...